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Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1942,

BY EDWARD KEAR NY, in the Clerk's Office of the Southern District of New York.

dotes, the author of the History of the United States, published

PREFACE. In writing the Lives of the Presidents of the United States, it has been difficult to preserve the strict impartiality which the nature of the work requires, and avoid running either into eulogy or abuse. The circumstances of their administration are so recent, that one who has lived through the greater portion of them, and

entered into all the excited feelings of party strife, can hardly be atered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1942,

supposed capable of divesting himself of prejudices and passions, BY EDWARD KEAR NY,

however much he may desire to be an honest chronicler of the the Clerk's Office of the Southern District of New York.

times. We can only say, that it has been our sincere aim and endeavor to see near events with the eye of a distant spectator, and to anticipate the dispassionate judgment which posterity will pass upon the great men who have administered our Government. The affairs of the last twenty years are hardly yet ripe for the biographer, and the materials for their history are scattered in various directions, and to be drawn from many different sources. That all those sources should be pure, is more than can be expected; but we have uniformly endeavored to resort only to those least exposed to suspicion.

For the materials of our work, we owe much obligation to many distinguished writers. To the Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, by a gentleman who has done a great deal for the illustration of American history, we have been much indebted in the course of the volume, and particularly in our summary of their biographies. To the eloquent eylogist of Mr. Monroe, to Marshall, Bancroft, Ramsay, Thacher, Tudor Wirt, Lee, Jefferson, Irving, Knapp, the author of a Biographical Sketch of J. Q. Adams, Goodrich, Hinton, the editor of American Anec

in Lardner's Cyclopædia, to Eaton, Goodwin, the editors of the Annua. Register and North American Review, and many others, of whose labors we have had occasion to avail ourselves, we take this opportunity of noticing our repeated obligations. It is idle, in a work of this description, to pretend to originality, and unfair not to acknowledge the sources to which we have been indebted.

We hope that our readers will find in this work all that has been promised, and indeed more. Of its imperfections, no one can be more aware than ourself; but of its impartiality and honesty we believe that no one will have reason to doubt.

R. W. LINCOLN. New-YORK, JULY 20, 1833.

o The Publisher deems it proper to state that the sketches of Presi. dents Harrison, Tyler, Polk, and Taylor, have been prepared by other hands; and verified, expressly for this edition, by a careful recourse to the best authorities. Several errors, which escaped notice in former editions, have been corrected; new and valuable matter has been added; and the biographies and historical facts have been brought down to the present date. The volume is now confidently presented to the public, in the belief that it is the only complete and reliable Biography extant of all the Presidents of the United States.

BRATTLEBORO', VT., AUGUST, 1849.

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