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1840.Counties. Total Pop. Males. Females,

Pop. SAlbany

..77,268 38,386 38,882 15,878......68,593 Allegany ............ 40,084 20,316 19,768

8,754..... . 40,975 Broome ............

.25,808 13,108 12,628 5,814......22,333 Cattaraugus..........

.30,169 15,477 14,692 : 6,588......28,872 Cayuga ...

..49,663 25,131 24,532 11,140......50,338 Chautauque.....

.. 46,584 23,453 25,095 10,159... ..47,975 (Chemung.......

.23,689 12,115 11,574 5,191... ..20,732 (Chenango..........

.39,900 19,788 20,111 9,393......40,785 SClinton...

.31,278 16,075 15,203 5,306..... .28,157 SColumbia....... ..41,976 20,908 21,068 9,444......43,252 SCortland...

.25,081 12.632 12,449 5,741..... .24,607 Delaware.....

.36,990 18,829 13,161 8,190.....,35,396 Dutchess......


27,447 27,677 12,149......52,395 Erie....

178,635 41,208 37,427 14,631......62,466 Essex....

..25,102 12,966 12,136 5,286... .23,634 Franklin..

...18,692 9,383 9,309 3,356.... ..16,518 Fulton..... .18.579 9,150


4,203......18,049 ( Genesee....

.28,845 14,648 14,197 6,509...... 29,964* (Greene ....

.31,957 16,329 15,628 6,884......30,446 Hamilton ..... . 1,882 1,034


428...... 1,907 Herkimer......

19,083 18,341

8,552......37,477 Jefferson.......


33,324 31,675 13,772......60,984 Kings.........

.78,691 38,035 40,656 12,896......47,613 Lewis ........ .. 20,218 10,442

9,776 4,287......17,830 Livingston .... 33,193 16,782 16,411

7,300......35,140 Madison.... ..40,987 20,743 20,244

9,615......40,008 Monroe ........

.70,809 35,477 35,442 14.231......64,902 Montgomery............. 29,643 15,077 14,566 6,592......35,818 New-York ..........

..371,102 180,365 190,737 64,233.....312,710 .....34,550

17.827 16,723 6,784......31,132 Oneida.................84,776

42,561 42.215 17.435......85,310 SOnondaga. ...

.70,175 35,830 34,345 15,812......67,911 Ontario......

.42,592 21,620 20,972 9,405......48,501 Orange .....

52,227 25,924 26,303 10,590.... .50,739 Orleans...........

.25,845 13,106 12,739 5,759......25,127 Oswego..........

-48,441 24,997 23,444 10,310......43,619 (Otsego..........

..50,509 25,221 25,288 11,745......49,628 (Putnam...

..13,258 6,758 6,500 3,009......12,825 (Queens.....

....31,849 16,241 15,608 6,168......30,324 SRensselaer.............62,338 30,926 31,412 13,437.....,60,259 Richmond ...

.13,673 6,988 6,685 2,608......10,965 Rockland ...

....13,741 7,335 6,406 2,772......11,965 Saratoga.. ......

..41,477 20.804 20,673 9,582... ...40,553 Schenectedy............16,630 8,382


3,635......17,387 Schoharie ..........

..32,488 16,280 16,208 6,053......32,358 Seneca............

.24,972 12,533 12,419 5,459......24,874 (St. Lawrence...........62,354 31,781 30,573 11,885,.....56,706 (Steuben.......

.51,679 26,742 ..

24,937 11,212......46,138 (Suffolk....

...34,579 17,750 16,829 . 7,767......32,469 (Sullivan........


9,783 8,944 4,019......15,629 ..22,456 11,521 10,935

4,933......20,527 Tompkins ..

.38,168 19,121 19,047 8,668......37,948 Ulster......

.48,907 25,044 23,863 10,646......45,822 Warren...........


7,642 7,266 3,372......13,422 Washington........ .40,554 20,446 20,108

9,203......41,180 (Wayne ...............42,515 21,855 20,660 9,348.....42,057 (Westchester............47,578 24,230 23,348 9,858......48.687 SWyoming..............27,205 13,737 13,468 5,767...... 29,663* xates..................20, TIT

10,447 10,330 4,722...... 20,437 · Total.............2,600,374 1,313,335 1,287,069 475,440...2,428,921

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SGreat Book for Farmers ! Let every Farmer in the United States have a Copy !

Let every Farmer in the United States subscribe for a Copy for his Son. It may prove of more value to him than a Horse or even a Farm! Gentlemen owning lands, gardens or Farms are earnestly invited to examine this work. They may deem it al judicious investment to subscribe for the work and present it to their Tenants.





The second year of this work, beginning with the month of July, 1846, commences



Editor of “The Quarterly Journal of Agriculture,” and “Prize Essays and Transactions of the High-

land and Agricultural Society of Scotland."


So particularized as to enable Country Mechanics to construct them from the descriptions.


With notes and observations by JOHN S. SKINNER, Editor. of the style, costliness, and volume of this celebrated work, some idea may be formed, when we Sstate that, in the first place, the English edition contains more than 1400 pages, with upward of Sus

HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS ! and costs there $24. This great work is now publishing in the Farmers' LSbrary. No farmer who thirsts for knowledge himself, or who aspires to have his son rise to the true) « post of honor," the dignified station of an intellectual and accomplished agriculturist, can justifiably deny himself such a work as is found in the FARMERS' LIBRARY AND MONTHLY JOURNAL OF AGRICUL TURE.

Among the Six Flundred Engravings which will be published in this BOOK OF THE FARM, we) have only room to mention the following:

Views of Farmsteade, or Farm buildings; Fine Specimens of Cattle, Horses, Oxen, Swine, Cows Sheep, &c.: Threshing Machines ; Sowing Machines ; Grubbers ; The Farm-House ; Servants' Houses, Fences; Thorn Hedges; Field Gates; Stone Dykes; Embankments ; Draining-an Open Drain in Grass ; Covered do.; Planks and Wedges to prevent Sides of Drains falling in, &c. &c. &c. Agricul. cultural Implements of all kinds ; Various kinds of Plowb; Sections and Parts of do.; Shovels; Scoops; Spades; Plumb-Level ; Swing-Trees for two Horses, for three Horses; Harrows; HorseHoes: Rollers : Straw-Racks : Water-Troughs : Straw-Cutters : Shepherd's Crook : Snow Dung Hawk; Scythe and Bend Sned; Bull's Ring ; Bullock Holder; Rakes; Form of Haystacks; Scorn-Bruisers; Riddles ; Rope-Spinners ; Ladders; Bean-Drill; Instrument for Topping Turnips;) Turnip-Trough for Feeding Sheep ; Movable Shed for Sheep; Oil-Cake Breaker ; Wheelbarrow: Turnip-Slicer for Sheep; Probang for relieving Cattle of Choking; the Milking-Pail; Curd-Cutter; Cheese-Vat ; Churns ; Cheese-Press ; &c. &c. Horse-Cart ; Liquid-Manure Cart; &c.




BY DIONYSIUS LARDNER, Doctor of Civil Law, Fellow of the Royal Societies of London and Edinburgh, Member of the Uniror. sities of Cambridge and Dublin, and formerly Professor of Natural Philosophy and

Astronomy in the University of London, &c., &c.

AFTER Dr. Lardner had brought to a close his Public Lectures in the United States, he was prevailed upon by the Publishers to prepare a complete and authentic edition for publication. The general interest) (which, for a period of several years, these beautiful expositions and commentaries on the Naturall (Sciences had excited, and which was so universally felt and acknowledged, induced the Publishers to beSlieve that their publication would be most acceptable, as well as permanently beneficial, to the American Spublic. In these published Lectures it will be found that the Author has preserved the same simplicity lof language, perspicuity of reasoning, and felicity of illustration, which rendered the oral discourses) so universally popular. While the work was passing through the press, and as the different Numbers lor Parts were circulated, the Publishers received from all sections of the Union the most flattering! (encomiums of the usefulness of the work and of the manner in which it was printed and illustrated. It Jwas gratifying to the Publishers to notice the interest taken in the work by MECHANICS. In one work.S. Ishop in New York, Thirty of the Journeyinen purchased the Numbers as they were published ; and, in several large establishments, the workmen formed clubs and purchased the work at the wholesale or (dozen price. The number of Lithographic and Wood Engravings, large and small, in the whole series. (is 380.

The above Work was originally published in Fourteen Numbers or Parts, and sold at the low Sprice of 25 cents per Number. The entire Work is now completed and sold in two large octavo vol. Sumes of about 600 pages each, well bound in full cloth, illustrated by 380 Engravings, and sold (at 84 50.

District School Libraries can order these Lectures through any of the Booksellers or Country Merchants. Parents, Teachers, Superintendents and Trustees of Common Schools, Farmers, MechanSice, and all, indeed, who have any desire to increase their store of useful information on the subjects Jembraced in these volumes, are earnestly entreated to examine this work before they throw away their money on the trash, or even worse than trash, that is now so rapidly inundating the country. > From among the numerous Recommendatory Notices which the Publishers received during the progress of the publication, we have only room to give the following: From D. MEREDITH REESE, A.M., M.D., Superin-, who should be encouraged everywhere to read and

tendent of Common Schools in the City and County study them, and thus promote their own happiness of New-York.

and usefulness. New-YORK, Oct. 20th, 1845.

I could wish that they were found in every

School Library, to which their scientific accuracy Messrs. GREELEY & McELRATH: k Gentlemen : I have examined the Popular Lec-lag

and numerous moral reflections upon the wondertures of Dr. LARDNER, ON SCIENCE AND ART, with

ful works of God should be esteemed no small much satisfaction, and take pleasure in expressing

commendation. But they should be found in every

workshop in the land ; for Science and Art are the opinion that you are doing a valuable service to

here exhibited in their true relations; and the workthe people of our common country by their publica-1! tion, and especially by issuing them in numbers,

Jing men of our country would find here both enter

" tainment and instruction, calculated to improve jand &t so cheap & rate. To popularize Science and cheapen Knowledge,

alike their intellects and their morals. must be regarded by the philanthropist as worthy

D. M. REESE. Fof the mightiest minds of the age, and to be success

ALBANY, May 5, 1846. ful in such efforts constitutes their authors public GREELEY & McELRATH: benefactors. These Lectures of Dr. Lardner are Gentlemen : I cordially and cheerfully concur with Saddressed to the common mind, and though tread my friend, Dr. REESE, in the high appreciation Sing upon the loftiest of the Natural Sciences, are so which he places on your edition of Dr. Lardner's

plain and practical, so simple and attractive, that Lectures, and have no hesitation in recommending (all who can read may readily profit by their instruc-them as a most valuable acquisition to our School tions. The clear and familiar illustrations and dia- Libraries. grams, which abound in every department, are

SAMUEL S. RANDALL, skillfully adapted to the apprehension of youth,

Dep. Supt. Common Schools.

To popularized by the philanthurned to be success- CREELEY & MCELRATH:nd cheerfully concur wins




Thew of the

in the

Each number consists of two distinct parts, viz:I. THE FARMERS' LIBRARY, in which are published continuously the best Standard Workes on Agri? culture, embracing those which, by their cosi or the language in which they are written, would other.) wise seem beyond the reach of nearly all American Farmers. In this way we give for two or three Sdollars the choicest European treatises and researches in Agriculture, costing ten times as much in the

original editions, not easily obtained at any price, and virtually out of the reach of men who live by Sfollowing the plow. The works published in the Library will form a complete series, exploring and

exhibiting the whole field of Natural Science, and developing the rich treasures which Chemistry. Geology, and Mechanics have yielded and may yield to lighten the labors and swell the harvests of the intelligent husbandman.

II. THE MONTHLY JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE likewise contains about 50 pages per month, and comprises-1. Foreign : Selections from the higher class of British, French and German periodicals de voted to Agriculture, with extracts from new books which may not be published in the Library, &c., &c 52 American : Editorials, communicated and selected accounts of experiments, improved processes,

discoveries in Agriculture, new implements, &c., &c. ( Each number of the Library is illustrated by numerous Engravings, printed on type obtained ex (pressly for this work, and on good paper-the whole got up as such a work should be * This Monthly, which is by far the amplest and most comprehensive Agricultural periodical ever established in America, was commenced in the month of July, 1845, and before the close of the first year among its subscribers were embraced many of the most intelligent farmers, professional men, and reStired gentlemen in every City and State in the Union. The reprint of standard works, and the variety.[ elegance and costliness of the Engravings will always render this one of the most useful and interest ing, and, in view of the amount of reading matter, the cheapest Farming periodical in this or any other) (country. The beautiful work of PETZHOLDT ON AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY was published coinplete) in the first two numbers of the FARMERS' LIBRARY; and the great work of VON THAER on the PrinciPLES OF AGRICULTURE, TRANSLATED BY WM. SHAW AND CUTHBERT JOHNSON, WITH A MEMOIR OF THES AUTHOR, &c., was commenced in the number of the LIBRARY for September, 1845, and was completed entire, without abridgment, in the June number for 1846. This justly celebrated work is alone worth the enbscription price of the FARMERS' LIBRARY, and yet it is not more than one-third of what each subscriber to the work receives for his subscription money. This work of Von Thaër was originally? written and published in the German language, translated and published in the French, and afterward): in the English language. It is pronounced by competent judges to be the most finished Agriculturals Book which has ever been written. The London edition is printed in two octavo volumes, and is sold Jat about $8 per copy. > Von Thaër was educated for a Physician, the practice of which he relinquished for the more quiet and Sphilosophical pursuits of Agriculture. Soon after he commenced farming he introduced such decided Simprovements upon his farm that his fame was soon known from one end of Europe to the other. The Smost celebrated farmers of England, France, Denmark, Germany, &c., courted his friendship, and his (writings were everywhere sought and studied.

The First year of this great Agricultural Periodical closed with the June number, 1846. The pages on the Library portion are occupied with Petzholdt's Agricultural Chemistry and von Thaër's Principles of Agriculture. The contents of the Monthly Journal portion of the work are, of course, too diversified Sand various to enumerate. It contains, besides, a great variety of Steel, Lithographic, and Wood Engravings; and, together with Petzholdt and Thaër, constitutes two of the largest and handsomest octavol volumes ever printed in the United States, devoted to the literature and pursuits of the agriculturist. )

These two large and beautiful volumes constitute the first year of the work, and may be ob-) tained bound, from any of the Booksellers. The subscription price is $5 per annum in Numbers. S In reference to the first two volumes of the Far. SECRETARY'S OFFICE, Department of Com. Schools Smers' Library and Monthly Journal of Agriculture, now bound up and ready for sale, Hon. N. S. Meere ready for sale, Hon. N. Messrs. GREELEY & MCELRATH :

Gentlemen : I should be happy to see this wort (York, writes to the male of the State of New Messrs. GREELEY & MORALBANY, July 9th. 1846 York, writes to the Publishers as follows:

|(the FARMERS' LIBRARY AND JOURNAL OF AGRICUL (SECRETARY'S OFFICE, Department of Com. Schools. TURE) in every School Library in the State ; and I)

ALBANY, July 15th, 1846. hope you will be able to afford it at a price which) I have examined, with as much care and attention will place it at the command of the rural districte as iny time would permit, the first volumes of the especially, where I am sure it cannot fail of being JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURE AND THE FAR-highly appreciated and extensively read. Works of MERS' LIBRARY, published by Messrs. Greeley this description are, in my judgment, eminently & McElrath. New York, and do not perceive any suitable for our District Libraries ; and I know ofl (objections to their introduction into the School Dis. none more useful or practical than the present. It) Itrict Libraries of the State; and I can have no execution is exceedingly creditable to ihe Publishdoubt this work would prove a valuable acquisition ers; and the vast amount of interesting matter to all, but especially to those where the subject of comprised in its pages cannot fail of insuring its i Agriculture excites the attention of the inhabitants wide circulation among the agricultural community Sof the District


the bulwark of the State. S. S. RANDALL, Supt. of Common Schools. I

Dept. Supt. of Common Schools. GREELEY & McELRATH, Publishers

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