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of these mountains range between the Arkansaw and Red Rivers, and form the source of the Osage.
These are the most important ranges of mountains in the United States, and give rise to the principal rivers; the other numerous mountains may be seen in the several Geographies,.and Atlasses, common to our country.
Government.—This may be denominated a Republican Confederacy, united under one grand republican system> and the whole formed upon the elective, or representative plan.
Religion.—All religions that do not infringe upon good order, and the laws, are tolerated in the United States.
Literature.—I have compressed this article into the following table, which will shew the principal seminaries of learning in the United States.
Universities founded, Academies instituted, fyc.
American academy of arts and sciences in Massachusetts, May 4, 1780.
Brown university, Rhode-Island, 1770.
Cambridge, New England, 1630, called Harvard college, found-
Massachusetts' academies in number forty-eight, exclusive of 'the grammar and other schools in the various townships, ,1812.
New-England colleges, the graduates in 1807 were 200.
Philadelphia academy, 1753.
Rhode Island college, 1764.
St. John's college, Annapolis, 1784.
St. Mary's college, Baltimore, 1804.
Transylvania university, Lexington, Kentucky, 1798.
Union college, Schenectady, 1794.
Washington college, Chester-town, Maryland, 1782.
William and Mary college, Virginia, 1691.
Williamstown college, Massachusetts, 1793.
Yale college, New-Haven, 1700.
Population.—See the following table.
CENSUS OF THE UNITED STATES.
NAMES AND FORCE OF THE NAVY OF THE UNITED STATES.
Ships of the Line.
Antiquites and Curiosities.— Under this-head are to be ranked those remarkable motmds and fortifications which are yet to be seen throughout the vast interior of the United States, together with the engravings upon the flat rocks of the Enchanted Mountains, (so called,) in the state of Tennessee ; and other inscriptions found on large flat rocks in the western country.
These are the records of ages that are past beyond the bounds of the remotest tradition, and hang suspended on the ticld of conjecture in the age in which we live.
l have promised to solve this mystery, in its place, and I will now attempt it.
It will be recollected, that in the Introductory Remarks of this work, it was noticed, that the art of Navigation had its rise among the Phoenicians and Egyptians, about 2000 years before Christ, and that this was conducted by the way of coasting adventure for about 3,300 years, down to the time of the discovery of the magnetism, and the mariner's compass, in the 14th century ; and that, in the course of this time, this coasting adventure had led to the discovery of the shores of the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic shores of Europe generally, and that the whole continent of Africa had been circumnavigated. Now it is presumed that in the multitude of these adventures, some of them were blown off the coast, and were driven by the trade winds across the Atlantic, and formed the settlement at Mexico; for this would be the point where the trade winds and the Gulf-Stream would naturally land them.
To support this conjecture take the following facts. The Phoenicians and Egyptians worshipped the sun, had the art of embalming their dead, possessed the arts extensively, and practised human sacrifice. All these were common to the Mexicans when, they were conquered by Cortes. I place no further confidence in the tradition delivered by Montezuma to Cortez, "that his ancestors came from the remote regions of the east, and settled that empire ; and that their descendants should come at some future day and take possession of the empire," than as it serves for one link in the chain by which my conjectures are united.
These points being settled, let us pursue the colonies of these people tip the Mississippi, and examine their attempts