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letters, 494; remainder of their corres-
pondence, 494; his death, 542; his last
Adams, Mrs. (wife of John Adams), in
France, Vol. I. 424; some -traits of
her character, 424; her friendship for
Jefferson, 424; her description of
Maria Jefferson, 480; her description
of the President's house, etc., in 1800,
Vol. II. 543; to Jefferson on death
of his youngest daughter, Vol.III. 104,
ct seq.; her complaints of his conduct,
106, 107; her character, 108, 109; her
motives, 109; reparation, 109; she
writes to Jefferson in 1813, 390; their
reconciliation and subsequent corres-
pondence, 390; her appearance, etc., in
the decline of life, 390, 391; Jeffer-
son to her in 1817,439, 440; her death
in 1818, 446; Jefferson's letter to Mr.
Adams thereon, 446.
Adams, John Q., his belief in the exist-
ence of a monarchical party in U. S.,
Vol. I. 591, 592; author of articles
signed Publicola, Vol. II. 3, 8, 9;
enters U. S. Senate, Vol. III. 72; his
action on treaty for purchase of Louis-
iana, 75, 84; his retorts on the poet
Moore's pasquinades, 119 ; one of
committee which reports in favor of
suspending habeas corpus, 195; his
declaration of Executive knowledge
of orders in council when Embargo was
recommended, 243; he votes for the
Embargo, 244; his report on expulsion
of Smith, as an accomplice of Burr, 244,
et seq.; his vindication of the Execu-
tive, and implied reflections on Judge
Marshall, 244, 245; he attends Repub-
lican Congressional caucus, 253; re-
signs his seat in U. S. Senate, 281;
Jefferson's erroneous statements re-
specting his disclosures in 1809, 293,
294; no injustice done to Mr. Adams
by these errors, 295; his opinion
of the Embargo in 1808, 295; his
charge that the Massachusetts Federal
leaders aimed at a division of the
Union, 295; his charge that they in-
tended to call in the aid of England,
if necessary, 295; he is appointed
Secretary of State, 441; his corres-
pondence with Jefferson, 441; Jeffer-
son's personal feelings towards him,
441; he is a candidate for the Presi-
dency in 1827, 495; Jefferson's letters
Adams, Samuel, the Palinurus of the
Revolution, Vol. I. 182, 185; two
political letters from, to George
Clinton in 1793 and 1794, Vol. II.
165; he is opposed to treaty of Lon-
don, 265; supported for Vice-President
in 1796, 315; Jefferson to, in 1800 on
Bonaparte's overthrow of Directory,
524; Jefferson to, in 1801, 662, 663.
Adet, succeeds Fauchet as French minis-
ter in U. S., Vol. II. 266; avoids
mixing in the demonstrations against
treaty of London, 273; complains to
U. S. Government of treaty of Lon-
don, 276; his complaints considered,
276–279; he presents flag of France
to Washington, and Washington's re-
Albermarle county, the instructions of
electors of, in 1774, drafted by Jeffer-
son, Vol. I. 86; they take different
ground from those in other counties,
87; Committee of Safety appointed in
1775, and Jefferson chosen chairman,
99, 100; the volunteers of, assemble and
ask Washington's advice, 105; resolu-
tion of the people of vindicating
Jefferson from, posthumous slanders,
Vol. III. 677.
Alexander, Emperor of Russia, his per-
sonal overtures to Jefferson, Vol. III.
170; his friendly dispositions towards
U. S., 170; his attentions to Jefferson
after his retirement, 354.
Aliens, their flight from U. S., Vol.
II. 388; the French, English, and Irish
aliens, 398; causes of Irish emigration
to U. S., 398–400; efforts of American
minister in England to prevent it, 400;
laws to banish aliens passed by Con-
gress, 394, 395; how far enforced,
415, 421; the “United Irishmen,”
400, 401; aliens in U.S. less numerous
than Tories, 401; charges made against
Irish aliens, 401, 402; character of
those exiles, 402,403.
Ames Fisher, his comparison of the Gov-
ernment and people of the United States
and England, Vol. I, 583–585; his
views on centering the political influ-
ence of the moneyed men, etc., 638; in
Congress, Vol. II. 24, 103, 230; his
speech on treaty of London, 293; his
suspicions of President Adams, politi-
cally, in 1796, 327; his proposed en-
gine of Government in 1799, 513;
considers Jefferson a “fool in earnest”
in his democracy, 513; his politics and
Washington's, 517, 518; his views of
purchase of Louisiana, Vol. III. 87.
Ana, Jefferson's, commenced by him,
Vol. II. 26; what they consist of, and
their object, 27; revised for publiea-
tion by him, 28; how far they violated
any confidence, 28, et seq.; their post-
humous publication, 32-34; his mo-
tives for writing and revising them
declared by himself, 34, 35; legitimacy
of his testimony, 41, 42; spirit of the
work, 42–44; a feature in, 183.
Annapolis Convention in 1786, Vol. I.
Annexation, Jefferson's views on, Vol. I.
442; Vol II. 6, 7, 172; Vol. III.
172, 315, 316, 471, 47.2, 491.
Arnold, General Benedict, his invasion
of Virginia, Vol. I. 296, et seq.; en-
ters Richmond, 299; retires, 300;
favored by circumstances, 301; joined
by General Phillips, 324; left in com-
mand by death of Phillips, 329; at-
tempts to open communications with
Lafayette, 329; returns to New York,
Assumption law, Vol. I. 608–611; oppo-
tion to, in State legislatures, 628.
Astor, John J., heads memorial in favor
of Embargo, Vol. III. 301, 632.
Austin Benjamin, Jefferson to, in favor
of domestic manufactures, Vol. III.
Bainbridge, Commodore, insulted by Dey
of Algiers, Vol. II. 665; in captivity
in Tripoli, Vol. III. 142.
Baldwin, Mr., of New Jersey, his convic-
tion under sedition law, Vol. II. 419.
Banister, J., jr., Jefferson to, on a Euro-
pean education for Americans, Vol. I.
Bank of United States, bill for, passed,
Vol. I. 629; opinions of Cabinet on,
629, 630; approved by President, 630;
Washington's reluctance to sign bill,
631; Jefferson's continued hostility to,
in 1813, Vol. III. 386; rechartered in
1816, with an increased capital, 428;
attitude of Republicans towards, 428.
Barlow, Joel, Jefferson to, Vol. II. 68:
his letter to Washington from France
in 1798, 427, 489; effect of the letter
on Washington's mind, etc., 490; John
Adams's contradictory comments on it,
Barron, Commodore, takes command in
Mediterranean, Vol. III. 140; in com-
mand of frigate Chesapeake when at-
tacked by the Leopard, 224; suspended
from command, 225.
Bartram, the naturalist, his mention of
Isham Randolph, Vol. I. 10; his hints
of early Virginia life, 10.
Batture Case, an account of Vol. III.
Bayard, James A., Vol. II. 524, 530,
532 ; his description of President
Adams, 582; Hamilton to, denouncing
Burr, 583; his reply, 585; Hamilton's
final appeal to, 587; he is accused by
Jefferson of tempting Gen. Smith and
Livingston to vote for Burr, 597, 609
et seq.; his account of the action of his
party during ballotings between Jeffer-
son and Burr, 607, 608; his deposition
that Jefferson obtained the Presidency
by a stipulation with Federalists, 613–
615; probable sources of his error,
620; his subsequent course and decla-
rations in respect to Jefferson, 622,
623; he is supported for Speaker by
the Federalists, 678; Hamilton to,
proposing the “Christian Constitu-
tional Society,” etc., Vol. III. 10, 11;
his answer, 12; he declares his belief
in Burr's guilt, 246.
Bellini, Professor, Jefferson to, com-
paring society in Europe and U. S.,
Vol. I. 433.
Bibby, Captain, playing duets on the vio-
lin with Jefferson, Vol. I, 132, 133,
Blennerhasset, Herman, visited by Burr
in 1805, Vol. III. 174; collects boats
and stores for Burr in 1806, 179;
declares that the object of Burr's ex-
pedition is to build up a kingdom,
composed of Mexico and the Western
States, 179; advocates a separation of
the States in a newspaper, 179. -
Blockade, actual, how defined by English
judicial decisions, Vol. III. 238; these
decisions violated by British orders in
Bloodworth, T., Jefferson to, declaring
his enemies are attacking an imaginary
personage, Vol. III. 94.
Boudinot, Elias, Vol. II. 24, 103, 119,
245; his proposal to Mr. Adams to
appoint himself Chief Justice, 626.
Bowdoin, James, Jefferson to, on obtain-
ing Florida, Vol. III. 172; Jefferson
to, in respect to English treaty, 203;
Jefferson to, in regard to discharge of
Burr's accomplices by Judge Marshall,
Bradford, William, appointed Attorney-
General of U. S., Vol. II. 226, 241;
his character and politics, 245, 246;
his death, 269.
Breckenridge, John, drafts Kentucky re-
solutions of 1799, Vol. II. 510; in
U. S. Senate, 677 ; his substitute for
Ross's war resolutions, Vol. III. 31 ;
his position in the Senate, 36; Jeffer-
son to, on constitutionality of incorpo-
rating Louisiana, etc., 69, 70; he is
appointed Attorney-General by Jeffer-
Breckenridge, General, Jefferson to, on
Missouri question, Vol. III. 460.
Breckenridge, Judge, Jefferson to, on the
tie in the Presidential vote, Vol. III.
502; his letter to Dumoriez in respect
to Miranda, Vol. II.435.
Brougham, his opinion of the causes of
the American Revolution, Vol. I. 170.
Buchan, the Earl of his correspondence
with Washington and Jefferson, Vol.
Buffon, his dispute with Jefferson on a
question of natural history, Vol. I.
Burke, Mr., his opinion on introducing
politics in the pulpit, Vol. III. 425.
Burr, Aaron, takes seat in U. S. Senate,
Vol. II. 23; a candidate for Vice-
Presidency in 1796, 314, 315; nomi-
nated for Vice-Presidency in 1800,
533; obtains and publishes Hamilton's
private attack on Adams, 559; his
means of procuring the paper, 560;
Jefferson to, in regard to result of
election, etc., in 1800, 572, 573, 577;
how far the result in New York was
due to Burr, 573 et seq.; his political
standing in New York, 573, 574; his
supposed intrigues in New Jersey and
other States, 575, 582; his instruments
tampering with members of Congress,
576; his female correspondence, etc.,
581; tie with Jefferson in the electoral
vote, 581, 582; his letter to Gen.
Smith disclaiming being a candidate,
585; proceeding of the Federalists, 582
et seq.; the Federal caucus determine
to support him against Jefferson, 592;
Jefferson believes him acting in good
faith, 594; his conduct during the bal-
loting in the House, 604; effect of this
conduct on his standing, 612; his suit
against Cheetham for libel, 612; his
wager suit of Gillespie vs. Smith, and
its objects, 612; obtains Bayard's and
Smith's depositions to implicate Jeffer-
son, 617; attempts to surreptitiously
change the phraseology of Smith's
deposition, 617; his motives, 617, 618;
coquetting with the Federalists, 691;
does not receive a vote for renomina-
tion to the Vice-Presidency, Vol. III.
91 ; the circumstances under which he
left the office, 173; his expedition to
Western States in 1805, 174; his pro-
ject of a canal round the falls of the
Ohio, 174; stops at Blennerhasset's
Island, 174; proceeds to Lexington
and meets Jackson, 174; goes to New
Orleans, 174; his hints to Wilkinson,
174; returns to Washington, and at-
tempts to tamper with Eaton, Truxton,
Brissot, carries letter of introduction
from Jefferson to the U. S., Vol. I.
and others, 174; his representations
to Eaton, 175; his projects, 176, 177;
his short-sighted and petty grade of
cunning, 177; his recklessness, 178;
his second journey west in 1806, 178;
his Bastrop purchase, 178; his con-
federates make preparations for an
expedition, 179; their different avow-
als of their objects, 179; they avow an
intention to divide the Union, 179;
Burr's correspondence with Gen. Wil-
kinson, 179; sends an agent to his
camp, 179, 180; copy of his letter to
Wilkinson, 180; further disclosures of
his agent, 181; Jackson's letter of
warning to Claiborne, 181; Wilkinson
makes active preparations to oppose
him, 181, 182; Wilkinson declares New
Orleans under martial law, 182; Wil-
kinson seizes Burr's agents and trans-
ports them to Washington, 182; inef-
fectual motion for Burr's arrest in Ken-
tucky, 183; further progress of his
expedition, 185; descends to Missis-
sippi territory, 185; arrested and car-
ried before territorial court, 185; bill
thrown out by grand jury, 185, 186;
he flies eastward, 186; he is captured
in Alabama, and taken to Richmond
for trial, 186; Wilkinson's prisoners
(Bollman and Swartwout) reach Wash-
ington, 196; the prisoners brought
before Judge Marshall and discharged,
197; Burr's arrival in Richmond, 204;
received as a political martyr by Fede-
ralists, 204; held to bail for a misde-
meanor, 204; his fellow-guests at a
dinner party, 204, 205; his counsel on
his trial, 205; grand jurors challenged
for favor, 205; Burr moves for a sub-
poena duces tecum to the President, 205;
the spirit of the proceedings illustrated
by Martin's speech, 206; Wirt's reply,
206; Judge Marshall's observations
thereon, 207; Martin's attacks on the
President continued through the trial,
207 et seq.; the subpoena duces tecum
to the President ordered, 209; further
proceedings thereon temporarily sus-
pended, 212; the manner of treating
the Government witnesses, 212; the
grand jury find a bill of indictment
against Burr for treason, 212; he is
committed to jail, 213; he is removed
therefrom to Martin's house, 213; ar-
raigned for treason, 213; removed to
“apartments” in penitentiary, 213; he
describes his “apartments,” company,
etc., 213, 214; trial for treason opens,
214; its progress and result, 214, 215;
he is put on trial for misdemeanor, and
the result, 215–217; held to bail for
trial in Ohio for a misdemeanor, 217;
flies to England, 217; pretended im-
proper interference of the President
during trials, 217-220; Burr's subse-
quent career, 220–222.
Burwell, William A., his indignation
at Moore's lampoons and the sequel,
Vol. III. 118, 119 ; answers John
Randolph's newspaper attacks on the
Burwell, N., Jefferson to, on a course of
female education, etc., Vol. III, 447,
Cabell, Joseph C., Jefferson to, on right
to add to Constitutional qualifications
of members of Congress, Vol. III.
401; Jefferson to, on Missouri ques-
tion, 455, 460; his efficient services in
establishing Virginia University, 464,
et seq., 496; third rector of University,
465; Jefferson to, on the selection of
professors, 497; Jefferson to, request-
ing his aid in Legislature, 527; Jeffer-
son to, declaring he has been taught to
know his standard, 531; Cabell's an-
swer, 532; his further correspondence
with Jefferson, 535.
Cabell, Col. Nicholas, Vol. III.464.
Cabell, Samuel J., presented by a grand
jury for a letter to his constituents, Vol.
II. 376. -
Cabell, William, of Union Hill, Vol. III.
Cabot, George, Vol. II. 517; his views
on Hamilton's attack on Adams in
1800, 562; informs Hamilton he is
accused of same vanity he charges on
Adams, 562; in favor of electing Burr
over Jefferson in 1800, 583; President
of Hartford Convention, Vol. III.421;
his private character, 421.
Calhoun, John C., Vol. III. 320.
Calhoun, John E., Vol. II. 677.
Callender, James T., his conviction under
sedition law, Vol. II. 419 ; his attacks
on Jefferson, Vol. III. 16, et seq.;
sketch of his career, 18; Jefferson's
gratuities to him, 18; partisan state-
ments on this head, 18, 19; his subse-
quent career and death, 20, 21.
Camden, battle of, Vol. I. 269, 270.
Campbell, Colonel Arthur, commands at
King's Mountain, Vol. I. 281; strikes
the Cherokees, 307.
Campbell, G. W., his reply to Gardenier
in tenth Congress, Vol. III. 248, 249;
challenged by Gardenier and result of
Canning, George, his negotiations with
American ministers, Vol. III. 235, et
seq.; his wheedling representations to
Mr. Pinkney, 272; his politics and
character, 273; draws a written propo-
sition from Pinkney, 274; his insult-
ing replies, 275, 276; his reply pub-
lished in a Massachusetts newspaper,
285; this undoubtedly his own act,
Capital, removed to Washington, Vol.II.
541; the town described, 542, 543; the
new capitol described, 542, 543.
Carey, Matthew, his statements in respect
to run of Boston banks on those of
middle and southern States in 1813
and 1814, Vol. III. 387, 388; reply of
Lowell, and Carey's rejoinder, 388.
Carmichael, Mr. Jefferson to, on Shays'
insurrection, Vol. I. 459; appointed
minister to Spain, Vol. II.46.
Carr, Dabney, moves resolutions in Wir-
ginia Burgesses, 1773, Vol. I. 79; de-
scribed by Jefferson and Wirt, 82; his
schoolboy intimacy with Jefferson, 82;
marries Jefferson's sister, 83; his
death, 83; effect of his death on his
wife, 83; his children brought up by
Jefferson, 84; their subsequent career,
Carr, Dabney (the younger), Vol. I. 84,
231; his tribute to Jefferson, Vol. III.
Carr, Peter, Vol. I. 84; Jefferson's let-
ter of advice to, 435; Jefferson pre-
scribes a course of study to, 436, 437.
Carr, Samuel, Vol. I. 84.
Carrington, Paul, elected a judge of
General Court, Vol. L. 216.
Carrington, Col. Edward, Jefferson to, on
“Shays' insurrection,” Vol. I. 463,
464; Jefferson to, on the federal Con-
stitution, 488, 489.
Carroll, Charles, his views of Hamilton's
attack on Adams, etc., in 1800, Vol.
II. 562; on the manner of choosing
Presidential electors in Maryland, 571.
Cartwright, Major John, of England, his
correspondence with Jefferson, Vol.
III. 500, 501; a misunderstanding
explained, 501, 502.
Cary, Col. Archibald, his first intercourse
with Jefferson, Vol. I. 21 ; reports
the resolutions for independence in
Virginia Legislature, 139, 141 ; he
crushes dictator project, 207 ; his cha-
Ceracchi, Giuseppe, Jefferson to, Vol.
II. 199; the sculptor's visit to the
U. S. to execute a national monument,
199, 200; his busts of Washington,
Jefferson, and Hamilton, and medallion
of Madison, 200.
Chase, Judge Samuel, his conduct on
Callender's trial, Vol. II. 419; his
impeachment, vol. III. 122, 128; his
acquittal, and reasons therefor, 123,124.
Cheetham, James, Vol. II. 573, 575, 576.
Chesapeake, U. S. frigate, attacked by .
the Leopard, Vol. III. 224, 225.
Cincinnati Society, account of, Vol. I.
406; opposition of public feeling to,
406, et seq.; Judge Burke's attack on,
406, 407; Legislatures condemn, 407;
Jefferson's hostility to, 407–409.
Claiborne, Governor of Mississippi, Jef.
ferson to, on obtaining New Orleans,
etc., Vol. III. 62.
Clarke, Col. George Rogers, the Han-
nibal of the West, Vol. I. 248;
advances against Kaskaskias, 248 ;
surprises that and other British posts,
248; advances in winter against and
captures St. Vincenne, 249; intrusted
with taking possession of the territo-
ries of Virginia, 256; his conduct as
a diplomatist and soldier, 256, 257;
a striking instance of his nerve, 257;
his plans against Detroit, 273, 275;
chastises the western clans in 1780,
274; plans expedition against Detroit
in 1780, 293.; skirmish with Arnold's
Clarke, William, his and Lewis's western
exploration originated, Vol III. 37.
Clay, Charles, Jefferson to, on Burr's
conspiracy, Vol. III. 186; Jefferson
to, on his own pecuniary affairs, 200.
Clay, Henry, appears as Burr's counsel in
Kentucky, Vol. III. 184; the letter
by which Burr engaged his services,
184; becomes convinced of Burr's
i. 184; publicly refuses to receive
urr's hand, 184; joins war party,
320: Speaker in Congress, 374; his
reply to Quincy's attack on Jefferson,
Clayton, John M., his questions, etc., in
U. S. Senate concerning statements in
Jefferson's Ana, Vol. II. 609-611.
Clergy, character of the early Anglican
clergy, Vol. II. 646, 647; character
of New England clergy, 647–65 l; hos-
tility of New England clergy to Jeffer-
son, 651, 652.
Clinton, DeWitt, Vol. II. 677; his first
speech in U. S. Senate, Vol. III. 31;
his review of the conduct of the Fede-
ralists, 32, 33; a candidate for the Pre-
sidency in 1812, 376; 631.
Clinton, George, unsuccessful candidate
for Vice-Presidency in 1792, Vol. II.
102, 120; his attitude in the New
York election of 1800, 573; nominated
to Vice-Presidency in 1804, Vol. III.
91; his character, 91; renominated
..or Vice-President, 253.
Clinton, Sir Henry, captures Charleston,
Vol. I. 260; violation of the capitula-
tion, 261; his proclamation recalling
paroles in South Carolina, 278; orders
executions, 278; his plans in fall of
1780, 283, 284; dispatches Gen. Leslie
to Virginia, 284; dispatches Gen.
Phillips to Virginia, 322.
Cobbet, William, Vol. II. 396, 400, 413,
Coles, Edward, produces a reconcilia-
tion between Jefferson and Adams,
Vol. III. 366, 639, 640.
Committees of Correspondence, where
originated, Vol. I. 79, 80.
Committees of Safety, organized in Vir-
ginia counties, Vol. L. 99; their pow-
Congress, meeting of 1774, Vol. I. 98;
session of, 1775–6, 133; news of pro-
hibitory Act received in, 135; enact-
ments, 138; preliminary measures to
Independence, 139; legislative instruc-
tions, 139; Independence moved, 142;
why action was delayed, 142; the de-
bate, 148; Committee on Declaration
appointed, 143; factions in, 146, et
seq.; supposed anti-Washington party
in, 147–152; Declaration of Indepen-
dence reported, 164; original resolu-
tion for independence passed in com-
mittee, 169; vote of Colonies on, 169;
debate on the Declaration, 170; amend-
ments, 170; its passage, 171; factions
in, 1779, 255; meeting in 1783, 392; re-
signation of Washington, 392; action
on treaty of peace, 392–394; Committee
of States chosem, 394; Commissioners
of the Treasury appointed, 396; ces-
sion of Northwestern Territory by Wir-
ginia, 397; ordinance for government
of Northwestern Territory, 397, 400;
temper of the House, 401; second
Congress (under the Constitution), in
1791, Vol. II. 23; parties and promi-"
ment members in, 23, 24; meeting of
third Congress, 193; proceedings on
British orders in Council, 230; second
session of third Congress, 251; pro-
ceedings on President's speech, etc.,
252; meeting of fourth Congress, 270;
speech of President and addresses of
the Houses, 270, 271; resolutions of
the two Houses on receiving flag of
France, 280, 281; action on Treaty of
London, 286, et seq.; party manoeu.
vres in respect to it, 292; the speakers
for and against it, 293; reaction in its
favor, 294; question taken, 294, 295;
special session of fifth Congress, 349;
warlike addresses of the Houses, 350;
their ardor cooled by news of French