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Tim. Noble Ventidius! Well,

What you bestow, in him I'll counterpoise, I am not of that feather, to shake off

And make him weigh with her. My friend when he must need me. I do know him Old Ath.

Most noble lord, A gentleman that well deserves a help,

Pawn me to this your honour, she is his. Which he shall have : I'll pay the debt, and free him. Tim. My hand to thee ; mine honour on my Ven. Serv. Your lordship ever binds him.

promise. Tim. Commend me to him; I will send his ran- Luc. Humbly I thank your lordship : Never may som;

That state or fortune fall into my keeping, And, being enfranchis'd, bid him come to me :- Which is not ow'd to you !5 'Tis not enough to help the feeble up,

[Exeunt Lucilius and old Athenian. But to support him after.2-Fare you well.

Poet. Vouchsafe my labour, and long live your Ven. Seru. All happiness to your honour !3


[Erit. Tim. I thank you; you shall hear from me anon, Enter an old Athenian.

Go not away.-What have you there, my friend? Old Ath. Lord Timon, hear ine speak.

Pain. A piece of painting, which do beseech Tim.

Freely, good father. Your lordship to accept. Ou Ath. Thou hast a servant nain'd Lucilius,


Painting is welcome. Tim. I have so: What of him?

The painting is almost the natural man; Old Ath. Most noble Timon, call the man before For since dishonour traffics with man's nature, thee.

He is but outside : These pencill'd figures are Tim. Attends he here, or no?-Lucilius!

Even such as they give out. I like your work


shall find, I like it: wait atiendance

Till you hear further from me. Luc. Here, at your lordship's service.


The gods preserve you! Old Ath. This fellow here, Lord Timon, this thy Tim. Well fare you, gentlemen : Give me your

creature, By night frequents my house. I am a man We must needs dine together.-Sir, your jewel That from my first have been inclind to thrift; Hath sufier'd under praise. And my estaie deserves an heir more rais'd,


What, my lord ? dispraiso ? Than one which holds a trepcher.

Tim. A mere satiety of commendations.

Well; what further? If I should pay you for't as 'uis extollid,
Old Ath. One only daughter have I, no kin else, It would unclew? me quite.
On whom I may confer what I have got:


My lord, 'tis rated The maid is fair, o' the youngest for a bride, As those, which sell, would give : But you well And I have bred her at my dearest cost,

know, In qualities of the best. 'This man of thine Things of like value, differing in the owners, Attenipts her love: I pr’ythee, noble lord, Are prized by their masters 10 believe', dear lord, Join with me to forbid him her resort;

You'mend the jewel by wear ng it. Myself have spoke in vain.


Well mock'd. Tim.

The man is honest. Mer. No, my good lord; he speaks the common Old Ath. Therefore he will be, Timon:*

tongue, • His honesty rewards him in itsell,

Which all men speak with him. It must not bear my daughter.

Tim. Look, who comes here. Will you be chid ? Tim.

Does she love him? Old Ath. She is young,

Enter APEMANTUS.' Our own precedent passions do instruct us

Jew. We will bear, with your lordship. What levity's in yonth.


He'll spare none; Tim. (To Lucilius.] Love you the maid ? T'im. Good morrow to thee, gentle Apemantus ! Luc. Ay, my good lord, and she accepts of it. Apem. Till I be gentle, stay thou for thy good

Old Ath. If in her marriage my consent be missing, I call the gods to witness, I will choose

When thou art Timon's dog, and these knavos Mine heir from forth the beggars of the world, And dispossess her all.

Tim. Why dost thou call them knaves? thou Tim. How shall she be endow'd,

know'st them not. If she be mated with an equal husband ?

Apem. Are they not Athenians ?
Old Ath. Three talents, on the present; in fu- T'im. Yes.

Apom. Then I repent not.
Tim. This gentleman of mine hath serv'd me long; Jew. You know me, Apemantus.
To build his fortune, I will strain a little,

Apem. Thou knowest, I do: I call'd theo by thy For 'lis a bond in men. Give him thy daughter :

Tim. Thou art proud, Apemantus. 1 Should we not read 'When he most needs me?"

Apem. Os nothing so much, as that I am not bko 2 Johnson says this thought is beter expressed by Timon. Dr. Madden in his Elegy on Archbishop Boulier :

* More than they ask'd he gave; and deem'd it mean 5. Let me never henceforth consider any thing that I Only to help the poor--to beg again.'

possess but as oured or due to you; held for your ser. It is said that Dr. Madden gave Jobuson ten guineas for vice, and at your disposal.' So Lady Macbeth says to correcting this poem.

Duncan: 3 See note on King Richard III. Act iii. Sc. 2.

• Your servants ever 4 It appears to me that a word is omitted in this line. Have theirs, themselves, and what is theirs in compt, Perhaps we shonld read:-

To make their audit at your highness' pleasure,
Therefore he will be (rewarded, ) Timon;

Still to return your own.'
His honesty rewards him in itselt,

6 Pictures have no hypocrisy; they are what they It must not bear iny daughter.

profess to be. H is true that Shakspcare often uses elliptical phrases, 7 To uncler a man is to draw out the whole mass of and this has been thought to mean : You say the man his fortunes. To uncler being to unwind a ball of is honest ; therefore he will continue to be so, and is sure thread. of being sutficiently rewarded by the consciousness of 8 Are rated according to the esteem in which their virtue ; he does not need the additional blessing of a possessor is held. beautiful and accomplished wife.? But it must not 9 See this character of a cynic finely drawn by Lubear my daughter,' means, . His honesty is its own re- cian, in his Auction of the Philosophers; and how well ward, it must not carry my daughter.' 'A similar ex. Shakspeare has copied it. pression occurs in Othello :

10. Stay for thy good morrow till I be gentle, which • What a full fortune does the thick-lips owo will bappen at the same time when thou art Timon's If he can curry her thus,

dog, and these knaves honest, :-). e. neder.

and apt:


ture, all.


Tim. Whither art going?

And all this court'sy! The strain of men's bred out Apem. To knock out an honest Athenian's brains. Into baboon and monkey.* Tim. That's a deed thou'lt die fur.

Alcib. Sir, you have sav'd my longing, and I feed Apem. Right, if doing nothing be death by the law: Most hungrily on your sight. 7im. How likest thou this picture, Apemantus ? Tim.

Right welcome, sir : Apem. The best for the innocence.

Ere we depart,' we'll share a bounteous time Tim. Wrought he not well, that painted it ? In differení pleasures. Pray you, let us in. Apem. He wrought better, that made the painter;

(Ereuni all but APEMANTUS and yet he's but a filthy piece of work.

Enter two Lords. Pain. You are a dog.

I Lord. What time a day is't, Apemantus ? Apem. Thy mother's of my generation; What's she, if I be a dog?

Apem. Time to be honest. T'im. Wilt dine with me, Apemantus ?

1 Lord. That time serves still,

Apem. The most accursed thou,s that still omit'st it. Apem. No; I eat not lords: Tim. An thou should's!, thou'dst anger ladies.

2 Lord. Thou art going to Lord Timon's feast. Apem. O, they eat lords : so they come by great

Apem. Ay; to see mcal fill knaves, and wine

heat fools. bellies. Tim. That's a lascivious apprehension,

2 Lord. Fare thee well, fare thee well. Apem. So thou apprehend'si it: Take it for thy

Apem. Thou art a fool, to bid me farewell twico. labour.

2 Lord. Why, Apemantus ? Tim. How dost thou like this jewel, Apemantus ?

Apem. Should have kept one to thyself, for I Apem. Not so well as plain-dealing, which will mean to give thee none.

1 Lord. Hang thyself. not cost a man a doit. Tim. What dost thou think 'tis worth?

Apem. No, I will do nothing at thy bidding; mako Apem. Not worth my thinking.--How now, poet? | thy requests to thy friend. Poet. How now, philosopher ?

2 Lord. Away, unpeaceable dog, or I'll spurn

thee hence. Apem. Thou liesi. Poet, Art not one ?

Apem. I will fly, like a dog, the heels of the ass. Apem. Yes.

(Exil. Poet. Then I lie not.

1 Lord. He's opposite to humanity. Come, shall Apem. Art not a poet ?

we in,

And taste Lord Timon's bounty ? he outgoes
Poet. Yes,


heart of kindness.
Apem. Then thou Tiest look in thy last work,
where thou hast feign d him a worly fellow.

2 Lord. He pours il out; Plutus, the god of gold,

Is but his steward: no meed,' but he repays Poet. That's not feign'd ne is so.

Sevenfold above itself; no gift to him, Apem. Yes, he is wortov of thee, and to pay thee for thy labour : He that loves to be flattered, But breeds the giver a return exceeding

All use of quittance. is worthy o' the flatterer. Heavens, that I were a

1 Lord. Jord!

The noblest mind he carries, Tim. What would'st do then, Apemantus ?

That ever govern'd man. Apem. Even as Apemantus does now, hate a lord

2 Lord. Long may he live in fortunes! Shall we in ?

1 Lord. I'll keep you company. with my heart,

(Exeunt. Tim. What, thyself ?

SCENE II. The same. A Room of State in TiApem. Ay.

mon's House. Hautboys playing loud music. A Tim. Wherefore ?

great banquet served in; Flavius and others attend Apem. That I had no angry wit to be a lord.

ing ; then enter Timox, ALCIBIADES, LUCIUS, Art not thou a merchant ?

LUCULLUS, SEMPRONIUS, and other Athenian Mer. Av, Apemantus.

Senators, with VENTIDIUS, and Attendants.Apem. Traffic confound thee, if the gods will not!

Then comes dropping after all, APEMANTU6, disMer. If traffic do it, the gods do it.

contentedly. Apem. Traffic's thy god, and thy god confound thee.

Ven. Most honour'd Timon, 't hath pleas'd tho

gods to remember Trumpets sound. Enter a Servant.

My father's age, and call him to long peace. Tim. What trumpet's that ?

He is gone happy, and has left me rich : Serv,

'Tis Alcibiades, and Then, as in grateful virtue I am bound Some twenty horse, all of companionship." To your free heari, I do return those talents, Tim. Pray, entertain them; give them guide to Doubled, with thanks, and service, from whose help

(Exeunt some Attendants. I deriv'd' liberty. You must needs dine with mo:-Go not you hence,


O, by no means,
Till I have thank'd you ;-and, when dinner's done, Honest Ventidius: you mistake my love ;
Show me this piece.-L'am joyful of your sights.- I gave it freely ever; and there's none
Enter ALCJBIADES, with his Company.

Can truly say, he gives, if he receives :

If our betters play at that game, we must not daro Most welcome, sir!

(They salute. To imitate them; Faults that are rich, are fair." Apem. So, so; there!

Ven. A noble spirit. Aches contract and starve your supple joints !

[They all stand ceremoniously looking on That there should be small love 'mongst these sweet

Timon. knaves,

4 Man is degenerated; his strain or lineage is worn 1 Alluding to the proverb: Plain-dealing is a jewel, down into a monkey. but they who use it die beggars.

5 It has been before observed that to depart and to part 3 This line is corrupt undoubtedly, and none of the were anciently synonymous. So in King John, Act il emendations or substitutions that have been proposed are Sc. 2:--Hach willingly departed with a part.' satisfactory. Perhaps we should read, “That I had (now 6 Ritson says we should read :angry) wishod to be a lord:' or, 'That I tad (80 angry)

i The more accursed thou.' will to be a lord.' Malone proposed to point the passage So in The Two Gentlemeu of Verona :... thus, "That I had no angry wil.

To be a lord!' and ex

. The more degenerate and base art thou. plains it, “That I had no ioit (or discretion) in my anger,

7 Meed here means desert. but was at surd enough to wish myself one of that set of Bi. e. all the customary returns made in discharge of men, whom I despise.' These are the best helps I can obligations. afford the reader towards a solution of this enigmatical 9.The faults of rich persons, and which contribute to passage, and it must be confessed they are feeble. the increase of riches, wear a plausible appearance, and

3 i e. Alcibiades companions, or such as he consorts as the world goes aro thonghi fair; but ibey are laulus with and sew on a lovel wieb himself.


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Tim. Nay, my lords, ceremony

APĖMANTUS's GRACE. Was but devis'd at first, to set a gloss

Immortal gods, I crave no pelf ; On faint deeds, hollow welcomes,

I pray for no man, but myself : Recanting goodness, sorry ere 'tis shown;

Grant I may never prove so fond," But where there is true friendship, there needs none.

To trust man on his oath or bond; Pray, sit; more welcome are ye to my fortunes,

Or a harlot, for her weeping; Than my fortunes to me.

[They sit.

Or a dog, that seems a sleeping : Lord. My lord, we always have confess'd it.

Or a keeper, with my freedom; Apem. Ho, ho, confess’d ii ? hang'd it,' have you

Or my friends, if I should need 'em. not?

Amen. So fall to't : Tim. O, Apemantus! you are welcome.

Rich men sin, and I eat root. Apem.

No, You shall not make me welcome :

(Eals and drinks,

Much good dich thy good heart, Apemantus!
I come to have thee thrust me out of doors.
Tim. Fye, thou art a churl: you have got a humour

Tim. Captain Alcibiades, your heart's in the field there Does not become a man, 'tis much to blame :

Alcib. My heart is ever at your service, my lord.

Tim. You had raiher be at a breakfast of enemies, They say, my lords, ira furor brevis est,

than a dinner of friends. But yond' man's ever angry:?.

Alcib. So they were bleeding new, my lord, Go, let him have a table by himself; For he does neither affect company,

there's no mcat like them; I could wish my besi

friend at such a feast. Nor is he fit for it, indeed.

Apem. 'Would all those fatterers were thine eneApem. Let me stay at thine apperil," Timon; I come to observe ; I give thee warning on't.

mies then; that then thou might'st kill 'em, and bid

me to 'em Tim. I take no heed of thee; thou art an Athenian ; therefore welcome : I myself would have no lord, that you wonld once use our hearts, whereby

1 Lord. Might we but have that happiness, my power: pr’ythee, let my meat make thee silent." Apem. I scorn thy meat; 'twould choke me, fors we might express some part of our zeals, we should

think ourselves for ever perfect.13 I should Ne'er flatter thee.- you gods! what a number

Tim. O, no doubt, my good friends, but the gods

themselves have provided that I shall have much Of men eat Timon, and he sees them not! It grieves me, to see so many dip their meat

help from you: How had you been my friends else? why have


that charitable14 title from thousands, In one man's blood; and all the madness is, He cheers them up too.

did you not chiefly belong to my heart? I have

told more of I wonder, men dare trust themselves with men:

you to myself, than you can with moMethinks they should invite them without knives ;" confirm you. O, you gods, think'I, what need we

desty speak in your own behalf; and thus far I Good for their meal, and safer for their lives. There's much example for’t; the fellow, that

have any friends, if we should never have need of Sits next him now, parts bread with him, and pledges should we ne'er have use for them: and would most

them ? they were the most needless creatures living, The breach of him in a divided draught, Is the readiest man to kill him : it has been prov’d. Tesemble sweet instruments hung up in cases, that If I

keep their sounds to themselves. Why, I have often Were a huge man, I should fear to drink at meals ;

wished myself poorer, that I might come nearer to Lest they should spy my windpipe's dangerous you. We are born to do benefits : and what betler notes : *

or properer can we call our own, than the riches of Great men should drink with harness' on their our friends ? o, what a precious comfort 'tis to throats.

have so many, like brothers, commanding one anoTim. My lord, in heart ;'° and let the health go be born! Mine eyes cannot hold out water,

ther's fortunes! O joy, e'en marle away ere it can round, 2 Lord. Let it flow this way, my good lord.

methinks : to forget their faults, I drink to you. spem.

Flow this way!

Apem. Thou weepest to make them drink, Timor. A brave fellow !—he keeps his tides well. Timon,

2 Lord. Joy had ihe like conception in vur eyes, Those healths will make ther, and thy state, lookiul

. And, at that instant, like a babe sprung up. Here's that, which is too weak to be a sinner,

Apem. Ho, ho! I laugh to think that babe a bastard. Honest water, which ne'er left man i' the mire:

3 Lord. I proinise you, my lord, you mov'd me

much. This, and my food, are equals; there's no odds. Feasts are too proud to give thanks to the gods.

Apem. Much!16

[Tuckct sounded

Tim. Whai means that tramp?—How now ? 1 There seems to be some allusion to a common pro. verbial saying of Shakspeare's time, ' Coutes and be hanged." See Othello, Act iv. Sc. 1.

10 My lord's health in sincerity.' So in Chaucer's 2 The old copy really Yonil' man's rery angry." Knightes Tale :

3 Steevens and Malone dismissed appéril from the "And was all his in chere, as his in herle." text, and inserted oun peril: but Mr. Gitton has shown 11 This speech, except the concluding couplet, is printthat the word occurs several times in Ben Jonson:

ed as prose in the old copy, nor could it be exhibited as • Sir, I will bajl you at mine own upperil.' verse without transposing the word Timon, which fol.

Deril is an Ass.

lows look ill, to its present place. I think with Malone 4'I myself would have no power to make thee silent, that many of the speeches in this play, which are now put I wish thou wouldst let my meat stop your mouth.' exhibited in a loose aud imperfect kind of metre, were 5 For in the sense of cause or because,

intended by Shakspeare for prose, in which form they 6* It grieves me to see so many feed luxuriously, or are exhibited in the old copy. sauce their meat at the expense of one man, whose very 12 Foolish. blood (means of living) must at length be exhausted by 18 i. c. arrived at the perfection of happiness. them; and yet he preposterously encourages them to

14 "Why are you distinguished from thousands by that proceed in his destruction.'

title of endearment, was there not a particular connec. 7 It was the custom in old times for every guest to lion and intercourse of tenderness between you and me bring his own knife, which he occasionally whetted on Thug Milton :a stone that hung behind the door. One of these whet.

* Relations dear, and all the charities stones was formerly to be seen in Parkinson's Museum. It is scarcely necessary to observe that they were stran

Or father, son, and brother.' gers to the use of forks.

15 O joy!e'en made away [i. e. destroyed, turned to 8 'The windpipe's notes' were the indications in the tears) ere it can be born.' So in Romeo and Juliet : throat of ils situation when in the act of drinking; il • These violent delights have violent ends, should be remembered that our ancestors' throats were And in their triumphs die.' uncovered. Perhaps, as Steevens observes, a quibble 16 Much! was a common ironical expression of doubt is intended on windpipe and notes.

or suspicion. z

9 i. e. armour.


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this way.


Enter a Servant.

When all's spent, he'd be cross'd' then, an he

could. Serv. Please you, my lord, there are certain ladies most desirous of admittance.

'Tis pity bounty had not eyes behind; Tim. Ladies? what are their wills?

That man might ne'er be wretched for his mind.6 Serv. There comes with them a forerunner, my

(Erit, and returns with the Casket lord, which bears that office, to signify their plea

1 Lord. Where be our men?

Here, my lord, in readiness T'im. I pray, let them be admitted.

2 Lord. Our horses.

O, my friends,
Enter Copid.

I have one word to say to you: Look, my good lord,
Cup. Hail to thee, worthy Timon; and to all I must entreat you honour me so much,
That of his bounties taste!—The five best senses As to advance this jewel; accept and wear it,
Acknowledge thee their patron; and come freely Kind my lord.
To gratulate thy plenteous bosom : The ear, I Lord. I am so far already in your gifts,-
Taste, touch, smell, all pleas'd from thy table rise ; All. So are we all.
They only now come but to least thine eyes.

Enter a Servant. Tim. They are welcome all; let them have kind admittance :

Serv. My lord, there are certain nobles of the Music, make their welcome. (Erit Cupid. | Lord. You see, my lord, how ample you are Newly alighted, and come to visit

you. belov'd.

Tim. They are fairly welcome.

I beseech your honour, Music. Re-enter Curid, with a Masque of Ladies Vouchsafe me a word; it does concern you near.

as Amazons, with lutes in their hands, dancing and Tim. Near ? why then another time I'll hear thee; playing.

I pr’ythee, let us be provided Apem. Hey day, what a sweep of vanity comes to show them entertainment.


I scarce know how They dance! they are mad women.'

[ Aside Like madness is the glory of this lifo,

Enter another Servant. As this pomp shows to a little oil and root.?

2 Serv. May it please your honour, the Lord We make ourselves fools, to disport ourselves;

And spend our natteries, to drink those men, Out of his free love, hath presented to you
Upon whose age we void it up again,

Four milk-white horses, trapp'd in silver. With poisonous spite, and envy. Who lives, that's Tim. I shall accept them fairly: let the presents not

Enter a third Servant. Depraved, depraves ? who dies, that bears

Be worthily entertain'd.—How now, what news? Noi one spurn to their graves of their friends' gist? I should fear, those, that, dance before me now,

3 Serv. Please you, my lord, that honourable Would one day stamp upon me : It has been done; gentleman, Lord Lucullus, entreats your company Men shut their doors against a setting sun.

io-morrow' to hunt with him; and has sent your

honour two brace of greyhounds. The Lords rise from table with much adoring of Tim. I'll hunt with him; And let them be re

Timon; and, to show their loves, each singles out ceiv'd,
an Amazon, and all dance, men with women, a Not without fair reward.
lofty strain or two to the hautboys, and cease. Flav. (Aside.)

What will this come to? Tim. You have done our pleasures much grace, Great gifts, and all out of an empty coffer.

He commands us to provide, and give fair ladies, Set a fair fashion on our entertainment,

Nor will he know his purse; or yield me this, Which was not half so beautiful and kind;

To show him what a beggar his heart is, You have added worth unto't, and lively lustre,

Being of no power to make his wishes good; And entertain'd me with mine own device ;

His promises fly so beyond his state, I am to thank you for it.

Thai what he speaks is all in debi, he owes 1 Lady. My lord, you take us even at the best. For every word; he is so kind, that he now

Apem. 'Faith, for ihe worst is filthy; and would Pays interest for’t ; his land's put to their books, not hold taking, I doubt me.

Well, 'would I were gently put out of office, Tim, Ladies, there is an idle banquet

Before I were forc'd out! Attends you: Please you to dispose yourselves.

Happier is he that has no friend to feed, AU Lad. Most thankfully, my lord.

Than such as do even enemies exceed. (Exeunt Cupid and Ladies. I bleed inwardly for my lord.

(Erit. Tim. Flavius,


You do yourselves Flav. My lord.

Much wrong, you bate too much of your own Tim. The little casket bring me hither.

merits :Flav. Yes, my lord.-Moro jewels yet!

Here, my lord, a trifle of our love.

(Aside. There is no crossing him in his humour;

2 Lord. With more than common thanks I will Else I should tell him,-Well,--,'faith, Í should,

receive it.

3 Lord. O, he is the very soul of bounty! 1 Shakspeare probably borrowed this idea from the

Tim. And now I remember, my lord, you gave puritanical writers of his time. Thus Stubbes, in his Anatomie of Abuses, 8vo. 1583, Dauncers thought to 4 So in Romeo and Juliet : be madmen.' 'And as in all feasts and pastimes daun- "We have a foolish trifling supper towards.' cing is the last, so it is the extream of all other vice.' 5 An equivoque is here intended, in which cro88'd And again, “ There were (saith Ludovicus Vives) from means have his hand crossed with money, or have mo. far countries certain men brought into our parts of the ney in his possession, and to be crossid or thurarted. world, who when they saw men daunce, ran away mar. So in As You Like It, Yet I should bear no cross if I vellously afraid, crying out and thinking them mad,' did bear you.' Many coins being marked with a cross &c. Perhaps the thought originated from the following on the reverse. passage in Cicero, Pro Murena 6, “Nemo enim fere sal. 6 ''Tis pity bounty (i. e. profusion] has not eyes betat sobrius, nisi forte insanil.'

hind [to see the miseries that follow it] ; that man 2 • The glory of this life is like (or just such] mad- might not become wretched for his nobleness of soul.' Dess, in the eye of reason, as this pomp appears when 7 i. e. prefer it, raise it to honour by wearing it. The opposed to the frugal repast of a philosopher feeding on Jeweller says to Timon in the preceding scene, ‘You oil and roots.'

mend the jeucel by wearing it.' 3 i. e. you have conceived the fairest of us,' or you 8 Steevens, to complete the measure, proposed to think favourably of our performance, and mako the read :best of it?

I pr’ythes, let us be provided straight:

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no man

Good words ue other day of a bay courser

ACT II. I rode on: it is yours, because you lik'd it. 2 Lord. I beseech you, pardon me, my lord, in SCENE 1: Athens. A Room in a Senator's that.

House. Enter a Senator, with papers in his hand. Tim. You may take my word, my lord; I know,

Sen. And late, five thousand to Varro; and to

Isidore Can justly praise but what he does affect :

He owes nine thousand; besides my former sum, I weigh my friend's affection with mine own; I'll tell you true. I'll call on you.

Which makes it five and twenty-Soll in motion All Lords.

None so welcome.

of raging waste ? It cannot hold; it will not. Tim. I take all and your several visitations

If I want gold, steal but a beggar's dog, So kind to heart, 'uis not enough to give;

And give it Timon, why the dog coins gold: Methinks I could deal' kingdoms to my friends,

If I would sell my horse, and buy twenty more And ne'er be weary.-- Alcibiades,

Better than he, why, give my horse to Timon, Thou art a soldier, therefore seldom rich,

Ask nothing, give it him, it foals me straight,

And able horses : No porter at his gate ;"
It comes in charity to thee: for all thy living
Is 'mongst the dead : and all the lands thou hast

But rather one that smiles, and still invites
Lie in a pitch'd field.

All that pass by. It cannot hold; no reason Alcib. Ay, defiled land, my lord.

Can sound his state in safety.' Caphis, ho! i Lord. We are so virtuously bound,

Caphis, I say ! Tim.

And so

Enter CAPHIS. Am I to you.

Caph. Here, sir ; what is your pleasure ? 2 Lord. So infinitely endeared

Sen. Get on your cloak, and haste you to Lord Tim. All to you.”—Lights, more lights.

Timon; 1 Lord.

The best of happiness, Importune him for my moneys; be not ceas’d'° Honour, and fortunes, keep with you, Lord Timon! With slight denial; nor then silenc'd, whenTim. Ready for his friends.

Commend me to your master-and the cap [Exeunt AlcietaDES, Lords, &c. Plays in the righi hand, thus :—but tell him, sirrah Apem.

What a coil's here! My uses cry to me, I must serve my turn Serving of becks, and jutting out of bums ! Out of mine own; his days and times are past, I doubt whether their legs* be worth the sums And my reliances on his fracted dates That are given for 'em. Friendship's full of dregs : Have smit my credit: I love and honour him; Methinks, false hearts should never have sound legs. But must noi break my back, to heal his finger : Thus honest fools lay out their wealth on court’sies. Immediate are my needs; and my relief

Tim. Now, Apemantus, if thou wert not sullen, Must not be toss'd and turn'd to me in words, I'd be good to thee.

But find supply immediate. Get you gone : Apem. No, I'll nothing: for, if I should be brib'd Put on a most importunate aspect, loo, there would be none left to rail upon thee; and A visage of demand; for, I do fear, then thou would'st sin the faster. Thou givest so When every feather sticks in his own wing, long, Timon, I fear me, thou wilt give away thyself Lord Timon will be left a naked gull," in paper shortly: What need these fcasts, pomps, Which? Rashes now a phenix. Get you gone. and vain glories?

Caph. I go, sir.
T'im. Nay, an you begin to rail on society once, Sen. I go,'sir ?-lake the bonds along with you,
I am sworn, not to give regard to you. Farewell; And have ihe dates in compt.
and come with better music.


I will, sir,
Apem. So ;-thou'lt not hear me now,-thou


Go. shalt not then, I'll lock thy heaven from thee.

[Excunt. 0, that men's ears should be To counsel deaf, but not to flattery! (Erit. SCENE II. The same. A Hall in Timon's House,

Enler Flavius, with many Bills in his hand.

Flav. No care, no stop! so senseless of expenso, I i. e, could dispense them on every side with an un. grudging distribution,

That he will neither know how to maintain it, 2 That is, 'all good wishes to you,' or all happi. Nor cease his flow of riot : Takes no account neng attend you.'

How things go from him ; nor resumes no caro 3 A beck is a nod or salutation with the head. Stee. Of what is to continue ; Never mind vens says that 'beck has four distinct significations,' Was to be so unwise, to be so kind." but they will resolve themselves into two. Beck, a What shall be done?' He will not hear, till feel : rivulet, or little river ; and beck, a motion or sign with I must be round with him now he comes from huntthe head ; signa capitis roluntatem ostendens. This last may be either a nod of salutation, of assent or dig.

ing. sent, or finally of command.

Fye, fye, fye, fye! * 4 He plays upon the word leg, as it significs a limb, and a bou or act of obeisance. Ő Warburton explained this,'be ruined by his secu.

9 Johnson altered this to found his state in safety.! rities entered into' Dr. Farmer would read proper, i. e.

But the reading of the rolio is evidently sound, which I I suppose, in propria persona. Steeveus supports this think will bear explanation thus : No reason can reading by a quotation from Roy's Satire on Cardinal proclaim his state in safety, or not dangerous.' So in Wolsey :

King Henry VIII. Act v. Sc. 2:

* Pray heaven he sound not my disgrace! their order Js to have nothing in proper,

10 Be not stayed or stopped :But to use all thynges in commune.'

• Why should Tiberius' liberty be ceased :

Claudius Tiberius Nero, 1607. 6 By his hearen he means good advice; the only 11 This passage has been thus explained by Roger thing by which he could be saved.

Wilbraham, Esq. in his Glossary of words used in 7 The commentators have made difficulties about Cheshire :

-Gull, s. a naked gull; so are called all this passage, which appears to me quite plain and intel. nestling birds in quite an untledged state.' Jigible without a comment. If I give my horse to 12 Which for who. The pronoun relative applied to Timon, it immediately foals, i. e. produces me several things is frequently used for the pronoun relative ap able horses.'

plied to persons, by old writers, and does not seem to 8 Slernness was the characteristic of a porter. There have been thought a grammatical error. It is still pre appeared at Kenilworth Castle, (1575) · a porter lall of served in the Lord'y prayer. parson, big of lim, and stearn of countinauns.' The 13 This is elliptically expressed :word one, in the second line, does not refer to porter,

Never mind but means a person. He has no stern forbidding porter Was (made) to be so unwise (in order] to be so kind.' at his gato to keep people out, but a person who smiles Conversation, as Johnson observes, affords many und invites them in

examples of similar lax expression

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