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redoubts of stone in the angles, bearing out from the counterscarp. This side which is not invironed by the river was the only place, whereby the town could be assaulted; all the rest being found too steep; and, of this side, the part attacked was the new gate, which is on the north, near the place where the river begins to turn away from the town.
The French army, commanded by the Marshal de Crequi, invested the place, April the twenty-eighth, 1684, N. S. Some days were spent in preparatives for the siege, and taking their quarters.
The head quarters were settled from the height of Bambuche, to the village of Merle; and there were quartered eight squadrons and battalions, with four companies of cannoniers. The quarters of the Count du Plessis, the Marquis de Genlis, and the Sieur de Joyeuse, lieutenant-generals, were thus ordered: the first, from Linsing, to the hill of the abbey of Bonnevoye, with seven squadrons, and eleven battalions; the second, from the same hill to the stream, which goes up towards the village of Hant, with five battalions; the third, from the river of Alsiette, as you go back again up to Hant, as far as the village of Homeldange, and there were posted eight squadrons, and six battalions. There were also quartered, in the bottom of Homeldange, two squadrons of dragoons of the Baron de Hasfield, with two battalions of fugeliers, and the company of mi. ners and gunners. <
May the 8th. The Marshal de Crequi gave orders, to open their trenches.
The Count du Plessis, lieutenant-general, for the day, the Count de Broglio, Marshal de Camp, and the Duke de la Ferte, Brigadier of Foot, posted themselves between five and six in the evening, on thehillsof our Ladyof Consolation,with two battalions of Champaign, which had, at their head, the Bailey Colbert, colonel of that regiment, one battalion of Enguien, and one of La Ferte. The two first battalions marched in a bottom, behind the chapel, and two others on their left hand, upon the reverse of these hills. The Count de Talart, brigadier of horse, came upon the same hills, with the horse under his command, which were four-hundred, to guard the trenches, having before him two-hundred foot to make use of, in case the besieged should make any sally. At nine in the evening, they opened, about half a musquet shot from the counterscarp, a trench, parallel to the attacked side of the place, about five-hundred toises long, and this work was carried on two several ways, the one by the chapel, on the left-hand of the head quarters; and the other, on the side of Paffendal, on the other side of the opposite place. The pioneers of the attack of Champaign carried on the work, from the right to the left, within fifty or sixty toises of the Chapel of Miracles, which is about a pistol-shot from the counterscarp; and those of the attack of la Ferte and Enguien, carried on the work from the left to the right; and these works met about the mid-way. The Sieur de Vauban, marshal of the king's camps and armies, who had been, at noon, to view the counterscarp, and who had the inspection over these two attacks, caused to be traced this night two batteries, with lines of communication to the trench, upon a rising ground, about thirty or forty toises on this side the chapel, in respect of the besiegers. The Marquis de Renti, marshal de camp, made a false attack upon the height of the Fauxbourg of Gromp, or of the Basseville, with a battalion of Conde; the Marquis de Crenan made another, by the bottom of the abbey of Bonnevoye, with five-hundred detached men; and at the same time there was a battery traced upon the hill of Paffendal, where there was a battalion of Orleans, with a detachment of two-hundred men. The Prince de Conti, and the Prince de la Roche sur Yon, his brother, were present at the opening of the trenches, and passed the night there. The besieged, for above five hours, made not one shot, but about two, in the morning, they began to fire very briskly at us, with their musquets. There were not, however, above eight or nine of our men killed and wounded, which were of the regiment of Champagne. About break of day, they played also smartly upon us with their cannon, which yet had not any considerable effect. Some horse sallied out of the town, about four or five in the morning, but hastily retreated at the first firing of the detachments, which were commanded to shelter the labourers. They persisted, all that day, to play upon us, with their cannon, but still without much success. On our side, they continued to work on the batteries.
9th. There was a man stopped, who endeavoured to get into Luxembourg; and there was found about him a passport from the Marquis de Grana, dated August the twenty-eighth, with bills of exchange, for five and thirty thousand florins, payable in Luxembourg, and many letters in ciphers. We knew also, by the same way, that there were several officers who designed to get into the town, to join with their regiments there.
In the evening, the Marquis de Genlis, lieutenant-general for the day, and the Sieur de Josseaux, brigadier of foot, relieved the Count du Plessis, and the Duke de la Ferte, who had the right-hand of the great attack; and the Sieur d'Erlac marshal de camp, relieved the Count de Broglio, who had the left. Two battalions of Navarre relieved on the right the two of Champagne, and the battalions of Vaubecourt and Conti, at the head of which was the Prince de Conti, accompanied by the Prince de la Roche sur Yon, in the quality of a volunteer, relieved on the left that of Enguien, and that of la Ferte. The besieged, at the time we went to relieve the trenches, set fire to the houses of a part of the Fauxbourg of Paffendal; they quitted also a mill, which was but fifty paces from it, having prepared a mine to blow it up, in the belief they had, that our men would seize thereon; but we went not thither, and the mine sprang without the success they expected. During the night, we carried on a second trench, parallel to the first of the great attack, within sixty toises of the covered fore-way of the place; and the communications were made, without any of the workmen's being killed or wounded, although the enemy fired stifly upon them, with their musquets. The Sieur de Montmeillant, captain in the royal regiment, and the Sieur de Favigny, captain and aid major of Pied, mont, and four or five lieutenants were slightly wounded. We continued also to work diligently on the batteries raised on the hills of our Lady of Consolation. The besieged, about break of day, played briskly with their cannon; but we had not above six or seven soldiers slain.
10th. Two of our batteries, of seven pieces of cannon each, be, gan to play about eight in the morning with great success; and a battery of nine mortar-pieces, which had been put in order by the Sieur de Vigny, began about noon to cast its bombs against a platform of the bastion on the right; and we dismounted three pieces of a battery of four pieces, which the besieged had erected there, and from whence they fired very vigorously. The same day a battery of five pieces, which was upon the hill of Bonnevoye, began also to play. We raised one of two pieces upon the rising ground, which looks into the Fauxbourg of Gromp, and we continued to work upon one of fifteen on the hill of Paffendal; which was finished with the loss only of nine soldiers killed, and seven or eight wounded, with three or four officers.
In the evening, the Sieur de Joyeuse, lieutenant-general for the day, the Marquis de Renti, marshal de camp, and the Sieur de Refuge, brigadier of foot, relieved the Marquis de Genlis, the Sieur d' Erlac, and the Sieur de Josseaux, with the two battalions of Piedmont; the first battalion of Auvergne, and the first battalion of the royal Roussillon, which entered the trenches in the place of the two battalions of Navarre, and the two of Vaubecourt and Conti. In the night there was carried on a third trench, parallel to the second, about thirty paces from the first covered-way, which comprehended all the outworks of the attack. The besieged burnt this night the other part of the Fauxbourg of Paffendal; and fired also at us briskly with their musquets.
All the following day they played upon us with their cannon, and yet killed us but about seven or eight men, and wounded ten or twelve. The same day, viz. the 11th, the besiegers finished their battery of fifteen pieces, and with their cannon and bombs intirely ruined the platforms and defences of the bastion on the right.
In the evening, the Count de St. Geran, lieutenant-general, and the Marquis de Nesle, brigadier of foot, relieved the Sieur de Joyeuse, and the Sieur de Refuge, who were on the right hand of the great attack; and the Chevalier de Tilladet, marshal de camp, relieved the Marquis de Renti, who was on the left. The trenches were mounted on the right by two battalions of Normandy, who took the post of the two battalions of Piedmont; and the battalions of Lyonnois and Turenne relieved on the left the battalions of Auvergne and the royal. The trench, which comprehended all the outworks of the place, was carried on within twenty paces of the first open way. The Sieur de Vigny made a battery an hundred and fifty paces to the left, from the first he had made, to ruin with bombs the platform and batteries which were upon the bastion on the left. The lieutenant of the grenadiers of Normandy, a sub-lieute. rant of Enguien, and nine soldiers were slain, and six or seven wounded.
The morrow, being the 12th, the other batteries were finished, and thirty-eight pieces of cannon, and fifteen mortar-pieces, began that day to play continually. The same day about noon, a cannonbullet of the besieged's set on fire thirty bombs of the besiegers, which were on the Sieurde Vigny's first battery: seven gunners and two soldiers were killed, and there were six grievously wounded. The Sieur de Caillemote, second son of the Marquis de Ruvigny, was wounded in the throat with a musquet-shot.
In the evening, the Marquis de Lambert, lieutenant-general, the Sieur de Rubantel, and the Marquis de Crenan, relieved the general officers which were in the trenches; two battalions of the marine relieved the post on the right hand, and two battalions of the queen's relieved the post on the left. During the night the besiegers lodged themselves on the causey of the covered-way; and there was a communication made from one lodgment to the other. The work was carried on at the attack of Bonnevoye, within thirty paces of the ditch, on the side of the gate of Thionville, where a battery of five pieces was raised. At the same time we advanced five of the great battery of Paffendal, for to batter on the reverse the bastion and outworks of the great attack on the left, and to beat down the gate of Paffendal. There was opened at the attack of Gromp, within twenty paces of the ditch, a trench, parallel to the front, which has upon one and the same line four towers, and which faces the hill of Cromp: we brought down the battery which was upon this hill, with a design to beat in pieces the gate of this Fauxbourg, and so to be able to dismount two pieces which were on a platform within an hundred paces on the right hand of this gate, and which much incommoded the besiegers. We seized on a church, within half a musquet-shot of the place, situated upon a rising ground between Gromp and Paffendal, the enemy not making any resistance. Fifty men were left there to keep it. There was this night a serjeant killed, with about ten soldiers, and twenty wounded.
13th. In the morning, a soldier of the place came into the camp. He told us, that the Prince de Chimay had been obliged to commit the defence of the outworks to the townsmen, and to draw the soldiers into the town, for fear of their running away. About noon the besieged sprang two little mines under a lodgment we had made on the right hand, upon the causey of the first covered-way: there were three soldiers slain, and about fifteen wounded.
In the evening, the Count du Plessis, lieutenant-general, the Sieur de Gournay, marshal de camp, and the Sieur de Maumont, brigadier of foot, relieved the general officers in the trenches: a battalion of Bourbonnoig, one of Humieres, one of the Crown, and one of Languedoc, relieved those which were at the great attack. The Marquis de Humieres, only son to the Marshal de Humieres, was slain by a musquet-shot, which hit him in the head. About midnight, four parties of grenadiers, of ten men,
each, had order to enter at the same time, by four several places, into the first covered way, to settle themselves therein, if they found not too great resistance; and to seize on a redoubt, called the Redoubt of St. Mary, which is between the two covered-ways: but, after they had borne a violent charge of musquets, grenadoes, and fire-works, they were forced to retreat, because this redoubt was revested in the same manner as the ditch, wherein there was a caponiere filled with musqueteers, and because there was no getting into it but by a gallery under ground, the end whereof joined to covered-way nearest the place.
Thus were we obliged to proceed along by digging as far as the palisadoes, whence we carried on a lodgment in the covered-way, which the besiegers extended on the right and left of the bottom of the ditch of the redoubt; and the miners, to overthrow it, wrought under the ditch. At the attack on the left, our men lodged themselves on the causey of the covered-way, whence was a communication made to the lodgment on the right. A lieutenant of the royal regiment was killed, with three Serjeants, nine or ten soldiers, and five cannoniers; and a captain with about twenty soldiers wounded. In the evening, the posts of the trenches were relieved by the Marquis de Genlis, Lieutenant-general, the Marquis d'Uxellcs, Marshal de Camp, and the Duke de la Ferte, brigadier of foot, with two battalions of Champagne, that of la Ferte, and one of Orleans. There was finished, on the right-hand of the great attack, the lodgment in the covered-way, upon the brink of the ditch of the redoubt, where the miners could not easily go on, because of the rock they there met with. We brought on two pieces of cannon, endeavouring to break the communication of the redoubt with the second covered-way. On the left-hand of the attack, was sent forth a detachment of grenadiers of la Ferte, to see if the enemies had quitted the first covered-way on that side. They could not come to know it, because the enemies were there couched on their bellies, and, at the appearance of our men, rose, and oliged them to retire: ten of the grenadiers were slain, and two mortally wounded; the captain had his arm broken, and the sub-lieutenant was wounded: the Marquis de Genlis's aid-de-camp received a mortal wound, and two officers of Orleans were slightly wounded. 15th. Three fugitives from the place related, that the governor of the town, the Prince de Chimay, was that night wounded in the leg, and that the major was killed. That day we advanced two batteries, each of two pieces of cannon, for to batter a redoubt, which is near the two covered-ways on the left; and, in the mean time, we played the most advantageously we could from the batteries that were in condition, for to ruin the outworks and defences of the bastion on the same side: we seized also two redoubts on the backside of Paffendal, which the cannon of the besiegers had very much damaged.
In the evening the guard of the trenches was relieved by the Sieur de Joyeuse, the Count de Broglio, and the Sieur de Josseaux, with the two battalions of Navarre, that of Vaubecourt, and that of Conti, ia the head whereof was the Prince de Conti: The Marquis