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two days and two nights together; in which bad weather there were lost above five-hundred horse, and a vessel parted from the fleet, wherein were four hundred foot, supposed to be lost, but now known to be arrived at the Texel, tho' grievously shattered and torn by the storm; two of the prince's principal men of war were forced to new rig at Helvetsluce.
The prince, immediately on his return back, informed the States of the condition of the fleet (which was not so damnified as was represented by the vulgar and ignorant) who, thereupon, to lull a great man * a-sleep, the States, or some one employed by them, ordered that the Haerlem and Amsterdam Courantier should make a dismal story of it, by representing to the world, that the prince returned with his fleet miserably shattered and torn, having lost nine men of war, and divers others of less concern; a thousand horse ruined; a calenture among the seamen; the loss of Dr. Burnet, and the chief ministers under the prince; the ill opinion the States had of the expedition; in short, that one hundred thousand pounds would not repair the damage sustained; and, almost next to an impossibility, that the prince should be in a condition to pursue his design, till the spring. And yet at the same time all hands were at work to repair the damaged ships, which were inconsiderable; so that in eight days time they were all re-fitted. The signal being given by the discharge of a gun, all the fleet immediately weighed anchor, and stood out at sea, steering their course northwards, all that night; next day upon tide of ebb, they made a stretch, and made a watch above a league, and then stood westward, and lay all night in the same posture, not making two leagues a watch.
In the middle of the night, an advice-boat brought us an account, that the English fleet, consisting of thirty-three sail, lay to the westward of ours. Upon which the prince fired a gun, which caused a great consternation in the whole fleet; we, having a brisk easterly wind, concluded ourselves to be all ruined; but the small advice boats, cruising for a more certain account of the English, brought us back word, that, instead of the English fleet, which the former advice had alarmed us with, it was Admiral Herbert with part of our fleet, which had been separated some hours from the body of our fleet: upon whose arrival great rejoicing was among us all, and a signal of joy was given for it by the prince.
In the morning, about eight, the prince gave a signal, that the admiral should come aboard him. Immediately after the whole fleet was got into the North Foreland, upon which the prince gave the usual sign of danger (according to the printed book) and ordered that the fleet should all come up in a body, some fifteen or sixteen deep, his highness leading the van in the ship the Brill (in English, Spectacles): his flag was English colours; the motto, impaled thereon, was, 'The Protestant Religion, and Liberties of England,' and underneath, instead of Dieu et Man droit, was, ' and I will maintain it'.
The council of war, from on board the prince, sent three small frigates into the mouth of the Thames, viz. the Porpus, Posti
• hnti II.
Imai, and Mercury; who, on their return, brought us word, that the English fleet lay in the buoy of the Nore, consisting of thirty. four sail, and three more which lay in the Downs. The wind continuing at E. N. E.
The prince immediately thereupon gave another signal of stretching the whole fleet in a line, from Dover to Calais, twenty-five deep; to that our fleet reached within a league of each place; the flanks and rear were guarded by our men of war. This sight would have ravished the most curious eyes of Europe. When our fleet was in its greatest splendor, the trumpets and drums playing various tunes to rejoice our hearts; this continued for above three, bouts.
Immediately after the prince gave us a sign to close, and sailed that night as far as Beach, and commanded us to follow the signal by lights he had hung out to us, viz. all the small sail should come up to him by morning.
By the morning-day we espied the Isle of Wight, and then the prince ordered the fleet to be drawn into the same posture, as before related; yet not stretching above half channel over, in this place. About five in the morning we made the Start, the wind chopping about to the westward; upon which we stood fair by Dartmouth, and so made for Torbay, where the prince again ordered the whole fleet into the same posture as at Dover and Calais.
Upon his arrival at Torbay, the people on land, in great numbers, welcomed his highness with loud acclamations of joy.
Immediately after the prince gave two signals, that the admirals should come a-board him, which they did; and then ordered, that the whole fleet should come to an anchor, and immediately land; and further ordered, that the admirals should stand out at sea, as a guard, as well as the smaller men of war, to attend and guard their landing; and also ordered six men of war to run in to guard Torbay.
The prince then put out a red flag at the mizen-yard-arm, and provided to land in sixty boats, laid ready for that purpose: upon which the prince signified, that General Mackay with his six regiments of English and Scotch should first land; and also, that the little Porpus, with eighteen guns, should run a-ground, to secure their landing. But there was no opposition; for the people bid us heartily welcome to England, and gave us all manner of provisions for our refreshment.
The fifth of November (a day never to be blotted out of the Englishman's heart) the prince caused to be landed about two thousand. On the sixth we landed as many horse and foot as we could possibly, and so continued the seventh: the country bringing in all manner of provision, both for man and horse, and were paid their price honestly for it.
The prince the same day commanded Captain M to search the Lady Cary's House, at Tor-Abby, for arms and horses; and so all other houses which were Roman Catholicks. The lady, enter, uiaing them civilly, said her husband was gone to Plymouth: they brought from thence some horses and a few arms, but gave no further disturbance to the lady or her house. Nor shall it be forgotten, what was faithfully acted at this lady's house, immediately on our arrival at Torbay: there were a priest and some others with him upon a watch tower, to discover what our fleet was, whether French or Dutch. At last they discovered the white flags on some of our men of war; the ignorant priest concluded absolutely we were the French fleet, which,with great impatience, they had so long expected; and, having laid up great provisions for their entertainment, the priest ordered all to the chapel to sing Te Deum, for the arrival of their supposed forces; but, being soon undeceived on our landing, we found the benefit of their provisions: and, instead of vostre servi. ture Monsieur, they were entertained with^een Mynheer, can you Dutch spraken; upon which they all run away from the house, but the lady and a few old servants.
The whole army, to the best of my knowledge, consisted of eighteen thousand horse, three thousand dragoons, and one thousand eight hundred foot, besides a thousand voluntier persons of quality, horse well equipped, and about five hundred horse for carriage.
November the eighth, the prince came from Chudleigh, towards Exeter, with the greatest part of his army attending him, and, about one of the clock, entered at the west-gate of the city, welcomed with loud acclamations of the people.
The manner of his publick entrance into Exeter was as follows.
1. The right honourable the Earl of M with two hundred horse, the most part of which were English gentlemen richly mounted on Flanders steeds, managed and used to war, in head-pieces, back and breast, bright armour.
2. Two hundred blacks brought from the plantations of the Netherlands in America, having on embroidered caps lined with white fur, and plumes of white feathers, to attend the horse.
3. Two-hundred Finlanders or Laplanders in bear-skins taken from the wild beasts they had slain, the common habit of that cold climate, with black armour, and broad flaming swords.
4. Fifty gentlemen, and as many pages to attend and support the prince's banner, bearing this inscription, God and the Protestant religion.
5. Fifty led horses, all managed and brought up to the wars, with two grooms to each horse.
6. After these rode the prince on a milk-white palfrey, armed cap-a-pee, a plume of white feathers on his head, all in bright armour, and forty-two footmen running by him.
7. After his highness followed likewise on horseback two hundred gentlemen and pages.
8. Three-thousand Switzers with fuzees,
fi. Five hundred voluntiers, each two led horses.
10. His captain and guards six-hundred, armed cap-a-pef.
The rest of the army brought up the rear.
That night the prince lay at the deanery, having before ordered the advanced guard to march to Clist-heath, and settled the quarters of the army; which was done so much to the content and satisfaction of the inhabitants in, and about the city, and such just payments made for what the soldiers had, and such civil behaviour among them, without swearing and damning and debauching of women, as is usual among some armies, that it is to admiration to behold. I am sure, Sir, I was an eye-witness of the whole order, and, when we marched away from this city, their joy was turned into dulness and cloudiness.
On the ninth the prince commanded Dr. Burnet to order the priest-vicars of the cathedral, not to pray for the Prince of Wales, and to make use of no other prayer for the king, but what is in the second service, which they refused to observe, till they were forced and very severely threatened; the bishop and the dean being then gone from the city.
About twelve this day, notice was given to the canons, and all the vicars, choral and singing lads, to attend in the cathedral immediately, for that the prince would be there; and Dr. Burnet ordered them, as soon as the prince entered into the quire, they should sing Te Deum, which was observed. The prince sat in the bishop's chair, and all his great officers attending on him. After Te Deum was sung, Dr. Burnet, in a seat under the pulpit, read aloud the prince's declaration, and reasons for this his expedition; when this was over, the prince returned to the deanery.
The baggage was many days bringing from Torbay, but the ammunition, both arms for foot and horse, and the artillery, were brought into Topsham Road, and there, by boats and other carriages landed; the field-pieces were sent after the army at Clist-heath, the brass cannon remaining some of them in Exon.
The greatest part of the army were ordered to march forward to Ottery and Honyton,and in several parties were ordered to divers places in the county. One party was sent to the North of Devon, for horses, which were bought at excessive rates. From Roman Catholicks, they took horses without money; and many gentlemen, who might have had money, refused, as the bishop's son, and divers others.
On Sunday, Dr. Burnet preached at the cathedral on this text, Psalm cvii. last verse. Ferguson preached in the Presbyterian meeting-house, but was fain to force his way with his sword up to the pulpit, for even the old Presbyter himself could not away with the breath of his brother Ferguson in his diocese: his text was in Psalm xciv. 'Who will rise up for me, against evil doers.' I heard one of that gang say, that his discourse came, very much under the lash of the 25th of Edward the Third; he is not much regarded by any of the prince's retinue.
Sir William W who had been at Ford with the prince, to
see Sir William C , were both refused to be seen of him. One
Major M , and Sir Will were in commission to make new
levies, which was carried on vigorously, and many enlisted under
them: But Sir W , it seems, began to use an old trade of taking
money for quarters: complaint was made thereof to the prince, and they were discarded, and the men disbanded to seek for new officers. But Sir W does continue under the prince's protection.
The prince was here above three days, before any appearance of gentry came, insomuch that the great officers began to wonder, that the prince should be invited in to England by them, and not to appear to the prince's assistance; but this consternation was soon over, when a considerable body of the gentry came in to him. Some that were for taking off the test and penal laws, they have not appeared as yet. So that now the counties of Cornwall and Devon are in the possession of the gentry thereof, and the prince's army quite marched away.
Pendennis Castle is managed by several gentlemen, who take their turns. Plymouth Fort is declared for the prince's service, by the Earl of B- , who, it seems, was to have been poisoned, by throw
ing white mercury over a leg of mutton (appointed as one dish for his supper) instead of flour: for that, and some other reasons, he secured the Lord H- -, turned out all Papist soldiers, and has
taken in the country soldiers into the fort.
Since which, there is an association among the gentry, worded much after that of my Lord Shaftsbury's.
Mr. Seymour being made Governor of Exeter and the Lord Mordaunt in his absence, there are new levies raising every day; so that this city is almost full of these new regiments, which are hourly disciplining by officers and old soldiers left here by the prince. All their arms are the prince's, and I am told, he brought with him as many as will set out twenty-thousand, both horse and foot. I am apt to believe this to be true, having seen most of what has been landed. All the vessels that brought up the ammunition, &c. are returned again to Torbay, under the guard of the principal men of war, a squadron of which lie now in the sound of Plymouth, and saluted each other with many cannon from the fort and the fleet.
On Sunday last, there was a report that the twenty-thousand French were landed at Porlock in this county, upon which the whole country rose with pikes, spits, scythes, and what weapons they could get, and made away for Exeter, but it proved a false alarm; for there were two small French ships driven by the Dutch fleet a-shore, and the French quitted their vessels and went on land, and were some killed, others sent hither. So that now they are pretty quiet again; but it has given that advantage to the commissioned officers, who are to raise new levies, to pick and chuse amongst them whom they please.
I shall now return again to the prince. When his highness left Exeter, Wednesday Nov. 21, he marched with his own guards, attended by a great many of the gentry both of Somersetshire and Devon to St. Mary Ottery, where he dined; after which he marched to Axminster, where he continued four days; from thence to Crookhorn, where he tarried only one night; from thence to Sherborne,