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nationality by reason of her marriage to an alien eligible to citizenship, or by reason of the loss of the United States citizenship by her husband, may be naturalized under the provisions of section 4 of the Act of September 22, 1922, entitled 'An Act relative to the naturalization and citizenship of married women', as amended" (second proviso, act of June 27, 1934; 48 Stat. 1245; U. S. C., title 48, sec. 733b).
That hereafter a woman, being a na (b) (1) From and after the effective tive-born citizen, who has or is believed date of this Act, a woman, who was a to have lost her United States citizen- citizen of the United States at birth, and ship solely by reason of her marriage who has or is believed to have lost her prior to September 22, 1922, to an alien, United States citizenship solely by reaand whose marital status with such son of her marriage prior to September alien has or shall have terminated, shall 22, 1922, to an alien, and whose marital be deemed to be a citizen of the United status with such alien has or shall have States to the same extent as though terminated, if no other nationality was her marriage to said alien had taken acquired by affirmative act other than place on or after September 22, 1922: such marriage, shall, from and after the Provided, however, That no such woman taking of the oath of allegiance preshall have or claim any rights as a citi- scribed by subsection (b) of section 334 zen of the United States until she shall of this chapter, be deemed to be a citizen have duly taken the oath of allegiance of the United States to the same extent as prescribed in section 4 of the Act as though her marriage to said alien approved June 29, 1906 (34 Stat. 596; had taken place on or after September U. S. C., title 8, sec. 381), at any place 22, 1922. within or under the jurisdiction of the (2) Such oath of allegiance may be United States before a court exercising taken abroad before a diplomatic or naturalization jurisdiction thereunder consular officer of the United States, or or, outside of the jurisdiction of the in the United States before the judge United States, before a secretary of or clerk of a court having jurisdiction embassy or legation or a consular officer to naturalize aliens as citizens of the as prescribed in section 1750 of the Re- United States. vised Statutes of the United States (U. S. C., title 22, sec. 131); and such officer before whom such oath of allegiance shall be taken shall make entry thereof in the records of his office or in the naturalization records of the court, as the case may be, and shall deliver to such person taking such oath, upon demand, a certified copy of the proceedings had, including a copy of the oath administered, under the seal of his office or of such court, at a cost not exceeding $1, which shall be evidence of the facts stated therein before any court of record or judicial tribunal and in any department of the United States (act of June 25, 1936; 49 Stat. 1917; U. S. C., supp. IV, title 8, sec. 9a).
(3) Such oath of allegiance shall be entered in the records of the appropriate embassy or legation or consulate or naturalization court, and upon demand, a certified copy of the proceedings, including a copy of the oath administered, under the seal of the embassy or legation or consulate or naturalization court, shall be delivered to such woman at a cost not exceeding $1, which certified copy shall be evidence of the facts stated therein before any court of record or
judicial tribunal and in any department of the United States.
SEC. 317. (a) A former citizen of the United States expatriated through the expatriation of such person's parent or parents and who has not acquired the nationality of another country by any affirmative act other than the expatriation of his parent or parents may be naturalized upon filing a petition for naturalization before reaching the age of twenty-five years and upon compliance with all requirements of the naturalization laws with the following exceptions :
(1) No declaration of intention and no certificate of arrival and no period of residence within the United States or in a state shall be required ;
(2) The petition may be filed in any court having naturalization jurisdiction, regardless of the residence of the petitioner;
(3) If there is attached to the petition at the time of filing a certificate from a naturalization examiner stating that the petitioner has appeared before him for examination, the petition may be heard at any time after filing; and
(4) Proof that the petitioner was at the time his petition was filed and at the time of the final hearing thereon a person of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States, and well disposed to the good order and happiness of the United States, and that he intends to reside permanently in the United States shall be made by any means satisfactory to the naturalization court.
(b) No former citizen of the United States, expatriated through the expatriation of such person's parent or parents, shall be obliged to comply with the requirements of the immigration laws, if he has not acquired the nationality of another country by any affirmative act other than the expatriation of his parent or parents, and if he has come or shall come to the United States before reaching the age of twenty-five years.
(c) After his naturalization such person shall have the same citizenship status as if he had not been expatriated.
SEC. 318. (a) A person who as minor child lost citizenship of the United States through the cancellation of the parent's naturalization grounds other than actual fraud or on the ground specified in the second paragraph of section 15 of the act of June 29, 1906, as amended (34 Stat. 601; 40 Stat. 544, U. S. C., title 8, sec. 405), or who shall lose citizenship of the United States under subsection (c) of section 337 of this chapter, may, if such person resided in the United States at the time
of such cancellation and if, within two years after such cancellation or within two years after the effective date of this section, such person files a petition for naturalization or such a petition is filed on such person's behalf by a parent or guardian if such person is under the age of 18 years, be naturalized upon compliance with all requirements of the naturalization laws with the exception that no declaration of intention shall be required and the required five-year period of residence in the United States need not be continuous.
(b) Citizenship acquired under this section shall begin as of the date of the person's naturalization, except that in those cases where the person has resided continuously in the United States from the date of the cancellation of the parent's naturalization to the date of the person's naturalization under this section, the citizenship of such person shall relate back to the date of the parent's naturalization which has been canceled or to the date of such person's arrival in the United States for permanent residence if such date was subsequent to the
date of naturalization of said parent. PERSONS MISINFORMED OF CITIZENSHIP STATUS SEC. 4.
"Tenth. That any SEC. 319. A person not an alien person not an alien enemy, who resided enemy, who resided uninterruptedly uninterruptedly within the United within the United States during the States during the period of five years period of five years next preceding July next preceding July 1, 1920, and was on 1, 1920, and was on that date otherwise that date otherwise qualified to become qualified to become a citizen of the a citizen of the United States, except United States, except that such person that he had not made a declaration of had not made a declaration of intenintention required by law and who dur- tion required by law and who during ing or prior to that time, because of or prior to that time, because of mismisinformation regarding his citizen- information regarding the citizenship ship status erroneously exercised the status of such person, erroneously exrights and performed the duties of a ercised the rights and performed the citizen of the United States in good duties of a citizen of the United States faith, may file the petition for natural- in good faith, may file the petition for ization prescribed by law without mak- naturalization prescribed by law withing the preliminary declaration of in- out making the preliminary declaration tention required of other aliens, and of intention, and upon satisfactory proof upon' satisfactory proof to the court that to the court that petitioner has so acted he has so acted may be admitted as a may be admitted as a citizen of the citizen of the United States upon com- United States upon complying with the plying in all respects with the other re- other requirements of the naturalization quirements of the naturalization law" laws. (act of June 29, 1906, as amended, as amended by sec. 10, act of May 25, 1932; 47 Stat. 166-167; U. S. C., title 8, sec. 377).
NATIONALS BUT NOT CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES Sec. 30. That all the applicable pro SEC. 320. A person not a citizen who visions of the naturalization laws of the owes permanent allegiance to the United States shall apply to and be held United States, and who is otherwise to authorize the admission to citizen- qualified may, if he becomes a resident ship of all persons not citizens who owe of any State, be naturalized upon compermanent allegiance to the United pliance with the requirements of this States, and who may become residents chapter, except that in petitions for
of any State or organized Territory of naturalization filed under the provithe United States, with the following sions of this section, residence within modifications: The applicant shall not the United States within the meaning be required to renounce allegiance to of this chapter shall include residence any foreign sovereignty; he shall make within any of the outlying possessions his declaration of intention to become of the United States. a citizen of the United States at least two years prior to his admission; and residence within the jurisdiction of the United States, owing such permanent allegiance, shall be regarded as residence within the United States within the meaning of the five years' residence clause of the existing law (act of June 29, 1906; 34 Stat. 606-607 ; U. S. C., title 8, sec. 360).
SEC. 5. That all citizens of Porto Rico, Sec. 321. A person born in Puerto as defined by section seven of the act of Rico of alien parents, referred to in the April twelfth, nineteen hundred, "tem- last paragraph of section 5, Act of March porarily to provide revenues and a civil 2, 1917 (U. S. C., title 8, sec. 5), and in government for Porto Rico, and for all section 5a of the said Act, as amended by purposes," and all natives of Porto Rico section 2 of the Act of March 4, 1927 who were temporarily absent from that (U. S. C., title 8, sec. 5a), who did not island on April eleventh, eighteen hun- exercise the privilege granted of becomdred and ninety-nine, and have since re- ing a citizen of the United States, may turned and are permanently residing in make the declaration provided in said that island, and are not citizens of any paragraph at any time, and from and foreign country, are hereby declared, after the making of such declaration and shall be deemed and held to be, citi- shall be a citizen of the United States. zens of the United States: Provided, That any person hereinbefore described may retain his present political status by making a declaration, under oath, of his decision to do so within six months of the taking effect of this Act before the district court in the district in which he resides, the declaration to be in form as follows: "I,
being duly sworn, hereby declare my intention not to become a citizen of the United States as provided in the Act of Congress conferring United States citizenship upon citizens of Porto Rico and certain natives permanently residing in said island."
In the case of any such person who may be absent from the island during said six months, the term of this proviso may be availed of by transmitting a declaration, under oath, in the form herein provided within six months of the taking effect of this Act to the executive secretary of Porto Rico: And provided further, That any person who is born in Porto Rico of an alien parent and is permanently residing in that island may, if of full age, within six months of the taking effect of this Act, or if a minor upon reaching his majority or within one year thereafter, make a sworn declaration of allegiance to the United States before the United States District Court for Porto Rico, setting forth therein all the facts connected
with his or her birth and residence in Porto Rico and accompanying due proof thereof, and from and after the making of such declaration shall be considered to be a citizen of the United States (act of March 2, 1917, 39 Stat, 953, U. S. C., title 8, sec. 5).
"SEC. 5a. That all citizens of the United States who have resided or who shall hereafter reside in the island for one year shall be citizens of Porto Rico: Provided, That persons born in Porto Rico of alien parents, referred to in the last paragraph of section 5, who did not avail themselves of the privilege granted to them of becoming citizens of the United States shall have a period of one year from the approval of this Act to make the declaration provided for in the aforesaid section: And provided further, That persons who elected to retain the political status of citizens of Porto Rico may within one year after the passage of this Act become citizens of the United States upon the same terms and in the same manner as is provided for the naturalization of native Porto Ricans born of foreign parents” (act of March 2, 1917, as supplemented by sec. 2, act of March 4, 1927, 44 Stat. 1418-1419, U. S. C., title 8, sec. 5a).
"SEC. 5b. All persons born in Puerto Rico on or after April 11, 1899 (whether before or after the effective date of this Act) and not citizens, subjects, or nationals of any foreign power, are hereby declared to be citizens of the United States: Provided, That this Act shall not be construed as depriving any person, native of Puerto Rico, of his or her American citizenship heretofore otherwise lawfully acquired by such person ; or to extend such citizenship to persons who shall have renounced or lost it under the treaties and/or laws of the United States or who are now residing permanently abroad and are citizens or subjects of a foreign country: (act of March 2, 1917, as amended, as supplemented by act of June 27, 1934; 48 Stat. 1245; U. S. C., title 48, sec. 733b).
PERSONS SERVING IN ARMED FORCES OR ON VESSELS SEC. 4. *
"Twelfth. That any SEC. 322. A person who, while a citiperson who, while a citizen of the United zen of the United States and during the States and during the existing war in World War in Europe, entered the miliEurope, entered the military or naval tary or naval service of any country at service of any country at war with a war with a country with which the country with which the United States United States was then at war, who has is now at war, who shall be deemed to lost citizenship of the United States by have lost his citizenship by reason of reason of any oath or obligation taken any oath or obligation taken by him for for the purpose of entering such service, the purpose of entering such service, may be naturalized by taking before may resume his citizenship by taking any naturalization court specified in the oath of allegiance to the United subsection (a) of section 301, the oaths States prescribed by the naturalization prescribed by section 334.