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Yet an arch villain keeps him company." | And send forth us, to make their sorrow'd render, If, where thou art, two villains shall not be, Together with a recompense more fruitful

[To the Painter. Than their offence can weigh down by the dram; Come not near him.--If thou wouldst not reside Ay, even such heaps and sums of love and wealth,

(To the Poet. As shall to thee blot out what wrongs were theirs, But where one villain is, then him abandon.- And write in thee the figures of their love, Hence! pack! there's gold, ye came for gold, ye Exer to read them thine. slaves :


You witch me in it; You have done work for me, there's payment : Surprise me to the very brink of tears : hence !

Lend me a fool's heart, and a woman's eyes, You are an alchymist, make gold of that :- And I'll beweep these comforts, worthy senators. !" Out, rascal dogs!

1 Sm. Therefore, so please thee to return with us, (Exit, beating and driving them out. And of our Athens (thine, and ours) to take SCENE II. The same. Enter Flavius, and two Allow'd with absolute power, and thy good name

The capiainship, thou shali be met with thanks, Senators.

Live with authority :--so soon we shall drive back Flav. It is in vain that you would speak with Of Alcibiades the approaches wild ; Timon;

Who, like a boar 100 savage, doth root up For he is set so only to himself,

His country's peace.” That nothing but himself, which looks like man, 2 Sen. And shakes his threat'ning sword Is friendly with him.

Against the walls of Athens. i Sen. Bring us to his cave :

1 Sen.

Therefore, Timon, It is our part, and promise to the Athenians, Tim. Well, sir, I will; therefore, I will, sir; To speak with Timon.

Thus,2 Sen. At all times alike

If Alcibiades kill my countrymen, Men are not still the same : "Twas time, and Let Alcibiades know this of Timon, griefs

That-Timon cares not. But if he sack fait That fram'd him thus; time, with his fairer hand,

Offering the fortunes of his former days,

And take our goodly aged men by the beards,
The former man may make him: Bring us to him, Giving our holy virgins to the stain
And chance it as it may.

Of contumelious, beastly, mad-brain'd war;

Here is his cave.- Then, let him know,-and tell him, Timon speaks it, Peace and content be here ! Lord Timon! Timon! In pity of our aged, and our youth, Look out, and speak to friends : The Athenians, I cannot choose but tell him, thai-- I care not,' ? By two of their most reverend senate, greet thee : And let him take't at worst; for their knives care not, Speak to them, noble Timon.

While you have throats to answer; for myself, : Enter Timox.

There's not a whittles in the unruly camp, Tim. Thou sun, that comfort'st, burn !-Speak. The reverend'st throat in Alhens.

But I do prize it at my love, before

So I leave you and be hang'd :

To the protection of the prosperous gods, '° For each true word, a blister! and each false

As thieves to keepers. Be as a caut'rizing to the root o' the longue,

Flav. Consuming it with speaking !

Stay not, all's in vain. 1 Sen.

Wurthy Timon

Tim. Why, I was writing of my epitaph, Tim. Of none but such as you, and you of Ti- It will be seen to-morrow; My long sickness

Of health," and living, now begins to mend, 2 Sen. The senators of Athens greet thee, Ti- And nothing brings me all things. Go, live still

Be Alcibiades your plague, you his, T'im. I thank them; and would send them back And last so long enough!

I Sen. the plague,

We speak in vain. Could I but catch it for them.

Tim. But yet I love my country; and am not, 1 Sen.

O, forget

One that rejoices in the common wreck,
What we are sorry for ourselves in thee.

As common bruithe doth put it.
1 Sen.

That's well spoke The senators, with one consent of love,"

Tim. Commend me to my loving countrymen,Emtreat thee back to Athens; who have thought

1 Sen. These words become your lips as they *On special dignities, which vacant lie For thy best use and wearing.

pass through them. 2 Sen.

They confess,

2 Sen, And enter in our ears, like great triumphers Toward thee, forgetfulness too general, gross:

In their applauding gates.

Commend me to them ; Which now the public body,- which doch seldom

And tell them, that to ease them of their griess, Play the recanter,-feeling in itself

Their fears of hostile strokes, their aches, losses, A lack of Timon's aid, hath sense withal I or it's own fall,» restraining aid to Timon;

Their pangs of love," with other incident shrues I The plain and simple meaning of this is, where 7 Allowed here signifies confirmed. To approrer anch of you is, a villain must be in his company, because confirme. Ratum habere aliquid.' Barel. This word you are both of you arch villains,' therefore a villain is generally used by our old writers in the sense of ap. goes with you every where. Thus in Promos and Cas prored, and I am doubtful whether it has been righily sandra, 1578, Go, and a knare urith thee.'

explained in other places in these dranias by licensed. 9 The word done is omiued by acciilent in the old An allowed fool, I think, means an approved sool, a copy. This line is addreshed to the painter, the next to confirmed fool. the pet.

8 This image may have been caught from Psalm 3 With one united role of affection. So in Stern. Ixxx. 13. whold's version of the hundredith Psalm.

9 A whittle is a clasp knife. The word is sill, pru. With one consent let all the earth.'

vincially in use. 4 Which should he and. It is now vain to inquire 19 • The prosperous gods' undoubtedly here mean the whether the mistake be attributable to the poet, or to a propitious or juvourable gods, Dii secundi. Thus in careless transcriber or printer, but in such a glaring error Othello, Act i. Sc. 3. as this, it is bet charitable to surpose of the last.

"To my umfoluling lend your prosperous ear.'. Ő The Athenians have a sense of the danger of their in which passage the quarto of 162 reads "a gracious 1. own fall by the arms of Alcibiades, by their withholding ear.! aid that should have been given to Timon.

11 He means the disease of life begins to promise me 6 Render is confession. So in Cymbeline, Act iv. a period.' Bc. 4:

12 Report, rumour. may drive us to a render

13 Compare this part of Timon's speech" with part Where we have liv'd."

of the celebrated soliloquy in IIamlei.




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That naturo's fragile vessel doth sustain

SCENE IV. The Woods. Timon's Cave, and a In liso's uncertain voyage, I will some kindness do Tombstone seen. Enter a Soldier, seeking Timon, them:

Sol. By all description this should be the placo. fill teach them to prevent wild Alcibiades' wrath.

Who's here? speak, hol-No answer?-What is 2 Sen. I like this well, he will return again.

this? Tim. I have a tree, which grows here in my close, Timon is dead, who hath outstretch'd his span : That mine own use invites me to cut down, Some beast rear'd this ;' there does not live a man. And shortly must I fell it; Tell my friends,

Dead, sure; and this his grave.Tell Athens, in the sequence of degree,

What's on this tomb I cannot read; the character From high to low throughout, that whoso please I'll take with wax. To stop affliction, let him take his haste,

Our captain hath in every figure skill; Come hither, ere my tree hath felt the axe,

An ag'd interpreter, though young in days: And hang himself:1-I pray you, do my greeting, Before proud Athens he's set down by this, Flav. Trouble him no further, thus you still shall Whose fall the mark of his ambition is [Exil.

find him. Tim. Come not to me again : but say to Athens, SCENE V. Before the Walls of Athens. TrumTimon hath made his everlasting mansion

pets sound. Enter A LCIBIADES, and Forces. Upon the beached verge of the salt flood;

Alcib. Sound to this coward and lascivious town Whom once a day with his embossed froth? Our terrible approach.

(A parley sounded. The turbulent surge shall cover; thither come,

Enter Senators on the Walls.
And let my grave-stone be your oracle.-
Lips, let sour words go by, and language end:

Till now you have gone on, and fillid the time

With all licentious measure, making your wills. What is amiss, plague and infection mend! Graves only be men's works; and death their gain! The scope of justice; till now, myself, and such Sun, hide thy beams! Timon hath done his reign.

As slept within the shadow of your power, (Exit Timon.

Have wander'd with our travers'd arms, and

breath'd 1. 1 Sen. His discontents are unremoveably Coupled to nature.

Our sufferance vainly: Now the time is flush,? 2 'Sen. Our hope in him is dead: let us return,

When crouching marrow, in the bearer strong, And strain what other means is left unto us

Cries, of itsell, No more : now breathless wrong In our dears peril.

Shall 'sit and pant in your great chairs of case ; i Sen. It requires swift foot. (Exeunt. And pursy insolence shall break his wind,

With fear and horrid flight. SCENE IH. The Walls of Athens. Enter Two 1 Sen,

Noble and young, Senators and a Messenger.

When thy first griefs were but a merc conceit, | Sen. Thou hast painfully discover'd; aro' his We sent to thee; to give thy rages balm,

Ere thou hadst power, or we had cause of sear, files As full as, thy report?

To wipe out our ingratitude with loves

Above their quantity."
I have spoke the least :

2 Sen.

So did we woo Besides, his expedition promises

Transformed Timon to our city's love, Present approach. 2 Sen. We stand much hazard, if they bring not we were not all unkind, nor all deserve

By humble message, and by promis'd' means;' Timon.

The common stroke of war. Mess. I met a courier, one mine ancient friend :

1 Sen,

These walls of ours Whom, though in general part we were opposid,

Were not erected by their hands, from whom Yet our old love made a particular force, And made us speak like friends :--this man was That these great towers, trophies, and schools

You have receiv'd your griefs: nor are they such, riding

should fall
From Alcibiades to Timon's cave,
With letters of entreaty, which imported

For private faults in them.
2 Sen.

Nor are they living, His fellowship i' the cause againsi your city,

Who were the motives that you first went out; Jo part for his sake mov'd.

Shame, that they wanted cunning," in excess Enter Senators from Timon.

Hath broke their hearts. March, noble lord, 1 Sen.

Here come our brothers. 3 Sen. No talk of Timon, nothing of him expect.-Jementation is Warburton's. It is cvident that the sol.

5 The old copy has some bease read this,' The The enemies' drum is hcard, and fearful scouring vier, when he first seos Timon's everlasting dwelling,

Doth choke the air with dust : in and prepare; does not know it to be a tornb. He concludes Timon must Ours is the fall, I fear, our foes, tho snare.

be dead, because he receives no answer. It is evident (Eseunt. that when he utters the words some beast, &c. he has

not seen the inscription. What can this be ? (says the 1 This was suggested by & passage in Plutarch's soldier,) Timon is certainly dead: Some boast must havo Liro of Antony, where it is said Timon addrcered the roar'd ihis; a man could not live in it. Yes, he is dead

the market-place. See also Tho Palace of Ploasure, writing upon it? pot. 1. Nov. 28.

6 Travers'd arms aro arms crossed. The Image The first folio ronds who. It was nltored to which occurs in Tho Tempest: In the second folio. Malone reads er hom, saying it re

• His arms in this sad knot.' fers to Timon, and not to his grave; as appears from 7 Flush is mature, ripo, or come to full perfection. The Palaco of Pleasure :- By his last will he ordained 8 Their refers to griefs. To give thy rages balm,' himself to ho interred upon the seashore, that the must be considered as parenthetical. Waves and surges mighi beate and vexe his dead 9 i. e. by promising him a competent oubeistence. carcas.'

10. The motives that you first went out,' i. e. those who Embossed froch is foaming, puffed or blown up froth. made the motion for your exile. This word is used in Among our ancestors a loss or a bubble of water the same manner in Troilus and Cressida :when it rainah, or the pot seetheth,' were used indif.

her wanton spirits look out serendy.

At every joint and molive of her body.' 3 So in Twelah Nighi, Act v. Sc. 1:

11 Cunning is used in ils old sense of skill or wisdom, • Whom thou in terms 60 bloody and so dear extremity of shame that they wanted roisdom in procur. Hast made thy enemies.'

ing your banishment hath broke their hearts. Theo 4 This passage Steevens, with great reason, consi. bald had nearly thus interpreted the passage ; and ders corrupt, the awkward repetition of the verb mude, Johnson thoughi he could improve it by readingand the obscurity of the whole, countenance his opinion. Shame that they wanted, coming in excess Might we not read :

Hath broke their hearts.' * Yet our old love had a particular force, Johnson perhaps was not aware of the old meaning of And male us speak like friends."


this musi be kis tomb ; Whas in tbio

Into our city with thy banners spread :

The Senators descend, and open the gates. Entor a By decimation, and a tithed death

Soldier. (If thy rovenges hunger for that food,

Sol. My noble general, Timon is dead :
Which nature loathes) take thou the destin'd tenth; Entomb’d upon the very hem o' the sea :
And by the hazard of the spotted die,
Let die the spotted.

And on his gravestone, this insculpture; which

With wax I brought away, whose soft impression I Sen. All have not offended :

Interprets for my poor ignorance. For those that were, it is not square,' to take,

Alcib. [Reads.) Here lies a wretched corse, of On those that are, revenges: crimes, like lands,

wretched soul berefl: Are not inherited. Then, dear countryman,

Seek nol my name : A plague consume yone wicked Bring in thy ranks, but leave without ihy rage :

cailiffs left! Spare thy Athenian cradle, and those kin,

Here lie I, Timon : who alive, all living men did hate : Which in the bluster of thy wrath, must fall

Pass by, and curse thy fill ; but pass, and stay not With those that have offended : like a shopherd,

here thy guit. Approach the fold, and cull the infected forth,

These well express in thee thy latter spirits :
Bui kill not all together.
2 Sen.
What thou wilt,

Though thou abhorr’dst in us our human griefs,

Scorn'dst our brains' flow,' and those our droplotu Thou rather shalt enforce it with thy smile,

which Than hew to't with thy sword.

From niggard nature fall, yet rich conceit 1 Sen,

Set but thy foot

Taught ihee to make vast Neptune weep for ay. Against our rampir'd gates, and they shall ope;

On thy low grave, on faults forgiven. Dead So thou wilt send thy gentle heart before,

Is noble Timon; of whose memory To say thou'lt entor friendly.

Hereafter more.—Bring me into your city 2 Sen.

Throw thy glovo; And I will use the olive with my sword: Or any token of thine honour else,

Make war breed peace; make peace stinto war That thou wilt use the wars as thy redress,

make each And not as our confusion, all thy powers

Prescribe to other, as each other's lecch. Shall make their harbour in our town, till we

Let our drums strike.

(Exeunt. Have seal'd thy full desire. Alcib. Then there's my glove;

THE play of Timon is a domestic tragedy, and thero. Descend, and open your uncharged ports; fore strongly fastens on the attention of the reader. In Those enemies of Timon's and mine own,

the plan there is not much art, but the incidents aro Whom you yourself shall set out for reproof, natural, and the characters various and exact. The Fall, and no more: and,-lo atone* your fears catastrophe affords a very powerful warning against With my more noble meaning, -not a man that ostentatious liberality, which scatters bounty, but Shall pass his quarter, or offend the stream

confers no benefits; and buys flattery, but not friend.

ship. of regular justice in your city's bounds, But shall be remedied, to your public laws,

In this tragedy are many passages perplexed, obscuro,

and probably corrupt, which I have endeavoured to recAt heaviest answer.'

tify or explain with due diligence; but having only one Both.

'Tis most nobly spoken. copy, cannot promise myself that my endeavours shall Alcib. Descend, and keep your words.

be much applauded.

JOHNSON I I. e. not regular, not equitable.

serves, is nonsense. Johnson's explanation will then Jovis incunabula Crete. Ovid Melam. viii. 99. serve, “Not a soldier shall quit his station, or commit 3 i.e. Unattacked gales.

any violence, but he shall answer it regularly to the law.' 4 1. e. to reconcile them to it. The general sense of & This epitaph is forined out of two distinct epitaphs this word in Shakspeare. Thus in Cymbeline :-1 in North’s Plutarch. The first couplet is there said to was glad I did alone my countryman and you.' have been composed by Timon himself; the second by

5 All attempts to extract a meaning from this pas. the poel Callimachus. The epithet caitiff's was proba. sage as it stands, must be vain. We should certainly bly suggested by another epitaph, to be found in Kenread;

dal's Flowers of Epigrammes, 1577, and in the Palace But shall be remitted to your public laws of Pleasure, vol. i. Nov. 29. At hea vicet answer.'

7 So in Drayton's Miracles of Mosce :it in evident that the context requires a word of this im- But he from rocks that fountains can command, port: remanded might serve. The comma at remedied

Cannot yet stay the fountains of his brain,' is not in the old copy. Remedied lo, as Steevens ob

9 Stop.

0 Physician.


PRELIMINARY REMARK 9. In this play the narration of Plutarch, in the Life of Shakspeare could not fall of exciting the highest in,

Coriolanus, is very exactly followed; and it has terest and sympathy in the spectator. He is made of been observed that the poel shows consumate skill in that stern unbending stuff which usually enters into knowing how to scize ihe truc poetical point of view the composition of a hero : accustomed t. conquest and of the historical circumstances, without changing them triumph, his inflexible spirit could not stopp to solicit In the least degree. His noble Roman is indeed wor- by flattering condescension what it felt thut its wor.

thy of the name, and his mob such as a Roman mob thy services ought to command: doubtless were ; quch as every great city has possessed

he was from the time of the polished Athenians to that of mo. A noble servant to them ; but he could not

dern Paris, where guch scenes have been exhibited by Carry his honours even :1 a people collectively considered the politest on carth,

-commanding peace As shows that the many-headed multitude' have the Even with the same austerity and garb game turbulent spirit, when there is an exciting cause, As he controlld the war.'

Hc hated flattery; and his sovereign contempl for the Shakspeare has extracted amusement from this po penple arose from having witnessed their pussillani pular humour, and with the aid of the pleasant satirical mity; though he loved the bubble reputation, and vein of Menenius has relieved the serious part of the would have grappled with fate for honour, he hated the play with some mirthful scenes, in which it is certain breath of vulgar applause as 'tho rcek'o' the rotten the people's folly is not spared.

fens.' The character of Coriolanus, as drawn by Plutarch, He knew that his actions must command the good was happily suited to the drama, and in the hands of | opinion of men; but his modesty shrunk from theis


In all ages.

open declaration of it: he could not bear to hear his riolanus that I bear. For I never hau other benefit of nothings monstered.

the true and painful service I have done, and the ex. - Pray you, no more ; my mother, treme dangers I have been in, but this surname:

a When she does praise me, grieves me. thou shouldest bear me. Indeed the name only reo But yet his pride was his greatest characteristic: maineth with me ; for the rest, the envy and crueltyot

the people of Rome have taken from me, by the sufWhich out of daily fortune ever taints ferance of the dastardly nobility and magistrates, who The happy man.

have forsaken me, and let me be banished by the peo This it was that made him seek distinction from the ple. This extremity hath now driven me to come as a ordinary herd of popular heroes; his honour must be poor suitor, to take thy chimney-hearth, not of any hope won by difficult and daring enterprise, and worn in I have to save my life thereby. For if I feared death, I silence. It was this pride which was his overthrow; and would not have come hither to put myself in hazard; from which the moral of the piece is to be drawn.' He but pricked forward with desire to be revenged of them had thrown himself with the noble and confiding mag. that have

thus banished me, which now I do begin, by nanimity of a hero into the hands of an enemy, know- putting my person in the hands of their enemies. ing that the truly brave are ever generous; but two Wherefore ir thou hast any heart to be wreaked of the suns could not shine in one hemisphere; Tullus Aufi-injuries thy enemies have done thee, speed thee now, dius found he was darkened by his light, and he ex. and let my misery serve thy turn, and so use it as my claims :

service may be a benefit to the Volçes; promising He bears himself more proudlier

thee that I will fight with better good will for all you, Even to my person than I thought he would

than I did when I was against you, knowing that they When I did first embrace him: Yet his nature

fight more valiantly who know the force of the eneIn that's no changeling.'

my, than such as have never proved it. And if it be so

that thou dare not, and that thou art weary to prove The closeness with which Shakspeare has followed fortune any more, then am I also weary to live his original, Sir Thomas North's translation of Plu- any longer. And it were no wisdom in thee to save the tarch, will be observed upon comparison of the fol life of him who hath been heretofore thy mortal eneTowing passage, with the parallel scene in the play, my, and whose service now can nothing help or pleadescribing Coriolanus's flight to Antium, and his re- sure thee.-Tullus, hearing what he said, was a marception by Aufidius. It was even twilight when he vellous glad man, and, taking him by the hand, he entered the city of Antium, and many people met him said to him, "Stand up, O Martius, and be of good in the streets, but no man knew him. So he went im- cheer, for in proffering thyself unto us, thou doest us mediately to Tullus Aufidius' house; and when he great honour : and by this means thou mayest hope came thither he got him up straight to the chimney also of greater things at all Volces' hands. hearth, and sat him down, and spake not a word to feasted him for that time, and entertained him in the any man, his face all mulled over. They of the house honourablest manner he could, talking with him of no spying him, wondered what he should be, and yet they other matter at that present; but within a few days durst not bid him rise. For ill-favouredly muffled and after they fell to consultation together in what sort they disguised as he was, yet there appeared a certain ma should begin their wars. jesty in his countenance and in his silence; whereupon In the scene of the meeting of Coriolanus with his they went to Tullus, who was at supper, to tell him of wife and mother, when they come to supplicate him to the strange disguising of this man. Tullus rose pre spare Rome, Shakspeare has adhered very closely to sently from the board, and, coming towards him, asked his original. He felt that it was sufficient to give it him what he was, and wherefore he came. Then merely a dramatic form. The speech of Volumnia, as Martius unmuffled himself, and, after he had paused we have observed in a note, is alinost in the very words awhile, making no answer, he said unto himself, If of the old translator of Plutarch. SSAN thou knowest me not yet, Tullus, and seeing me, dost The time comprehended in the play is about four not perhaps believe me to be the man I am indeed, years; commencing with the secession to the Mons I must of necessity discover myself to be that I am. Sacer, in the year of Rome 262, and ending with the I am Caius Martius, who hath done to thyself particu- death of Coriolanus, A. U. C. 266. larly, and to all the Volces generally, great hurt and Malone conjectures it to have been written in the mischief, which I cannot deny for my surname of Co-year 1610. FOR


Cars MARCIUS CORIOLANUS, a noble Roman, Two Volcian Guards,

Generals against the Volcians. VOLUMNIA, Mother to Coriolanus.
MENENIUS AGRIPPA, Friend to Coriolanus. VIRGILIA, Wife to Coriolanus.
YELUTUS, } Tribunes of the People.

VALERIA, Friend to Virgilia.

Gentlewoman, attending Virgilia Young Marcius, Son to Coriolanus,

Roman and Volcian Senators, Patricians, Ediles, A Roman Herald.

Lictors, Soldiers, Citizens, Messenger, Servanti Tullus AUFIDIUS, General of the Volcians. to Aufidius, and other Attendants. Lieutenant lo Aufidius. Conspirators with Aufidius.

SCENE-partly in Rome; and partly in the Ter. A Citizen of Antium.

ritories of the Volcians and Antiates.


Cit. No more talking on't ; let it be done : away,

away: SCENE I.-Rome. A Street. Enter a Company 2 Cit. One word, good citizens.

of mitinous Citizens, with Staves, Clubs, and 1 Cit. We are accounted poor citizens; the pa. other Weapons.

tricians, good:' What authority surfeits on, would I Citizen.

relieve us; If they would yield us but the super

fluity, while it were wholesome, we might guess, BEFORE We proceed any further, hear me speak. they relieved us humanely; but they think, we are

Cit. Speak, speak. (Several speciking at once. 100'dear: the leanness that afflicts us, the object of

1 Cit. You are all resolved rather to die, than to our misery, is as an inventory to particularize their famish ?

abundance : our sufferance is a gain to them, - Let Cil. Resolved, resolved.

us revenge this with our pikes, ere we becomo 1 Cil. First you know, Caius Marcius is chief

1 Good, in a commercial sense. As in Eastward onemy to the people. Cit. We know', we know't.


known good men, well monied.' 1 Cit. Let us kill him, and we'll have corn at Again in the Merchant of Venice :our own price. Is't a verdict

Antonio's a good man

Hoe :

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rakes:' for the gods know, I speak this' in hunger usury, to support usurers : 'repeal daily any wholefor bread, not in thirst for revenge.

some act established against ihe rich; and provide 2 Cit. Would you proceed especially against more piercing statutes daily to chain up and restrain Caius Marcius ?

the poor. If the wars eat us not up, they will; and Cit. Against him first; he's a very dog to the there's all the love they bear us. commonalty.

Men. Either you must 12 Cil. Consider you what services he has done Confess yourselves wondrous malicious, for his country?

Or be accus'd of folly. I shall tell you 1. Cit. Very well; and could be content to give A pretty tale ; it may be, you have heard it; him good report for’t, but that he pays himself with But, since it serves my purpose, I will venture being proud.

To stale'? a little more. 2 Cit. Nay, but speak not maliciously.

i Cil. Well, I'll hear it, sir : yet you must not i Cit. I say unto you, what he hath done fa- think to fob off our disgrace with a tale: but, an't mously, he did it to that end: though soft con- please you, deliver. scienc'd men can be content to say, it was for his Men. There was a time, when all the body'. country, he did it to please his mother, and to be members partly proud; which he is, even to the altitude of Rebell'd against the belly ; thus accus'd it: his viriue.

That only like a gulf it did remain 2 Cit. What he cannot help in his nature, you l' the midst o' the body, idle and inactive, account a vice iu him: You must in no way say, he still cupboarding the viand, never bearing is covetous.

Like labour with the rest, where the other instru ' i Cit. If I must not, I need not be barren of ac

ments cusations; he hath faults, with surplus, to tire in Did see, and hear, devise, instruct, walk, feol, repetition. [Shouts within.) What shouts are these? And, mutually participate, did minister The other side o' the city is risen: Why stay we Unto the appetite and affection common prating here? To the Capitol.

Of the whole body. The belly answered, Cie. Come, come.

1 Cit. Well, sir, what answer made the belly ?! 1 Cil. Soft; who comes here ?

Men. Sir, I shall tell you.-With a kind of smile, Enter MENENIUS AGRIPPA.

Which ne'er came from the lungs, but even thus

(For, look you, I may make the belly smile, : Cie. Worthy Menenius Agrippa; one that hath As well as speak,) it tauntingly replied always loved the people.

To the discontented members, the mutinous parts i Cil. He's one honest enough ; 'Would, all the That enried his receipt; even so most fitly' rest were so !

As you malign our senators, for that
Men. What work's, my countrymen, in hand? They are not such as you.
Where go you

i Cit.

Your belly's answer : What? With bats and clubs ? The matter? Speak, I pray Men. The kingly-crowned head, the vigilant eye, you.

The counsellor heart, the arm our soldier, I Cil. Our business is not unknown to the senate; Our steed the leg, the tongue our trumpeter, they have had inkling, this fortnight, what we in. With other muniments and petty helps tend to do, which now we'll show 'em in deeds. In this our fabric, if that theyThey say, poor suitors have strong breaths; they 1 Cit.

What then ? shall know, we have strong arms too.

Men. 'Fore me, this fellow speaks !-what then Men. Why, masters, my good friends, mine how

what then? nest neighbours,

Should by the cormorant belly be restrain'd, Will you undo yourselves ?

Who is the sink o' the body, I Cit. We cannot, sir, we are undone already. 1 Cit.

Well, what then Men. I tell you, friends, most charitable care The former agents, if they did complain, Have the patricians of you. For your wants, What could the belly answer ? Your suffering in this dearth, you may as well Men.

I will tell you; II Strike at the heaven with your staves, as lift them If you'll bestow a small (of what you have little,) Against the Roman state ; whose course will on Patience, a while, you'll hear the belly's answers: The way it takes, cracking ten thousand curbs i Cit. You are long about it. Or more strong link asunder, than can ever


Note me this, good friend; Appear in your impediment :2 For the dearth, Your most grave belly was deliberate, The gods, not the patricians, make it; and Not rash like his accusers, and thus answer'd. ** Your knees to them, not arms, must help. Alack, True is it, my incorporate friends, quoth ho, You are transported by calamity

That I receive the general food at first, Thither where more attends you; and you slander Which you do live upon : and fit it is; The helms o' the state, who care for you like fathers, Because I am the store-house, and the shop When you curse them as enemies.

of the whole body : But if you do remember, i Cit. Care for us!—True, indeed !—They ne'er I send it through the rivers of your blood, cared for us yet.- Suffer us to famish, and their Even to the court, the heart, -to the seat of the brain ;' store-houses crammed with grain; make edicts for

ful version of the text. "Though some of you have 1 It should be remembered that as lean as a ruke' is heard the story, I will spread it yet wider, and diffuse it an old proverbial expression. There is, as Warburton among the rest." There is nothing of this in Shak. observes, a miserable joke intended :- Let us now respeare; and indeed I cannot avoid looking upon the venge this with forks, before we become rukes ;' a pike, whole of his long note as a seeble attempt to justify a or pike-fork, being the ancient terin for a pitchfork. palpable error of the press, at the cost of taste and The origin of the proverb is doubtless as lean as a sense.?- Gifford's Massinger, vol. I. p. 204, ed. 1813. rache or rocc,' (pronounced rake,) and signifying a 4 Disgraces are hardships, injuries. greyhound.

5 Where for ichereau. Thus in Othello :

6 And so the belly, all this notwithstanding, laughed I have made my way through more impediments at their folly and sayed,' &c.-Norlh's Plutarch. Than twenty times your stop.'

7 i. e, eractly. 3 The old cripies have scale't a little more ;" for 8 The heart was anciently esteemed the seat of the un. which Theobald" judiciously proposed stale. To this derstanding, See the next note. There has been Warburton objects petulantly enough, it must be constrange confusion in the appropriation of some parts of sessed, becausc lo scule siguifies to weigh ; so indeed it this dialogue in all editions, even to the last by Mr. Bos. does, and many other things; oone of which, however, well. Not to cncumber the page, I must request the bear any relation to the text. Stecvens too prefers scale, reader to compare this with the former editions, and which he proves from a variety of authorities to mean have no doubt he will approve the transposition of • scatter, disperse, spread so make any of them, how. names which has been here made. ever, suit his purpuso, he is obliged to give an unfaith- O Shakspeare uses seat for throne. *I send it (says

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