Direct Democracy and the Courts

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Cambridge University Press, 31 de ago de 2009
Who should have the last word on fundamental policy issues? This book analyzes the rise of two contenders - the people, through direct democracy, and the courts. Now available in nearly half the states, direct democracy has surged in recent decades. Through ballot measures, voters have slashed taxes, mandated government spending, imposed term limits on elected officials, enacted campaign finance reform, barred affirmative action, banned same-sex marriage, and adopted many other controversial laws. In several states, citizens now bypass legislatures to make the most important policy decisions. However, the 'people's rule' is not absolute. This book demonstrates that courts have used an expanding power of judicial review to invalidate citizen-enacted laws at remarkably high rates. The resulting conflict between the people and the courts threatens to produce a popular backlash against judges and raises profound questions about the proper scope of popular sovereignty and judicial power in a constitutional system.
 

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Conteúdo

List of Tables and Figures
4
The Epic Debate
19
FIGURES
37
Direct Democracy Gathers Force
41
The CounterMajoritarian Power
75
The Courts at Work
101
Conflicts Over Rights
124
Conflicts Over Powers
156
The Peoples Check on the Courts
189
A New Constitutional Equilibrium
216
PostElection Initiative Inualidations
225
References
245
Index
265
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Sobre o autor (2009)

Kenneth P. Miller is associate professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College in California. He holds a B.A. from Pomona College, a J.D. from Harvard Law School, and a Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley. His most recent publication is a volume co-edited with Frdrick Douzet and Thad Kousser titled The New Political Geography of California (2008). He has published articles on topics including the initiative process, the recall of California governor Gray Davis, and the federal Voting Rights Act. He has also served as a political analyst in various media outlets, including National Public Radio, BBC World Service Radio, the Los Angeles Times, and the San Francisco Chronicle.

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