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a gap in legal literature. Since then, four new editions have been required, which is perhaps sufficient indication of the success with which it has met among students and practitioners.

The present volume maintains the standard set by former editions. The whole work has been revised, and the developments in the law since the last edition noted. A more elaborate index, however, would greatly facilitate the use of the book.

The Army and the Law. By Garrard Glenn. Columbia University

Press, New York. 1918. PP. 197. Mr. Glenn has assumed the task of detailing the rights possessed and the obligations assumed by the army and its members in times both of war and peace, in relation to the law governing private individuals. The historical side of the problems treated is emphasized, but the book is of considerable interest as bearing upon questions which

may have arisen during the war between members of the army and the civil authorities. The chapter on “Martial Law at Home" is interesting as an account of the various methods adopted in England and America, both in the past and in recent times, to secure the result which we have attempted in the Espionage Act. Although many of the topics discussed become important only in wartime, Mr. Glenn's work is both instructive and interesting.

Books Received

Public Service Companies. By N. C. Collier. F. H. Thomas Law

Book Company, St. Louis. Espionage Act Cases. Compiled and edited by Walter Nelles.

National Civil Liberties Bureau, New York. The Development of German Prize Law. By Charles Henry

Huberich and Richard King. Baker, Voorhis & Company,

New York. Constitutional Power and World Affairs. By George Sutherland.

Columbia University Press, New York.

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While the Morrill Land Grant act of Congress passed in 1862, providing for the establishment of a college in each state, laid special stress upon instruction in such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, there was a particular inclusion of military tactics and a permissive inclusion of “other scientific and classical studies.” In accepting the provisions of the Morrill Act the New York legislature complied with the specific terms of the federal legislation but expressed, by the charter of Cornell University, more comprehensively the objects of the University to be established in New York under the federal endowment. The charter provided that "such other branches of science and knowledge may be embraced in the plan of instruction and investigation pertaining to the university as the trustees may deem useful and proper." Mr. Cornell in his address at the opening of the university in 1868, stated more concretely his conception of the objects of the University: "I hope we have laid the foundation of an institution which shall combine practical with liberal education, which shall fit the youth of our country for the professions, the farms, the mines and manufactories, for the investigations of science and for mastering all the practical questions of life with success and honor." In a conversation with President White he formulated his definition of a university which has become the motto of his own: “I would found an institution where any person can find instruction in any study."2 It is a curious incident that this plain man who was no scholar expressed his idea of a university in a way so similar to that of a plain man of the eighteenth century who was a scholar. Nearly a hundred years previously, Dr. Johnson, speaking of the English universities, said: “I would have the world be thus told: here is a school where every

Dean of the Cornell University College of Law.
2A. D. White: Reminiscences of Ezra Cornell, p. 9.

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thing may be learnt.” Mr. Cornell planned to "fit the youth of our country for the professions

and for mastering all the practical questions of life with success and honor." Quite obviously this outlook envisaged the profession of law. President White in 1866 had presented to the trustees a report on the plan and organization of the university. His program included among other departments a department of law, but not all were to be created at the outset. His plan looked far into the future and included for instance, a department of trade and commerce which has not yet been established at Cornell, although many universities have since created schools of commerce. The priority of the subjects immediately contemplated by the foundation together with the limitation fixed by the extent of university funds deferred during the early years the establishment of a law school, although from 1869 to 1877, Theodore W. Dwight, head of the Columbia Law School, was nonresident lecturer at Cornell upon constitutional law.

In 1884, in the last but one of his annual reports to the trustees, President White expresses his satisfaction with the improved financial condition of the university and mentions without specification that there are departments which will begin to exist, he trusts, at no distant date. The following year, in his final report as president, he makes direct reference to the establishment of a law department: "We are called upon to establish a university and as a university in this and in previous centuries must have in view all the possibilities of applying the highest thought to the best action, we should look into the future with reference to those departments which will round out our existing institution to full university proportions, especially the departments of law and medicine. Our position as regards a department of law is most favorable. Our aim should be to keep its instruction strong, its standards high and so to send out, not swarms of hastily prepared pettifoggers, but a fair number of well-trained, large-minded, morally based lawyers in the best sense, who as they gain experience, may be classed as jurists and become a blessing to the country, at the bar, on the bench and in various public bodies."

Mr. White retired from the presidency at the end of the academic year 1884-85 and was succeeded by President Charles Kendall Adams. At a meeting of the board of trustees on November 20, 1885, a resolution was passed, "that a committee of five be appointed to consider and report at the June (1886) meeting on the practicability and expediency of the early establishment of a law department in this university, such report to include the whole subject of plan of organization.” The trustees' committee appointed pursuant to this

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