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against the right-hand front of the bastion; but the extraordinary firing of the besieged, which killed us some men, obliged them to take the resolution, to retire along the battlements of the wall. The besieged had placed three little pieces on the terraces, covered with trees, on the side of Grondt, having judged, that they should be attacked thereabouts; and the troops, which they played upon in the flank, were very much incommoded by them; as also, by the ordnance, which they had on the flank of the bastion, opposite to that of Barlemont. There was not for five or six hours any intermission of firing. We lost twenty or five and twenty officers, with about three-score and ten soldiers; and there were many wounded, amongst whom, was the Chevalier de Megrigny, and the Sieur de Marny, engineer. The captains of the grenadiers of Bourbonnois and Conti were killed. The Sieur de Sainte Marthe, captain of the grenadiers of Auvergne, and the Sieur de Castillon, captain of Navarre, were wounded. The Marquis Bourlemont, brother to the Duke d' Atri, was slain. The Duke de Choiseul was wounded with the shiver of a bomb, above the left eye, whereof he died some days after; and the Vidame de Laon, son to the Count du Roy, was wounded with a musquet shot through the body, both of them giving testimonies of a singular courage.
The Prince de Conti, and the Prince de la Roche sur Yon exposed themselves to the greatest danger, with a valour worthy their birth, and the last received on the stomach a blow with a stone. All the volunteers signalised themselves there, particularly, the Prince de Tingry, the Marquis de Crequi, the Count de Luz, the Count d'Estrees, the Marquis de Thiange, the Marquis de Nogent, and the Marquis de la Batie. The Duke of Grafton, and the Duke of Northumberland, his brother, and many other English lords, who came to the siege in quality of volunteers, signalised themselves on this occasion.
The Sieur de Vauban, marshal de camp, was one of the first in the counterguard, and gave there with his ordinary sufficiency orders, very beneficial for the security and continuation of the lodgments, which were made there.
All the foot, which were at this action, acquitted themselves very well of their devoirs; and many soldiers made themselves be taken notice of.
It was necessary, after the effect of the mine, and the lodgment built upon the counterguard, to make a descent into the ditch. The Count du Plessis, lieutenant-general for the day, undertook this care with all the success, that could be expected.
He made the ditch be viewed; he killed, or put to flight, all the enemies that were found before him; and afterwards caused the lodgments to be made, notwithstanding all the effects of the besieged, who cast, from above the bastions, a prodigious quantity of grenadoes, bombs, and fire-works upon the workmen and soldiers. He received, under the elbow, a blow with the glancing of a grenado, which made him for some time unable to stir it. He ceased not to continue present, at the work of the lodgment, till such time as it was extended from the gate of the gallery of the counterguard, which leads to the ditch, as far as the bastion of Barlemont, which made fifteen toises. Two hours after, he put the miners to work in two places, one upon the right, towards the point of the bastion, and the other on the left, drawing towards the flank, the enemy not being able to incommode them.
The works were continued the 30th, and the 31st, with much success; and we will give you the particulars thereof, in the following relations.
May the 29th. In the evening, the Count du Plessis, lieutenant general, mounted the fifth time the trenches; and made the descent of the ditch, with very good success.
30th. In the morning, we attacked the third division of the castle of Old Munster; and made ourselves masters of it, after some resistance of the enemies. They soon quitted this work to retire upon the rampart, hoping, by their fierce firing, to hinder our men from lodging there. About two in the afternoon, a company of the grenadiers of Rovergue, one of Languedoc, and two of fuseliers, supported by a battalion of that regiment, wholly carried this castle. The besieged had raised behind the division a battery of three pieces. We could not go to them, above seven or eight abreast; and we were exposed to the shot of the place. Nevertheless, they abandoned this post, near half an hour before the besiegers came against it, and left there their cannon all charged. Our men made afterwards many winding traverses, to lodge themselves safely upon the brink of the ditch; where they extended themselves, as much as the groundwork could permit. An engineer, and fourteen or fifteen soldiers, were killed upon this ocasion, and there were about forty wounded. About five, in the evening, the enemies quitted the half-moon of the counterguard, which they still held at the great attack. The general officers of the guard, having been advertised thereof, thought fit, before they seized this work, to send some men by the breach, which was at the point of the counterguard, to see whether there were no mines, and to open those, they should find there. There were happily discovered under the counterguard the trains of thirteen or fourteen toises of mines, which were all charged. We took thence the powder, and we detached workmen to make a lodgment, which exteriorly embraced all the parapets. We delayed to put people into the half-moon, till we had had time to search the mines, which was done the following night. We found there two pieces of cannon, which the enemies had left, and we judged thereby, that fear had made them retire from this half-moon. The Sieur Parisoc, Major of Cambray, engineer, was wounded with a piece of a grenado, on the stomach, as he was setting the miner to the bastion of the place.
30th. In the evening, the Sieur de Toyeuse, lieutenant-general, the Sieur d'Erloc, and the Marquis de Nesle, relieved the trenches with two battalions of the marine, and two of the Queen's. We finished, during the night, a battery of two pieces of cannon, which had been begun upon the counterguard on tlfe left; and we carried. on by the mine-work about twenty toises of a trench, drawing from the counterguard to the curtain, which is on the reverse of Paffendal.
31st. We continued to work to make the descent of the ditch; and to erect a battery of three pieces of cannon on the same ditch, which were to play with another battery of seven pieces, which had begun, in the morning, to fire briskly against a bastion, which remained before the besiegers, to hinder them, from entering the place. We wrought also, upon all that was necessary for the springing several mines, to the end, to give afterwards the assault, incase the enemies shewed no design to yield.
But the Prince de Chimay, knowing that the town was no longer defensible, and seeing himself pressed by the principal officers of the garison, and by the townsmen, to prevent the misfortunes, which befal a place, taken by assault, caused, June the 1st, a parley to be beaten, and demanded to capitulate. Hostages were soon sent on both sides, and all acts of hostility ceased. The Prince de Chimay desired a truce for some days, that he might send to Bruxelles, to represent to the Marquis de Grana the extremity wherein he was: he added thereunto some other requests; but the Marshal de Crequi thought not fit to grant him any of them. The truce was thus broken, and, the same evening, the besieged and the besiegers began to fire upon one another.
2d. We perceived a white cloth, whereby, the townsmen would declare, that they would no longer defend themselves, nor shoot any more. But the garison ceased not to fire at us with their musquets, all the night; and our men fired also briskly both their musquet and cannon, to answer them.
3d. The firing of the besieged diminished by degrees till ten o'clock, when they intirely left off to shoot and appear. They were above half an hour in this condition; and, in fine, seeing that the besiegers erected in the ditch a battery of four great pieces, they made appear at the attack, where the Prince of Conti was, some men who made a shew of desiring to speak. We could scarce make them leave firing on our side, that we might hear them. They said, that the besieged had beaten a parley on the side of the castle; and desired that we would not level our cannon. They were answered, that the besieged should beat the parley on the side where they caused the battery to be erected, and that they should cease working. They said, they expected a drum; in the mean time the work was discontinued, and, in fine, the drum arrived. He cried out, after he had beaten, that they had made this call to capitulate. Some time after the hostages were brought to the guard of the trenches, where the Prince de Conti was; and he sent them to the Marshal de Crequi, who sent also his into the town. The deputies arrived afterwards at the camp with the articles of capitulation, which the Prince de Chimay demanded. There was one in favour of the deserters of our troops, for whom the besieged demanded an amnesty; and another to obtain four pieces of cannon, which were not granted.
After many difficulties, the capitulation was, in fine, regulated and signed; the extract whereof follows.
The Articles and Capitulation of the Town of Luxembourg.
I. The Prince de Chimay, governor, the intendant, the commissaries of the armies and provisions, the officers of the ordnance and of the troops, and all the garison, their families, domesticks, and servants, shall go forth of the town in full liberty, with their move. ables and effects, and, without having their baggage visited, they shall be conducted by the passage of the Moule to Stoken, or the places thereabouts; and they shall not, in any sort, be molested by our troops for the space of four days; during which, they may take the way of Louvain, or of Malines, without being any way opposed.
II. The foot shall go out by the breach of the castle, taking their way by the gate of Paffendal; and the horse, artillery, and baggage by the same gate, or such other as the governor shall think fit, with arms and baggage, drums beating, trumpets sounding, colours flying, match lighted at both ends, ball in mouth, with two pieces of ordnance of brass, to wit, two demi.cannons; besides which, the Marshal de Crequi gave them two others, which make in all four cannons, and one mortar-piece, in respect to the Prince de Chimay, with their carriages, furniture, and ammunition, necessary for six charges for each piece; and, to this purpose, the besiegers shall furnish them with carts, horses, harness, and other things necessary for their carriage and remove.
III. There are granted three-hundred carts, and more, if need be, for the carriage of the baggage, mails, and effects, which can be removed.
IV. The garison shall not march above two leagues the day of their going forth, and three the day following. The commissaries, which shall be at the conduct, provide for their subsistence; and they may, at parting, take bread and meat for five days.
V. Concerning deserters.
VI. The prisoners shall be rendered on both sides without ransom; but those, which, have been rendered before this capitulation, shall not be freed from paying their ransoms.
VII. There shall be care taken of the sick and wounded which cannot be removed.
VIII. The spoils, already taken, shall be enjoyed by those that have them.
IX. The wives and widows of the officers and soldiers shall have liberty, if they will, to remain in the town.
X. The inhabitants shall enjoy all their franchises, as they were before the siege.
XI. There shall be granted six months to the officers and soldiers for to dispose of their estates.
XII. The military officers shall not be arrested for debt on the day of their going forth; but they shall give sureties and promises to pay.
XIII. The receiver, and commissaries of the provisions, shall not be searched.
XIV. The officers and soldiers of the besiegers shall approach no nearer the place than their works, till the day of the garison's going forth.
Articles concerning the States of the Town.
XV. There shall remain no other inhabitants, but those that shall make profession of the Catholick, Apostolick, and Roman religion.
XVI. Concerns the pretensions of the prelates, nobles, and deputies of the towns, representing the three estates.
XVII. The officers of the council, and others, shall continue in their offices.
XVIII. XIX, XX, XXI, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, and XXVI articles which concern the particular privileges of the country and territories depending on the Duchy of Luxembourg.
XXII. There shall be an agreement made with the Marquis de la Fresiliere for the bells and metals which belong to the artillery,
XXVII. The officers and soldiers, which continue in the service of his Majesty's enemies, shall be subject to the pains appointed by the ordinances.
XXVIII. Orders the registering of the capitulation.
XXIX. The garison shall be obliged to go forth of the place on Wednesday the seventh of this present month of June, at farthest, by noon: and shall, at eight in the morning, put into the hands of the besiegers a gate, which shall be taken into possession by an hundred men of the ancientest regiments, near which the besieged may, for their security, put a guard: that, for the security of the garison, shall be given three hostages of equal condition, and the articles signed double by the Marshal de Crequi and the Prince de Chimay; and that the inventories of pieces of ordnance, provisions for war, and victuals, which are in the town, shall be faithfully delivered up.
According to this capitulation, the garison went out of the town, the seventh of this month in the morning, to the number of about twelve-thousand men, the Prince de Chimay marching at their head.
A list of the Officers which have been killed, or wounded, during the Siege of Luxembourg.
THE Marquis de Humieres, The Marquis de Bourlemont
colonel of foot, killed. d' Anglure.
The Count de Tonneree, colo- Volunteers wounded,
nel of the regiment of Orleans, The Duke de Choiseul,
wounded. The Vidame de Laon.
The Marquis de la Valette, My Lord Howard, son to the
brigadier of horse, wounded. Earl of Carlisle.
Volunteers killed. These three dead of their wounds.
The Marquis de Montpesat, The Chevalier de Mcgrigny,