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or tickets, of one hundred pounds each, amounting in the whole to ten thousand.

3. That these tickets be made current, according to their value,by act of parliament.

4. That these tickets be pieces, or plates, or medals of silver, coined, or stamped, in the best manner, to avoid counterfeiting, and each having its number fairly stamped upon it.

5. That each of them be affixed, or appended, under a seal, to a pocket-book.

6. In this book shall be written, to whom, and by whom, the ticket was first delivered, with all the assignments afterward.

7. That no man shall be obliged to take them at first from the king, but with the allowance of five/;er cent, nor shall the king's receivers be obliged to take them back at their full value, till after a year from their first delivery.

8. That, when these tickets are brought in, at the end of the five years, they, that bring them in, shall likewise have the allowance of five per cent.. So that they are first taken at ninety-five pounds, and paid back at last at a hundred and five

9. If any of those tickets be lost, yet he that had it, to have the benefit of it at the five years end, he proving that it was delivered or assigned to him, and there being no proof that it was farther assigned.

10. The form of the pocket-book may be this:

Number I.
March 1, 1691. Delivered to A. B. of the city of London,

merchant: By me, C. D. the officer's name.
April 17, 1692. Assigned to Sir E. F. of S. in the county of

Kent, knight: By me, A. B.
June 24, 1692. Assigned to G. H. of the city of London,

goldsmith: By me, J. K. executor of Sir E. F.

Here now is money taken up for the publick service, at ten per cent, for five years, which is two percent, yearly.

The first five per cent, will take the tickets cleverly out of the king's hands, without any appearance of hardship to the subject, and it will set them fairly afloat. The five per cent, at last will secure those that take them from being left in the lurch; it will make them not afraid, but desirous, to have them at the five years end; and it will keep up their value and reputation during the whole time.

These tickets will be a treasure that can be neither stolen, nor lost; for they will be of no value, more than the medal, save only to those who have the right to them.

They will be a good supply for the money we have lately lost, and money will then be less needful. Great sums will be paid with tickets, and lesser sums with money.

Perhaps, hereafter, when we have seen the way of it, we may, in the same manner, take up greater sums, at easier interest, and for .jnore years.

But, I doubt, it will not be convenient, that the amount of these tickets should ever exceed the half of our running cash, though we could have them without interest. A moderate quantity of them will impede our money; but too great a quantity would drive it quite away.

I must add one thing more to the foregoing part of this discourse; and that is, that when a land-tax is granted, there should a poll-tax go along with it: That so, the whole kingdom being concerned, every man in it may contribute something. The land-tax draws hard from those that have estates, and the poll-tax will draw something (though a general excise would insensibly draw more) from those that have them not. And surely when the men of estates bear the main of the burden, and put their shoulders to it; it is but reasonable, that the common people also should each of them lend a finger. They ought not therefore to complain, if, for every shilling in the pound which the land-tax rises to, there be twelve-pence a head laid upon men, and upon the women six-pence. Thus a great difference is here made, as it ought, between women and men. For there is no reason that women should pay equal, when they do not get half so much. And I have the rather designed them some little ease in this matter; because I think our nation hath been too valiant, in making hard laws against women.

When I speak of so much a head, my meaning is, that it should be upon all alike, both high and low. Or, if any difference be made, it should be only some such difference as this, that gentlemen, and all so reputed, should pay double or treble to common men.

It seems a great mistake, that a poll-tax should run high upon degrees, and titles, and dignities, especially if a land-tax likewise be then on foot; for, generally, they, that have titles, have also estates, which pay to the land-tax. If a land-tax come to two shillings in the pound, and there be a poll-tax proportionable, a common person pays two shillings for his head, and a knight of a thousand a year pays a hundred pounds for his estate; and it seems very hard, that he should pay ten pounds more for his title. Why should we lay more upon those, that have their load already?

And, though there were no land-tax on foot, yet a poll-tax, that runs upon titles and dignities, is of all others the most unjust, because it is the most unequal. It is very unequal and unjust, that an esquire, not worth a hundred pounds, should pay as much as ona woith live thousand a vear.





Under the Conduct of his Excellency Christopher Codrington, Captain-General and Commander in Chief of the said Forces, in the Years 1689 and 1690. Written by Thomas Spencer, Junior, Secretary to the Honourable Sir Timothy Thornhill, Baronet, to whose Regiment he was Muster-Master, and supplied the Place of Commissary. London, printed in 1691. Quarto, containing fourteen Pages.

To the Right Honourable Edward Russel, Admiral of their Majesties Fleet for the Year 1691, Treasurer of their Majesties Navy, and one of the Lords of their Majesties most Honourable Privy-Council.

Right honourable,

M. Might justly imagine myself to be thought rude and impertinent, when I first presumed to tender this account to your honour; and I should never have adventured upon so great a boldness, if I had not thought it really my duty to present it to your honour's view. And the reason which moved me to it was, because the most notable actions herein related, as the taking of St. Christophers, and St. Eustace, were the immediate success of part of that royal navy, which your honour now happily commands in chief; I mean that squadron commanded by Admiral Wright in the West Indies, without which it had been utterly impossible for the English to have enterprised any thing in those parts. For their majesties islands there were so depopulated by a raging mortality, that the surviving inhabitants were even harrassed with a daily fatigue to defend themselves. Upon this motive, joined with the consideration of the innate generosity, which is generally found in all persons so nobly and honourably descended as yourself; but is so peculiar to the most noble family of Bedford, and with which (as you are a principal branch thereof, so) you are principally adorned; I first assumed the boldness to address your honour with a copy of this relation; and the high favour you were pleased to vouchsafe me, in your perusal and approbation of it, when it was a manuscript, hath encouraged me not only to send it to the press, but hath also emboldened me to implore your patronage to countenance it, with which it will be sufficiently honoured and defended, and may boldly appear in publick. But, for the return of so high an obligation, as it transcends the utmost of my hopes to accomplish, so I must confess my incapacity to make any farther advances towards it, than an humble and grateful acknowledgment, which shall ever be paid with the strictest observance, by him who craves leave to subscribe himself,

Right honourable,
Your honour's most humbly devoted and obedient servant,

Thomas Spencer.

The design of this small treatise is to give a succinct relation of the proceedings of their majesties forces, in the Caribbee islands; and, in a plain and compendious method, a faithful narrative of the most remarkable transactions, from the beginning of the war, to this present time: Only I must desire to be excused, in the omission of noting the particular days of the month in some places, the loss of some papers having forced me to be less exact in the performance of that, than I could wish; but, as this is not absolutely material and per se, but only circumstantial and per accident, I presume it may the more easily be pardoned.

But, before I fall upon the intended matter, I think it not amiss to shew the first grounds and reasons of the differences which have happened in those parts. Be pleased then to know, that the island of St.Christophers hath formerly been a stage of war between the English and French: But, of late years, matters being accommodated, and the island divided between them, they have each of them lived under their own government, and an act of neutrality hath passed by the consent of both their kings, to the intent they might there enjoy a quiet and uninterrupted peace, notwithstanding any wars that might happen between the two crowns in Europe. But the French, being a fickle and inconstant people, broke through all those considerations; and, before the wars were proclaimed between England and France, prompted by some private animosities of their own, and animated by the instigations and impulsions of some Irish upon the island, in the month of July, 1689, entered the English ground with fire and sword, forcing the inhabitants to fiy to the fort for their safety.

The English, being in this distress, applied themselves to the government of Barbadoes for assistance; upon which application, the honourable Sir Timothy Thornhill, baronet, offered himself, to go at the head of a regiment to their relief; to which the governor, council, and assembly assenting, the drums beat up for voluntiers, and, in less than a fortnight, there was raised a regiment of sevenhundred able men, all which (the commissioned officers excepted) were fitted with arms, &c. for the said expedition, at the cost and charges of the island of Barbadoes, convenient vessels being also pro. Tided, for the transporting them to the island of St. Christopher's.

All things being in a readiness, they embarked and set sail on Thursday the first of August; and, on Monday following, being the fifth of the said month, they armed at the island of Antigua, where they received the unwelcome news, that the fort at St.Christopher's was surrendered to the French, on Monday the twenty-ninth of July, upon articles, and the English sent oil' to the adjacent island of Nevis.

Affairs being thus stated, Sir Timothy Thornhill knowing his strength to be inconsiderable to attack an island so well manned and fortified as St. Christopher's; and the government of Antigua also sollicking him to continue with them till the arrival of the En. glish fleet, which was daily expected; he agreed to their proposals, and landed his regiment there, quartering them in the town of FaL mouth.

After a month's continuance in the said island, Lieutenant-general Codrington sent three sloops, manned with fourscore of SirTimothy's regiment, under the command of Captain Edward Thorne, to fetch their majesties subjects, with their goods and stock, from the island of Anguilla, where they were miserably abused and destroyed, by some Irish which the French had put on shore amongst them. Before, and during Sir Timothy's stay in Antigua, the Indians of the neighbouring islands, who were in league with the French, landed several times upon the said island, killing those inhabitants that lived near to the sea (to the number of ten) and then making their escape in their swift periaquas, notwithstanding the best sailing sloops were sent in pursuit of them; but, by the diligence of the lieutenant-general, in placing guards at all the bays and landing places, those in. cursions were afterwards prevented.

About the middle of September, a French privateer, landed at Five islands, near Antigua, had taken off some negroes; and, in his going away, met with two English sloops, one of which, after some resistance, he took. The other, making her escape, came in, and gave an account of the action; upon which, Sir Timothy sent out two sloops, manned with a company of grenadiers, under the command of Captain Walter Hamilton, who next day brought her in with her prize. On board the privateer (besides thirty French) were six Irish, whowere tried by a court-martial, and four of them deservedly executed.

At this time, a dreadful mortality raging in the island of Nevis, especially among the men, which had reduced that sex to a moiety of its usual nnmber, forced the inhabitants to make their addresses to Sir Timothy, who now had received a commission for major-general, to bring his regiment down thither for their defence, their island lying within two leagues of St. Christopher's, and in daily expectation of being attacked. The major-general weighing their necessity, after the violence of the distemper was abated, in the month of November, removed his regiment thither, incamping them upon a commodious plain, close adjoining to a river.

In the beginning of December, the lieutenant-general, coming down to Nevis, called a general council of war, in which it was de.

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