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Affair of the Chesapeake and Leopard–Popular and Official Movements thereon—Presi-

dent's Views—His Attitude in relation to Spanish Affairs—Indian Difficulties—Private

Correspondence—Considers a Presidential Tour improper—The President and his

Grandson—Anecdotes—Carrying a Kentuckian en croupe—The drunken Soldier—An

Acquaintance made under unusual Circumstances—Our Relations with England–Was

the rejection of the Treaty the Cause of English Hostility?–Canning's Intercourse with

American Ministers—British Proclamation and Orders in Council–Effects on United

States—Meeting of Congress—President's Message—Embargo recommended—Was the

President then apprised of last Orders in Council?—The Embargo Bill passes—Presi.

dent transmits to Congress Proceedings in Burr's Trials—Motion to expel Smith as an

Accomplice of Burr–J. Q. Adams's Report thereon–Bayard's Opinion of Burr's Guilt

—Vote in Smith's Case—Bills to amend the Laws of Treason—Pennsylvania Resolu-

tions—Wilkinson's Conduct investigated—Supplementary Embargo Acts—Gardenier's

Speech—Johnson's and Campbell's Replies—Duel between Gardenier and Campbell—

Bills passed—Deaths—Adjournment—Arrival of English Minister—His Correspondence

with Madison and Departure—President's Views of Objects and Effects of Embargo—

His View of our Foreign Relations—Legislative and other Addresses approving Em.

bargo—-Eight Legislatures nominate the President for a Third Term—His decisive

Refusal arrests further Nominations—Presidential Caucus—Clinton and Monroe's dis-

satisfaction—Correspondence between the President and Monroe–Claims of the latter

compared with Madison's—The President's impartial Overtures to England and France

Their Replies–Pinkney writes Home urging a full persistence in Embargo–Effects

of Embargo on different Classes and Sections of our Country—Its comparative Effects

in United States and England–England encouraged to persist by the Conduct of New

England Federalists—Disingenuousness of their Appeals to Sectional and Class Inte-

rests—Comparative Exports and Tonnage of different Sections of the Union—Infrac-

tions of Embargo in New York and New England—Revenue Officers forcibly resisted

—Conduct of New York and New England Executives—President's Impartiality in

granting Permits—General Armstrong's Dispatches in regard to Florida–President's

Views—Germ of the “Monroe Doctrine”—President's Views of English Relations—

His View of the proper Manner of executing Criminal Justice on Indian Offenders—

History of the “Batture Case,” - - - - - - - - - . 223

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Mr. Jefferson's return Home—His Correspondence with the President—Jefferson's and

Madison's Friendship—Their Similarities and Contrasts of Character, etc.—Their dif.

ferent Degrees of Popularity among Political Friends and Opponents—Their Useful-

ness to each other—Erskine's Treaty—Jefferson's Views of it—His Annexation Views—

The Treaty rejected by England—“Copenhagen Jackson" succeeds Erskine—

Habitual deportment of British Ministers in the United States—How the Treaty had

been received by the Federalists—Their Declarations on its Rejection—Feelings of the

American people—Jefferson to Eppes—His Views on Equilibrium of Agriculture,

Manufactures and Commerce—Dissensions in Mr. Madison's Cabinet—Jefferson dis-

suades Gallatin from retiring—Engaged in correcting Marshall's Life of Washington—

Loss of his Indian Vocabularies—Domestic affairs—Letter to Kosciusko–Jefferson's

Pecuniary Affairs—A Statement of them and of the Sources of his Pecuniary Misfor-

tunes—Amount of his Property—Causes of the Depression of the Agricultural Interest

in Virginia–Monetary Revulsions—Life at Monticello–Its Scale of Hospitality—A talk

with old Wormley—Mr. Jefferson's proposed and actual Style of Living—Anecdote of

Mr. C***.-The Current of Events unchangeable—The Sequel—Description of Monti-

cello–Its Approach—The Grounds and Mansion—Interior of the House forty years

ago—Prospect from Monticello—Looming of the Mountains—Jefferson's proposed

Improvements to the Scenery—An early English Description of the Climate and

Inhabitants—A Rain Storm and an important Computation—Reasons for Jefferson's

building his House at Poplar Forest—The House and Life there described by his

Grand-daughter—Journeying between his two Residences described by another Grand-

daughter—An Omission in the Sketch of the House at Poplar Forest—Interview with

a Parson at Ford's Tavern–Jefferson in the Interior of his Family, his Reading, his

Rural and Horticultural Tastes, described by a Grand-daughter—His Conduct and Man-

ners in his Family, described by different Grand-daughters, . . . . . 307

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Views on proper Sacrifices to Party Unity—His Toleration of Individual Differences

of Opinion in his Party—Gallatin—Thomas Ritchie—South American Revolt—Jefferson

advises Barlow how to address Napoleon–His Views on War and Peace—“Gives

Glory” to Gerry for “Rasping down” Traitors—The Conduct of the New England

Federalists—Quincy's Declaration that it was the Duty of some States to prepare for a

Separation of the Union—Resolutions of Federal Caucus in Boston–Gerry pronounces

their Doctrines Seditious—Legislature go further—Jefferson's Illness—His Letter to

Rush–Correspondence of 1812–His Reconciliation with John Adams—War declared

between United States and Great Britain—Jefferson's Views of the kind of War it was

Expedient to wage—His Suggestions to the President—Sanguine Hopes—Views after

Hull's Surrender—A Glimpse of Jefferson's Pecuniary Affairs—He is urged to become

a Candidate for the Presidency—Urged to enter Mr. Madison's Cabinet–General

Result of the War in 1812–Conduct of the New England Federalists—Disunion insti-

gated from the Pulpit—Quincy's Attack on the War and on Jefferson in Congress—

Tallmadge's Speech—Clay's Reply to Quincy—Presidential Election—Progress of the

War in 1813—Jefferson's Remarks and Suggestions thereon—Massachusetts Legislature

resolve that it is “unbecoming a Moral and Religious People" to express Approbation

of the Military or Naval Exploits of the War—Massachusetts Officials do not attend

the Funeral of Lawrence—Quincy's Resolution in regard to Admission of States formed

from Louisiana—Remonstrance of Massachusetts Legislature against the War—False

Statements of the Document in regard to Impressment, etc.—Smuggling and Selling

Supplies to the Enemy—How fostered in New England–Evasions of the Revenue

Laws—British Blockade extended—The portion of New England still Exempted–Gov.

ernor of Vermont attempts to Recall the Militia of that State from Canada–Proceed-

ings in Congress thereon—Resolves of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and New Jersey—

Commodore Decatur's Account of the “Blue-light.” Treason–Jefferson's Corres-

pondence in 1813–Dirge of the Indian Race—Jefferson's Letters to Eppes on the

Banks and Currency—Attempt of Boston Banks to prevent the Government from

obtaining Loans—Their Run on Banks of Middle and Southern States—Purchase of

English Government Bills—The Massachusetts Press and Pulpit denounce those

who lend Money to our Government—A new Rupture between Adams and Jefferson

threatened—Reconciliation between Jefferson and Mrs. Adams—Jefferson's Views

of Style in Writing, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352

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or

THOMAS JEFFERSON.

BY

HENRY S. RANDALL, LL.D.

“Thomas JEFFERSoN still survives!”
The Last Words of John Adams.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. III.

&
* NEW YORK :
DERBY & JACKSON, 119 NASSAU STREET.

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