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this act.

Violation, how

such association before distribution of the proceeds thereof. Sec. 52. And be it further enacted, That all transfer Transfers, as

signments, &c., of the notes, bonds, bills of exchange, and other evidences in contemplaof debt owing to any association, or of deposits to its vency, &c., to credit; all assignments of mortgages, sureties on real be vold. estate, or of judgments or decrees in its favor; all deposits of money, bullion, or other valuable thing for its use, or for the use of any of its shareholders or creditors; and all payments of money to either, made after the commission of an act of insolvency, or in contemplation thereof, with a view to prevent the application of its assets in the manner prescribed by this act, or with a view to the preference of one creditor to another, except in payment of its circulating notes, shall be utterly null and void.

Sec. 53. And be it further enacted, That if the direc- Penalty upon tors of any association shall knowingly violate, or know- violations of ingly permit any of the officers, agents, or servants of the association

to violate any of the provisions of this act, all the rights, privileges, and franchises of the association derived from this act shall be thereby forfeited. Such violation shall, however, be determined and ad- to be deter." judged by a proper circuit, district, or territorial court mined. of the United States, in a suit brought for that purpose by the comptroller of the currency, in his own name, before the association shall be declared dissolved. And in cases of such violation, every director who participated in or assented to the same shall be held liable in his per- liability. sonal and individual capacity for all damages which the association, its shareholders, or any other person, shall have sustained in consequence of such violation. SEC. 54. And be it further enacted, That the comp- may appoint

Comptroller troller of the currency, with the approbation of the Sec- person to exretary of the Treasury, as often as shall be deemed neces- affairs of any sary or proper, shall appoint a suitable person or persons to make an examination of the affairs of every banking association, which person shall not be a director or other officer in any association whose affairs he shall be appointed to examine, and who shall have power to make a thorough examination into all the affairs of the association, and, in doing so, to examine any of the officers examiner. and agents thereof on oath; and shall make a full and detailed report of the condition of the association to the comptroller. And the association shall not be subject to any other visitorial powers than such as authorized by this act, except such as are vested in the several courts of law and chancery. And every person appointed to make such examination shall receive for his services at

Pay. the rate of five dollars for each day by him employed in such examination, and two dollars for every twenty-five miles he shall necessarily travel in the performance of his duty, which shall be paid by the association by him examined.

Personal

association.

Duty of such

neys to conduct certain suits.

Penalty upon Sec. 55. And be it further enacted, That every presiofficers, &c., of association for dent, director, cashier, teller, clerk, or agent of any as&c., of funds.

sociation, who shall embezzle, abstract, or wilfully misapply any of the moneys funds, or credits of the association, or shall, without authority from the directors, issue or put in circulation any of the notes of the association, or shall, without such authority, issue or put forth any certificate of deposit, draw any order or bill of exchange, make any acceptance, assign any note, bond, draft, bill of exchange, mortgage, judgment, or decree, or shall make any false entry in any book, report, or statement of the association, with intent, in either case, to injure or defraud the association or any other company, body politic or corporate, or any individual person, or to deceive any officer of the association, or any agent appointed to examine the affairs of any such association, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment not

less than five nor more than ten years. District attor- Sec. 56. And be it further enacted, That all suits and

proceedings arising out of the provisions of this act, in which the United States or its officers or agents shall be parties, shall be conducted by the district attorneys of the several districts, under the direction and supervision of the solicitor of the treasury.

Sec. 57. And be it further enacted, That suits, actions, and proceedings, against any association under this act, may be had in any circuit, district, or territorial court of the United States held within the district in which such association may be established; or in any state, county, or municipal court in the county or city in which

said association is located, having jurisdiction in similar Proceedings for cases: Provided, however, That all proceedings to en

join the comptroller under this act shall be had in a circuit, district, or territorial court of the United States,

held in the district in which the association is located. Penalty for

Sec. 58. And be it further enacted, That every person mutilating

who shall mutilate, cut, deface, disfigure, or perforate with holes, or shall unite or cement together, or do any other thing to any bank bill, draft, note, or other evidence of debt, issued by any such association, or shall cause or procure the same to be done, with intent to render such bank bill, draft, note, or other evidence of debt unfit to be reissued by said association, shall, upon conviction, forfeit fifty dollars to the association who shall be injured thereby, to be recovered by action in any court

having jurisdiction. Penalty for

Sec. 59. And be it further enacted, That if any person shall falsely make, forge, or counterfeit, or cause or procure to be made, forged, or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely making, forging, or counterfeiting, any note in imitation of, or purporting to be in imitation of, the circulating notes issued under the provisions of

In what courts,
suits, &c.,
under this act
may be pros-
ecuted.

be in what courts.

notes to make them unfit for reissue.

counterfeiting notes,

this act, or shall pass, utter, or publish, or attempt to for knowingly pass, utter, or publish, any false, forged, or counterfeited note, purporting to be issued by any association doing a banking business under the provisions of this act, knowing the same to be falsely made, forged, or counterfeited, or shall falsely alter, or cause or procure to be falsely altered, or willingly aid or assist in falsely altering, any such circulating notes, issued as aforesaid, or shall pass, utter, or publish, or attempt to pass, utter, or publish, as true, any falsely altered or spurious circulating note issued, or purporting to have been issued, as aforesaid, knowing the same to be falsely altered or spurious, every such person shall be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony, and being thereof convicted by due course of law shall be sentenced to be imprisoned and kept at hard labor for a period of not less than five years, nor more than fifteen years, and fined in a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars. Sec. 60. Ånd be it fwther enacted, That if any person &c., plates for

, shall make or engrave, or cause or procure to be made or forging notes, engraved, or shall have in his custody or possession any plate, die, or block after the similitude of any plate, die, or block from which any circulating notes issued as aforesaid shall have been prepared or printed, with intent to use such plate, die, or block, or cause or suffer the same to be used, in forging or counterfeiting any of the notes issued as aforesaid, or shall have in his custody or possession any blank note or notes engraved and printed blank notes, after the similitude of any notes issued as aforesaid, with &c., with intent, intent to use such blanks, or cause or suffer the same to be used, in forging or counterfeiting any of the notes issued as aforesaid, or shall have in his custody or possession paper, &c. any, paper adapted to the making of such notes, and similar to the paper upon which any such notes shall have been issued, with intent to use such paper, or cause or suffer the same to be used, in forging or counterfeiting any of the notes issued as aforesaid, every such person, being thereof convicted by due course of law, shall be sentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labor for a term not less than five or more than fifteen years, and fined in a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars.

Comptroller to SEC. 61. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the report annually duty of the comptroller of the currency to report annually to congress at the commencement of its session

First. A summary of the state and condition of every report. association from whom reports have been received the preceding year, at the several dates to which such reports refer, with an abstract of the whole amount of banking capital returned by them, of the whole amount of their debts and liabilities, the amount of circulating notes outstanding, and the total amount of means and resources,

to congress.

Contents of

а

Contents of comptroller's

specifying the amount of lawful money held by them at report to the times of their several returns, and such other incongress.

formation in relation to said associations as, in his judgement, may be useful.

Second. A statement of the associations whose business has been closed during the year, with the amount of their circulation redeemed and the amount outstanding.

Third. Any amendment to the laws relative to banking by which the system may be improved, and the security of the holders of its notes and other creditors may be increased

Fourth. The names and compensation of the clerks employed by him, and the whole amount of the expenses of the banking department during the year. And such report shall be made by or before the first day of December in each year, and the usual number of copies for the use of the senate and house, and one thousand copies for the use of the department, shall be printed by the public printer and in readiness for distribution at the first meeting of congress.

SEC. 62. And be it further enacted, That the act entitled “An act to provide a national currency, secured by a pledge of United States stocks, and to provide for the circulation and redemption thereof,” approved February

twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, is hereby Saving clauses. repealed : Provided, That such repeal shall not affect any

appointments made, acts done, or proceedings had, or the organization, acts, or proceedings of any association organized or in the process of organization under the act aforesaid: And provided, also, That all such associations so organized or in process of organization shall enjoy all the rights and privileges granted, and be subject to all the duties, liabilities, and restrictions imposed by this act, and with the approval of the comptroller of the currency, in lieu of the name specified in their respective organization certificates, may take any other name preferred by them and duly certified to the comptroller, without prejudice to any right acquired under this act, or under the act hereby repealed; but no such change shall be made after six months from the passage of this act: Provided, also, That the circulation issued or to be issued by such association shall be considered as a part of the circulation provided for in this act.

Sec. 63. And be it further enacted, That persons holdholding stock, ing stock as executors, administrators, guardians, and

trustees, shall not be personally subject to any liabilities as stockholders; but the estates and funds in their hands shall be liable in like manner and to the same extent as the testator, intestate, ward, or person interested in said trust-funds would be if they were respectively living and

competent to act and hold the stock in their own names. Act may be SEC. 64. And be it further enacted. That congress repealed. may at any time amend, alter, or repeal this act.

APPROVED, June 3, 1864.

Executors, trustees, &c., not to be personally liable.

altered or

Annual Report, Comptroller of Currency (Hugh McCulloch)

[November 25, 1864]

OFFICE OF COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY,

November 25, 1864. In compliance with the requirements of the 61st section of the national currency act, I have the honor of making through you to the Congress of the United States the following report:

Since my last annual report two hundred and eighty-two new banks have been organized, and one hundred and sixty-eight State banks have been changed into national ones. Of the one hundred banks last organized, sixty-seven have been conversions of State banks, and nearly all the papers now being filed are for the change of State banks into national associations.

There are now in existence, under the national currency act, five hundred and eighty-four associations, which are located in the following States: In Maine 18 In Ohio.

84 In New Hampshire_ 9 In Michigan.

15 In Vermont 10 In Indiana.

34 In Massachusetts. 67 In Illinois_

38 In Rhode Island. 2 In Wisconsin.

15 In Connecticut.. 20 In Minnesota..

4 In New York.. 100 In Iowa.

20 In New Jersey16 In Missouri.

7 In Pennsylvania. 109 In Kansas-

1 In Delaware 1 In Nebraska Territory

1 In Maryland.--3 In Kentucky

1 In District of Columbia.. 2 In Tennessee_

3 In Virginia-1 In Louisiana..

1 In West Virginia--

2

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