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ed States, agrecably to order, and that the President of the United States informed the committee, that he would make a communication to the two houses this day at twelve o'clock.
The following written message was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Todd, his secretary: Fellorc-Citizens of the Senate
and of the House of Representatives : I have the satisfaction, on our present meeting, of being able to communicate to you the successful termination of the war which had been commenced against the United States by the regency of Algiers. The squadron in advance on that service, under commodore Decatur, lost not a moment after its arrival in the Mediterrancan, in seeking the naval force of the enemy then cruising in that sea, and succeeded in capturing two of his ships, one of them the principal ship, commanded by the Algerinc admiral. The high character of the American commander was brilliantly sustained on the occasion, which brought his own ship into close action with that of his adversary, as was the accustomed gallantry of all the officers and men actually engaged. Having prepared the way by this demonstration of American skill and prowcss, he hastened to the port of Algiers, where peace iras promptly yielded to his victorious force. In the terms stipulated, the rights and honour of the United States were particularly consulted, by a perpetual relinquishdient, on the part of the der,
of all pretensions to tribute from them. The impressions which have thus been made, strengthened as they will have been, by subsequent transactions with thc regencies of Tunis and of Tripoli, by the appearance of the larger force which followed under commodore Bainbridge, the chief in command of the cxpedition, and by the judicious precautionary arrangements left by him in that quarter, afford a reasonable prospect of future security, for the valuablc portion of our commerce which passes within reach of the Barbary cruisers.
It is another source of satisfaction that the treaty of peace with Great Britain has been succeeded by a convention on the subject of commerce, concluded by the plenipotentiarics of the two countries. In this result a disposition is manifested on the part of that nation, corresponding with the disposition of the United States, which, it may be hoped, will be improved into liberal arrangements on other subjects, on which the parties have mutual intercsts, or which might endanger their future har. inong. Congress will decide on the expediency of promoting such a sequel, by giving effect to the measure of confining the American navigation to American scamen; a measure which, at the same time that it might have that conciliatory tendency, would have the further advantage of encreasing the independence of our navigation, and the resources for our maritime defence.
In conformity with the articles in the treaty of Ghent, relating to the Indians, as well as with a
view to the tranquillity of our western and northwestern frontiers, measures were taken to establish an immediate peace with the several tribes who had been engaged in hostilities against the U. nited States. Such of them as were invited to Detroit acceded readily to a renewal of the former treaties of friendship. Of the other tribes who were invited to a station on the Mississippi, the greater number have also accepted the
offered to them. The residue, consisting of the more distant tribes or parts of tribes, remain to be brought over by further explanations, or by such other means as may be adapted to the dispositions they may finally disclose.
The Indian tribes within, and bordering on the southern frontier, whom a cruel. war on their part had compelled us to chastise into peace, have latterly shown a restlessness, which has called for preparatory measures for repressing it, and for protecting the commissioners engaged in carrying the terms of the
into execution. The execution of the act for fixing the military peacc establishment, has been attended with dirficulties which even now can only be overcome by legislative aid. The selection of officers; the
pay. ment and discharge of the troops enlisted for the var'; the payment of the retained troops, and their re-union from detached and distant stations; the collection and security of the public property in thc quarter-master, commissary, and ordnance departments; and the constant medical assistanco required in hospitals and garrisons, rendered a complete execution of the act impracticable on the first of May, the period more immediately contemplated. As soon, hoirever, as circumMances would permit, and as far as it has been practicable, consistently with the public interests, the reduction of the army has been accomplished; but the appropriations for its pay and for other branches of the military service, having proved inadequate, the carliest attention to that subject will be necessary; and the expcdicncy of continuing upon thic peace establishment, the staff officers who have hitherto been provisionally retained, is also l'ecommended to the consideration of congress.
In the performance of the executive duty upon this occasion, there has not been wanting a just sensibility to the merits of the American army during the late war: but the obvious policy and design in fixing an efficient military peace establishment did not afford an opportunity to distinguish the aged and infirin, on account of their pasi services; nor the wounded and disabled, on account of their present sufferings. The extent of the reduction indeed unavoidably involved the cxclusion of many meritorious officers of every rauk from the service of thicir country; and so cqua!, as well as so numerous, were the claims to attention, that a decision by the standard of comparative merit, could seldoın be attaincd. Judged, however, in candour, by a general standard of positive racrit, the arıny register will, it is belicred, do honour to the cstablishment; while the case of those officers, whose names are not included in it, devolves, with the strongest interest, upon the legislative authority, for such provision as shall be deemed the best calculated to give support and solace to the veteran and the invalid; to display the beneficence, as well as the justice, of the government; and to inspire a martial zeal for the public service upon every future emergency.
Although the embarrassments arising from the want of an uniform national currency have not been diminished since the adjournment of congress, great satisfaction has been derived in contemplating the revival of the public credit, and the efficiency of the public resources. The receipts into the treasury, from the various branches of revenue, during the nine months ending on the 30th of September last, harc been estimated at tirelre millions and a half of dollars; the issues of treasury notes of every denomination, during the same period, amounted to the sum of fourteen millions of dollars: and there was also obtained upon loan, during the same period, a sum of nine millions of dollars; of which the sun of six millions of dollarwas subscribed in cash, and the sum of three millions of dollars in treasury notes. With these means, added to the sum of one million and a half of dollars, being the balance of money in the treasury on the 1st of January, there has been paid, between the 1st of January and thic Ist of October, on account of the appropriations of