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and statutes of our Kingdoms and Dominions, to be carried out of the
same, without any let, or molestation, of us, our heirs and successors, or of
any other of our officers, or ministers whatsoever, saving also to us, our
heirs and successors, the customs and other duties and payments, due for
the said wares and merchandises, according to the several rates of the
places, from whence the same shall be transported. We will also and by
these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant license
by this our charter, unto the said Edward Earl of Clarenden, George,
Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony,
Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John
Colleton, their heirs and assigns, and to all the inhabitants and dwellers in
the Province aforesaid, both present and to come, full power and absolute
authority, to import or unlade by themselves or their servants, factors or
assigns, all merchandises and goods whatsoever, that shall arise of the fruits
and commodities of the said Province, either by land or by sea, into any
of the ports of us, our heirs and successors, in our Kingdom of England,
Scotland or Ireland, or otherwise to dispose of the said goods, in the said
Ports; and if need be, within one year next after the unlading, to lade the
said merchandises and goods again into the same, or other ships, and to
export the same into any other countries, either of our Dominions, or
foreign, being in amity with us, our heirs and successors, so as they pay
such customs, subsidies, and other duties for the same, to us, our heirs and
successors, as the rest of our subjects of this our Kingdom, for the time
being, shall be bound to pay, beyond which we will not, that the inhabitants
of the said Province of Carolina, shall be any ways charged. -
9th. Provided nevertheless, and our will and pleasure is, and we have
further for the consideration aforesaid, of our more especial grace, certain
knowledge, and meer motion, given and granted, and by these presents, for
us, our heirs and successors, do give and grant unto the said Edward Earl
of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John,
Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William
Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, full and free license,
liberty, and authority, at any time or times, from and after the feast of St.
Michael the Arch-Angel, which shall be in the year of our Lord Christ, one
thousand, six hundred, sixty and seven, as well to import, and bring into
any of our Dominions from the said Province of Carolina, or any part.
thereof, the several goods and commodities, hereinafter mentioned, that is
to say, silks, wines, currants, raisins, capers, wax, almonds, oyl, and olives,
without paying or answering to us, our heirs or successors, any custom,
import, or other duty, for and in respect thereof for and during the term
and space of seven years, to commence and be accompted, from and after
the first importation of four tons of any the said goods, in any one bottom,
ship or vessel from the said Province, into any of our Dominions; as also
to export and carry out of any of our Dominions, into the said Province
of Carolina, custom free, all sorts of tools which shall be usefull or necessary
for the planters there, in the accommodation and improvement of the
premises, any thing before, in these presents contained, or any law, act,
statute, prohibition, or other matter, or any thing heretofore had, made,
enacted or provided, or hereafter to be had, made, enacted or provided to
the contrary, in any wise notwithstanding.
10th. And furthermore, of our more ample and especial grace, certain
knowledge, and meer motion, we do for us, our heirs and successors, grant
unto the said Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle,
William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir
George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs

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and assigns, full and absolute power and authority, to make, erect and o

constitute, within the said Province of Carolina, and the Isles and Islets aforesaid, such and so many seaports, harbours, creeks and other places, for discharge and unlading of goods and merchandises, out of ships, boats, and other vessels, and for lading of them, in such and so many places, and with

such jurisdiction, priviledges and franchises unto the said ports belonging,

as to them shall seem most expedient, and that all and singular the ships,
boats and other vessels, which shall come for merchandises and trade into
the said Province, or shall depart out of the same, shall be laden and
unladen at such ports only, as shall be erected and constituted by the said
Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord
Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret,
Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, and
not elsewhere, any use, custom or any other thing to the contrary, in any
wise notwithstanding.
11th. And we dofurthermore will, appoint and ordain, and by these presents

for us, our heirs and successors, do grant unto the said Edward Earl of

Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John,
Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William
Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, that they the said
Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord
Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret,
Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, may
from time to time for ever, have and enjoy, the customs and subsidies in the
ports, harbors, creeks and other places, within the Province aforesaid,
payable for goods, merchandise and wares, there laded or to be laded, or
unladed, the said customs to be reasonably assessed, upon any occasion, by
themselves, and by and with the consent of the free people there, or the
greater part of them as aforesaid; to whom we give power by these
presents, for us, our heirs and successors, upon just cause and in a due
proportion, to assess and impose the same.
2th. And further, of our special grace, certain knowledge, and meer
motion, we have given, granted and confirmed, and by these presents, for
us, our heirs and successors, do give, grant and confirm unto the said Edward
Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven,
John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir
William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, full and
absolute license, power and authority, that the said Edward Earl of Claren-
don,George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven,John, Lord Berkley,
Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley,Sir John
Colleton, their heirs and assigns, from time to time, hereafter for ever, at
his and their will and pleasure, may assign, alien, grant, demise or enfeof
the premises, or any part or parcels thereof, to him or them that shall be
willing to purchase the same, and to such person or persons as they shall
think fit, to have and to hold, to them the said person or persons, their heirs
or assigns, in fee simple or fee tayle, or for term for life, or lives, or years,
to be held of them the said Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of
Alberaarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord
Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton,
their heirs and assigns, by such rents, services, and customs, as shall seem
meet to the said Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle,
William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir
George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs
and assigns, and not immediately of us, our heirs and successors, and to
the same person and persons, and to all and every of them, we do give and

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grant by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, license, authority and power, that such person or persons, may have or take the premises, or any parcel thereof, of the said Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, and the same to hold, to themselves, their heirs or assigns, in what estate of inheritance whatsoever, in fee simple, or fee tayle, or otherwise, as to them and the said Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, shall seem expedient; the statute made in the Parliament of Edward, son of King Henry, heretofore King of England, our predecessor, commonly called the statute" of “quia emptores terrarum ;” or any other statute, act, ordinance, use, law, custom or any other matter, cause or thing, heretofore published, or provided to the contrary, in any wise notwithstanding.

13th. And because many persons born, or inhabiting in the said Province, for their deserts and services, may expect and be capable of marks of honour and favour, which, in respect of the great distance, cannot be conveniently conferred by us; our will and pleasure therefore is, and we do by these presents, give and grant unto the said Edward Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, full power and authority, to give and confer, unto and upon, such of the inhabitants of the said Province, as they shall think do, or shall merit the same, such marks of favour and titles of honour as they shall think fit, so as these titles of honour be not the same as are enjoyed by, or conferred upon any the subjects of this our Kingdom of England.

14th. And further also, we do by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, give and grant license to them, the said Edward, Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, full power, liberty and license to erect, raise and build within the said Province and places aforesaid, or any part or parts thereof, such and so many forts, fortresses, castles, cities, buroughs, towns, villages and other fortifications whatsoever, and the same or any of them to fortify and furnish with ordinance, powder, shot, armory, and all other weapons, ammunition, habilements of war, both offensive and defensive, as shall be thought fit and convenient for the safety and welfare of the said Province and places, or any part thereof, and the same, or any of them from time to time, as occasion shall require, to dismantle, disfurnish, demolish and pull down, and also to place, constitute and appoint in and over allor any of the said castles, forts, fortifications, cities, towns and places aforesaid, governors, deputy governors, magistrates, sheriffs and other officers, civil and military, as to them shall seem meet, and to the said cities, buroughs, towns, villages, or any other place, or places, within the said Province, to grant “letters or charters of incorporation,” with all liberties, franchises and priviledges, requisite and usefull, or to or within any corporations, within this our Kingdom of England, granted or belonging; and in the same cities, buroughs, towns and other places, to constitute, erect and appoint such, and so many markets, marts and fairs, as shall in that behalf be thought fit and necessary; and further also to erect and make in the Province aforesaid, or any part thereof, so many mannors, as to them shall

* 18 Ed. 1. West, 3 ch. 1 p. 55.

seem meet and convenient, and in every of the said mannors to have and to
hold a Court Baron, with all things whatsoever which to a Court Baron do
belong, and to have and to hold views of “frank pledge” and “court leet,”
for the conservation of the peace and better government of those parts,
within such limits, jurisdictions and precincts, as by the said Edward, Earl
of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John,
Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William
Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, or their heirs, shall be appointed for that
purpose, with all things whatsoever, which to a court leet, or view of frank
pledge do belong, the said court to be holden by stewards, to be deputed and
authorized by the said Edward, Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albe-
marle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley,
Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, or their
heirs, or by the Lords of other mannors and leets, for the time being, when
the same shall be erected.
15th. And because that in so remote a country, and scituate among so
many barbarous nations, and the invasions as well of salvages as of other
enemies, pirates and robbers, may probably be feared; therefore we have
given, and for us, our heirs and successors, do give power, by these presents,
unto the said Edward, Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle,
William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir
George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs
and Assigns, by themselves, or their captains, or other their officers, to levy,

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muster and train all sorts of men, of what condition or wheresoever born, in

the said Province for the time being, and to make war and pursue the ene-
mies aforesaidyas well by sea as by land, yea, even without the limits of the
said Province, and by God's assistance to vanquish and take them, and being
taken to |. them to death by the law of war, or to save them at their plea-
sure; and to do all and every other thing, which unto the charge of a captain
general of an army belongeth, or hath accustomed to belong, as fully and
freely as any captain-general of an army hath or ever had the same.
16th. Also our will and pleasure is, and by this our charter we give unto
the said Edward, Earl of 8. George, Duke of ... Wii.
Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George
Carteret, Sir William Berkley and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns,
full power, liberty and authority, in case of rebellion, tumult or sedition, (if
any should happen) which God forbid, either upon the land within the Pro-
vince aforesaid, or upon the main sea, in making a voyage thither, or return-
ing from thence, by him or themselves, their captains, deputies and officers,
to be authorized under his or their seals for that purpose, to whom also, for
us, our heirs and successors, we do give and grant by these presents, full
power and authority to exercise martial law against mutinous and seditious
persons of those parts, such as shall refuse to submit themselves to their
vernment, or shall refuse to serve in the wars, or shall fly to the enemy, or
#. their colours or ensigns, or be loyterers or straglers, or otherwise
howsoever offending against law, custom or discipline military, as freely and
in as ample manner and form as any captain general of an army, by vertue
of his office, might or hath accustomed to use the same.
17th. And our further pleasure is, and by these presents, for us our heirs
and successors, we do grant unto the said Edward, Earl of Clarendon,George,
Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony,
Lord Ashley,Sir George Carteret,Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton,
their heirs and assigns, and to all the tenants and inhabitants of the said
Province of Carolina, both present and to come, and to every of them, that
the said Province and the tenants and inhabitants thereof, shall not from

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henceforth be held or reputed a member or part of any colony whatsoever in
America, or elsewhere, now transported or made, or hereafter to be trans-
ported or made ; nor shall be depending on, or subject to their government
in any thing, but be absolutely separated and divided from the same; and
our pleasure is, by these presents, that they be separated, and that they be
subject immediately to our crown of England, as depending thereof forever;
and that the inhabitants of the said Province, nor any of them, shall at any
time hereafter, be compelled or compellable, or be any ways subjector liable
to appear or answer to any matter, suit, cause, or plaint whatsoever, out of
the Province aforesaid, in any other of our islands, colonies, or dominions in
America, or elsewhere, other than in our realm of England, and dominion
of Wales.
18th. And because it may happen that some of the people and inhabitants
of the said Province, cannot in their private opinions, conform to the publick
exercise of religion, according to the liturgy form and ceremonies of the
Church of England, or take and subscribe the oaths and articles, made and
established in that behalf, and for that the same, by reason of the remote dis-
tances of these places, will, we hope, be no breach of the unity and uniform-
ity established in this nation; our will and pleasure therefore is, and we do .
by these presents, for us, our heirs and successors, give and grant unto the
said Edward, Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William,
Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George Carte-
ret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs and assigns, full
and free license, liberty and authority, by such legal ways and means as they
shall think fit, to give and grant unto such person or persons, inhabiting and
being within the said Province, or any part thereof, who really in their judg-
ments, and for conscience sake, cannot or shall not conform to the said litur-
gy and ceremonies, and take and subscribe the oaths and articles aforesaid,
or any of them, such indulgencies and dispensations in that behalf, for and
during such time and times,and with such limitations and restrictions as they,
the said Edward, Earl of Clarendon, George, Duke of Albemarle, William,
Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony, Lord Ashley, Sir George
Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Colleton, their heirs
or assigns, shall in their discretion think fit and reasonable; and with this
express proviso, and limitation also, that such person and persons, to whom
such indulgences and dispensations shall be granted as aforesaid, do and shall,
from time to time declare and continue, all fidelity, loyalty and obedience to
us, our heirs and successors, and be subject and obedient to all other the
laws, ordinances, and constitutions of the said Province, in all matters what-
soever, as well ecclesiastical as civil, and do not in any wise disturb the
peace and safety thereof, or scandalize or reproach the said liturgy, forms,
and ceremonies, or any thing relating thereunto, or any person or persons
whatsoever, for or in respect of his or their use or exercise thereof, or his or
their obedience and conformity, thereunto. -
19th. And in caseitshall happen, that any doubts or questions should arise,
concerning the true sense and understanding of any word, clause, or sentence
contained in this our present charter, we will, ordain and command, that at
all times, and in all things, such interpretation be made thereof, and allowed
in all and every of our courts whatsoever, as lawfully may be adjudged most
advantageous and favourable to the said Edward, Earl of Clarendon, George,
Duke of Albemarle, William, Lord Craven, John, Lord Berkley, Anthony,
Lord Ashley, Sir George Carteret, Sir William Berkley, and Sir John Col-
leton, their heirs and assigns, although express mention be not made in these
presents, of the true yearly value and certainty of the premises, or any part
thereof, or of any other gifts and grants made by us, our ancestors, or pre-

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