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CHAP. CXVIII, - 1807.

44ct to amend an Act, entituled “An Act, providing for the Poor, and declaring who shall be deemed Vagrants.”

[Passed January 20, 1808.]

1 E it enacted by the General Assembly, That in all cases where Duty of court

- a county or corporation court, have, or hereafter may pro- where a poor vide or build a poor house, or work house, for the reception of house is erected their poor, and for the reformation of vagrants, it shall be the duty of the overseers of the poor, of such county or corporation, and they are hereby required, to employ and appoint a proper person or persons, as stewards, or managers thereof, who shall be subject to the controul and directions of such overseers, or a majority of them.

2. And be it further enacted, That if on an adjourned meeting of overseers of the the overseers of the poor, in the month of September in any year, poor may adjourn the number required by law do not assemble, it shall be lawful *::: ". for those present, to adjourn from time to time, until a sufficient ... ulnumber assemble to proceed to business, observing in all other re- meet. spects, the regulations required by the act, providing for the poor,

and declaring who shall be deemed vagrants. 3. And be it enacted, That all acts and parts of acts, within the R . . purview of this act, shall be, and are hereby repealed. epealing clause 4. This act shall commence and be in force from the Passing commencement thereof. - - o ~~~~

CHAP. CXIX.
An Act to prevent further the practice of Slaves going at large, or
- Hiring out themselves.f -
[Passed January 29, 1808.]

1 "To E it enacted by the General Assembly, That if any Person Slaves going at shall permit his or her slave, or any slave hired by him or large, how to he her, to go at large, or hire himself or herself out, it shall be law- *** with: ful for any person, and it shall moreover be the duty of every sheriff, deputy sheriff, coroner, and constable, of a county, and sergeant, coroner, and constable of a corporation, to apprehend and carry such slave before a magistrate of the county or corporation where apprehended, and if it shall appear to the magistrate, that such, slave hath been permitted to go at large, or hire himself or herself out, he shall forthwith impose on the owner of such slave, or the person permitting him or her to go at large, or hire himself or herself out, a fine not less than ten dollars, nor more than twenty dollars; or may, in his discretion, order the slave to the jail of the county or corporation, there to be safely kept until the next court, when, if it shall appear to the court, that such slave hath been permitted to go at large, or hire himself or herself out contrary to law, it shall be lawful for the said court in their discretion, and they are hereby required, either to impose on the owner of such slave, or the person permitting him or her to go at large, or hire himself or herself out as aforesaid, a fine not less than twenty dollars, nor more than fifty dollars, or order the sheriff or other officer, of their county or corporation, to sell every -

* See ante ch. 50, and notcs. - o # See ante ch. 69, and note.

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1807. such slave agreeably to the law in such case made. And in every \-y- case of a fine imposed under this act, the slave shall be held in - custody and liable therefor, and may be sold by order of the magistrate or court imposing the same, and in satisfaction thereof, and all incidental charges, unless the same be paid within ten days after such fine is imposed; upon payment whereof, the said slave shall be discharged. All such fines shall be for the benefit of the poor of the county or corporation wherein the same are imposed ; 'Provided, That no sale of a slave for a fine under this act, shall convey a greater interest in such slave than is held by the person incurring the fine, unless it shall appear that the owner of such slave was privy to, or connived at, the breach of this act.

commencement. 2. This act shall be in force, from the first day of June next

CHAP. CXX.

An Act to organize and establish a Superior Court of Law in each
County of this Commonwealth.

[Psssed February 1, 1808.]

Arrangement of E it enacted by the General Assembly, That the state shall be ...; divided into twelve judicial circuits, and to each circuit re

of which ... spectively, shall be allotted a judge of the general court, who shall judge of the Ge- hold a superior court of law twice a year, at the court house of olcanals. each county, in the circuit to which he may be allotted, at the times and in the manner herein after prescribed, that is to say:— A court shall be holden in the county of Prince George, on the first day of April and on the first day of September ; in the county of Surry, on the sixth day of April and on the sixth day of September; in the county of Sussex, on the thirteenth day of April and on the thirteenth of September; in the county of Southampton, on the twentieth of April and on the twentieth of September; in the county of Isle of Wight, on the twenty-sixth of April and twentysixth of September; in the county of Nansemond, on the first of May and first of October; in the county of Princess Anne, on the eighth of May and eighth of October; and in the county of Norfolk, on the sixteenth of May in the borough of Norfolk, and on the sixteenth of October in the town of Portsmouth, in each year, which counties shall compose the first circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Greensville, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Brunswick, on the seventh of April and seventh of September; in the county of Mecklenburg, on the fourteenth of April and fourteenth of September; in the county of Lunenburg, on the twenty-second of April and twenty-second of September; in the county of Prince Edward, on the twenty-eighth of April and twenty-eighth of September; in the county of Amelia, on the sixth of May and sixth of October; in the county of Nottoway, on the fourteenth of May and fourteenth of October; and in the county of Dinwiddie, on the twenty-second of May and twenty-second of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the second circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Campbell, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Halifax, on the fifteenth of April and fifteenth of September; in the county of Pittsylvania, on the twenty-third of April and twenty-third of September; in the county of Henry, on the second of May and second of October; in the county of Pa- *

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trick, on the seventh of May and seventh of October; in the county of Franklin, on the twelfth of May and twelfth of October; and ithe county of Bedford, on the seventeenth of May and seventeenth of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the third circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Grayson, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Washington, on the eighth of April and eighth of September; in the county of Lee, on the eighteenth of April and eighteenth of September; in the county of Russell, on the twenty-eighth of April and twenty-eighth of September; in the county of Tazeweli, on

the eighth of May and eighth of October; in the county of Giles,

on the seventeenth of May and seventeenth of October; in the county of Montgomery, on the twenty-sixth of May and twentysixth of October; and in the county of Wythe, on the sixth of June and sixth of November, in each year, which counties shall compose the fourth-circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Chesterfield, on the twenty-fourth of March and twenty-fourth of August; in the county of Henrico, on the third of April and third of September; in the county of New-Kent, on the twentieth of April and on the twentieth of September; in the county of Charles City, on the twenty-sixth of April and on the twenty-sixth of September; in the county of James City, on the second day of May and on the second day of October; in the county of York, on the sixth day of May and on the sixth day of October; in the county of Warwick, on the fourteenth day of May and on the fourteenth day of October; in the county of Elizabeth City, on the twentieth day of May and on the twentieth day of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the fifth circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Louisa, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Fluvanna, on the eighth of April and eighth of September; in the county of Cumberland, on the fifteenth of April and fifteenth of September; in the county of Buckingham, on the twenty-second of May and twenty-second of September; in the county of Goochland, on the twenty-ninth of April and twenty-ninth of September; in the county of Powhatan, on the eighth of May and eighth of October; in the county of Hanover, on the fifteenth of May and fifteenth of October; and in the county of Caroline, on the twenty-second of May and twenty-second of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the sixth circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Accomack, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Northampton, on the ninth of April and ninth of September; in the county of Mathews, on the eighteenth of April and eighteenth of September; in the county of Gloucester, on the twenty-fifth of April and twenty-fifth of September; in the county of Middlesex, on the first of May and first of October ; in the county of Fssex, on the ninth of May and ninth of October; in the county of King William, on the sixteenth of May and sixteenth of October; and in the county of King and Queen, on the twenty-fourth of May and twenty-fourth of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the seventh circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Lancaster, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Northumberland, on the seventh of April and seventh of September; in the county of Richmond, on the fourteenth of April and fourteenth of September; in the county of Westmoreland, on the twenty-first of April and twenty-first of September;

1807.

Court to sit till business is diswatched, unless another shall into 1 sere.

in the county of King George, on the twenty-n’’ ‘h of April and twenty-ninth of September; in the county of Stamord, on the sixth. of May and sixth of October; in the county of Prince William, on the fourteenth of May and fourteenth of October; and in the county of Fairfax, on the twenty-second of May and on the twenty-second of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the eighth circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Spottsylvania, on the twenty-second of March and the twenty-second of August; in the county of Fauquier, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Culpeper, on the eighth of April and eighth of September; in the county of Madison, on the sixteenth of April and sixteenth of September; in the county of Orange, on the twenty-fourth of April and twenty-fourth of September; in the county of Albemarie, on the second of May and second of October; in the county of Amherst, on the tenth of May and eighteenth of October; and in the county of Nelson, on the eighteenth of May and tenth of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the ninth circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Loudon, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Jefferson, on the seventh of April and seventh of September; in the county of Berkeley, on the fourteenth of April and on the fourteenth of September; in the county of Hampshire, on the twenty-second of April and twenty-second of September; in the county of Hardy, on the twenty-eighth of April and twentyeighth of September; in the county of Rockingham, on the seventh of May and seventh of October; in the county of Shenandoah, on the fifteenth of May and fifteenth of October; and in the county of Frederick, on the twenty-third of May and twenty-third of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the tenth circuit. A court shall be holden in the county of Augusta, on the first of April and on the first of September; in the county of Rockbridge, on the eighth of April and on the eighth of September; in the county of Botetourt, on the sixteenth of April and on the sixteenth of September; in the county of Monroe, on the twenty-second of April and on the twenty-second of September; in the county of Greenbrier, on the thirtieth of April and on the thirtieth of September ; in the county of Bath, on the eighth of May and on the eighth of October; in the county of Pendleton, on the sixteenth of May and on the sixteenth of October; and in the county of Randolph, on the twenty-fifth of May and on the twenty-fifth of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the eleventh circiut. A court shall be holden in the county of Brooke, on the first of April and first of September; in the county of Ohio, on the eighth of April and on the eighth of September; in the county of Monongalia, on the fifteenth of April and on the fifteenth of September; in the county of Harrison, on the twenty-fourth of April and on the twenty-fourth of September; in the county of Wood, on the third of May and on the third of October; in the county of Mason, on the twelfth of May and on the twelfth of October; in the county of Kanawha, on the twenty-fourth of May and on the twenty-fourth of October, in each year, which counties shall compose the twelfth circuit. Each of the aforesaid courts, shall sit until the business thereof shall be dispatched, unless the judge holding the same, be compelled to leave the court, in order to arrive in time, to the next succeeding court of his circuit. And whenever any of the aforesaid court days, shall happen on a Sunday, the court shall commence on the next day.

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shall be allowed five dollars per day, for every day he may be en

i. Be it further enacted, That the superior courts of law, to be 1807.

holden as aforesaid, in each of the said counties of this common- \-ywealth, shall have, possess and exercise, all the rights, jurisdic-Jurisdiction of tions and powers, whether criminal or civil, over all persons and ** things, within the limits of the respective counties, in which they may be holden, that the district courts of law do possess, and might or could have exercised under the law as heretofoo e, within their respective limits.

3. The practice and proceedings in the said superior courts of . prolaw, shall be regulated by the same laws and rules, as have been ..." enacted and established, and do now exist for the regulation of the

proceedings of the district courts of law.

4. The same right of appeal, which is now allowed from the county Also right of aP and corporation courts, to the district courts of law, shall still be Po"“” had to the said superior courts of law, and all process issuing under the law as heretofore, and which would have been returned to the district courts of law or any of them, shall be in future returned to the superior court of the county, in which the said process may 155ue.

5. The right of appeal, shall remain and be exercised as hereto- From said couts fore used in the district courts.

6. The sheriffs of counties, shall act as sheriffs of the aforesaid su- sheriffs of counperior courts holden in their respective counties, and shall summon ties to act as sheand impannel therefor, grand juries as they have been heretofore .* said summoned for the district courts. The said sheriffs and clerks. Their duties. shall moreover do and perform, all the duties appertaining too clerks of, and sheriffs attending on, the district courts, under the 1aw as at present. The judge of each circuit, shall appoint for Judge to appoint

their respective courts, a prosecutor for the commonwealth, who poor the Common

wealth.

gaged in the public service, to be certified by the judge; Provided, His wages.

that the sum received by any attorney, shall not exceed the sum of Proviso.

fifty dollars per annum, for services in any one of the said superior

COurts. 7. All officers' fees, for their services in suits in the aforesaid su- Fees of officers.

perior courts of law, shall be the same as are allowed at this time,

for similar services in the present district courts of law.

8. All causes depending in the present district courts of law at the causes dependtime when this act shall go into operation, shall be arranged by the ing. P.” respective clerks thereof, and all the papers and documents belong- too. ing to each cause, shall be by the said clerks, transmitted to the god, &c. clerks of those counties respectively, in which the first named defendant in the cause may reside, or where there are more than two defendants, to the clerk of the county, wherein a majority of the defendants reside: Provided, a majority reside in any one county, together with a state of the costs accrued in each cause, and the superior courts of the counties, to which the said causes may be sent, shall take cognizance thereof. The clerks of the aforesaid superior courts of law, in the counties wherein the present district courts of law are holden, shall receive into their possession, and are hereby charged with the custody of the books, records and papers, belonging to the said district courts of law, holden as aforesaid, in their said counties; and in default of the present clerks of the said district courts of law, making the arrangements

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