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Macbeth; } Generals of the King's Armyo


Noblemen of Scotland.
Fleance, Son to Banquo.
Siward, General of the English Forces.
Young Siward, his Son.
Seyton, an Officer attending on Macbeth.
Son to Macduff.

Lady Macbeth.
Lady Macduff.
Gentlewomen, attending on Lady Macbeth.
Hecate, and three other Witches,

Lords, Gentlemen, Officers, Soldiers and Attendants,

The Ghost of Banquo, and several other Apparitions,

SCENE, in the End of the fourth A&, lyes in Eng.

land; through the rest of the Play, in Scotland; and chiefly at Macbeth's Castle.

Μ Α C Β Ε Τ Η.

А с т І.

SC EN E, an open Place.
Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches.



HEN shall we three meet again?
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?

2 Il'itch. When the hurly-burly's done,
When the battle's lost and won.

Witch. That will be ere set of sun.
i Witch. Where the place?
2 Witch. Upon the heath.
3 Witch. There I go to meet Macbeth.
i Witch. I come, i come, Grimalkin.
2 Witch. Padocke calls-anon !

All. Fair is foul, and foul is fair,
Hover through the fog and filthy air.

[They rise from the stage, and fly away.
SCENE changes to the Palace at Forris.

Attendants, meeting a bleeding Captain.
King. What bloody man is that? he can report,
As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
The newest state.

Mal. This is the Serjeant,
Who like a good and hardy soldier fought

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'Gainst my captivity. Hail, hail, brave friend?
Say to the King the knowledge of the broil,
As thou didst leave it.

Cap. Doubtful long it stood:
As two spent swimmers that do cling together
And choak their art. The merciless Macdone
(Worthy to be a rebel; for to that
The multiplying villainies of Nature
Do swarm upon him) from the western isles
Of Kernes and Gallow-glafles was fupply'd;
And Fortune, on his damned quarry smiling,
Shew'd like a rebel's whore. But all too weak:
For brave Macbeth (well lie deferves that name)
Disdaining fortune, with his brandiíh'd steel
Which smoak’d with bloody execution,
Like valour's minion carved out his paffage,
Till he had faced the slave;
Who ne'er shook hands nor bid farewel to him,
'Till he unseamed him from the nave to the chops,
And fixed his head upon our battlements.

King. Oh, valiant cousin! worthy gentleman! Cap: As whence the sun 'gins his retication, (,) Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break;

(1) As whence the fien 'gins his refication, Ship wrecking llorms and direful thunders break;] Mr Pope has degraded this word 'gins, 'against the general authority of the copies, without any reaion assigned for fo doing; and substituted gives in the room of it. But it will soon be obvious how far cur Author's good observation and knoirledge of nature goes to establishi his own reading, 'gins. For the sense is this ;--- As from the place from whence the fun isegins his course, (viz. the east,) ihipwrecking fornis "! proceed ; 6c."--And it is so in fact, that forms gene. rally come from the east. And it must be fo in reason, because the natural and constant motion of the ocean is from calt to west: and because the motion of the wind has the fame general dire&tion Præcipua et generalis ventorum) cau'a ejt ipfe şol, qui igneo fuo jubare aerem rarefacit et attenuat i

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quem hæret.

So from that spring whence comfort seemed to (2)

come, Discomfort swell’d. Mark, King of Scotland, mark; No sooner justice had, with valour arm’d, Compelled these skipping Kernes to truit their heels; But the Norweyan Lord, surveying vantage, imprimis illum, in quem perpe:diculares radios mittit, sire fupra

der enim rarefaftus multo majorem locum potulicho inde fit, ut aer a file impulfis alium viinun aerem magno impia tu protrudat , cumque Sol ab oriente in acidentem circuimrutetur, præcipuus ab eo aeris impulsus bei versus occidentem,.-Quia pierumque ab aeris per folem rarefatione oritur, qui (174 continue feratur ab oriente in occidentem, majori qurque impetu. protruditur acr ab oriente in occidentem. Varenii geograph. 1. i. c. 14. &c. 20. prop. 10. and 15.---This being so, it is no wonder that storms should come mon frequently from that quarter; or that they should be most violent, becaase bere is a concurrence of the natural motions of wind and

This proves clearly, that the truc rcading is 'gins, i. e. begins : for the other reading does not fix it to that quarter : for the fun may give its reflection in any part of its course above the borizon; but it can begin it only in

Mr Warburto (2) So from that spring, whence comfort seemed to come, Discomfort swelled.j s'have not disturbed the text here, as the feite does not abfolutely require it;, though Dr Thirlby prescribes a very ingenious and easy correction :

So from that spring, whence comfort seemed to come,

Discomforts weiled.
i. e. streamed, flowed forth : a word that peculiarly agrees
with the metaphor of a spring. The original is Anglo-Saxon,
weallian, featurire ; which very well expresses the diffusion
and scattering of water from its head. Chaucer has used the
word in these acceptations:

For whichė might she no lengir refrain
Her teris, thei ganin so up to well.

Troil. et Creff. 1. iv. = 709. I can no more, but here out cast of all welfare abide the daie of my deth, or els to se the fight that might all my well,nge forrowes voide, and of the flode make an ebbe.

Teftament of Love.


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With furbish'd arms and new supplies of mer
Began a fresh alfault.
i King. Dismay'd not this
Our Captains, Macbeth and Banquo?
i Cap. Yes,
As Iparrows, eagles; or the liare, the lion.
If I lay footh, I must report, they were
As cannons over-charged; with double cracks, (37
So they redoubled strokes upon the foe:
Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
Or memorize another Golgotha,
I cannot tell-
But I am faiat, my gahes cry for help.- [wounds:

King. So well thy words become thee, as thy They imack of honour both. Go, get him furgeons.

Enter and ANGUS. But who comes here?

Hial. The worthy Thane of Roffe.

Len. What halte looks through his eyes?
So should he look that seems to ipoak thin sitrange.

Rolle. God save the King !
King, Whence cam'lt thou, worthy Thanc?

Role. From Fife, great King,
Where the Norweyan banners flout the sky,
And fan our people cold
Norw.y, himself with numbers terrible, (4)



I must report they were As cannons overcharged with dou le cracks,] Cannons overcharged with cracks I have no idea of : my pointing, I think, gives the easy and natural sense. Macbeth and Banquo were like cannons overcharged; why? because they redoubled strokes on the foe with twice the fury and impetuofity as before.

(4) Norway himself, with numbers terrible,

Alisted by that, &c.] Norway himself aslifted, &c. is a reading we owe to the cditors, not to the Poct. That energy

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