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course, acquitted ; if, said the enraged of the most absurd self-love, as the story and disappointed tyrant, his neck were of Narcissus itself—But Ovid paintas thick as an ox's, I would have his ed his maniac with a soft and harmonious head. He called, therefore, together pencil ; Rousseau's portrait of himself treise peasants, and forming a square is in the style of Spagnoletto-Amongst with four spears, into which they en- other fine sentiments which he means tered, an odd jury box,) he forbade for philosophy, he says, “ In labourthem to separate till they should have ing to acquire my own esteem, (it does agreed to their verdict upon Oxe. The not seem to have required much lapeasants, perplexed what to do, returned bour,) I have learned to do very well a special verdict which would have done without the esteem of others.” Thus no discredit to a jury of Jesuits—“We the clear and christian duty of satisfycannot try him," said they, “ when ing, in the first place, one's own conhis own confessions have already con- science is parodied by Rousseau into demned him." This was enough for an expression of that morbid vanity Christiern, and poor Oxe did lose his which can extract internal satisfachead accordingly.-Frer. ix. 54. tion from the disapprobation of all • V. That madman Rousseau wrote to a mankind.
M. farce called Narcissus a preface as full
No IV. Academicae Luctus, et Gratulationes. WR EDITOR, It has often struck me, that an interesting article might be supplied from the neglected (and, in some instances, rare) volumes, known generally by the titles Lactus and Gratulationes, of the two English Universities. From long desuetude it has now become matter of history, that these learned bodies were accustomed during nearly two centuries—for I cannot trace the practice to a remoter date-to celebrate every event, sad or sprightly, which could be supposed to interest the nation or it's chief magistrate. An accession ; a royal marriage ; the birth, or the decease, of a prince or a princess; the recovery, restoration, or return of a sovereign ; the successes of a war, or the conclusion of a peace ; the restitution of a public library; nay, the deaths even of illustrious or ingenions subjects Sir Philip Sidney, Mr Camden, Mr Edward King (Lycidas), General Monk, Sir Bevill Grenvill, or Dr Radcliffe elicited the “ melodious tears," or the not less melodious smiles, of the Cambridge* and Oxford muses. My own shelves furnish almost all those of the following dates: 1. 1586. Death of Sir Philip Sidney. Acad. Cant. Lacrymæ, per A. Nevyllum. 1587. 2.
-Peplus, &c. Oxon. 1587. 3.
-Exequiæ, &c. Oxon. 1589. 4 1603. Accession of James 1.–Acad. Oxon. Pietas, &c. 6 1612. Death of Henry Prince of Wales.-Epicedium Cant. &c. 6. 1619. maranasan
Queen Anne.—Lacrymæ Cant. &c. 7. 1624.
William Camden.-Camdeni Insignia, &c. Oxon. 8. 1633. Birth of Duke of York.--Vitis Carolinæ Genma altera, &c. ad vada Isidis. 9. 1637. rannanmenos a Princess.--Evvedic Musarum Cant. &c. 10. Death of Edward King.–Justa Edouardo King, &c. Cant. 1638. 11. 1641. Return of Charles I. from Scotland, Irenodia Cant. &c. 12.
.-Eucharistica Oxon. &c.
America herself, in at least one instance, has not disdained to copy the mother-island. In 1761 appeared, from the Boston press, in an elegantly printed volume, upon the subject of the Accession, “ Pietas et Gratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis (Harvard College, Cambridge) apud Novanglos.” It's dedication, as contrasted wtth the grounds of the rupture which a few years afterward severed the two countries, supplies an additional in. stance, if indeed any such be wanting, of the short-sightedness of man. One passage, however, with an unconscious equivoque affirms, that “ the commencing reign will form a new æra for North America !” All the compositions, thirty-one in number, with the exception of that of the President, are anonymous, though some of them would not have disgraced a scholar,
Pari plusquam Virgineo,
&c. Oxon. 14. 1643. Return of Queen from Holland.-Musarum Oxon. Etibarngia, &c. 15. Death of Sir Bevil Grenvill._Oxford Verses, &c. (Reprinted, London, 1684) 16. 1654. Peace with Holland. Oliva Pacis, &c. Cant. 17.
commMusarum Oxon. Enanopogia, &c. Genti Togatæ ad vada
Isidis Celeusma Metricum.
Queen Dowager Henriettch-Threni Cant. &c.
Henrietta, Duchess of Orange.--Lacrymæ Cant. &c. 22.
Duke of Albemarle.-Threnodia Cant. &c. 23. 1671. Anne, Duchess of York.- Epicedia Cant. &c. 24. 1677. Marriage of Prince of Orange and Princess Mary. Epithalamium Cant. &c. 25. 1683. Marriage of George of Denmark and Princess Anne.- Hymenæus Cant. 26. 1685. Accession of James II.-Mæstissimæ ac Lætissimæ Acad. Cant. &c. 27.
Supplex Recognitio, &c. et Pietas Acad. Oxon. &c. 28. 1688. Birth of Duke of Cornwall.-Genethliacon, &c. Cant. 29. 1695. Death of Queen Mary.-Lacrymæ Cant. &c. 30.
-Pietas Univ. Oxon. &c. 31. 1697. Return of William III. after Peace of Ryswick.--Gratulatio Acad. Cant. &c. 32. 1700. Death of Duke of Gloucester.—Threnodia Acad. Cant. &c. 33. 1702. Accession of Anne.--Acad. (ant. Carmina, &c. 34.
-Pietas Univ. Oxon. &c. et Gratulatio, &c. 35.
-Comitia Philologica in Honorem Annæ, &c. Oxon. 36. 1704. National Successes.Plausus Musarum, &c. Oxon. 37. 1714. Accession of George I.-Mæstissimæ ac Lætissimæ Acad. Cant. Carmina, &c. 38.
--Pietas Univ. Oxon. &c. et Gratulatio, &c.
Pietas Acad. Oxon. &c.
-Epithalamium Acad. Oxon. fc.
nama Solennis Acad. Oxon. &c. 54. 1763. Peace of Paris.--Gratulatio Acad. Cant. dc.
Beside these, however, (and in general it may be observed, that upon most of these occasions, except where the subject was strictly local, both universities came forward) others were published-in 1631, on a royal Birth ; in the year following, on the King's Recovery from illness; on the Peace of Westphalia, I believe, in 1648; and, a century afterward, on that of Aix-la-Chapelle: with several more in 1691, 1708, &c. &c. which stronger memories, or wealthier libraries, will supply. +
In some of the above are found the names of Herbert, Crashaw, Cowley, Milton, Locke, Barrow, Prior, Bentley, Jortin, and Gray-an illustrious decade! But such names, alas ! are only the rari nantes in gurgite vasto; and even Gray's hexameters, in 1736, were not deemed worthy, by his friend and editor, of being preserved from the common fate. “ Adulatory verses of this kind (Mr Mason observes), however well written, deserve not to be transmitted to posterity; and, indeed, are usually buried, as they ought to be, in the trash with which they are surrounded. Every person, who feels himself a poet, ought to be above prostituting his powers on such occasions; and extreme youth (as was the case with Gray,
• It was upon this, or the preceding similar occasion, that the Epigram “ While Cam and Isis, &c. made its appearance.
+ I have not named the “ Luctus Britannici," on the Death of Dryden (fol. Lond. 1700), because it is not exclusively academical.
twenty) is the only thing that can apologise for his having done it." Yet the compliments, or condolences, of Cowley and Marvell have been printed in their respective works; and the double-tongued Duport, with his inexhaustible urn, which (like that of the witty and unprincipled Dr South) flowed even during the Protectorate, when more loyal tongues were silent, fills nearly half his “ Musæ Subsecivæ"
2"* with verses of this description. Notwithstanding the protest of Mason, indeed who himself however both wrote, and reprinted what he wrote, (Il Pacifico) upon the peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, at the age of twenty-three, I feel assured that one interesting duodecimo might be formed, by a judicious selector, out of these numerous quartos and folios. Tantula sunt vatum corpuscula ! Neither is it unpleasant, even in less polished compositions, to mark the cloud-streaked east, which announces the coming day; and to observe, that Cowley from the first was quaint, and Milton sublime, and Barrow copious. Here we see embryo judges and bishops, secretaries of state and prime ministers themselves, first imping their wings for loftier flights. It is occasionally, also, not without it's uses to biography; nor will it pass with« out a smile from the reader, that the two eventful years of 1688 and 1715
are here only celebrated for the birth of the Pretender and the death of Dr Radcliffe!!
Since the year 1763, however, as if the frequency of the recent demand had exhausted the academical Hippocrene, great events of various kinds have passed without receiving any poetical notice from either university. The almost unprecedented fecundity of the queen, which, from the speedy recurrence of births, must have drained the imaginations of the most inventive-the paci. fication with America—his majesty's illness in 1788, and his recovery-the marriage of the Prince of Wales-the truce of Amiens--the imperial visit Trafalgar, and Waterloo—and (last, not least) the death of the Princess Charlotte and her royal infant—what a succession of subjects !
But the public, it may be apprehended, have lost little by the discontinuance of the customs in question ; and as little the poets themselves. The verses were frequently composed, no doubt, by the school-fellows or friends of those under whose names they appeared ; and time has abundantly repaid the generosity of the writer, for what was regarded perhaps at the moment as a sacrifice, by leaving his own name undiscoverable. Such, we must admit, is their general character, that if public records and parish-registers had not come in timely aid of college-numbers, the " sacred bard,” in a large plurality of instances, it is to be feared, would have failed to protect his subject from the “ long night" of oblivion.
Exercises of this kind, however, are now presumptively at an end; and Laureates and Academies will hereafter, probably for ever, be spared the necessity of crying, Poscimur.
Before I conclude, I will throw together the names of a few of the lofty or learned contributors upon each occasion; marking, by italics, such as recur also in subsequent years. Mere heads of houses, noblemen, &c., the “mob of gentlemen" scholars, are of course omitted. No. 4. 1603. J. Howson, Th. Ravis, J. Rainold, and Rich. Kilby (all translators of the
Bible) Geo. Abbats (for so the Archbishop, then Dean of Winchester, spelled his name) Henry Marten, Lord Wentworth, aged 11, and his brother, aged 8 ! Rich. Carpenter, Jac. Cooke, Geo. Hakewill, Arthur Duck, J. Leynthal, Rich. Corbett, Thos. Cooper, Geo. Webbe, J. Pris
deaux, E. Coles, and J. Hamden. It may be noticed, as a striking fact, that the Oxford University-press
at this time wanted types for a third line of Hebrew-typographo deer
ant characteres ! p. 10. 5. 1612. Andr. Downe (Tr.), Jos. Blaxton, Rich. Moundeford,Balcanquall, Geo.
HERBERT (the divine), Fra. White, Theoph. Wodenote, and Dens. Holles
This was the era of chronograms and acrostichs, mesostichs, &c. 6. 1619. J. Hacket, Edm. Dickinson, Dudley North, Norton Knatchbull, James Wil
lett, Ralph Winterton, and Abr. Whelock. Anagrams were now very general.
In my copy, however, which formerly belonged Ex dono, &c., to his friend Professor Widdrington, along with a copy of remuneratory verses, is candidly inserted the fol. lowing paragraph :-J. Duportus clarissimi, cujusquc vitam egregiis carminibus exornat, ut sciamus ipsum plurimis virtutibus abundasse, qui alienas sic amavit. VOL. VI.
7. 1624. Br. Twyne, Sidn. Godolphin, Will. Strode, Hen. Elsynge, Car. Deodati, and
of Milton's friend, Edward King.
Halsey, Tho. Greaves, Frá. Rous, Hen. Killigrew, and Jasper Mayne. 9. 1637. Tho. Comber, Hen. Fern, James Duport, P. Samways, Hen. More, J. Sher
man, Ralph Widdrington, Ed. Rainbowe, J. Wallis, Th. Norton, Ed.
Penruddoke, And. Marvell, RICHI. CRASHAW, and ABR. COWLEY.
Abr. Cowley, and Oliver St. John.
The Oxford verses often conclude with a copy by Leon. Lichfield, the Univer
Edw. Pocock, J. Dolben, J. Speed, Fra. Turner, and Steph. Penton.
Jac. Winstanly, W. Wotton, Tho. Baker, M. PRIOR, and Geo. Stanhope. 27. Tho. Hyde, Edw. Bernard, Edw. Pococke, Geo. Smalridge, and Arthur
Mainwaring. 28. 1688. Bevill Higgons. 29. 1695. J. Covel, And. Snape, Fra. Hare, Rich. Cumberland, Tho. Sherlock, J.
Trevor, A. Blackwell, James Upton, Will. Shippen, W. Willymot, Cha.
Daubuz-Hoadly, and Ambrose Phillips. 30. 1695. H. Aldrich, Tho. Hanmer, Edm. Chishull, J. Freind, Hen. Sacheverell, J.
Shadwell, Basil Kennett, Ant. Alsop, J. Potter, E. Thwaites, and Christ.
Codrington. 31. 1697. H. Bland, Rob. Walpole, and Pet. Needham. 32. 1700. Marquis of Blandford, Rich. BENTLEY, W. Sherlock, Tho. Pilgrim, Tho.
Ralph, and Pet. Allix. 33. 1702. Tho. Rymer, and A. A. Sykes. 34. W. Elstob, R. Boyle, W. Pulteney, J. Hilldrop, J. Cockman, W. Oldisworth,
and Peter Foulkes. 36. 1704. Tho. Cockman. 37. 1714. J. Markland, Zach. Pearce, and Roger Long. 38. Rich. Grey, Rich. Rawlinson, Ralph Assheton, and Digby Cotes. 39. Phil. Barton, and J. Trenchard. 40. 1727. Rich. Dawes, Tho. Hayter, W. Battie, Rich. Mountney, J. Jortin, S.
Pegge-Seward, and Dr J. Taylor. 41. 1733. Phil. Yongc, J. Garnett, W. Cooke, and C. Anstey. 42. 1736. Tho. GRAY. 43. 1738. Geo. Harvest, W. Whitehead, Israel Lyons, J. Upton, and Edm. Keene. 44. Rog. Newdigate, J. Coneybeare, James Merrick, Edw. Bentham, Wellbore
Ellis, Jos. Trapp, J. Shipley, and Jos. Spence. 45. 1751. J. Green, W. George, J. Hallam, Geo. Baker, Beilby Porteus, Fr. Mon
tagu, J. Hinchliffe, Erasmus Darwin, J. Foster, J. Parkhurst, R. Cum
berland, J. Cranwell, Fra. Maseres, and J. Symonds. 46. Lord North, Tho. Hunt, Rob. Lowth, Tho. Warton, Tho. Tyrwhitt, Benj.
Kennicott, Rich. Hill, Henry Flood, B. Blayney, Cha. Jenkinson, Edw.
R. Mores, C. M. Cracherode, and Matt. Lewis. 47. 1755. Rob. Glynn, Cha. Emily, Rob. Tyrwhitt, Rich. Farmer, Elijah Impey, and
Edw. Tew. 48. 1760. S. Ogden, J. Langhorne, R. Croftes, Benj. Heath, T. Zouch, J. Halifax,
Tho. Powys, Hor. Mann, Joah Bates, and J. Law. 49. Brownlow North, Shute Barrington, James Macdonald, Lewis Bagot, Fra.
Mundy, Fra. Stone, J. Cleaver, and W. Cleaver.
· 50. 1761. Edm. Law, J. Lettice, S. Berdmore, and Geo. Hardinge. 51.
Sam. Bishop, J. Jekyll, J. Napleton, Abel Moysey, and Lucas Pepys. 52. 1762. Visc. Fitzwilliam, Rob. Graham, W. Hayley, and J. Hey. 53. H. J. Pye, Edm. Cartwright, Henry Courtenay, J. Symmons, W. Eden, and
Giles Rooke. 54. 1763. Luke Gardiner, W. Bennet, and James Scott.
NOTICES OF THE ACTED DRAMA IN LONDON.
No XI. Ar the close of the last season it was by thrusting forward, too forcibly, our intention not to have renewed claims that are manifestly founded in these notices. From a habit of per- bad policy and injustice, several of the petually referring the degraded and minor theatres have been gradually worthless state of the Modern Drama changing their former character, and to the enormous size of the regular assuming something of a regular and theatres, we had become quite weary classical air. They have been engagof attending to them at all. And the ing some of our first-rate actors, and causes which had brought about this making approaches to the performance evil increased our disgust tenfold. It of the legitimate Drama: And their was absolutely provoking, and not to houses, not requiring to be constructbe thought of with common patience, ed on the principles of a whisperingthat the most enlightened amusement gallery, have been filled accordingly. of the most enlightened people in the In the mean time, Old Drury, as we world should be sacrificed to the paltry predicted that she would, has given up and short-sighted views of a joint-stock the ghost ; and the persons who hasta company, and a wealthy individual ; ened her death have cunningly conand these feelings were not likely to trived to pass off her body, as the barbe much allayed by the reflection, that ber did that of Little Hunch-back, the only hope in which we could take upon their neighbour, Mr Elliston, refuge from them was, either that whose evil genius has instigated him these blind-folded money-seekers would to embark his whole property in maksooner or later be compelled, for want ing some experiments upon the said of resources, to desist from carrying on body--for he fancies it to be only in a the war against good taste, or that, by state of Asphixia. He will find himsome fortunate accident or other, their self mistaken, however. He may try rival theatres would, on some fine to infuse fresh breath into it by pufffrosty night, illuminate the metropolis ing it with newspaper bellows; and in the form of rival bon-fires." In endeavour to make the blood ré-flow saying this, it must not be supposed by warming it with patent stoves, or that we think lightly of the inconve- rubbing the palsied members with nience and distress that either of these (attic) salt, if he can procure any ;alternatives would cause : But they but all will be of no avail. A few are actually the only alternatives ; and convulsive movements may perhaps enthe evils that would result from them sue,-like those produced by galvaare not for a moment to be put in nism :--but they will have no other competition with the good.
effect than to startle the spectators, The truth is, we were fairly tired of and perhaps, from the enormous size our task-chiefly because we felt that of the subject, permanently injure the it was a task, and that, therefore, it operator. was not likely to be performed with Add to this auspicious state of things either utility or amusement to the the circumstance of Mr Kean being reader or ourselves. But we really do about to leave England for two or three think that a great and important years, and thus withdraw his atlas change has within these few months shoulders from the support of this taken place in the prospects of our na- monstrous monopoly, and we cannot tional drama; and that the crisis of help anticipating a speedy end to it, its affairs is very near at hand.
and to all its mischievous conseIn consequence of the exclusive pa- quences. tentees of the regular drama not hav- We may then, perhaps, live to see our ing dared to rouse the public feeling theatrical establishments assume some