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of the devil went to the post house, and asked, if I had not a great number of letters there? and they said, Yes, more than I had sent thither in a whole year before. Then said the prince, ' By order
* from the king, you must deliver them all to me:' which they durst not deny, for they knew well enough who he was. And no sooner was he got into the post-house, and had asked these questions, but I came also in after him, to give order to the post-master to give notice to all those under him, in the several parts of the kingdom, that they should take care to deliver my letters with all speed imaginable. But I was no sooner entered the house, but he gave his servants order to secure the door, and said confidently to me, ' You
* must, by order from the king, give me the commission, which you 'have forced from him.' I told him I had it not about me, but would go and fetch it, thinking to get from him, and so go out of town, and send the contents of those letters another time; but he said, ' You must give it me; and, if you have it not about you, send * somebody to fetch it, or else never expect to go alive out of my 'hands; for I have an order from the king either to bring it, or * break your neck; and I am resolved either to carry back that to
* him in my hand, or your heart's blood on the point of my sword.' I would have made my escape, but he set his sword to my breast, and said, ' You must give it me, or die; therefore deliver it, or else f this goes through your body.'
So, when I saw nothing else would do, I put my hand in my pocket and gave it him; which he carried immediately to the king, and gave him that and all my letters, which they burnt: and, being all done, the king said, now his heart was at ease. Now how he should be eased by the devil, or so well satisfied with a false joy, I cannot tell: but this I know, that it was a very wicked and ungodly action, as well in his majesty, as the Prince of Conde, and did not a little increase the burthen and danger of his majesty's sins. I soon gave an account of this affair to several fathers of our society, who pro, mised to do their best to prevent the aforesaid prince's doing such another act; which was accordingly done, for, within the space of six days after the damned action, he was poisoned, and well he deserved it. The king also did suffer too, but in another fashion, for disclosing the design to the prince, and hearkening to his counsel. And many a time since, when I have had him at confession, I have shook hell about his ears, and made him sigh, fear, and tremble, before I would give him absolution; nay, more than that, I have made him beg for it on his knees, before I would consent to absolve him. By this, I saw that he had still an inclination to me, and was willing to be under my government: so I set the baseness of the action before him, by telling the whole story, and how wicked it was; and that it could not be forgiven, till he had done some good action to balance that, and expiate the crime. Whereupon, he at last asked me what he must do 1 I told him, that he must root out all the hereticks from his kingdom: so, when he saw there was no rest for him, without doing it, he did again give them all into the power of me and our clergy, under this condition, that we would not murder them, as he had before given orders, but that we should by fair means, or force, convert them to the Catholick religion J to which end he gave us his dragoons to be at our devotion and service, that we might use them as we saw convenient, to convert them to the true religion. Now, when we had got the commission, we presently put it in practice, and, what the issue of it hath been, you very well know. But, now in England, the work cannot be done after this manner, as you may perceive by what I have said to you; so that I cannot give you better counsel, than to take that course in hand wherein we were so unhappily prevented; and I doubt not, but that it may have better success with you than with us.
I would write to you of many other things, but that I fear I have already detained you too long; wherefore I shall write ne more at present, but that I am
Your friend and servant,
La. Cha0e. Paris, July 8th, 1688.
THE CAUSES AND MANNER OF DEPOSING
POPISH KING IN SWEDEN,
London, printed for R. Baldwin in the Old Baily, 1688. Folio, containing two Pages.
'L'STAVUS Ericson King of Sweden, having settled the reformed religion in Sweden, and reigned thirty-eight years, left his kingdom to his son Erick, who, for his cruelty and ill government, was deposed, and his whole line exhereditated, to make way for John Duke of Finland, his younger brother.
John had a son, called Sigismond, who being secretly bred up in the Romish religion by his mother, who was of the Sagellonian royal family of Poland, was, in his father's time, elected king of Poland.
The said King John had also a younger brother, called Charles Duke of Sudermania, Nericia, &c. and a younger son of his owi same, called, Duke of Ostrogothia. King John died in the year 1592, in the absence of King Sigismond, his eldest son; during which, Charles, Duke of Sudermania, his uncle, at the desire of the States, took upon him the government: but sent to invite his nephew Sigismond, to come and take possession of his native kingdom, as soon as might be: promising in the mem . vol. U. Q
time, to keep all quiet, and intimating, that he hoped his majesty, when in possession, would maintain all in the true religion and divine worship, and preserve the laws of Sweden.
At the end of the year he arrived in Sweden,having in his company Francesco Malespina the Pope's legate, who hindered him long from consenting to any security, either for religion or property; but finding the coronation would be obstructed without that, he gave way, as having yet, as the historian says, one starting-hole remaining, which was, that faith was not to be kept towards hereticks. In the mean time, he himself would have crowned the king in the cathedral at Upsal,but was opposed by the Archbishop of Upsal, whose right it was, even if that kingdom had been Popish.
The coronation being over, which had been delayed above a year, during which time, several secret attempts had been made upon Charles, Duke of Sudermania, to make him away, King Sigismond, contrary to his coronation oath, erected a Popish church in the capital city: made a great man of his religion, governor of the castle of Stockholm, in which the records of the chancery, and the arms and ammunition of the kingdom were kept, and in the port, were the best part of the royal navy, under command of the castle.
A certain Jesuit, called Adam Steinhall, obtained the Arcentian temple, and the Queen's island, with the Vastheman monastery, which was presently filled with Romish priests.
Sigismond, also by his followers and attendants, continually af. fronted the established religion, and was sending into Poland, for a body of forces, able to subdue the kingdom, upon which discontentments grew so high, that he hastily withdrew thither himself.
He left Sweden in confusion, having only for form's sake, writ to his uncle Charles, to assume the administration jointly with the senate: but, at the same time, leaving others with greater power, both in Sweden and Finland, as appeared when he was gone.
Charles, Duke of Sudermania, to avoid discord and confusion, Called a convention at Sudertopia, which was opened with an oath of allegiance to King Sigismond, and did likewise assert the kingdom's right, to have the coronation oath performed; which having been violated in the tender point of religion, they redressed the grievance, and suppressed the exercise of the Romish religion, banishing all priests and preachers of the same, and the ancient incumbents of the Vastheman monastery were restored.
Then they desired the Duke Charles, to accept of the administration, for the good of the kingdom, which he did. Then began a treaty between Sigismond, and the convention, with Duke Charles at the head of it, which was by Sigismond spun out, and obstructed with much artifice; at length the convention made several decrees for security of religion and property, and entered into an association, for the defence of them, which they desired the king to confirm, and gave six weeks time to all that dissented, to submit, on pain of being declared enemies to the publick peace.
They invited him home, to return in a peaceable manner, and fettle the other affairs of his native kingdom; but instead of that, he invaded them with an army of eight-thousand horse and foot, and a. hundred sail, to which several Swedes joined themselves, whom he had gained with money.
An agreement was endeavoured, and, after much intercourse of negotiation, both armies being near one another, it was consented to on both sides, that twelve of the nobility of each side should meet and decide the whole controversy. But by the persuasion of the Jesuits, the royal army in the night, conducted by Weyerus, set upon the ducal camp; in which onset, several thousands were slain, but at last the king and all his army had been cut off, had they not called out for peace, which the duke yet hearkened to.
An agreement followed, in which the king demanded to be supplied with a navy to go to Stockholm, promising there to rail an assembly of the States; but he no sooner had the shipping, but he sailed away for Calmar, in which place he left a garison of foreign. ers, and then continued his voyage to Dantzick.
The king being gone, an assembly of the States met at Stockholm, where they declared King Sigismond fallen from the crown and government, and were so inclined to continue the succession, that they offered to receive his son, Prince Vladislaus, provided he might be sent home, bred up a Protestant, and committed to the guardian. ship of Duke Charles, but Sigismond refused it.
Afterwards another parliament met at Lincopia, and there they first did expresly renounce King Sigismond, and his government, as also his laws.
Then they acknowledged Duke Charles of Sudermania, for their lawful king, and after him settled the crown upon his son Gustavus Adolphus, and his heirs male.
Duke John concurred with the parliament, and renounced his pretence to the crown, and was content to come in after the line of Duke Charles.
The daughter and sister of Sigismond were also rejected.
Then followed the coronation of King Charles, in the year 1607, by the name of Charles the Ninth.
These were the proceedings in Sweden, whereupon I shall only make these few short reflexions:
I. That the Swedes were desirous, to the last degree, to preserve the succession, according to one part of the laws of the kingdom, provided that might be done, without overturning all the rest; they were wise enough to preserve laws, while laws preserved the nation, which is the true end of all laws, but no longer.
II. That King Sigismond, according to the spirit of his religion, where ever it is grown up to bigotry, broke through his oaths, and all rules of justice and morality, when they crossed the insatiable ambition of his priests.
III. That though the Swedes, when they found that they could not keep their king, his direct heirs, their religion and liberties, all together, resolved to part with the former, they were forced to be very cautious, and endeavour to gain time by treaties, to unite themselves against Sigismond, who had Poland and several allies to back him; without which considerations, the prudence, they shewed
. on this affair, may assure us, they would not hare suffered the government in so loose a posture, so long as they did.
IV. That the Swedes knowing, that it is impossible on any occa. lion, that all men should be of the same mind, wisely ordained, that the minor part should submit to the major, or be declared enemies to the publick peace. And sure this example will be followed, where-ever reasonable and disinterested men meet on the like occa. sions; for sure no body can deny, but that it is better for any nation, that some laws should be made, and others broken, against the opinion of the minor part, than that all laws, morality, and good nature, should give place to passion, injustice, and cruelty, through their obstinacy.
Now may God Almighty open the eyes of all Englishmen to see, and their hearts to embrace this truth.
LAST WILL OF GEORGE FOX, THE QUAKERS GREAT APOSTLE,
NOW LYING IN THE PREROGATIVE-OFFICE,
BY DOCTORS-COMMONS, LONDON;
Attested by three eminent Quakers, whose Names are nndennen. tioned: With a Copy of the Administration in Latin, taken out of the said Office, signed by Thomas Wellham, Deputy-Register, containing two columns; that on the left-hand, being the Original, in his false English and Spelling; the other, on the right, hand, put into true English, the Original being unintelligiblePublished to convince the World, That he who made this Will, and could not write one Line of true English (and yet pretended high Skill in the Learned Languages, witness his Battledoor, and Primer to the two Universities; who said, in his Battledoor,' All Languages were no more to me than Dust, who was, before Languages were') is not the Author of any one Page in all those Books, which the Quakers have impudently published under his Name. Printed on a Broad-side
E Registro Curite Prwrogativoe A Copy of the Will of George Cant. Extract. Fox, in true English, the Ori.
Jginal being unintelligible.
Boe give to Thomas Lover T
my sadell, the ar at Jhon Nel- X. Do give to Thomas Lower my
-sons, and bridall, and sporg and saddle and bridle, they are at bootes, inward letherethd,and the John Elson's, and spurs and
• Endorsed on tlie first paper, numb. 1, Tor Thomas Lover, this.