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48. Doubt.

By lively actions he began bewray

Some argument of matter passioned ;
Next after him went Doubt, yclad Which doen, he back retired soft away:
In a discolourd cote of strange disguise,
That at his back a brode cappucio had,

And passing by, his name discovered,

Ease on his robe in golden letters ciphered. And sleeves dependant Albanese wise : He lookt askew with his mistrustful eyes,

$ 52. Enry. . And nicely trode, as thorns lay in his way, Or that the fore to shrinke he did advise,

And next to him malicious Envie rode, And on a broken reed he still did stay

Upon a ravenous wolfe, and still did chaw His feeble steps, which shrunke, when hard Between his cankred teeth a venemous toad, thereon he lay.

That all the poyson ran about his jaw;

But inwardly he chawed his own maw [sad,
Another.
At neighbours wealth, that made him

ever

For death it was, when any good he saw, That was to weet, the porter of the place, And wept, that cause of weeping none he Unto whose trust the charge thereof was lent:

had :

[drous glad. His name was Doubt, he had a double face, But when he heard of harme, he wexed wonTh' one forward looking, and the other backward bent;

All in a kirtle of discolour'd say

He clothed was, ypainted full of eyes ;
There in resembling Janus auncient,
Which hath in charge the ingateof the yeare: An hateful snake, the which his tail up ties

And in his bosom secretely there lay
And evermore his eyes about him went,
As if some proved perill he did feare,

In many folds, and mortal sting implies.
Or did misdoubt some ill, whose cause did not Those heaps of gold with griple covetise,

Still as he rode, he gnasht his teeth, to see appeare.

And grudged at the great felicity $49. Dungeon.

Of proud Lucifera, and his own company. Deep in the bottom of an huge great rocke

He hated all good works and virtuous deeds, The dungeon was, in which her bound he left, And him no less, that any like did use;

And who with gracious bread the hungry That neither yron barrs, nor brazen lock

feeds, Did need to guard from force, or secret theft

His alms for want of faith he doth accuse; Of all her lovers, which would have her reft. For wall'd it was with waves, which rag'd and

So every good to bad he doth abuse ;

And eke the verse of famous poet's wit roar'd

He doth back-bite, and spiteful poison spues As they the clift in pieces would have cleft: Besides, ten thousand monsters, foule ab- Such on vile Envy

was, that first in rowe did sit.

From leprous mouth, on all that ever writ: hor'd, Did waite about it, gaping griesly, all begor'd.

Another. $ 50. Eagle.

The one of them, that elder did appear,

With her dull eyes, did seem to look askew, Like to an eagle in his kingly pride

That her mis-shape much helpt; and her foul Soaring through his wide empire,

haire To weather his broad sayles'; by chance hath Hung loose and loathsomely; thereto her hew spide

Was wan and leane, that all her teeth arew, A goshaulk, which hath seized for her share Upon some fowle, that should ber feast prepare :

And all her bones might thro' her cheeks bo With dreadful force he flies at her belive,

read ;

Her lips were like raw leather, pale and blue : That with his souce, which none enduren dare,

And as she spake, therewith she slaver'd; Her from the quarrey he away doth drive, And from her griping pounce the greedy prey

Yet spake she seldome, but thought more the

less she said. doth rive.

Her hands were foule and dirty, never washt Another.

In all her life, with long nailes over-raught,

Like puttocks claws, with the one of which As when Jove's harness-bearing bird from she scratcht high,

Her cursed head, althongh it itched nought; Stoupes at a flying heron with proud disdaine, The other held a snake with venime fraught,

The stone-dead quarrey fals so forcibly, On which she fed and gnawed hungerly,
That it rebounds against the lowlie plaine, As that long she had not eaten ought;
A second fall redoubliug back againe.

That round about her jawes one might descry

The bloudy gore and poison dropping loth$ 51. Ease.

somely. PROCEEDING to the midst he still did stand, Her name was Envie, knowen well thereby; As if in minde he somewhat had to say ;, Whoes nature is to grieve, and grudge at all

And to the vulgar beck'ning with his hand That ever she sees doen praise worthily: In signe of silence, as to hear a play, Whoes sight to her is greatest cross may fall,

And vexeth so, that makes her eat her gall.

§ 55. Faith. For when she wanteth other things to eat, Of which the eldest, that Fidelia hight, She feeds on her own maw annatural, Like sunny beaines threw from her crystal face,

And of her own foule entrailes makes her meat; That could have daz'd the rash beholder's Meat fit for such a monster's monstrous diat. sight,

[light. And if she hapt of any good to hear,

And round her head did shine like heaven's That had to any body happily betid, [teare

She was arraid all in lily white, Then would she inly frei, and grieve, and And in her right hand bore a cup of gold, Her flesh for felness, which she inward hid: With wine and water fill'd up to the height, But if she heard of ill that any did,

in which a serpent did himself enfold, Or harın that any had, then would she make That horror made to all that did behold; Great cheare, like one unto a banquet bid; But she no whit did change her constant And in another's loss great pleasure take,

mood; As she had got thereby, and gained a great and in her other hand she fast did hold stake.

A book that was both sign'd and seald with $ 53. Error.

blood, This is a wandring wood, this Error's den;

Wherein dark things were writ, hard to be un

derstood. A monster vile, whom God and man does

hate. By which he saw the ugly monster plaine,

$ 56. Falcon. Half like a serpent horribly displaide.

-As a falcon faire But th' other hall did woman's shape retaine, That once has failed of her souse full neare, Most lothsome, filthy, foul, and full of vile dis- Remounts again into the open aire, daine.

And unto better fortune doth herself prepare. As she lay upon the dirtie grownd,

Another. Her huge long taile her den all over-spread, As when a falcon hath with nimble flight Yet was in knots and many boughs up- Flown at a flush of ducks, foreby he broke, wound,

The trembling brood dismaid with dreadful Pointed with mortal sting. Of her there bred sight A thousand young ones, and she daily fed,

Of death, the which them almost overtook, Sucking upon her poisonous dugs, each one

Doe hide themselves from her astonying look, Of sundry shape, yet 'all ill-favoured :

Amongst the flags and coverts round about. Soon as that uncouth light upon theni shone,

Another. Into her mouth they crept, and suddain all were As when a cast of falcons make their flight gone.

At an herneshaw, that lyes aloft on wing, $ 54. Excess.

The whiles they strike at him with heedless But young Perissa was of other mind,

might, Full of disport, still laughing, loosely light,

The warie fowl his bill doth backward wring; And quite contrary to her sister's kind;

On which she first, whoes force her first dotb No measure in her mood, no rule of right,

bring, But poured out in pleasure and delight ;

Herself quite through the body doth engore, In wine and meats she Aow'd above the And falleth down to ground like senseless thing bank,

But the other not so swift as she before, And in excess exceeded her own might;

Fails of her souse, and passing by doch hort

no more. In sumptuous tire she joy'd herself to

prank; But of her love to lavish, little have she thank.

$57. Fancy.

Emongst them all sate he which wonned Another.

there, UNDER that porch a comely dame did rest, That hight Phantastes by his nature trew; Clad in faire weedes, but foule disordered, A man in yeares, yet fresh as mote appeare, And garments loose, that seem'd unmeet for of swarth complexion, and of crabbed hue, womanhood.

That him full of melancholy did shew; (eges In her left hand a cup of gold she held,

Bent hollow beetle browes, sharp stairing And with her right the riper fruit did reach,

That mad or foolish seem'd: one by his view Whoes sappy liquor with that fullness Mote deem him borne with ill-disposed swellid,

skyes, Into her cup she screws, with dainty breach When oblique Saturne sate in the house of Of her fine fingers, without foule iaipeach,

agonies. That so faire wine-press made the wine more

Another. sweet;

The first was Fancy, like a lovely boy, Thereof she us’d to give to drink to each, Of rare aspect, and beauty without peare;

Whome passing by she happened to meet: Matchable eyther to that impe of Troy, It was her guise, all strangers goodly so to Whom Jove did love, and chose his eup to greet.

beare,

Or the same daintie lad that was so deare

§ 61. Fire. To great Alcides, that when as he did hide,

Like as a fire, the which ju hollow cave He wailed woman-like with many a teare, Hath long been under kept and down supAnd every wood and every valley wide

prest, He fill'd with Hylas' name, the nymphes eke With murmurous disdain doth inly rave, Hylas cride.

And grudge in so streight prison to be prest, His garment neither was of silk nor say, At last breakes forth with furious unrest, But painted plumes in goodly order dight, And strives to mount unto his native seat; Like as the sun-burnt Indians do array

All that earst it hinder and molest, Their tawny bodies in their proudest plight:

It now devours with fames and scorching As those same plumes, so seem'd he vain and heat, light,

And carries into smoake with rage and horror That by his gate might easily appeare :

great. For still he far'd as dancing in delight, And in his hand a windy fan did beare,

$ 69. First Age. That in the idle aire he mov'd still here and The antique world, in his first flowing youth, there.

Found no defect in his Creator's grace;

But with glad thanks, and unreproved truth, 58. Fear.

The gifts of soveraigne bounty did embrace: Next him was Feare, all arm'd from top to Like angel's life was then man's happy case; toe,

But later ages pride (like corn-fed steede) Yet thought himself not safe enough thereby, Abus'd her plenty, and fat-swoln encrease,

But fear'd each shadow moving to and fro; To all licentious lust, and gan exceed And his own armes when glitt'ring he did spy, The measure of her meane, and natural first Or clashing heard, le fast away did fly,

need. As ashes pale of hue, and wingy-heeld; And evermore on danger fixt his eye,

Then gan a cursed hand the quiet wombe

Of his great grandmother with steele to wound, 'Gainst whom he always bent a brazen shield,

And the hid treasures in her sacred tombe Which his right hand unarmed fearfully did with sacrilege to dig. Therein he found wield.

Fountaines of gold and silver to abound, § 59. Ship.

Of which the matter of his huge desire

And pompous pride eftsoones he did comAs when a ship that Aies fair under saile, And hidden rock escap'd hath unawares,

pound,

Then avarice gan through his veines to inThat lay in wait her wrack 10 bewaile,

spire The mariner yet half amazed stares

His greedy flames, and kendle life-devouring As peril past, and yet it doubt ne dares

fire. To joy at his fool-happy over-sight.

§ 63. Flood. Another.

As he that strives to stop a sudden flood, As a tall ship tossed in troublous seas, And in strong bankes his violence enclose, Whome raging winds, thereating to make the

Forceth his swell above his wonted mood, prey

And largely overflowe the fruitful plaine, Of the rough rocks, do diversly disease, That all

the country seems to be a maine, Meets two contrary billows by the way,

And the rich surrowes Aote, all quite forThat her on either side do sore assay,

donne, And boast to swallow her in greedy grave; The woful husbandman doth loud complaine She, scorning both their spights, does make To see his whole yeare's labour lost so soon, wide way,

For which to God he made so many an idle And with her breast breaking the foamy wave,

boon. Does ride on both their backs, and faire herself

$ 64. Fury. doth save.

But Fury was full ill apparelled

In $ 60. Feeling

rags, that naked nigh she did appeare,

With ghastfull looks and dreadfull drery But the fift troupe most horrible of hue,

head, Aad fierce of force, was dreadful to reporte: For from her back her garments she did teare, For some like snails, some did like spiders And from her head oft rent her snarled haire: shew,

In her right-hand a fire-brand she did tosse And some like ugly urchins, thick and short ; About her head, still roaming here and there ; They cruelly assailed that fift fort,

As a dismayed deere in chase embost, Armed with darts of sensuall delight,

Forgetful of his safety hath his right way lost. With stings of carnall lust, and strong effort Of feeling pleasure, with which day and

$ 65. Giant. night

His monstrous enemy.. Against that same fift bulwark they continued With sturdy steps came stalking in his sight. fight.

An hideous giant horrible and hie,

teast.

man.

That with his tallness seem'd to threat the sky; That would his rightful ravine rend away;

The ground eke groned under him for dreed; With hideous horrour, both together smight, His living like saw never living eye,

And souce so sore, that they the heavens Ne durst behold; his stature did exceed

affray. The height of three the tallest sons of mortal The wise southsayer seeing so sad a sight, seed.

The amazed vulgar tells of warres and mortal

fight. $ 66. Gluttony.

$ 70. Grove. And by his side rode loathsome Gluttony, Deformed creature, on a filthy, swine,

Into that forest farre they thence him led, His belly was up-blown with luxury, Where was their dwelling in a pleasant glade And eke with fatness swollen were his eyene: With mountains round about environed, And like a crane his neck was long and fine,

And mighty woods, which did the valley shade, With which he swallowed up excessive And like a stately theatre it made, feast,

Spreading itself into a spatious plaine, For want whereof poor people oft did pine;

And in the midst a little river plaid (plaine And all the way, most like a brutish beast, Emongst the pumystones, which seems to He spewed up his gorge, that all did him de- With gentle murmur that his course they did

restraine. In green vine leaves he was right fitly clad,

Enforc't to seek some covert nigh at hand, For other clothes he could not wear for heat,

A shady grove not farre away they spide, And on his head an ivy girlond had,

That promis't ayde the tempest to with

stand: From under which fast trickled down the sweat: Whoes lofty trees yclad with summer's pride, Still as he rode he somewhat did eat, And in his hand did bear a bouzing cann,

Did spread so broad that heaven's light did

hide, On which he supt so oft, that on his seat His drunken corse he scarce upholden can,

Not perceable with power of any starre : In shape and life more like a monster than a

And all within were paths and alleies wide, With footing worne, and leading inward farre :

(entred are. Unfit he was for any worldly thing, Faire harboure, that them seemes, so in they And eke unable once to stirre or go ; Not meet to be a councel to a king, [so:

$71. Harmony. Whose minde in meat and drink was drowned Full of disease was his carcasse blue,

EFTSOONES they heard a most melodious And a dry dropsy through his flesh did flow,

sound, Which by misdiet daily greater grew

Of all that mote delight a dainty eare, Such one was Gluttony, the second of thatcrew. Such as at once might not on living ground,

Save in this paradise, be heard elsewhere : $ 67. Greediness.

Right hard was it for wight that did it heare,

To read what manner musick that mote be: That is the Gulfe of Greediness, they say, For all that pleasing is to living eare, That deep engorgeth all this world's prey:

Was there consorted in one harmonie, Which having swallow'd up excessively, Birds, voices, instruments, windes, waters,

He soon in vomit up again doth lay,,
And belcheth forth his superfluite,
That all the seas for fear doe seem away to fly. Their notes unto the voyce

attempred sweet;

The joyous birds shrouded in chearful shade, $ 68. Grief.

The angel call soft trembling voyces made

To the instruments divine respondence meet : Next him went Grief and Fury matcht The silver sounding instruments did meet yfere;

With the base murmure of the waters fall : Griefe, all in sable sorrow fully clad,

The waters fall, with difference discreet, Down-hanging his dull head with heavy Now soft, now loud, unto the wind did call, Yet inly being more than scemly sad: (cheere, The gently warbling wind lowe answering to A pair of pincers in his hand he had,

all. With which he pinced people to the heart, That from thenceforth a wretched life they had,

$72. Hearing In wilful languor and consuming smart, Dying each day with inward wounds of do

The second bulwarke was the hearing sense, lour's dart.

'Gainst which the second troupe assigoment

makes; $69. Griffon.

Deformed creatures, in strange difference,

Some having heads like harts; some like to As when a Griffon seized on his prey,

snakes, A dragon fierce encountereth in his flight: Some like wild bores late sous'd out of the Thirongo wildest ayre making his idle way,

breakes,

all agree.

Slandrous reproehes, and foule infamies, Abroad in arms, at home in studious kind, Leasings, backbitings, and vain glorious crakes, Who seekes with painefull toile, shall honour Bad counsels, prayses, and false flatteries,

soonest find. All those against that fort did build their batteries.

In woods, in waves, in wars she wonits to

dwell,

And will be found with perill and with paine; $73. Hermitage.

Ne can the man that moulds in idle cell,

Unto her happy mansion attain : A LITTLE lowly hermitage it was,

Before her gate high God did sweat ordaine, Down in a dale hard by a forest side,

And wakeful watches ever to abide ; Farre from resort of people that did pass But easie is the way, and passage plaine In travell to and fro: a litile wide

To pleasure's palace; it may soon be spide, There was an holy chapell edified, Wherein the hermit duly went to say

And day and night her doors to all stand open

wide. His holy things cach morn and evening tide:

Thereby a crystal streame did gently play, Which from a sacred fountain welled forth

$ 76. Hope. away.

With him went Hope in rank, a handsome He thence led me into this hermitage,

mayd, Letting bis steeds to graze upon the green;

Of chearful look, and lovely to behold; Small was his house, and like a little cage,

In silken samile she was light arraid,

And her faire locks were woven up in gold; For his own turne, yet inly neat and clean,

She always smild, and in her hand did hold Deckt with green boughes, and Aowers gay be

An holy water sprinkle dipt in deawe, seene; Therein he them full faire did entertaine,

In which she sprinkled favours manyfold,

On whom she list, and did great liking Not with such forged showes, as fitter beene

shewe; For courting fools that courtisies would faine, Great liking unto many, but true love to fewe. But with entire affection, and appearance plaine.

Another. $74. Hippolytus.

Her youngest sister, that Speranza hight, HIPPOLYTUS a jolly huntsman was,

Was clad in blue, that her beseemed well,

Not all so chearful seemed she of sight, That wont in charot chase the foaming boar,

As was her sister; whether dread did dwell, He all his peers in beauty did surpass,

Or anguish in her heart, is hard to tell : But lady's love, as loss of time, forebore :

Upon her arme a silver anchor lay,
His wanton step-dame loved him the more.

Whereon she leaned ever, as befell:
But when she saw her offer'd sweet resus’d, And ever up to Heaven as she did pray,
Her love she turn'd to hate, and him before
His father fierce, of treason false accus'd,

Her sted fast eyes were bent, ne swarved other And with her jealous terms his open ears

way. abus'd.

$77. Hydra. Who all in rage his sea-god sire besought

Or like the hell-born Hydra, which they Some cursed vengeance on his son to cast;

faine, From surging qulph two monsters straight That great Álcides whylome overthrew,

were brought, With dread whereof his chasing steeds aghast

After that he had labour'd long in vaine, Both charot swift and huntsman overcast;

To crop his thousand heads, the which still His goodly corps on ragged cliffs yrent

Forth budded, and in great numbers grew. Was quite dismembred, and his members chast

Scaitred on every mountaine, as he went,
That of Hippolytus was lest no monument.

Another,
Such own it was, as that renowned snake

Which great Alcides in Stremona slew,
$ 75. Honor.

Long foster'd in the filth of Lerna lake, Whoso in pompe of proud estate (quoth 4 Whose many heads out-budding ever new, she)

Did breed him endless labour to subdue.
Does swim, and bathes himself in courtly bliss,
Does wast his daies in darke obscurity

$78. Hypocrite. And in oblision ever buried is; Where ease abounds, it's easie to doe amiss ; At length they chanc't to meet upon the But who his limbs with labours, and his way mind

An aged sire, in long black weeds yclad, Behaves with cares, cannot so easie miss. His feet all bare, his beard all hoary graie,

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