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Queen. Give me no help in lamentation, The broken rancour of your high-swoln hearts, 'I am not barren to bring forth laments :

But lately splinter'd, knit and join'd together, All springs reduce their currents to mine eyes, Must gently be preserv’d, cherish’d, and kept: That I, being govern'd by the watry moon, Me seemeth good, that, with some little train, May send forth plenteoustearsto drown the world! 5 Forthwithfrom Ludlow'the youngprincebefetch'd Ah, for my husband, for my dear lord Edward! Hither to London, to be crown d our king. Chil. Ah, for our father, for our dear lord Cla Rio. Why with some little train, my lord of rence!

[Clarence!

Buckingham ? Dutch. Alas, for both, both mine, Edward and Buck. Marry, my lord, lest, by a multitude, Queen. What stay had 1, but Edward? and he's 10 The new-heal'd woundof maliceshould breakout: gone.

[gone. Which would be so much the more dangerous, Chil. What stay had we, but Clarence? and he's Byhowmuchtheestateisgreen,and yetungovern'd: Dutck. What stays had I, but they? and they Where every horse bears his conimanding rein, are gone.

And

may direct his course as please himself: Queen. Was never widow, had so dear a loss. 15 As well the fear of harm, as hárm apparent, Chil. Were never orphans, had so dear a loss. In my opinion, ought to be prevented. Dutch. Was never niother, had so dear a loss. Glo. I hope, the king made peace with all of us; Alas! I am the mother of these griefs;

And the compact is firm, and true in me. Their woes are parcell'd, mine are general. Rit. And so in me; and so, I think, in all: She for an Edward weeps, and so do I; 20 Yet, since it is but green, it should be put I for a Clarence weep, so doth not she:

To no apparent likelihood of breach, These babes for Clarence weep, and so do I; Which, haply, by much company might be urg'd: I for an Edward weep, so do not they : Therefore, I say, with noble Buckingham, Alas! you three, on me, threefold distress'd, That it is nieet so few should fetch the prince. Pour all your tears; I am your sorrow's nurse, 125 Hast. And so say

1. And I will pamper it with lamentations.

Glo. Then be it so: and go we to determine Dor. Comfort, dear mother; God is much Who theyshallbe that straight shall post to Ludlow. displeas'd,

Madam,—and you my inother,-- will you go That you take with unthankfulness his doing : To give your censures in this weighty business? Incommon worldly things,'tis call'd-ungrateful, 30

[Exeunt Queen, gc. With dull unwillingness to pay a debt,

Manent Buckingham, and Gloster. Which with a bounteous hand was kindly lent; Buck. My lord, whoever journeys to the prince, Much more, to be thus opposite with heaven, For God's sake, let not us two stay at home: For it requires the royal debt it lent you. [ther, For, by the way, I'll sort occasion,

Riv. Madam, bethink you, like a careful mo- 35 As index' to the story we late talk'd of, Of the young prince your son: send straight for Topart the queen's proud kindred froin the prince. him,

Glo. My other self, my counsel's consistory, Let him be crown'd: in him your comfort lives : My oracle, my prophet My dear cousin, Drown desp'rate sorrow in dead Edward's grave, 1, as a child, will go by thy direction. And plant your joys in living Edward's throne. 40 l'owards Ludlow then, for we'll not stay behind. Enter Gloster, Buckingham, Stanley, Hastings,

[Ereunt. and Ratcliff:

SCENE III.
Glo. Sister, have comfort: all of us have cause
To wail the dimming of our shining star;

A Strect near the Court.
But none can cure their harms by wailing them.- 45 Enter two Citizens, meeting.
Madam, my mother, I do cry you mercy, 1 Cit. Good morrow, neighbour: Whither
I did not see your grace:-Humbly on my knee
I crave your blessing.

[thy breast, 2 Cit. I promise you, I hardly know myself: Dutch. God bless thee; and put meekness in Hear

you

the news abroad ? Love, charity, obedience, and true duty!

Cit. Yes, that the king is dead. [better: Glo. Amen; and make me die a good old man - 2 Cit. Ili news, by'r lady: seldom comes a That is the butt-endofa mother's blessing ![Aside. I fear, I fear, 'twill prove a giddy world, I narvel, that her grace did leave it out. (peers,

Enter another Citizen. Buck. You cloudy princes, and heart-sorrowing 3 Cit. Neighbours, God speed' That bear this nutual heavy load of noan, 55) i Cit. Give you good morrow, sir. [death! Now chear each other in each other's love: 3Cit. Doth the news hold of good king Edward's Though we have spent our harvest of this king, 2 Cit. Ay, sir, it is too true; God help, the while! We are to reap the harvest of his son.

3Cit. Then,masters, lookto see a troublousworld. Edward the young prince, in his father's life-time, and at his demise, kept his household at Lude low, as prince ot Wales, under the governance of Anthony Woodville, earl of Rivers, his uncle by the mother's side. The intention of his being sent thither was to see justice done in the Marches; and, by the authority of his presence, to restrain the Welchmen, who were wild, dissolute, and ill-disposed, from their ccristomed murders and outrages. i. e. your opinions. :i. e. preparatory-by way of presude.

away so fast?

50

shall reign.

God wot;

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1 Cil. No, no; by God's good grace, his son Because sweet flowers are slow, and weeds make

[child
haste.

[not hold 3 Cit. Woe to that land, that's govern'd by a Dutch. Good faith, good faith, the saying did 2 Czt

. In him there is a hope of government; In him that did object the same to thee: [young, That

, in his nonage, council under him, 5 Ile was the wretched'st' thing, when he was And, in his full and ripen'd years, himself, So long a growing, and so leisurely, No doubt, shall then, and till then, govern well, That, it his rule were true, he should be gracious. 1 Cit. So stood the state, when Henry the sixth Arch. And so, no doubt, he is, my gracious Was crown'd in Paris but at nine months old.

madam. 3 Cå. Stood the state so? no, no, good friends, 10 Dutch. I hope, he is; but yet let mothers doubt.

York. Now, by my troth, if I had been reFor then this land was famously enrich'd

member'd', With politick grave counsel; then the king I could have given my uncle's grace a flout, Had virtuous uncles to protect his grace. [mother. To touch his growth, nearer than he touch'd mine.

1 Cit. Why, so hath this, both by his father and 15 Dutch. How, my young York? I proythee, let 3 Cit. Better it were, they all came by his father;

me hear it. Or, by his father, there were none at all:

York. Marry, they say, my uncle grew so fast,
For emulation now, who shall be nearest,

That he could gnaw a crust at two years old;
Will touch us all too near, if God prevent not. 'Twas full two years ere I could get a tooth.
O, full of danger is the duke of Gloster; [proud:20 Grandam, this would have been a biting jest.
And the queen's sons, and brothers, haught and Dutch. I prythee, pretty York, who told thee
And were they to be rul'd and not to rule,

York. Grandam, his nurse.

[this? This sickly land might solace as before.

Dutch. His nurse! why, she was dead ere thou 1 Cit. Come, come, we fear the worst; all will

wast born.

(me. be well.

[their cloaks; 25 York. If’twere not she, I cannot tell who told 3 Cit. When clouds are seen, wise men put on

Queer. A parlous' boy:-Go to, you are too When great leaves fall, then winter is at hand;

shrewd.

[child. When the sun sets, who doth not look for night?

Dutch. Good madai, be not angry with the Untimely storms make men expect a dearth :

Queen. Pitchers have ears. All may be well; but, if God sort it so, 301

Exer a Messenger. "Tis more than we deserve, or I expect.

Arch. Here comes a messenger: What news ? 2 Cit. Truly, the hearts of men are full of fear : Mes. Such news, my lord, as grieves me to You cannot reason almost with a man

Queen. How doth the prince? (unfold.
That looks not heavily, and full of dread.

Mes. Well, madam, and in health.
3 Cit
. Before the days of change, still is it so: 35

Dutch. What is thy news?
By a divine instinct, men's minds mistrust Mes. Lord Rivers, and lord Grey,
Ensuing danger; as, by proof, we see

Are sent to Pomfret, prisoners; and, with them,
The water swell before a boist'rous storm.

Sir Thomas Vaughan.
But leave it all to God. Whither away?

Dutch. Who hath coinmitted them?

Sham. 2 Cit

. Marry, we were sent for to the justices. 40 Mes. The inighty dukes, Gloster and Bucking-
3 Cit. And so was 1; I'll bear you company.

Queen. For what offence?
(Ereunt. Mes. The sum of all I can, I have disclos'd;

Why, or for what, the nobles were comunitted,
SCENE IV.

Is all unknown to me, my gracious lady.
A Room in the Palace.

451 Queen. Ah me, I see the ruin of my house! Whaben Enter Archbishop of York, the young Duke of York, The tyger now hath seiz'd the gentle hind;

the Queen, and the Dutchess of York. Insulting tyranny begins to jut
Arch. Last night, I heard, they lay at Northamp- Upon the innocent and awless throne:
At Stony-Stratford they do rest to-night: (ton!

Welcome destruction, blood, and inassacre !
To-nuorrow, or next day, they will be here.

501 see, as in 'a map, the end of all.
Dutch.I long with all iny heart to see the prince:

Dutch. Accursed and unquiet wrangling days!
I hope, he is much grown since last I saw him. How many of you have mine eyes behelda
Queen. But I hear, no; they say, my son of York

My husband lost his life to get the crown;
Has almost overta'en him in his growth.

And often up and down my sons were tost,
York. Ay, mother, but I would not have it so. 155 For me to joy, and weep, their gain, and loss :
Duch. Why,my young cousin: it is good to grow.

And being seated, and domestick broils
York. Grandan, one night as we did sit at supper,

Clean over-blown, themselves, the conquerors,
My uncle Rivers talk'd
how I did grow

[ter, Make war upon themselves; brother to brother,
More than my brother; Ay, quoth my uncle Glos-

Blood to blood, self against self:-0, preposterous
Small Perbs hare grace, great weeds do grow apace : 60 And frantick outrage, end thy damned

spleen;
And since, methinks, I would not grow so fast,

Or let me die, to look on death no more!
Wretched here means paltry, pitiful, being below expectation. * To be remembered is used by
Shakspeare to inply, to have one's memory quick, to have one's thoughts about one.
is keen, shrewd.
i. e. not producing awe, not reverenced. To jut upon is to encroach.
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Queen. Come, conre, my boy, we will to sanc-
Madam, farewell.

(tuary.--
Dutch. Stay, I will go with you.
Queen. You have no cause.
Arch. My gracious lady, go.

1.Ind thither bear your treasure and your goods. For my part, I'll resign unto your grace

The seal I keep: And so betide to me, As well I tender you, and all of yours ! 5 Come, I'll conduct you to the sanctuary, [Exeunt,

ACT

III.

the

SCENE I.

Persuade the queen to send the duke of York

15 Unto his princely brother presently? In London.

If she deny, -lord Hastings, you go with him, The trumpets sound. Enter the Prince of Il'alcs,

And from her jealous aris pluck him perforce. the Dukes of Gloster and Buckingham, Cardinal Card. My lord of Buckingham, if my weak Bourchier, and others.

oratory Buck. WELCOME, sweet prince, to London, 20 Can from his mother win the duke of York, to your chamber'. [reigo:

Anon expect him, here: But if she be obdurate Glo. Welcome, clear cousin, my thoughts’sove

To mild entreaties, God in heaven forbid The weary way hath made you melancholy.

We should intringe the holy privilege Prince. No, uncle; but our crosses on way

Of blessed sanctuary! not for all this land, Hare made it tedious, wearisome, and heavy:

25 Would I be guilty of so deep a sin. I want more uncles here to welcome me. [.vears

Buck. You are too senseless-obstinate, my lord, Glo. Sweet prince, the untainted virtue of your

Too ceremonious, and traditional ? : Hath not yet div'd into the world's deceit:

Weigh it but with the grossness of this age, No more can you distinguish or a man,

You break not sanctuary in seizing him. Than of his outward shew; which, God he knows, 30 The benefit thereof is always granted Seldom, or never, juinpeth with the heart. To those whose dealings have desery'd the place, Those uncles, which you want, were dangerous ;

And those who have the viit to claim the place: Your grace attended to their sugar'd words,

This prince hath neither claim'dit, nor deserv’dit; But look'd not on the poison of their hearts :

Therefore, in mine opinion, cannot have it: God keep you from them, and from such falsc-35 Then, taking him from thence, that is not there, friends!

You break no privilege nor charter there. Prince. God keep me from false friends! but

Oft I have heard of sanctuary men ; they were none.

[greet you.

But sanctuary children, ne'er till now. Glo. My lord, the mayor of London comes to Card. My lord, you shall o’errule my mind

for once. Enter the Lord Mayor, and his Train. Mayor. God bless your grace with health and!

Come on, lord Hastings, will you go with me?

Hast. I happy days! Prince. I thank

Prince. Good lords, make all the speedy haste you, good my lord:--and thanh

you may. -15

[Exeunt Cardinal, and Hastings. I thought, my mother, and my brother York,

Say, uncle Gloster, if our brother come, Woulu long cre this have met us on the way :l'ie, what a slug is Hastings ! that he comes not

Where shall we sojourn 'till our coronation? To tell us, whether they will come, or no,

Glo. Where it seems best unto your royal self.

If I may counsel you, some day, or two,
Enter Hastings.

50 Your bigliness shall repose you at the Tower: Buck. And, in good time, here comes the Then where you please, and shall be thought sweating lord. (mother come:

most fit Prince. Welcome, my lord : What, will our For your best health and recreation,

klast. On what occasion, God he knows, not I, Prince: I do not like the Tower, ofany place:The queen your mother, and your brother York, 55 Did Julius Cæsar build that place, my lord? Hlave taken sanctuary: The tender prince Glo. Hedid, my gracious lord, begin that place; Would tain have comewith meto meet your grace, Which, since, succeeding ages have re-edify’d. But by his niother was perforce withheld.

Prince. Is it upon record? or else reported Buck. Fie! what an indirect and peevish course Successively froni age to age, he built it? Is this of hers?—Lord cardinal, will your grace 100! Buck. Upon record, my gracious lord,

'London was anciently called Camera regia. Ceremonious for superstitious; traditional for adherent to old customis,

Prince,

go, my lord.

you all,

me:

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Prince. But say, my lord, it were not register’d: Glo. How? Methinks, the rich should live fromage to age,

York. Little. As 'twere retail'dito al posterity,

Prince. My lord of York will still be cross in Even to the general all-ending day.

tall; Glo. So wise so young, they say, do ne'er live 5 Cncle, your grace knows how to bear with him. long?.

York. You mean to bear me, not to bear with Prince. Vi hat say you, uncle? Glo. I say, without characters, fame lives long. Cncle, my brother mocks both you and me; Thus, like inciyrmal vice', Iniquity, ?

Because that I am little, like an ape.

Aside I moralize,—two meanings in one word. S 10 tiethinksthatyoushouldbearmcon your shoulders.

Prince. That Julius Casar was a famous man; Buck. With what a sharp-provided wit he reaWith what his valour did curich his wit,

sons !
His wit set down to make his valour live: To mitigate the scorn he gives his uncle,
Death makes no conquest of this conqueror;

He prettily and aptly taunts himself:
For now he lives in tanı, though not in life.-15.5o cunning, and so young, is wonderful.
I'll tell you what, my cousin Buckingham.

Glo. My lord, wili't please you pass along? Buck: Waat, my gracious lord?

$lyseif

, and my good cousin Buckingham, Prince. An if I live until I be a man,

vill to your mother; to entreat of her, I'll win our ancient right in france again, To meet you at the Tower, and welcome you. Or die a soldier, as I liv'd a king,

20 York. What, will you go into the Tower, my Glo. Short summers lightly have a forwar:)

lord: spring.

[Aside Prince. My lord protector needs will have it so.

York. I shall not sleep in quiet at the Tower. Enter York, Ilastings, and ihe Cardinal.

Glo. Wl'hy, what should you fear? Buch. Now, in good time, here comes the 25 York. Marry, my uncle Clarence' angry ghost; duke of York.

[brother: My grandam told me, he was murther'd there. Prince. Richard of York, how fares our loving Prince. I fear no uncles dead. York. Well, my dread lord; so must I call you Glo. Nor none that live, I hope.

Prince. An if they live, I hope, I need not fear. Prince. Ay, brother; to our grief, as it is yours:30 But come, niy lord, and, with a heavy heart, Too tale he died, that might have kept that Thinking on them, go I unto the Tower. title,

[Excunt Prince, York, Hastings, Cardinal, Which by his death has lost much majesty.

and Attendants. Glo. How fares our cousin, noble lord of York: Buck. Think you, my lord, this little prating York. I thank you, gentle uncle. O, my lord, 35

York
You said, that idie weeds are fast in growin: Was not incensed by his subtle mother,

prince my brother hath outgrown me far. To taunt and scorn you thus opprobriously? Glo. He hath, my lord.

Glo. No doubt, no doubt; 0,"uis a parlous boy: York. And therefore is he idle?

Bold, quick, ingenious, forward, capable; Glo. O my fair cousin, I must not say so. 40 He's all the mother's, from the top to toe. York. Then is he more beholden to you, than I. Buck. Well, let them rest.-Come hither, Glo. He may command me, as my sovereign;

Catesby; thou art sworn
But you have power in me, as in a kinsman. As deeply to eitect what we intend,

York. I pray you, uncle, give me this dagger. As closely to conceal what we impart:
Glo. My dagger, little cousin? with all my heart. 45 Thou know'st our reasons urg'd upon the way;-
Prince. A beggar, brother?

What think'st thou ? is it not an easy matter
York. Of my kind uncle, that I know will give: To make William lord Hastings of our mind,
And, being but a toy, which is no gift to give. For the instalment of this noble duke
Glo. A greater gift than that I'll give my cousin. In the seat royal of this famous isle ?
York. A greater gift! O, that's the sword to it: 50 Cutes.lle for his father's sakeso loves the prince,
Glo. ly, gentle cousin, were it light enough. That he will not be won to aught against him.
York. O then, I see, you'll part but with light Buck. What think'st thou then of Stanley? will
gifts ;

not he? In weightier things you'll say a beggar, nay. Cates. He will do all in all as Hastings doth.

Ghi. It is too weighty for your grace to wear. 53 Buck. Well then, no more but this: Go, gentle York. I weigh it lightly“, were it heavier.

Catesby, Glo. What, would you have my weapon, little And, as it were far off, sound thou lord Hastings, lord?

me. How he doth stand affected to our purpose; York. I would, that I might thank you as you call! And summon him to-morrow to the Tower,

i.e. diffused, dispersed. 2 A proverbial line. By vice the author means not a quality, but a person. See note', p. 492. *i.e. commonly, in ordinary course. si.e. too lately, the loss is lov fresh in our memory. i.e. I should still esteem it but a tritling gift, were it heavier.

To

The

3

To sit about the coronation.

Hast. Go, fellow, go, return unto thy lord; If thou dost find him tractable to us,

Bid him not fear thic separated councils : Encourage him, and tell hiin all our reasons : His honour, and myself, are at the one; If he be leaden, icy, cold, unwilling,

And, at the other, is my good friend Catesby; Be thou so too; and so break off the talk, 5 Where nothing can proceed, that toucheth us, And give us notice of his inclination :

Whereof I shall not bave intelligence. For we to-morrow hold divided' councils, Tell hin, his fears are shallow, wanting instance': Wherein thyself shalt highly be employ'd. Ind for his dreams,- I wonder, he's so fond Glo. Commend me to lord Williain: tell him, To trust the mockery of unquiet slumbers: Catesby,

110 To fly the boar, before the boar pursues, His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries Were to incense the boar to follow us, To-morrow are let blood at Poinfret-castle ; And make pursuit, where he did.mean no chase. And bid my friend, for joy of this good news, Go, bid thy master rise and come to me; Give mistress Shore one gentle kiss the more. And we will both together to the Tower, Buck. Good Catesby, go, effect this business 15 Where, he shall see, the boar will use us kindly. soundly

[can. Mes. I'll go, my lord, and tell him what you Cates. My good lords both, with all the heed I

say.

[Exit. Glo. Shall we hear from you, Catesby, ere we

Enter Catesby. Cates. You shall, my lord.

[sleep: Cates. Many good morrows to my noble Jord" Glo. At Crosby-place, there you shall find u: 20 Hast. Good inorrow, Catesby; you are early both, [Erit Catesby.

stirring; Buck. Now, my lord, what shall we do, if we What news, what news, in this our tottering state? perceive

Cates. It is a reeling world, indeed, my lord; Lord Hastings will not yield to our complots? Ind, I believe, will never stand upright, Glo. Chop off his head, inan ;--somewhat we25Till Richard wear the garland of the realm. will do:

Hast. How? wear the garland: dost thou mcan And, look, when I am king, claim thou of me Cates. Ay, my good lord. [the crown? The earldom of Hereford,

and all the moveables Hast. I'll have this crown of mine cut from Whereof the king my brother was possess'd.

my shoulders, Byck. I'llclaim thatpromise atyour grace's land. 30 Before I'll see the crown so foul misplac'd.

Glo.Andlook to have it yielded withallkindness. But canst thou guess that he doth aim at it? (ward Come, let us sup bctimes; that afterwards

Cates. Ay, on my life; and hopes to find you forWe may digest our complots in some form. Upon his party, for the gain thereof:

[Ereunt. And, thereupon, he sends you this good news,

35/That, this same very day, your enemies, SCENE II.

The kindred of the queen, must die at Pomfret. Before Lord Hastings' house.

Hast. Indeed, I am no mourner for that news, Enter a Messenger.

Because they have been still my adversaries : Mes. My lord, my lord,

But, that I'll give my voice on Richard's side, Hast. [Within.] Who knocks ?

40 ro bar my master's heirs in true descent, Mes. Onc from lord Stanley.

God knows, I will not do it, to the death. [mind! Hast. What is't o'clock?

Cales. God keep your lordship in that gracious Mes. Upon the stroke of four.

Hast. But I shall laugh at this a twleve-month

hence,Enter Hastings.

15 That they, who brought me in my master's hate, Hast. Cannot thy master sleep these tedious I live to look upon their tragedy. nights?

Well, Catesby, ere a fortnight make me alder, Mes. So it should seem by that I have to say. I'll send some packing, that yet think not on't. First, he commends him to your noble self. Cates. "Tis a vile thing to die, muy gracious lord, Hast. And then,

150 When men are unprepar'd, and look not for it. Mes.Then certifies your lordship, that this night Hast.O monstrous,monstrous! and so falls it out He dreamt, the boar had rased off his helin: With Rivers, Vaughan, Grey: and so 'twill do Besides, he says, there are two councils held; With some men else, who think themselves as safe And that may be determin’d at the one,

As thou, and I ; who, as thou know'st, are dear Which may make you and him to rue at th other. 55To princely Richard, and to Buckingham. Therefore he sends to know your lordship's plca Cates. The princes both make high account of If presently you will take horse with him, Csure,

you. And with all speed post with him toward the north, For they account his head upon the bridge. [Aside. To shun the danger that his soul divines.

Hast. I know they do; and I have well deservdit i. e. 8 pritate consultation, separate from the known and public council. * This term rased or rashed is alway given to describe the violence inflicted by a boar. By a boar, throughout this scene, is meant Gloster, who was called the boar, or the hog, as has been before observed, from his having a boar for his cognizance, and one of the supporters of his coat of arms. i.e, wanting some example or act of malevolence, by which they may be justified.

Enter

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