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form which have done so much to alter and extend the later Methodism. The Rev. J. Everett departed this life some years back. Not long since the venerable Samuel Dunn, looking hale and hearty, said to us, after a sermon, “Sixty years ago I preached from that text.” At our Derby Association in 1882 the Rev. W. Griffiths listened eagerly to the discussion on Church Membership.” Especially an apostle of Freedom, he was really courageous, often vehement, always kind and true, and his name will be treasured with affection, not only by the Methodist Free Churches, but by lovers of a free and individual religion everywhere. VII. “WoRKING” MEN AND PUBLIC WoRsh.IP.—The Bishop of Winchester reports in the Times that working men have ceased to attend church or chapel except in the small proportion of one in fifty. The statement ought to arrest attention. Is it true? Who is the working man? The terms are so vague that they convey no accurate idea. So far as we know, facts are strongly against the Bishop if he refers to the classes supposed to live on weekly wages. But it is undeniable that men are conspicuous by their absence from some places of worship. Nor is it a wonder. Seven causes close the door of places of worship against men. (1.) Want of brightness and inspiration in song, prayer, and sermon. (2.) Want of variety and freshness of method in worship. Dreary monotony and false dignity so overload life that it fails to communicate thought or emotion, light or impulse. (3.) The use of obsolete words instead of the language of everyday life. (4.) The inculcation of some “doctrinal forms” of faith. They have had their day, but they have not yet ceased to be, and they repel living men. (5.) The inculcation of healthy “doctrine” in a hard, dry, and abstract way, instead of with the “authority” of living conviction, the glow of personal experience, and the sympathy of practical life. (6.) Want of width and compass in the ideal of religious life. Business, politics, pleasure, art, science, are treated as secular things, and the religious education of man is conducted on the narrow lines of a special type of religious fervour and religious faith. Christianity is all inclusive. To it no thing, no sphere of man's life, is alien or unclean. (7.) But, worst of all, a caste spirit manifests itself in the presence of the Father of all men, and in the worship of Christ, the Brother and Saviour of all. Not the preacher only: but the church and congregations are largely in fault. It is easy to blame the men for their absence: it is wiser to re

form ourselves and to seek the recreating power of the Spirit of God. Where churches and chapels are genuine helpers of men in their best life, men will come. VIII. LIBERAL CANDIDATES AND DIsESTABLISHMENT. — The Liberator says that “Mr. Roe, the new member for Derby, declared himself, in his address, as being in favour of disestablishing and disendowing the remaining established churches. Mr. Sydney Buxton, the new member for Peterborough, in his address, said:—‘Though not desirous of seeing the matter unduly hurried on, I should,

when the question was ripe for decision,

vote in favour of disestablishment.” Mr. Strawbridge, the other Liberal candidate, said:—“As a Radical I am in favour of the separation of Church and State. Mr. Ince, the new member for Hastings, is also a Liberationist. IX. THE “REPORTER” IN PARLIAMENT.—A writer whose initials, J. C. M., indicate a high literary authority, risks the assertion that “the publication of debates has ruined Parliament,” but follows it up with a series of cogent, if not completely convincing proofs. It makes, he says, “the bores and lovers of mischief masters of the situation,” provokes men to speak not for the despatch of business, but merely for the gratification of a constituency, the soothing of an irritated vanity, or the deliberate and determined arrest of all progressive legislation. So be it: but what then? Is the “reporter” to be suppressed ? Shall the nation forego the education and deepening of its political life because a few “bores” and lowers of mischief cannot be controlled? Scarcely. The remedy is far otherwise. Parliament should at once cease its “murder of the innocents.” Sessions should be prolonged till measures felt to be urgent by the Government are settled; and it would be found forth with that “talk” would diminish, and business despatched with far greater rapidity. At present the mere possibility of extinguishing legislation by the iteration of jejune platitudes is a prize premium on infinite talk. Not the expulsion of the “Reporter,” then, but the prevention of the yearly holocaust of attempted legislative measures, is “the one thing needful” for the great National Talking House at Westminster. X. GENIUS GETTING To WoRK. – Mrs Carlyle, writing of her husband's efforts to get a quiet working-room, says:– “Up went all the carpets which my own hands had nailed down, in rushed the troop of incarnate demons, bricklayers, joiners, whitewashers, &c., whose noise and dirt and dawdling had so lately driven me to despair. Down went a partition in one room, up went a new chimney in another. Helen, instead of exerting herself to stave the torrent of confusion, seemed to be struck (no wonder) with temporary idiotcy; and my husband himself, at sight of the uproar he had raised, was all but wringing his hands and tearing his hair, like the German wizard servant who had learnt magic enough to make the broomstick carry water for him, but had not the counter spell to stop it. Myself could have sat down and cried, so little strength or spirit I had left to front the pressure of my circumstances. But crying makes no way; so I went about sweeping and dusting as an example to Helen; and held my peace as an example to my husband, who verily, as Mazzini says of him, “loves silence somewhat platonically.” It was got through in the end, this new hubbub; but when my husband proceeded to occupy his new study, he found that he could not write in it any more than beside the piano; “it was all so strange to him ' ' The fact is, the thing he has got to write—his long projected life of Cromwell—is no joke, and no sort of room can make it easy, and he has been ever since shifting about in the saddest way from one room to another, like a sort of domestic wandering Jew. He had now a fair chance, however, of getting a settlement effected in the original library, the young lady next door having promised to abstain religiously from playing till two o'clock, when the worst of his day's work is over. Generous young lady : But it must be confessed the seductive letter he wrote to her the other day was enough to have gained the heart of a stone. Alas! one can make fun of all this on paper, but in practice it is anything but fun, I can assure you. There is no help for it, however—a man cannot hold his genius as a sinecure.” XI. THE PHYSIology of SUNDAY. — “The constitution of the brain is such that it must have its time of repose. Periodicity is stamped upon it. Nor is it enough that it is awake and in action by day, and in the silence of the night obtains rest and repose ; that same periodicity which belongs to it as a whole belongs to all its constituent parts. One portion of it cannot be called into incessant activity without the risk of injury. Its different regions, devoted to different functions, must have their separate times of rest. The excitement of one part must be coincident with a pause in the action of another. The Sabbath is a boon to all classes of men; for in whatever position of life we may

be placed, it is needful for us to have an opportunity of rest. No man can, for any length of time, pursue one avocation or one train of thought without mental, and, therefore, bodily injury—nay, without insanity.”—DR. John W. DRAPER. XII. STATE-CHURCHISM is essentially the mediaeval idea of political society, in which Christendom was one—one church and one political state, summed up in the person of the Pope, who was the worldpriest, and in that of the Emperor, who was the world-king. Protestantism broke up the unity of Christendom beyond recovery, and it must go on till the mediaeval state-church is non-existent, and its place is occupied by the catholic brotherhood of all believers in Christ, drawn together by spiritual affinities, and made strong in their union by spiritual service to humanity. XIII. PAssion IN PREACHING.-J. C. Morison says: “The artist, the writer, and even the philosopher, equally need passion to do great work.” Ruskin writes: “Coldness and want of passion in a picture are not signs of its accuracy, but of the paucity of its statements.” Voltaire said: “Pour faire de bons vers, il faut avoir le diable au corps.” And yet how many cultured preachers are afraid of the presence and power of deep passion, and reckon a frigid decorum the sign of a superior range of intellect If preachers would sit at the feet of some of their fellow-workers in art, literature, and science, they might sometimes be severely rebuked, but certainly they might gain lessons of imperishable value.

XIV. CHRIST AND MoHAMMED.—The Koran teaches that “Marching about morning and evening to fight for religion is better than the world and all that is in it.” Christ says, “My kingdom is not of this world; if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now is my kingdom not from hence.” “To this end have I been born, and to this end am I come into the world that I should bear witness to the truth.”

XW. WHAT Do YE MORE THAN OTHERs? —“What living thing for the good of mankind has emanated from the Free Religious ranks of Boston for the past twenty years?” That is the question put by Dr. Adler on his resignation of the presidency of the Free Religious Association of Boston. It is the right question. A community that does nothing for civil righteousness and practical morality is only in the way; and it becomes a wrong to mankind to maintain it in its place.

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ADoNIRAM JUDson, D.D. HIS LIFE AND LABours. By his son, Edward Judson. Hodder & Stoughton. Of all the modern apostles of Jesus Christ, no one takes rank higher than the originator of American Foreign Missions, the messenger of the gospel to the Burmese. Every apostolic quality shone in him with arresting brilliance. His self-depreciating humility was only matched by his massive patience, and his intense and glowing devotion to his work was only surpassed by the grandeur of his faith and the sublimity of his heroism. He is the Paul of this century. Roused to a sense of the wide and urgent needs of the heathen world by reading Buchanan's “Star in the East,” he became forthwith a missionary for life. Starting out as the missionary of the Congregational Board of Foreign Missions—a Board called into existence by him and his companions— so faithful was he to his convictions that when the Baptist Idea took possession of him as he journeyed to his post in the East, he dared all obloquy and shame by making known his convictions, and offering himself to the Baptists. This gave rise to the American Baptist Foreign Missions. He left America in 1812, and never saw it again till 1845. He gave the Burmese the Bible in their own tongue, and “laid the foundations of Christianity deep down in the Burmese heart, where they could never be washed away. Such a life, and such a work, glorify God and honour humanity. Judson's biography ought to be read by all ministers and missionaries, and Christian workers. It is full of spiritual nourishment. It will shame us in our selfish ease, and goad us out of our indolence, reaninuate our courage, feed our faith, fire our enthusiasms, and sustain our patient toil. It ought to make “missionaries,” and would if young men of grit and “go” would suffer themselves to receive its impulse. Lovers of Foreign Missions would do well to send the volume to all our Colleges engaged in training men for the ministry.

PRESENT DAY TRACTs.--THE AGE AND ORIGIN of MAN GEoloGICALLY CONsidered. By S. R. Pattison, F.G.S., and Dr. F. Pfaff. Rel. Tract Society. IN a brief space, and with luminous order, Mr. Pattison has stated the chief points in the evidence on which rests the answer to the question, “How old is

man?” The answer is that “the exact age of man on the earth is not ascertainable by science; but science shows to us a number of converging probabilities which point to his first appearance, along with great minds, about eight thousand years ago; and certainly not in indefinite ages before that.”

This conclusion is agreeable to historic evidence. The annals of Babylon go back to B.C. 3800; Egyptian history may carry us to 4000 B.C.; and the Bible, according to the Septuagint, goes back 7517 years.

This position is supported by facts and reasonings of Dr. Pfaff on the origin of man; and it is further maintained that man appeared suddenly—that traces of transition from the ape to the man do not exist—and that the most ancient man known to us is not essentially different from the now living men.

The Religious Tract Society is rendering most effective service to truth by such calm, temperate, and able expositions of truth.

Hours with the BIBLE. Vol. W. By C. Geikie, D.D. Hodder do Stoughton. DR. GEIKIE's motto is the wish expressed by Dr. Arnold “for a true, comprehensive, PopULAR HANDBook To THE BIBLE, keeping back none of the counsel of God, lowering no truth, chilling no lofty or spiritual sentiment, yet neither silly, fanatical, nor sectarian.” The far-seeing and broad-minded Rugby teacher could scarcely have wished this work better done. The style is easy, flowing, and clear. The thrilling facts of Hebrew story are set forth in an orderly, vivid, and impressive method; critical, and other difficulties, are decisively handled in the text, objections and differences being dealt with in extensive and helpful notes. The information is full and varied, and the illustrations are varied. A quiet glow of spiritual fervour completes the qualities which render this work a PopULAR HANDBOOK To THE BIBLE. “The Decline and Fall” of Judah would be a fit title for a volume which carries us over the period from Hezekiah to the first years of the exile. It is a pathetic picture, crowded with figures of tragic interest: the faithless monarch, the heroic and eloquent statesman-prophet Isaiah; the impassioned and tearful Jeremiah, protesting and pleading, rebuking and preaching, now gladdened with the return under Josiah, then dejected as the


gloom thickens and the corruption spreads under his successors; the perplexed but spiritually victorious Habakkuk; the man of wide travel and many visions, Ezekiel; the crash of the invading Babylonians, and the mournful march of the expatriated people to a land of strangers and oppressors. These, and kindred themes, are handled in the masterly manner we have characterized in speaking of previous volumes —a manner that will insure a large circulation, and an abiding utility.

SUNSET GLEAMs: or, PROGREss FRoM Doubt to FAITH. By A. D. Schaeffer. Translated by F. A. Freer. E. Stock.

IN the form of an old man's Journal, the author has described, in a most pleasing and interesting manner, the movements of a soul, wearied and oppressed by the body, perplexed with the conflicting facts of daily life, led into the light of the Word, the peace of faith, the life of love, and the bright hope of a future progressive blessedness. The hope is only of “conditional immortality,” and yet it embraces the faithful and affectionate dog as well as the aspiring and great-souled man. To the aged this Journal will be medicine and food; whilst it will aid the young in forming thought and shaping a useful life.

THE Worce of WISDOM. Selected and arranged by J. G. Edinburgh: W. P. Nimmo.

ANoTHER book of extracts, “arranged for the benefit and use of preachers, S. S. teachers, speakers, and general readers!” “Still they come, they come !” and this one differs but little from many others— except, perhaps, in its strong paper and binding, and general excellence from the publisher's point of view. The selections are exceedingly good; but it is a defect not to give the place in the author where it may be found. Often it is necessary not only to have the words of an author, but some conception of the spirit in which he used them.

LITTLE GLORY's MISSION.—Found AT LAST.—UNSPOKEN ADDRESSEs. By Mrs. G. S. Reaney. Hodder do Stoughton. THESE three books form a series by the popular author of “Daisy Snowflake's Secret.” The first is a charming story of the useful life of an orphan girl who becomes a Christian nurse, and in that


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“HERE is abundant evidence of wide and careful reading, along with that realest proof of learning, simplicity. For young men and women, as well as for all who think truly and earnestly of life's possibilities and dangers, this is a most precious word in season. Christian men of means would do well indeed to buy large quantities, and give them away. To many it would be as the bracing mountain air after a sultry desert, or as the bright life-inspiring sunshine after thick and dark November fog. Published at eightenpence, it is another example of the truth that books would be ill judged by their prices.”—The Methodist.

EUDoRIA ; THE ANGEL's SoNG. By Theophilus, M.A. Stock.

THIs is a pitiable book; as full of prejudice as an egg is full of meat, and written in a spirit sincere enough in all likelihood, but narrow and blind. It is a denunciation of the Revised Version of the New Testament as vehement as it is false. That Revision is not faultless, as few human products are; but that it is an immense and unspeakable gain on its predecessor no competent and fair-minded person will deny. Readers who do not wish to waste their money and time will not buy “Eudokia.”

BIBLE HELPs; or, AIDs to BIBLE STUDENTs. By G. T. Gillingham. Stock.

THIS is formed on the lines of the Bible Hand-book of Dr. Angus, and is intended for young people. It is impossible to prepare a work on such a theme without saying much that is of value. But since this work contains “information” the young would have to unlearn, repeats the misconceptions and mistakes of previous writers, and proceeds on principles which make difficulty instead of mastering it, it is not to be commended.

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Information should be sent by the 16th of the month to 51, Porchester Road, Westbourne Park,



THE SouTHERN CoNEERENCE held its midsummer meetings at Walsworth Road Chapel, Hitchin, July 4th. Rev F. J. Bird took the chair. Business commenced at 10.15 a.m. 1. Deputation.— Rev. J. A. Brinkworth, of Saffron Walden, spoke on behalf of the G. B. Assembly, and a resolution of welcome was carried unanimously.

2. Reports from Churches. – The letters sent to the Association were read, and they indicated a pleasing degree of prosperity throughout the Conference. This report is not, however, borne out by the statistics, which are now suffering from the neglect of some churches to revise their rolls of membership in past years. Particulars will be found in our forthcoming G. B. Year Book

3. Annual Meetings. --The next Conference will be held at Commercial Road Chapel, E., on Monday, November 5.

4. G. B. Building Fund.—“That we hereby appoint Rev. W. J. Avery to solicit and receive subscriptions and donations for this Fund within the area of this Conference, in accordance with the resolution passed by the Association at Bradford.”

5. Deputation to America.—Resolved upon the motion of Rev. R. P. Cooke and G. W. M'Cree, “That having regard to the urgent request of our Free Baptist Brethren in the United States for the appointment of a British delegate to their forthcoming Triennial Conference at Minneapolis, we very cordially urge our brother, Rev. J. Clifford, to accept the appointment of the Association, believing that his visit will prove a means of strengthening the fraternal bonds already existing, and of increasing the service to be rendered to the cause of Christ by the concerted action of the two sections of our denomination, especially in the department of our denominational literature.”

6. Baptist Total Abstinence Associa

tion.—Resolved, “That this Conference
respectfully represents to the council of
the Baptist Union the importance of the
work of the Baptist Total Abstinence
Association, and requests that in all
future sessional arrangements an appro-
priate place in the programme of the
Union be found for its meetings.”
7. Public Questions. – Resolutions
were unanimously passed in favour of (a)
immediate legislation on the principle of

Local Option, and (b) the Bill for the Prevention of Corrupt Practices at Elections. 8. “Association Remainders.-” At 12.15 Rev. J. Fletcher read a paper on this subject, for which he received the cordial thanks of the Conference. 9, Hospitality.—Over sixty friends met at the dinner table, where the following resolution, moved by Mr. John H. Holloway and seconded by Mr. W. Morgan, was carried with acclamation, “That our best thanks be given to the friends at Hitchin for the exceedingly kind manner in which they have received the Conference to-day, and the ample provision they have made for our enjoyment. We congratulate them upon the prosperity of their church work, and the return of their pastor to health, praying that together, he and they may share the joy of increased Christian usefulness.” The afternoon was spent in the beautiful grounds of Messrs. Alfred Ransom and F. Seebohm. Mr. Seebohm entertained the forty visitors to Hitchin with tea upon his lawn, at the close of which appreciative remarks were exchanged. Public Worship was opened at 7.0 p.m., by Revs. F. J. Bird and R. P. Cook, and Rev. Charles Clark preached an eloquent sermon to a good congregation from Gal. vi. 14. W. J. Avery, Sec.


AUSTREY. — The chapel at Austrey having undergone renovation and repairs, re-opening services were held, July 8. Rev. A. G. Everett preached, and on the following day presided at a meeting, which was addressed by Messrs. G. Marshall, Deacon, Houseman, Brown, Clamp, and Scarrott.

GREAT GRIMSBY.—The 14th anniversary of the church in Freeman Street, was observed on May 27th and 28th. On Sunday sermons were preached by the Rev. Charles Payne, of Louth, and on Monday a public meeting was held in the Temperance Hall. The Mayor, W. Jackson, Esq., presided. Proceeds, £45.

HUCKNALL ToBKARD. — The church here is making an effort to reduce the chapel debt of £1500 by £500. Monday, June 25th, 1883, was devoted to this purpose. At 1.30, a sale of goods was opened in the Public Hall. At three o'clock, Rev. J.A. Mitchell, B.A., preached. At five o'clock, a public tea was provided in the Public Hall, which was numerously

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