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If we may credit the accounts of contemporaneous bistorians, Jerome of Prague was sensible that the time was not yet come for the rejection of the Papal yoke, and he declared that a century would not elapse, before his doctrines would be received in the very country in wbich they were then condemned as heretical. In modern Germany, we are convinced that much will be done to limit ecclesiastical power, and possibly these proceedings may hasten the attempt; but deliverance from the Pope is nothing, unless it carry with it deliverance from Popery, from its errors in religion, its immoralities in practice, and įts slavery in politics. And to whatever beneficial results such struggles as the present may lead, we are well assured, that nothing can be done for any Popish country, until princes and people appeal, as Luther did, to the Bible, and consign, if not to the flames, at least to universal contempt, all bulls, and briefs, and decrees, which derive their authority only from the usurped power of the Papal See.

We would hope that the publication of these documents, will furnish a useful lesson to the British public. The members of that Church, whose head appears here in so unfavourable a light, are still seeking political power in our empire, avowing at the same time that to the Pope they owe no obedience, nor acknowledge in him any control, except in matters purely spiritual. But this individual claims to be the judge of what is, and what is not spiritual. For example ; marriage is, in his view, a spiritual matter, therefore his ordinances respecting it must be obeyed : but who will say that they will never clash with the laws of the land, or interfere with the legal rights of individuals ? Again; the appointment of a bishop is a spiritual thing ; but is our government prepared to negotiate on the filling up of every Irish Popish see? In short, are we prepared to grant to the Church of Rome a power, which in numberless cases may be exercised in a manner injurious to the subjects of this realm? Redress, doubtless, may be bad in our courts of law, but to the decrees of these courts, every true Catholic (and such may be on the bench) will feel that he owes no submission, as the case is a spiritual one, and in it the Pope's authority is paramount and supreme.

Whatever may be the issue of present contentions at home or abroad, feeling, as we do, that Popery is an anti-christian conspiracy against the religion and liberties of mankind, we should evince but little regard for the word of God, if we did not anticipate its downfall, not indeed by the power of man, but by the power of truth: it shall be broken without hands. And viewing the diffusion of knowledge, the circulation of the ScripJures, and a general anxiety for instruction, contemporaneous throughout Europe, we hail it as a happy prospect, and doubt not but future historians, employed in developing the secret springs of various movements which may take place, will assign them a prominent place, as we justly ascribe the success of the Reformation, under God, to many events which at that period tended to enlighten the minds, and awaken the curiosity of the nations of Christendom.

Art. V. 1. Peter Bell. A Lyrical Ballad. 8vo. 1819. 2. Two Papers : A Theatrical Critic, and an Essay (being No 999 of

the Pretender) on Sounet-writing, and Sonnet-writers in general, including a Sonnet on Myself; attributed to the Editor of the Ex-m-n-r. Preceded by Proofs of their Authenticity, founded

upon the Authority of Internal Evidencc. 8vo. 1819. MR. . William Wordsworth having announced another

lyrical ballad under the title of Peter Bell, some waggish witling has thought to get the start of him with the Public, presenting himself as the real Simon Pure.' The Preface sets forth, that “ Peter Bell.”

completes the simple system of natural narrative, which I began so early as 1798. It is written in that pure unlaboured style, which can only be met with among labourers ;—and I can safely say, that while its imaginations spring beyond the reach of the most imaginative, its occasional meaning occasionally falls far below the meanest capacity. As these are the days of counterfeits, I am compelled to caution my readers against them, “ for such are abroad.” However, I here declare this to be the true Peter ; this to be the old original Bell. I commit my Ballad confidently to posterity. I love to read my own poetry: it does my heart good.

W. W.
N.B. The Novel of Rob Roy is not so good as my Poem on the same
subject.'
The Poem opens with the following stanzas.

* It is the thirty-first of March,
A gusty evening--half past seven;
The moon is shining o'er the larch,
A simple shape-a cock'd-up arch,
Rising bigger than a star,
Though the stars are thick in Heaven.

Gentle moon ! how canst thou shine
Over graves and over trees,
With as innocent a look
As my own grey eye-hall sees,
When I gaze upon a brook?
• Od's me! how the moon doth shine:
It doth make a pretty glitter,
Playing in the wateriall;
As when Lucy Gray doth litter
Her baby-house with bugles small,
• Beneath the ever blessed moon

An old man o'er an old grave stares,
You vever look'd upon his sellow;
His brow is covered with grey hairs,
As though they were an umbrella.
• He hath a noticeable look,
This old man hath-this grey old man;
He gazes at the graves, and seems,
With over waiting, over wan,
Like Susan Harvey's pan of creams.
« 'Tis Peter Bell—'tis Peter Bell,
Who never stirreth in the day;
His hand is wither'd--he is old !
On Sundays he is us’d to pray,
In winter he is very cold.
• I've seen bim in the month of August,
At the wheat-field, hour, by hour,
Picking ear,—by ear,-by ear,-
Through wind,-and rain,--and sun,--and shower,

From year,-to year,-to year,-to year.' Peter Bell readeth ably,' and he proceeds to read the inscriptions on the tomb-stones.

• The ancient Marinere lieth here,
Never to rise, although he pray'd, -
But all men, all, must have their fallings;
And, like the fear of Mr. Collins,
He died “ of sounds himself had made."
• Harry Gill is gone to rest,
Goody Blake is food for maggot;
They lie sweetly side by side,
Beautiful as when they died ;

Never more shall she pick faggot.' In fine, Andrew Jones, and Simon Lee, and Barbara Lewthwaite, and Alice Fell, and Betty Foy, and all the other heroes and heroines of certain Lyrical Ballads, are discovered by the old man, slumbering here in peaceful oblivion.

Yet still he sees one blessed tomb ;
Tow'rds it he creeps with spectacles,
And bending on his leather knees,
He reads the Lakeiest Poet's doom.
* The letters printed are by fate,
The death they say was suicide ;
He reads —“ Here lieth W.W.
Who never more will trouble you, trouble you."
The old man smokes who 'tis ihat died.

Go home, go home-old Man, go home;
Peter, lay thee down at night,

6

Thou art happy, Peter Bell,
Say thy prayers for Alice Fell,
Thou hast seen a blessed sight.
• He quits that moon-light yard of skulls,
And still he feels right glad, and smiles
With moral joy at that old tomb;
Peter's cheek recals its bloom,
And as he creepeth by the tiles,
He mutters ever-" W. W.

Never more will trouble you, trouble you." ' pp. 24, 25. 'The Author of this burlesque has evidently thought it pot worth while to bestow more pains on an ephemeral trifle of this kind, than might suffice to secure a laugh on a first perusal. This purpose

it may answer better even than a more elaborate hoax. We wish the despicable pun in the fifteenth stanza had been suppressed : the rest is neat and fair enough. The genuine Peter Bell is close behind ; the pseudo Peter must therefore make the most of his time with the public, and pot venture to invite too close a scrutiny into his pretensions. And yet, from whom but Mr. Wordsworth could we expect to receive any other than a burlesque poein under the title of Peter Bell?

Mr. Wordsworth can well stand the laugh against him which his own perverseness provokes; and he is a poet that, after all, cannot be laughed down. But how will the nerves of that other great Poet and Essayist bear this more faithful parody upon his lucubrations? It is said that Walter Scott, on being shewn Wat' o' the Cleugh, in the Poetic Mirror, jocosely admitted it to be his own writing, although he had forgotten when he wrote it. The internal evidence in favour of the authenticity of the" Two “ Papers” ascribed to the Editor of the Examiner, is not less irresistible. Will Mr. Hunt have the magnanimity to own them at once?

Although the Theatrical paper is by far the best, we must, were it only for the sake of the Sonnet, take the shorter of the two. The Pretender, being No. 999 of a Series of Essays on Morals, Politics,

Law, Physic, Divinity, Poetry, the Arts, Science, Manufactures, Literature, Commerce, Rural Economy, Theatricals, &c. &c. By

the Editor. ON SONNET-WRITING, AND SONNET-WRITERS IN

• Petrarch wrote sonnets. This, I think, is pretty generally knownI mean among the true lovers of Italian poetry. Of course, I do not here allude to those young ladies and gentlemen who are beginning to learn Italian, as they say, and think PETRARCH really a charming man, and know by heart the names of Tasso and ARIOSTO, and of that wholesale dealer in grand vagaries, DANTE. But besides these, several other Italian writers have composed sonnets, though I do not think with

GENERAL

the rest of the world that they have brought this species of composition to any thing like perfection.

Among us, "ShaKSPEARE and Milton have made attempts. Milton, by the way, is known to people in general merely as the author of Paradise Lost; but his masque, called Comus, I think the finest specimen of his poetical powers, faulty as it is in many respects. Some allowance, however, must be made for his youth at the time be wrote it; and indeed I must, in common fairness, admit, that when I composed my Descent of Liberty, I had the advantage of being somewhat older.

• When I inform my readers that SHAKSPEARE wrote sonnets, I know they will be inclined w receive the revelation with a bless-my-soul sort of stare, and, for any thing I know, discredit it altogether. People, generally speaking, are very ignorant about the great nature-lookingthrough Bard, though I know they pretend to talk a good deal about him. His sonnets, for instance, are known only to the few whose souls are informed with a pure taste, and whose high aspirings enable them to feel and enjoy all the green-leafiness and dewy freshness of his poetry. For my own part, I think well of them; and certainly upon the whole they are not unworthy of their great author. Yet he has left something to be done in that way.

• Among the moderns we have no great examples. This lack of good sonnet-writers in England is in some sort attributable to the style of versification prevalent among us, and which is totally unfit for the streamy, gurgling-brooky, as it were, flow of the sonnet. Dryden and Pope, i think, were wretched versifiers, though I know this opinion will absolutely horrify all the boarding-school misses, as well as many other wellintentioned folks, who like verses which cost them no trouble to read into music. But to come to the point. What our poetry has bitherto wanted, is a looseness and irregularity--a kind of broken, patchy choppipess in the construction of its verse, and an idiomatic how-d'ye-dopretty-well-thank-ye sort of freedom in its language. This, at length, I have succeeded in giving it, and present my readers with the following SONNET ON MYSELF as a specimen. By the way, I intend it only for such readers as have a tine eye for the truth of things--for sweet hearts and fine understanding—for maids whose very souls peep out at their bosoms, as it were, and who love the moon-light stilliness of the Regent's Park.

SONNET ON MYSELF.
• I love to walk towards Hampstead saunteringly,

And climb thy grassy eminence, Primrose Hill!

And of the frolicksome brecze swallow my till,
And gaze all round and round me. Then Olie
Flatlily on the grass, ruralily,

And sicken to think of the smoke-mantled-city,

But pluck a butter-cup, yellow and pretty,
And twirl it, as it were, Italianly.

And then I drink hot milk, fresh from the cow,
Not such as that they sell about town; and then

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