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Adjournment, of deliberative assemblies, motion to adjourn-Continued

cannot be amended or debated, when, 430.

when in order, 429.
Administration of Justice,

municipal taxation for, 252.

powers of the municipality pertaining to, 161.
Administrative Law,

defined, 260.
acts of administrative officers, control of, by the courts, 261.
administrative boards,

acts of, must be the acts of the board, 340.
disqualification on account of interest, 337.
majority of the quorum required to concur in all acts, 338-341.
minority representation on, 283-285.

powers of, 338-341.
appointment of public officers, 294-300.

an executive function, 294, 295.

by,

governors of states, 294.

the President of the United States, 294.
complete, when, 299, 300.
discretion in, 296, 297.
form of, 297-299.
law governing, 294.
Marbury v. Madison, rule of, 300.
oral appointment insufficient, 297-299.
power to appoint,

a ministerial function, 296.
exercising of, compulsory, 295, 297.

nature of the, 294, 295.
written appointment necessary, 298, 299.
comparative administrative law, 261.
deals with the protection of private rights, 260, 261.

ip,

England, 261.
France, 261.
the countries of continental Europe, 260, 261.

United States, 260, 261.
Admiralty Law,
liability of municipal corporations under, 377-380.
for injury to vessel caused by fire boat, 378-380.

view of Supreme Court of United States on, 378-380.
Age,
qualification as to,
of,

judges of United States Supreme Court, 312.
justice of peace, 312.
public officers, 311, 312, 394.

Agency,

defined, 184.
agent acting in violation of specific instructions may bind his prin-

cipal, when, 342.
officers of municipality distinguished from agents, 184.
Amotion, judicial control of municipal officers by, 188.
Amusements,
municipal regulation of, 219, 220.

reasonable regulations, what are, 219.
Animals,
carriage of,

by railroads, constitutes railroad a common carrier, when, 49.

care of animals, during the, 81.
cruelty to, municipal regulations against, 218.
municipal licensing of dogs, 221.

removal of dead animals under health regulations, 216.
Assault, by servants of public service companies, 62, 68, 69, 71.
Assemblies,

as committee of the whole, 443, 444.
committees of, 442-444. See also Committees.
kinds of, 404, 405.
meeting place of, control of, 407.
members of, 404, 405, 411, 412, 440, 441. See also Members.
motions, procedure on, in, 415, 417-440. See also Motions.
officers of, 405-407, 410.

choosing of, 406, 407.
presiding officers, 405, 410.

recording officer, 405, 410.
order of business, 407, 409, 413-420. See also Parliamentary Law.
organization of, 404-407.
prescribed by law, 404.
presiding officer, 405, 410.
pursuant to the call by a competent authority, 404, 405.

voluntary, 404.
Assessment,
of taxes by a municipal corporation,
by,

municipal officers, 257.

state officers, 257.

right of creditors of municipality to, 257, 258.
Associated Press, rates of, regulation of, 9, 10.
Assumpsit, Action of, for special assessments, 211.
Attachment,
of salaries of public officers not permitted, 332, 333.

view of Justice McLean in Buchanan v. Alexander, 333.
Attorneys,

municipal licensing of, 219.
whether public officers, 272.

Auctioneers, municipal licensing of, 181, 219.
Automobiles, municipal regulation of the speed of, 218.

Baggage,
carrier required to transport, of passenger free, 76, 77.

proper baggage, what amounts to, 76.
railroad not required to allow all baggage agents to go upon its

trains, 30.
Bakeries, municipal licensing of, 219.
Banks, municipal licensing of bankers, 219.
Bibliography,

law of municipal corporations, 258.
law of public officers and elections, 402.
law of public service companies—especially common carriers, 141.

parliamentary law, 445.
Bicycles, ordinance regulating the operation of, 182.
Bids,
for municipal contracts, 197, 198.

advertising for, 197.
letting of contract to lowest bidder, 198.

receiving and opening of, 198.
Billiard Saloons, municipal licensing of, 219.
Bills and Notes, power of municipal corporations to execute, 200.
Bills of Exchange,

acceptance by Secretary of War, no recovery against United States

on, 370.

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Floyd Acceptances, rule of, 370.
Bills of Lading, delivery by carrier according to terms of, 99.
Boarding and Lodging Houses, ordinance requiring the reporting of the

names of lodgers, valid, 183.
Bonds,

personal liability of public officers on their official, 366.

power of municipal corporation to issue, 200, 201.
Bread, regulation of the price of, 3, 180.
Bribery,

defined, 320, 321.
as a disqualification for public office, 320, 321.
in,

England, 320.

United States, 321.
Bridges,

are objects of municipal care, 237.
construction of, 170, 172, 237.

liability of railroad for negligently constructing, 113.
municipal taxation for, 170, 172, 253.

legislature may compel the levy and collection of, 170, 172.

Bridges—Continued
liability of municipal corporations,
for injuries resulting from failure,

to keep bridges in repair, 237, 238.
to provide proper guards and railings, 237.

to warn public of the dangerous condition of bridge, 238.
proprietors of, not considered as carriers, 77.
Budget,
of municipal corporations, 249.

defined, 249.
object of, 249.

required in many states, 249.
Buildings, ordinances forbidding the repairing of frame buildings,

invalid, when, 178.
By-Laws, defined, 176.

Canals,
construction and repairs of,
municipal taxation for, 170, 172, 253.

legislature may compel the levying and collection of, 170, 172.
regulation of, 3, 52.
Capitalization,
of public service companies,
company entitled to a fair percentage of return on its capitalization,

125, 126.
fair percentage of return, what constitutes, 125, 126.

theories as to proper, 124, 125.
Carriers, 1-141. See also Public Service Companies.

defined, 14.
animals, carriage of, by, 49.
connecting carriers,
connecting service, 30, 31.

illegal discrimination in, what amounts to, 30.

rights of, 30, 31.
through service,

arrangements for, 31, 32.
at common law, 31.
joint rates, 31, 32.

regulation by commissions, 32.
goods,
acceptance of, 44-47.

as common carriers, 44-47.
as warehousemen, 44, 45.
in advance of departure of trains, 34.
particular classes of customers may not be excepted by carrier, 38.

reasonable limitations on, by carrier allowed, 38.
carriage of,

charges for, 33, 38-42.

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Carriers, goods, carriage of, charges for-Continued

payment of arrearages, before acceptance by carrier, 41, 42.
prepayment of, 33, 38-40.

waiver of, 40.
delay in, 62-64.

excuses for, 62, 73, 75, 78-82.
loss concurrent with delay, what is, 63, 64.

negligent, when, 62.
deviation from the undertaking, 65, 66.

absolute liability during, 65, 66.
interference by shipper with the, relieves carrier from liability,

73, 81, 82.
obligation of personal delivery by carrier, when, 96, 97.
termination of, 94-100.

by depositing goods on platforms or in warehouses, 95.
end of the transportation, 94, 95.
notification to consignee of the arrival of goods, 95, 96.
reasonable time allowed consignee to take and remove goods,

95, 96.
surrender of the goods, 97.
C. 0. D. shipments returning to shipper of funds collected, 76.
delivery by carrier, 98, 99.
according to,

instructions, 98, 99.

terms of bill of lading, 99.
in case of "order" bill of lading, 99.
suspension of, pending litigation, 102.
to designated person, 99, 100.
to the consignee, 98.
to the true owner, 98, 99.

where a swindler orders goods, 100.
delivery to carrier, 45.

actual delivery, 45.
constructive delivery, 45.
in case of grain or liquid delivered through a chute, 45.

special custom, effect of, 45.
destruction of, during carriage,
by,

act of God, 64, 66, 73, 75, 78-80.

King's enemies, 66, 80.
due to delay of carrier in transporting, 64.
due to deviation of transportation, 65, 66.

due to negligence in not avoiding damage, 66, 67.
liability of carrier for, 37, 44, 45, 73-93. See also "liability of, for

injuries to, or loss of goods,” post.
liability of shipper for, when, 37.
loading and unloading of, under,

carrier's control, 37.

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