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* Glo. The widow likes it riot, for she looks very 1 * Then, since this carth affords no joy to me, sad.

* But to command, to check, to o'erbear such K. Edw. You'd think it strange if I should marry * As are of better person than myself, her.

* I'll make my heaven-ato dream upon the crown; 1 Clar. To whom, my lord ?

* And, whiles I live, to account this world but hell, K. Edw.

Why, Clarence, to myself. * Until my misshap'd trunk that bears this head, Glo. That would be ten days' wonder, ai the * Be round impaled' with a glorious crown. least.

* And yet I know not how to get the crown, Clar. That's a day longer than a wonder lasts. * For many lives stand between me and home : Glo. By so much is the wonder in extremes. * And I,-like one lost in a thorny wood, K. Edu. Well, jest on, brothers : I can tell you * That rents the thorns, and is rent with the thorns; both,

* Seeking a way, and straying from the way Her suit is granted for her husband's lands. * Not knowing now to find the open air, Enter a Nobleman.

* But toiling desperately to find it out, -

* Torment myself to catch the English crown: Nob. My gracious lord, Henry your foe is taken, * And from that torment I will free myself, • And brought your prisoner to your palace gate. * Or hew my way out with a bloody axe. K. Edw. Şee, that he be convey'd unto the Why, I can smile, and murder while I smile; Tower :

And cry, content, to that which grieves my heart; And go we, brothers, to the man that took him, * And wet my cheeks with artificial tears, To question of his apprehension.

* And frame my face to all occasions. • Widow, go you along ;-Lords, use her honour- * I'll drown more sailors than the mermaid shall; able.

* I'll slay more gazers than the basilisk; [Ereunt King EDWARD, LADY GREY, * I'll play the orator as well as Nestor, CLARENCE, and Lord.

* Deceive more slily than Ulysses could, Glo. Ay, Edward will use women honourably, * And, like a Sinon, take another Troy ; Would, he were wasted, marrow, bones, and all, I can add colours to the cameleon; • That from his loins no hopeful branch may spring, Change shapes, with Proteus, for advantages, " To cross me from the golden time I look for! "And set the murd'rous Machiavel4 to school. • And yet, between my soul's desire and me Can I do this, and cannot get a crown? * (The lustful Edward's title buried)

· Tut! were it further off, I'll pluck it down. (Exit • Is Clarence, Henry, and his son young Edward, • And all the unlook'd-for issue of their bodies,

SCENE III. France. A Room in the Palace. • To take their rooms, ere I can place myself: Flourish. Enter Lewis, the French King, and A cold premeditation for my purpose!

Lady Boxa, attended; the King takes his State. * Why, then I do but dream on sovereignty;

Then enter QUEEN MARGARET, PRINCE ED* Like one that stands upon a promontory,

Ward her Son, and the EARL of OXFORD. * And spies a far-off shore where he would tread,

K. Lew. Fair queen of England, worthy Mar* Wishing his foot were equal with his eye; * And chides the sea that sunders him from thence, « Sit down with us: it ill befits thy state,


(Rising. * Saying-he'll lade it dry to have his way:

• And birth, that thou should'st stand, while Lewis * So do I wish the crown, being so far off";

doth sit. * And so I chide the means that keep me from it; * And so I say-I'll cut the causes off,

* Q. Mar. No, mighty king of France; now Mar

yaret * Flattering me with impossibilities.* My eye's too quick, my heart o'erweens too much, * Where kinys command. I was, I must confess,

* Must strike her sail, and learn awhile to serve, * Unless my hand and strength could equal them. *Well, say there is no kingdom then för Richard ; * But now mischance hath trod my title down,

* Great Alhou's queer in former golden days: * What other pleasure can the world afford ? " I'll make my heaven in a lady's lap,

* And with dishonour laid me on the ground; And deck my body in gay ornaments,

* Where I must take like seat unto my fortune, And witch sweet ladies with my words and looks.

* And to my bunble seat conform myself. • O miserable thought! and more unlikely,

* K. Lew. Why, say, fair queen,

whence springs • Than to accomplish twenty golden crowns !

this deep despair ? Why, love forswore me in my mother's womb :

* Q. Mar. From such a cause as fills mine eyes And, for I should not deal in her soft laws She did corrupt frail nature with some bribe

* And stops my tongue, while heart is drown'd in " To shrink mine arm up like a wither'd shrub; "To make an envious mountain on my back,

* K. Lew. Whate'er it be, be thou still like thyWhere sits deformity to mock my body;

self, • To shape my legs of an unequal size;

* And sit thee by our side : yield not thy neck * To disproportion me in every part,

(Seats her by him. * Like to a chaos, or an unlick'd bear-whelp,'

* To fortune's yoke, but let thy dauntless mind * That carries no impression like the dam.

* Still ride in triumph over all mischance. And am I then a man to be belov'd ?

* Be plain, Queen Margaret, and tell thy grief; 0, monstrous fault, to harbour such a thought.

* It shall be eas'd, if France can yield relief. I It was an opinion which, in spite of its absurdity, Otherwise, he observes, the trunk that bears the head prevailed long, that the bear brings forth only shapeless is to be encircled with the crown, and not the head itself lurnps of flesh, which she licks into the form of bears. 4 The old play reads with more propriety :It is now well known that the whelps of bears are pro- * And set the uspiring Cataline to school.' duced in the same state with those of other animals. By which the anachronism is also avoided. Machiavel Johnson,

is mentioned in various books of the poet's age as the 2 Richard speaks here the language of nature. Who great exemplar of profound politicians. An amusing ever is stigmatized with deformity has a constant source instance of the odium attached to his name is to be of envy in his mind, and would counterbalance by sone found in Gill's Logonomia Anglica, 1621 : Ex ne sem. other superiority those advantages which he feels him- per Sidneios loquamur, audi epilogum fabulæ quam self to want. Bacon remarks that the deformed are docuit Boreali dialecto poeta, titulụmque suit reus Ma commonly daring; and it is almost proverbially observed chiavellus :that they are ill-natured. The truth is that the deform.

Machil iz hanged ed, like all other mere, are displeased with inferiority,

and brenned iz his buks: and endeavour to gain ground by good or bad means,

Though Machil iz hanged as they are virtuous or corrupt.-Johnson.

Yet he iz not wranged, 3 i.e. encircled. Steevens would read with Hanmer :

The Di'el haz him fanged * Until my head that this misshap'd trunk bears.'

In hiz cruket cluks.'

with tears,



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*Q. Mar. Those gracious words revive my droop- 1 * That Henry liveth still : but were he dead, ing thoughts,

* Yet here Prince Edward stands, King Henry's * And give my tongue-tied sorrows leave to speak. * Now, therefore, be it known to noble Lewis, - * Look therefore, Lewis, that by this league and * That Henry, sole possessor of my love,

marriage, * Is, of a king, become a banish'd man,

* Thou draw not on thy danger and dishonour : * And forc'd to live in Scotland a forlorn;

* For though usurpers sway the rule awhile, * While proud ambitious Edward, duke of York, * Yet heavens are just, and iime suppresseth wrongs. * Usurps the regal utle, and the seat

War. Injurious Margaret! * Of England's true anointed lawful king.


And why not queen ? * This is the cause, that I, poor Margaret,

War. Because thy father Henry did usurp; * With this my son, Prince Edward, Henry's heir, And thou no more art prince, than she is queen. * Am come to crave thy just and lawful aid; Orf. Then Warwick disannuls great John of And, if thou fail us, all our hope is done :

Gaunt, • Scotland hath will to help, but cannot help; Which did subdue the greatest part of Spain; * Our people and our peers are both misled, And, after John of Gauni, Henry the Fourth, * Our treasure seiz'd, our soldiers put to tlight, • Whose wisdoin was a mirror to the wisest; And, as thou seest, ourselves in heavy plight. And, after that wise prince, Henry the Fifth, * K. Lew. Renowned queen, with patience calm Whó by his prowess conquered all France :

From these our Henry lineally descends. * While we bethink a means to break it off.

Wur. Oxford, how haps it, in this smooth disQ. Mar. The more we stay, the stronger grows


You told not, how Henry the Sixth hath lost * K. Lew. The more I stay, the more I'll succour All that which Henry the Fifth had gotten? thee,

Methinks, these peers of France should smile at * Q. Mur. O, but impatience waiteth on true


But for the rest,-You tell a pedigree
* And see, where comes the breeder of my sorrow. Of ibreescore and two years; a silly time

To make prescription for a kingdom's worth.
Enter WARWICK,' attended.

Oxf. Why, Warwick, canst thou speak against K. Lew. What's he, approacheth boldly to our

thy Hege,

· Whom thou obey’dst thirty and six years, Q. Mar. Our earl of Warwick, Edward's great. And not bewray thy treason with a blush ? est friend.

War. Can Oxford, that did ever fence the right, K. Lew. Welcome, brave Warwick! What brings Now buckler falsehood with a pedigree ? thee to France ?

For shame, leave Henry, and call Edward king. [Descending from his Slate, Queen Orf. Call him my king, by whose injurious doom MARGARET rises.

"My elder brother, ihe Lord Aubrey Vere, * Q. Mar. Ay, now begins a second storm to rise ; Was done to death? and more than so, my father, * For this is he that moves both wind and tide.

Even in the downfall of his mellow'd years, War. From worthy Edward, king of Albion,

• When nature brought him to the door of death ? My lord and sovereign, and thy vowed friend, No, Warwick, no; while life upholds this arm, I coine,-in kindness, and unfeigned love,

This arm upholds the house of Lancaster. First, to do greetings to thy royal person;

IVar. And I the house of York. And, then, to crave a league of amity;

K. Lew. Queen Margaret, Prince Edward, and And, lastly, to confirm that amily

Oxford, With nuptial knot, if thou vouchsafe to grant

• Vouchsafe, at our request, to stand aside, That virtuous Lady Bona, thy fair sister,

" While I use further conference with Warwick. To England's king in lawful marriage.

* Q. Mar. Heaven grant, that Warwick's words Q. Mar. If that go forward, Henry's hope is

bewitch him not! done.

(Retiring with the Prince and OXFORD. War. And, gracions madam, [70 Bona,) in our

" K. Lew. Now, Warwick, tell me, even upon thy king's behalf,

conscience, I am commanded, with your leave and favour,

"Is Edward your true king? for I were loath Humbly to kiss your hand, and with my tongue

"To link with him that were not lawful chosen." To tell the passion of my sovereign's heart;

War. Thereon I pawn my credit and mine honour. Where fame, late entering at his heedful ears,

K. Lew. But is he gracious in the peoples' eye? Hath plac'd thy beauty's image, and thy virtue.

War. The more, that Henry was unfortunate. Q. Mar. King Lewis,-and Lady Bona,-hear

K. Lew. Then further,-all dissembling set aside, me speak,

· Tell me for truth the measure of his love Before you answer Warwick. His demand

• Unto our sister Bona.

Such it seems,
* Springs not from Edward's well meant honest love,
* But from deceit, bred by necessity;

As may beseem a monarch like himself. * For how can tyrants safely govern home,

Myself have often heard him say, and swear,* Unless abroad they purchase great alliance ?

That this his love was an eternal plant;:

Whereof the root was fix'd in virtue's ground, * To prove him tyrant, this reason may suffice,

The leaves and fruit maintain’d with beauty's sun ; I This nobleman's embassy and commission, the in. sule he receives by the king's hasty marriage, and his Annales of w. of Wyrcester, that no open rupture had consequent resolution to avenge it, with the capture, im: taken place between the king and Warwick, up to the prisonment, and escape of the king, Shakspeare found beginning of November, 1468; al least nothing appears in Hall and Holinshed; but later as well as earlier wri. to the contrary in that historian, whose work is unfor. ters of better authority, incline us to discredit the whole; cunately defective from that period. and to refer the rupture between the king and his poli. 2 There is nearly the same line in a former speech of tical creator to other causes. Perhaps we need seek no Margaret's. It is found in its present situation alone in further than that jealousy and ingratitude which is but the old play. too often experienced in those who are under great obli. 3 This passage unavoidably brings to mind that ad. gations-100 great to be discharged There needs no mirable image of old age in Sackville's Induction to the other proof how liule our common histories are to be Mirror for Magistrates :depended on, than this fabulong story of Warwick and His withered fist still knocking at death's door.' the Lady Bona. The king was privately married to 4 He means that Henry was unsuccessful in war,' the Lady Elizabeth Widville, in 1463, and in February, having lost his dominious in France, &c. 1465, Warwick actually stood sponsor to the Princess 5 In the language of Shakspeare's time, by an eter. Elizabeth, their first child. It should seem from the Inal blant was meant what we now call a perennial one.

are one.

Exempt from envy,' but not from disdain, No more my king, for he dishonours me;
Unless the Lady Bona quit his pain.

But most himself, if he could see his shame,K. Lew. Now, sister, let us hear your firm resolve. Did I forget, that by the house of York

Bona. Your giant, or your denial, shall be mine : My father came untimely to his death? Yet I confess, (To War.) that often ere this day, Did I let pass the abuse done to my niece ? When I have heard your king's desert recounted, Did I impale him with the regal crown? Mine ear hath tempted judgment to desire. Did I pui llenry from his native right; * K. Lew. Then, Warwick, thus–Our sister shall And am I guerdon’de at the last with 'shame? be Edward's;

* Shame on himself! for my desert is honour. * And now forthwith shall articles be drasyn * And, to repair my honour lost for him, * Touching the jointure that your king must make, * I here renounce him, and return to Henry : * Which with her dowry shall be counterpois’d:- • My noble queen, let former grudges pass, Draw near, queen Margaret; and be a witness, And henceforth I am thy true servitor; That Bona shall be wife to the English king. I will revenge his wrong to Lady Bona,

Prince. To Edward, but not to the English king. And replani Henry in his former state.

* Q. Mar. Deceitful Warwick! it was thy device Q. Mar. Warwick, these words have turn'd my * By this alliance to make void my suit;

hate to love; * Before thy coming, Lewis was llenry's friend. " And I forgive and quite forget old faults,

*K. Lew. And still is friend to him and Margaret; And jov that thou becom'st King Henry's friend. * But if your title to the crown be weak,

Iar. So much his friend, ay, his unfeigned friend * As may appear by Edward's good success,- That, if King Lewis vouchsafe to furnish us * Then 'tis but reason, that I he releas'd

With some few bands of chosen soldiers, * From giving aid, which late I promised.

I'll undertake to land them on our coast, * Yet shall you have all kindness at my hand. And force the tyrant from his seat by war. * That your estate requires, and mine can yield. 'Tis not his new-made bride shall succour him :

War. Henry now lives in Scotland, at his ease; * And as for Clarence,-as my letters tell me,
Where having nothing, nothing he can lose. * He's very likely now to fall from him ;
And as for you yourself, our quondam queen, - * For matching more for wanton lust than honour,
You have a father able to maintain you;2-

* Or than for strength and safety of our country. And better 'twere, you troubled him than France. * Bona. Dear brother, how shall Bona be re* Q. Mar. Peace, impudent and shamoless War

veng’d, wick, peace;

* But by the help to this distressed queen ? * Proud setter-up and puller-down of kings !3 * Q. Mar. Renowned prince, how shall poor * I will not hence, till with my talk and tears,

Henry live, * Both full of truth, I make King Lewis behold * Unless thou rescue him from foul despair ? * Thy sly conveyance, and thy lord's false love; * Bona. My quarrel, and this English queen's, * For both of you are birds of self-same feather.

(A Horn sounded within. * War. And mine, fair Lady Bona, joins with K. Lew. Warwick, this is some post to us, or thee.

yours. Enter a Messenger.

* K. Lew. And mine with hers, and thine, and

Margaret's. Mess. My lord ambassador, these letters are for Therefore, at last, I firmly am resolv'd, you;

You shall have aid. Sent from your brother, Marquis Montague.

* Q. Mar. Let me give humble thanks for all at These from our king unto your majesty: And, madam, these for you; from whom I know not.

K. Lew. Then England's messenger, return in [T. MARGARET.' They all read their Lellers. Oxl. I like it well, that our fair queen and mistress and tell false Edward, thy supposed king,

post; Smiles at her news, while Warwick frowns at his. That Lewis of France is sending over maskers, Prince. Nay, mark, how Lewis stamps as he To revel it with him and his new bride: were nettled:

* Thou scest what's past, go fears thy king withal. * I hope, all's for the best.

Bona. Tell him, in hope he'll prove a widower K. Lew. Warwick, what are thy news? and

shortly, yours, fair queen!

I'll wear the willow garland for his sake. "Q. Mar. Mine, such as fill my heart with un

Q. Mar. Tell him, My mourning weeds are laid hop'd joys. War. Mine, full of sorrow and heart's discontent. And I am ready to put armour on.

aside, K. Lew. What! has your king married the Lady War. Tell him from me,

that he hath done mo Grey ?

wrong ; • And now, io sooth' your forgery and his, And therefore I'll uncrown him, ere't be long, • Sends me a paper to persuade me patience ?

There's thy reward; be gone. • Is this the alliance that he seeks with France ?

(Erit Mess. K. Lew.

But, Warwick, thou, • Dare he presume to scorn us in this manner?

And Oxford, with five thousand men, * Q. Mar, I told your majesty, as much before: Shall cross the seas, and bid false Edward battle : This proveth Edward's love, and Warwick’s ho- * And, as occasion serves, this noble queen

nesty. War. King Lewis, I here protest,-in sight of Yet, ere thou go, but answer me one doubt;

* And prince shall follow with a fresh supply. heaven,

• What pledge have we of thy firm loyalty ? And by the hope I have of heavenly bliss,That I am clear from this misdeed of Edward's; 5 To sooth, in ancient language, was 'to countenance

a falsehood or forged tale, to uphold one in his talke, I Steevens thinks that endy in this place, as in many and affirme it to be true which he speaketh.' Baret. others, is put for malice or hatred. His situation places Malone blunders strangely, taking io sooth in its mohim above these, though it cannot secure him from ledern acceptation of 10 sofien. male disdain.

6. King Edwari did attempt a thing once in the 2 Johnson is inclined to think this ironical. The po.earle's house, which was much against The earle's ho. verty of Margaret's father being a frequent topic of renestie (whether he would have dellowred his daughter proach.

or his niece, the certaintie was not for both their ho. 3 The queen here applies to Warwick the very words pours revealed,) for surely such a thing was attempted that King Edward, p. 69, adresses to the Deity. It seenis by King Edward.'- Holinished, p. 669. doubtful whether these words in the former instance are 7 Rewarded.

8 Fright. not in the old play addressed to Warwick also.

9 Here we are to suppose that, according to ancient 4 Conveyance is used for any crafty artifice. The custom, Warwick makes a present to the herald or word has already been explained. Vide King Henry messenger, who in the old play is called a Posl. See VI. Part I. Act i. Sc. 3.

note on King Henry V. Act iii. Sc. vii.


War. This shall assure my constant loyalty :- • Whom God hath join'd together: ay, and 'twero That if our queen and this young prince agree,

pity, I'll join mine eldest daughter, and my joy, To sunder them that yoke so well together. To him forth with in holy wedlock bands,

*K. Edw. Setting your scorns, and your mislike, Q. Mar. Yes, I agree, and thank you for


aside, motion :

" Tell me some reason, why the Lady Grey • Son Edward, she is fair and virtuous,

• Should not become my wife, and England's • Therefore delay not, give thy hand to Warwick;

queen: • And, with thy hand, ihy faith irrevocable, . And you, too, Somerset, and Montague, That only Warwick's daughter shall be thine. • Speak freely what you think. * Prince. Yes, I accept her, for she well de- "Clar. Then this is my opinion,--that king Lewis serves it;

• Becomes your enemy, for mocking him * And here, to pledge my vow, I give my hand. • About the marriage of the Lady Bona.

(He gives his hand to WARWICK. "Glo, And Warwick, doing what you gave in 'K. Lew. Why stay we now? These soldiers

charge, shall be levied,

Is now dishonoured by this new marriage. And thou, Lord Bourbon, our high admiral, "K. Edw. What, if both Lewis and Warwick bo • Shall waft them over with our royal fleet.

appeas'd, I long, till Edward fall by war's mischance, " By such invention as I can devise ? ' For mocking marriage with a dame of France. Mont. Yet to have join'd with France in such (Ereunt all but WARWICK.

alliance, War. I came from Edward as embassador, Would more have strengthend this our commonBut I return his sworn and mortal foe :

wealth Matter of marriage was the charge he gave me, 'Gainst foreign storms, than any home-bred mar. But dreadful war shall answer his demand.

riage. Had he none else to make a stale, but me?

Hast. Why, knows not Montague, that of itself Then none but I shall turn his jest to sorrow. England is safe, if true within itself ?" I was the chief that rais'd him to the crown,

* Mont. Yes; but the safer, when 'tis back'd And I'll be chief to bring him down again :

with France. Not that I pity Henry's misery,

* Ilast. "Tis better using France, than trusting But seek revenge on Edward's mockery. (Exit.

France : * Let us be back'd with God, and with the seas,

* Which he hath given for fence impregnable, ACT IV.

* And with their helps only defend ourselves; SCENE I. London. A Room in the Palace. / * In them, and in ourselves, our safety lies.

Enter Gloster, CLARENCE, SOMERSET, Mor- Clar. For this one speech, Lord Hastings well TAGUE, and others,


"To have the heir of the Lord Hungerford. Glo. Now tell me, brother Clarence, what think

K. Edw. Ay, what of that ? it was my will, and you

grant ; of this new marriage with the Lady Grey ?

* And, for this once, my will shall stand for law. * Hath not our brother made a worthy choice?

Glo. And yet, methinks your grace hath not * Clar. Alas, you know, 'uis far from hence to

done well,

" To give the heir and daughter of Lord Scales * How could he stay till Warwick made return ?

• Unto the brother of your loving bride ; * Som. My lords, forbear this talk; here comes She better would have fitted me, or Clarence : the king.

. But in your bride you bury brotherhood. Flourish. Enter King EDWARD, attended ; LADY Clar. Or else you would not have bestow'd the GREY, as Queen; PEMBROKE, STAFFORD,

heir Hastings, and others,

or the Lord Bonville on your new wife's son, * Glo. And his well chosen bride.

• And leave your brothers to go speed elsewhere. * Clar. I mind to tell him plainly what I think.

K. Edw. Alas, poor Clarence! is it for a wife, K. Edw. Now, brother of Clarence, how I

" That thou art malcontent? I will provide thee. you our choice,

Clar. In choosing for yourself, you show'd your • That you stand pensive, as half malcontent?

judgment; Clar. As well as Lewis of France, or the earl · Which being shallow, you shall give me leavo of Warwick;

To play the broker in mine own behalf; Which are so weak of courage, and in judgment,

" And to that end, I shortly mind to leave you. That they'll take no offence at our abuse.

*K. Edw. Leave me, ortarry, Edward will be king, K. Edw. Suppose, they take offence without a

And not be tied unto his brother's will.

'Q. Eliz. My lords, before it pleased his majesty cause, They are but Lewis and Warwick; I am Edward,

* To raise my state to title of a queen, • Your king and Warwick's, and must have my will. 'Do me but right, and you must all confess Glo. And you shall have your will, because our

· That I was not ignoble of descent, king :

* And meaner than myself have had like fortuna, Yet hasty marriage seldom proveth well.

* But as this title honours me and mine, K. Edw. Yea, brother Richard, are you offended * So your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing, too ?

* Do cloud my joys with danger and with sorrow. · Glo. Not I: • No; God forbid, that I should wish them sever'd 4 This has been the advice of every man who in any

age understood and savoured the interest of England.-! This is a departure from the truth of history, for Johnson. Edward prince of Wales was married to Anne, second 5 Until the Restoration minors coming into possession daughter of the earl of Warwick. In fact Isabella, his of great estales were in the wardship of the king, who eldest daughter, was married to Clarence in 1465. bestowed them on his favourites, or in other words gave There is, however, no inconsistence in the present pro. them up to plunder, and afterwards disposed of them in posal; för at the time represented, when Warwick was marriage as be pleased. I know not' (says Johnson) in France, neither of his daughters were married. when liberty gained more than by the abolition of the Shakspeare has here again followed the old play. In court of waris. King Richard III. he has properly represented Lady 6 Her father was Sir Richard Widville, Knight, after. Anne, the widow of Eilward prince of Wales, as the wards earl of Rivers ; her mother Jaqueline, duchess youngest daughter of Warwick.

dowager of Bedford, who was daughter of Peter of Lus. 2 Å stale here means a stalking horse, a pretence. emburg, earl of St. Paul, and widow of John duke of 3 See King Jolin, noie on the final speech.

Bedford, brother to King Slenry V.

France ;


by us?



"K. Edw. My love, forbear to fawn upon their * And haste is needful in this desperate case. frowns :

* Pembroke, and Statford, you in our behalf " What danger, or what sorrow can befall thee, • Go levy men, and make prepare for war; So long as Edward is thy constant friend,

They are already, or quickly will be landed: • And their true sovereign, whom they must obey ? Myself in person will straight follow you. "Nay, whom they shall obey, and love thee too,

(Ereunt PEMBROKE and STAFFORD. Unless they seek for hatred at my hands:

But, ere I go, Hastings, -and Montague, Which if they do, yet will I keep thee safe, • Resolve my doubt. You twain, of all the rest, And they shall feel the vengeance of my wrath. . Are near to Warwick, by blood, and by alliance : * Glo. I hear, yet say not much, but think the Tell me, if you love Warwick more than one ?

(Aside. ' If it be so, then both depart to him; Enter a Messenger.

'I rather wish you foes, ihan hollow friends; 'K. Edw. Now, messenger, what letters, or what

But if you mind to hold your true obedience,

• Give me assurance with some friendly vow, news, From France ?

" That I may never have you in suspect. • Mess. My sovereign liege, no letters; and few

Mont. So God help Montaguo, as he proves true! words,

Hast. And Hastings, as he favours Edward's ' But such as 1, without your special pardon,

cause! Dare not relate.

K. Edw. Now, brother Richard, will you stand K. Edw. Go to, we pardon thee: therefore, in brief,

Glo. Ay, in despite of all that shall withstand you. • Tell me their words as near as thou canst guess

'K. Edw. Why so; then am I sure of victory. them.

• Now therefore let us hence; and lose no hour, • What answer makes King Lewis unto our letters?

« Till we meet Warwick with his foreign power. Mess. At my depart, these were his very words;

[Ereunt. Go tell false Edward, thy supposed king,

SCENE JI. A Plain in Warwickshire. Enter That Lewis of France is sending over maskers, WARWICK and OXFORD, with French and other To revel it with him and his new bride.

Forces. K. Edw, Is Lewis so brave? belike he thinks me War. Trust me, my lord, all hitherto goes well; Henry.

The common people by numbers swarm to us. • But what said Lady Bona to my marriage ?

Enter CLARENCE and SOMERSET. Mess. These were her words, utter'd with mild disdain;

But, see, where Somerset and Clarence come :Tell him, in hope he'll prove a vidlower shortly,

Speak suddenly, my lords, are we all friends ? I'll wear the willow garland for his sake.

Clar. Fear not that, my lord. K. Edw. I blame not her, she could say little

War. Then, gentle Clarence, welcome unto WarShe had the wrong. But what said Henry's queen? And welcome, Somerset :-1 hold it cowardice,

To rest mistrustful where a noble heart 'For I have heard, that she was there in place.' Mess. Tell him, quoth she, my mourning weeds Hath pawn’d an open hand in sign of love ; are done, 2

Else might I think, that Clarence, Edward's brother, And I am ready to put armour on.

Were but a feigned friend to our proceedings: K. Edu. Belike, she minds to play the Amazon. But welcome, sweet Clarence; my daughter shall

be thine. But what said Warwick to these injuries ? * Mess. He, more incens'd against your majesty Thy brother being carelessly encamp'd,

And now what rests, but, in night's coverture, · Then all the rest, discharg’d me with these words; His soldiers lurking in the lowns about, Tell him from me, that he hath done me wrong, And therefore I'll uncrown him, ere't be long.

And but attended by a simple guard, K. Edw. Ha! durst the traitor breathe out so

We may surprise and take him at our pleasure ?

Our scouts have found the adventuro very easy: proud words? Well, I will arm me, being thus forewarn'd:

* That as Ulysses, and stout Diomede, They shall have wars, and

* With sleight and manhood stole to Rhesus' tents, for their

pay presumption.

And brought from thence the Thracian fatal

steeds ;
is Warwick friends with Margaret ?

* So Mess. Ay, gracious sovereign ; they are so link'd * At unawares may beat down Edward's guard,

well cover'd with the night's black mantle, in friendship, · That young Prince Edward marries Warwick’s * For I intend but only to surprise him.

* And seize himself; I say not-slaughter him, daughter. Clar. Belike, the elder; Clarence will have the

You, that will follow me to this attempt, younger."

* Applaud the name of Henry, with your leader. * Now, brother king, farewell, and sit you fast,

[They all cry Henry! * For I will hence to Warwick's other daughter;

Why, then, let's on our way in silent sort: * That though I want a kingdom, yet in marriage

For Warwick and his friends, God and Saint George! * I may not prove inferior to yourself.

[Ereunt. You, that love me and Warwick, follow me.* SCENE III. Edward's Camp, near Warwick.

(Erit CLARENCE, and SOMERSET follows. Enter certain Watchmen, to guard the King's * Glo. Not I:

Tent. * My thoughts aim at a further matter; I

*1 Watch. Come on my masters, each man take Stay not for love of Edward, but the crown.

his stand ;

(Aside. * The king, by this, is set him down to sleep. K. Edv. Clarence and Somerset both gone to *2 Watch. What, will he not to bed ? Warwick!

*1 Watch. Why, no: for he hath made a solemn * Yet am I arm'd against the worst can happen;

I In place signifies there present. The expression is raise a rebellion in the city, with a design, as was sup. of frequent occurrence in old English writers. It is from posed, to storm the queen's palace, he ran about the the French en place.

streets with his sword drawn, crying out, 'They that 2 i. e. my mourning is ended.

love me, follow me.' 3 This is consonant with the former passage of this 5 See the tenth book of the Iliad. These circum. play, though at variance with what really happened. stances were accessible, however, without reference to

4 Johnson has remarked upon the aciual improbabi. Homer in the original. lity of Clarence making this speech in the king's hear. 6 We are told by some of the writers of the Trojan ing. Shakspeare followed the old play, where this line story, that the capture of these horses was one of che is also found. When the earl of Essex attempted to 'necessary preliminaries of the fate of Troy.


( But



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