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*he was afterwards married to Bartholomew Russel, Esquire, of Seaton in the county of Dublin, of the family of the Earls of Bedford. The Lord Thomas Howard, afterwards Earl of Suffolk, second son to Thomas Duke of Norfolk, who so unfortunately lost his life for espousing the interest of the Queen of Scots, married the daughter and heir of Sir Philip Tenevit; whose eldest son was married to the daughter of the Earl of Dunbar; his eldest daughter to the Earl of Salisbury, the second to the Earl of Banbury, and the third to the Earl of Somerset: the eldest had many sons and daughters; the Earl of Berkshire, being the second, married the daughter of Cecil Earl of Salisbury; the third, being Sir Robert Howard of Clun, married the daughter of Nevil Lord Abergavenny. The fourth, who was created Lord Howard of Escrick, married the daughter of the Lord Butler. One of the daughters of the said Earl of Suffolk was married to Percy Earl of Northumberland; another to Boyle Earl of Orrery; one to Villiers, and another to Walsingham; all of which had issue.
But to return to Philip, the eldest son of the Lord William Howard of Naworth, who married into the family of the Carols, by whom he left one son called William, who married the daughter of the Lord Evers, by whom he had sons and daughters; Charles the eldest son, late Earl of Carlisle, having married the daughter of the late Lord Escrick Howard, by whom he had Edward, the present Earl of Carlisle, who married the daughter and heir of Sir William Udal, by whom he hath a hopeful offspring. Also two daughters, one married to the Lord Preston, the other to Sir John Fenwick. Sir Philip Howard, brother to the late Earl of Carlisle, married the daughter of Sir William Newton, by whom he hath one son. Sir Francis Howard, the second son of the Lord William Howard, married the daughter of Sir Henry Widrington, by whom he had heirs; Francis, his eldest son, married the daughter of Sir William Gerrard, by whom he had two daughters; and after married the daughter of John Townly, of Townly, Esquire, by whom he hath issue.
William, the youngest son of Sir Francis, married the daughter of George Dawson, Esquire, hath issue also: Thomas, the second son, having taken religious orders. His eldest son Thomas was slain in the late wars.
Sir Charles, the third son of the Lord William, married also the daughter of Sir Henry Wjddrington, by whom he had heirs; William, the eldest son, being married to the daughter and heir of George Cunningham, Esquire, by whom he had one son Charles, who married the daughter of John Mear, Esquire. Dorothy, the daughter of Sir Charles Howard, married William Salone of Croxdale, in the county of Durham, and hath issue. Another daughter was religious. Colonel Thomas Howard, the fourth son of the Lord William, who so eminently served his king, and lost his life in that service, married Margaret, daughter to Sir William Evers, second son to the Lord Evers, by whom he had one son named Thomas, and six daughJws: Thorais married the daughter and heir of George Heron, of Chip-Chace, Esquire, by whom he hath three daughters. Mary, the eldest daughter of Colonel Thomas Howard, married Ralph Fe, therstonhalgh, of Stanhope, in the county of Durham, of an ancient family in the north; Margaret and Antonia were religious; Catharine married to Nathaniel Lacy, of Deeping, in Lincolnshire, Esquire, whose family were formerly Earls of Lincoln; and after married to Edward Lacy, of Brewry Castle, in the county of Limerick, Esquire, descended from the Earls of Ulster, in Ireland. Teresa, the youngest daughter of Colonel Thomas Howard, was married to Ralph Booth, of the county of Durham, Esquire, of an ancient family, related to the Lord De lamer, bearing the same name and arms, who hath issue. Thus hath this illustrious family spread itself over the three king. doms, and hath acquired so much glory abroad, that, in all places where nobility is known and understood, the name of Howard is honoured. Germany claims it by its original, France by alliance, and Italy by respect; having had that object of honour, Thomas, the great lord marshal among them, whose generous and noble dis. position planted such lasting obligations there, that even in these present times some of his descendants have reaped the benefit. Cou. rage has been so essentially due to this great family, that never any was known of that blood, that did not possess an excessive share of that virtue, which they generally employed in the service of their prince, few of them having been in rebellion; and it is wished they may never sully themselves with so black a crime, and, as they are descended from princes, so they may unite themselves in a true obe. dience to their sovereign, which is the best defence of families; nothing being so fatal as faction and sedition, which has at all times proved a canker to consume them.
THE EARL OF ARGYLE'S LANDING
IN THE NORTH OF SCOTLAND:
With the Particulars of that tshole Transaction,
London, Printed, and are to be sold by Randal Taylor, near Sta. tioners.Hall, 1685, Folio, containing two pages.
J3UCH are the restless practices of those disturbers of government, the fanaticks, and their adherents, that, notwithstanding his majesty's repeated instances of pardon and indulgence, yet they continually
fendeavour to raise commotions and disturbances, though to their inevitable destruction, of which, in a late account from Scotland, we shall particularly inform the reader.
That by the last post we have advice, that three ships of war, though but of small force, were discovered from off the island of Orcades, in the north of Scotland, and touched at a bay, and put two spies a-shore, to discover the posture the country was in, and whether it was convenient to make a descent; but the vigilancy of the governor was such, that the said persons were seized and secured, who not returning at the time appointed to their ships, those on board found themselves discovered, and thereupon thought it not conrenient to land any men there, but steered their course farther northwards; and, approaching to another island of the Orcades, they landed forty men in their sloops, and, surprising a small village, seized upon, and carried away four of the chief inhabitants, and brought them to their ships, and then returned to the island, which had taken two of their men, sending word to the governor, that, unless they would restore them the said two men, they would hang those they had taken at the yard-arm, and all others they should hereafter seize, but were wisely and valiantly answered, that the said governor feared them not; that, in case they offered any violence to the said persons, the like should be returned upon the Earl of Argyle's lady, brother, and relations: and, as for the two persons taken, he would not restore them, but send them forward to Edin. burgh, there to be tried and punished according to their demerit. They are now brought up before the council, and examined, and Spence, one of them, is found to be a hardened sinner, one who had already undergone the torture of the boot, and has formerly had the benefit of his majesty's most gracious pardon. They are sent prisoners to the Tolbooth, and will suddenly be tried before the lords of the justiciary, if the parliament do not take cognisance hereof themselves; and the council forthwith ordered the apprehending the earl's lady, brother, and other relations, by way of reprisal, they having certain knowledge that the Earl of Argyle, wi0i other fugitive traitors, in the late horrid conspiracy against the king and government, were a-board. But, God be praised, their present designs are prevented, and the whole kingdom put into such a posture of defence, that they need not fear the malice of their enemies; and it is hoped by this time some of his majesty's frigates, who went in pursuit of them, have reached them, though they have taken a contrary course, and sailed towards the north of Ireland; but that kingdom also is in a like posture of defence, that they are not able to make any descent there, they being so insignificant in number and strength, unless they are infatuated with the frantick notion of the fifth monarchy men in England, that 'one of them would chace a hundred, and a hundred a thousand'. They displayed a blue flag, with this inscription, Pro Deo ff Patrtu, pretending for God and their country; like the rebels, in the late times, that fought for king and parliament, when their design was to destroy both. This being a true account of the whole transaction, which I thought good to publish, to prevent the many false reports about the same, and to defeat the expectation of the malicious, who cry up their numbers to be many thousands, when they do not make up an hundred.
GIVING AN ACCOUNT OF
CARDINAL POOL'S SECRET POWERS;
From which it appears, that it was never intended to confirm the Alienation that was made of the Abbey-lands. To which are added two Breves that Cardinal Pool brought over, and some other of his Letters, that were never before printed. London, printed for Richard Baldwin, in the Old-Bailey Corner, on Ludgate Hill, 1685. Quarto, containing forty pages.
JL Have fallen on a register of Cardinal Pool's letters, which carries in it all the characters of sincerity possible. The hand and the abbreviatures shew that it was written at that time. It contains not only the two breves that I send along with this, but two other breves, besides several letters that passed between Cardinal Pool and the Bishop of Arras, that was afterwards the famous Cardinal GranTel; and others, that passed between Pool and the Cardinal de Monte, and Cardinal Morone, and Soto, the emperor's confessor. There are also in it some of Pool's letters to the pope, and to Philip, then king of England; and of these I have sent you two, the one is to the pope, and the other is to Philip: But with these I shall give yon a large account of some reflexions that I have made on these papers, since I hear that you desire I would suggest to you all that occurs to me upon this occasion.
You have given the world a very particular account, in your history of the reformation, of the difficulties that were made concerning the church-lands, in the beginning of Queen Mary's reign; and of the act of parliament that passed in her reign, confirming the alienation of them, that was made by King Henry the eighth; and of the ratification of it made by Cardinal Pool, who was the pope's legate, and was believed to have full powers for all he did.
You have observed there were two clauses in that very act of parliament, that shew there was then a design formed to recover all the abbey-lands. The one is a charge given by Pool, to all people that had the goods of the church in their hands, to consider the judg.
• Vide the J06th Article, in the Catalogue of Pamphlets, in the HajU-ian library. •
wonts of God that fell on Belshazzar, for profaning the holy vessels, even though they had not been taken away by himself, but by his father: Which set the matter heavy upon the consciences of those that enjoyed these lands. The other was the repeal of the statute of Mortmain, for twenty years; for, since that statute was a restraint upon the profuse endowments of churches, the suspending it for so long a time gave the monks scope and elbow-room; and it is not unlikely, that, within the time limited of twenty years, the greatest part of the work would have been done: for superstition works vio. lently, especially upon dying men, when they can hold their lands no longer themselves; and so it is most likely, that, if a priest came to tell them frightful stories of purgatory, and did aggravate the heinousness of sacrilege, they would easily be wrought upon to take care of themselves in the next world, and leave their children to their shifts in this.
But I go now to give you some account of the papers that accom. pany this letter.
The first is the breve that contains the powers that were given to Cardinal Pool, besides those general powers or bulls that were given him as legate. This bears date, the eighth of March, 1554, and so probably it was an enlargement of the powers that were, as it is likely, granted him at his first dispatch from Rome; and therefore these carry in them, very probably, more grace and favour than was intended or allowed at first: for Pool had left Rome, the November before this, and no doubt he carried some powers with him; but, upon the remonstrances that were made by the emperor, as well as from England, it seems those were procured that I now send you.
The most uneasy part of this whole matter was that which related to the church-lands; for it is delivered in the canon law, that the pope cannot alienate lands belonging to the church, in any manner, or for any necessity whatsoever. And by the same canon, which was decreed by Pope Symmachus, and a Roman synod, about the year 500, thegiver and seller of church.lands, as well as the possessor, is to be degraded and anathematised; and any church-man whatsoever may oppose such alienations, and, these notwithstanding, may recover the land so alienated.
The pope, acording to this decree, could not confirm the alienations that had been made by King Henry; and, if he did confirm them, the act must be null in law, and could be no prejudice to the present incumbent, or his successor, to claim his right. Therefore, pursuant to this, the powers given to Pool authorise him only to in. demnify and discharge the possessors of the church-lands, for the goods that they had embezzled, and for the rents that they had re. ceived; for it runs in these words (which I have marked in the breve itself, that you may readily turn to it) 'And to agree and 'transact with the possessors of the goods of the church, for the rents. 'which they have unlawfully received, and for the moveable goods 'which they have consumed; and for freeing and discharging them 'for them, they restoring first (if that shall seem expedient te * you) the lands themselves, that are unduly detained by tham.'