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1). H. M. S.

1 mornig 1711 64 2111

25:1 51 341 Charleston, 11.Sun Mer.

Day of Month.

Day of Week. 11 58 inor. 1 35 even. 10 42 mom.

6 moin. H.M.

Sun's declination N.

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Calendar for

Calendar for
Calendar for

Calendar for
BOSTON:

NEW YORK CITY; BALTIMORE; CHARLESTON ; New England,

Connecticut,

Delaware, N. and S. Carolina, New York State. New Jersey,

Maryland,

Tennessee,
Canada West,
Pennsylvania, Virginia,

Georgia, Alabama,
Wisconsin,

Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky, and Mississippi,
Michigan and Iowa. Illinois.

Missouri.

Louisiana, and Ark. Sun Sun Moon H.w.Sun Sun Moon H.10.Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon H. re. ris's sets sets Bost. ris's Bets sets N. Y.ris's sets

bets

ris's sets sets Ch's. b.m. h.m. h. in. h. m. 1.in. h.m. 1. m. h. m.h.m. h.m. h. m.lu.m. h.m. h. m. h. m. 8 10 15 216 33 4 6 10 4115 286 31 + 10 8 55 296 99 4 13 15 366 23 4 24 6 41 G 7 4815 27 6 31 riscs 11 215 296 29 rises 8 45 5 30 6 28 rises 15 366 22 rises 721 1 7 2015 296 29 7 14 11 575 306 28 7 13 9 2115 31 6 26 7 13 15 376 21 7 10 5 52 Tu 7 415 296 28 7 45 ev. 31 316 26 7 46 9 555 326 25 7 475 38 6 20 7 47

8 31 W 6 +215 30 6 2 818 1 5115 326 24 8 2010 295 336 2: 8 215 38 16 18 8 25 5

TI 6 2015 316 24 8 03 | 41||3 33 6 23 8 60 115 346 22 8 57 15 39 6 17 95 7 Fr

33 6 22 9 31 2 181 346 21 9 34 11 42 5 356 20 9 375 406 16 9 47 10 18 8. Sa 5 345 346 21 10 14 2 585 356 1910 18 ev. 225 366 18 10 2215 406 1410 34 10 69 9G 5 1215 356 19 11 3 3 42115 366 18 18 1 615 375 17 11 12 15 416 13 11 26 11 42

4 4 16 36 6 17 11 58 4 375 376 16 morn 2 115 38 6 15 morn 5 41 6 12 morner. 37 11 Tu 4 265 376 15 morn 5 4711 38 6 14 0 4 3 11 5 39 6 14 0 815 426 10 0 23 1 47 12W 4 315 38 6 14 10 71415 396 13 1 4 4 385 396 12 1 815 436 9 1 23 3 14 13T) 3 405 396 12

8 405 406 11 2 10 6 4 5 40 6 10 % 135 436 81 2 26 4 40 14 Fr 3 171 5 406 10 3 13 9 4815 416 9 3 17 7 1215 416 9 3 205 446 6 3 30 5 48 15 Sa

2 545 41 6 8 2110 4215 42 6 8 4 24 8 6 5 426 7 4 265 456 5 4 34 642 16G 2 315 42 6 7 scts 11 295 436 6 sets

8 535 6 6 sets 5 456 4 sets 17 M 2 815 43 6 5 0 52 morn 5 446 4 6 52 9 3315 6 4 6 535 46 6 21 6 54 18 Tu 1 415 416 3 7 22 0 95 45 6 3 7 24 10 105 45 6 2 7 2515 476 1 7 30 8 46

W 1 215 45 1 7 54 046115 461 7 5610 465 466 1 7 595 47 6 0 8 6 921 20 Th 0 5815 46 6 0 8 27 1 21 47 59 8 30 11 21 15 47 5 59 8 335 48 5 58 8 43

9 57 21Fr 0 345 475 58 92 1 575 48 5 58 9 6 11 5515 5 58 9 95 495 57 9 21 10 31

Sa N. lil5 485 56 9 40 2 315 495 56 9 45 morn! 5 495 56 9 485 495 55 10 211 4 23 G S. 1215 50 5 54 10 22 3 45 505 54 10 27 0 2815 50 5 54 10 315 50 5 54 10 46 11 42 24 M 0 36 5 515 52 11 9 3 425 51.5 53 11 14 1 65 515 53 11 1815 515 53 11 33 morn 25 Tu

0 5915 525 51 11 59 4 295 525 51 morn 1 535 525 51 morn 5 515 51 morn 09 26 W 1 2315 53 | 549 morn 5 33 15 535 49 04 2 573 53 5 49 0 85 525 50 0 23 1 33 R7TI | 465 545 47 0 54 6 565 545 47 0 69 4 205 53 5 48 125 535 49 1 16 256 191 Fr 2 95 56 5 45 1 52 8 1515 55 546 1 56 5 395 545 43 1 595 535 47 2 14 15 124 Sa 2 335 66 5 44

2 63 9 235 5515 44

2 56

6.475 65 5 44 2 595 545 46 3 8 523 30G 2 5615 575 42 3 57 10 10115 675 42 3 59 7 345 56 5 43 4 1 5 555 45

6 10

0 V.1.

1 59 even. Boston. New York.

H. M.
D. H. M.

......?034 V-n.
New Moon......16 11 18 mern. 11 6 0 1
Third Quarter... 9 2 11 even.
First Quarter ...241 6 0 morn. 6 28 morn.
MOON'S PHASES.

When
Full Moon

For the Moon's Place for September and October, see page 1.

OCTOBER, 1849.

Sun's declination S.

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9 22

D. H. M.S.
II1 49 35
917 1511

1711 -5 2111
į 14 morn. 25 11 44 11

Day of Montlı,

Day of Week.
Churc TUNI.
U13 morn.
11 53 even.

H.M
7 37 eveni. 7 24 ven.
Brill incre.
0 25 morn
0 morn.

1 57 morn. 3 even lil 51 morn 1141 norm. 11 27 morn. ll ... ...

H. M. New Jork 0 37 morn. 7 18 even. 0 17 morn. 2 8 morn.

H. M. 888888882555555ID=5a3. DO 1919

boyun.

2 20 morn.

D. H. M.
MOON'S PHASES.
Full Moon? ......? O 49 mori.
Third Quarter... 8 8 0 evet.
New Moon.... *lio 29 morn
First Quarter ...14
Full Murid ......3110
When

10th Month,

31 Days. Calendar for

Calendar for
Calendar for

Calendar for
BOSTON;

NEW YORK CITY; BALTIMORE; CHARLESTON; New England,

Connecticut,

Delaware,

N. and S. Carolina,
NewYork State, New Jersey,

Maryland, Tennessee,
Canada West,
Pennsylvania, Virginia,

Georgia, Alabama,
Wisconsin,
Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky,

and

Mississippi,
Michigan, and Iowa. Illinois.

Missouri.

Louisiana, and Ark.
Sun Sun Moon H.w.Sun Sun Moon H.w.Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon H.10.
Iris's sets
sets Bost. ris's sets sets N. Y.Iris's sets sets

ris's sets

sets Ch'n b.m. b.m. h. m. 11. m. u.m.h.m. h. m. b. m..m. l.m. h. m. 11.m. b.m. h. m. h. m. M 3 205 58 6 40 5 210 505 58 5 41 5 3 8 115 575 41 5 45 555 43 5 7 6 50 Tu 3 +316 05 38 rises 11 275 595 39 rises 8 51115 58 5 40 rises 5 55 542 rises W 4 616 16 37 6 52 ev. 35 0 5 37 6 54 9 2715 595 38 6 535 575 41 7 2 8 3 TI 4 29116 25 35 7 30 0 40 15 36 7 3310 4116 015 36 7 355 575 39

7 45 S 40 4 52116 35 33 8 12 1 176 25 34 8 16 10 411|6 15 35 8 1915 58.5 38 8 31 9 17 Sa 5 15 6 4 5 31 90 1 56i 316 33 9 4 11 2016 2 5 33 9 85 595 37

950
G
5 356 55 30

9 53
2 4016 45 31 9 58 ev. 4

35 32 10 316 05 36 10 18 10 40
M 6 1 16 6 5 28 10 53 3 271i 55 20 10 58 0 516 4 5 30 11 26 05 341 17 11 271
Tu 6 216 7 5 26 11 56 4 2516 65 28 morn 1 49 16 5 5 29 morn|6 15 33 morner. 25
W 6 47116 9 5 25 morn 5 35 16 7 5 26 0 1 2 596 6 5 27 05116 25 32 0 18 1 35

Th 7 1016 10 5 23 1 2 7 616 85 25 1 6 4 3016 7 5 26 1 9 16 25 31 1 21 3 6 12 Fr 7 321 6 11 5 21 2 9 8 32 16 9 5 23 2 12 5 56 16 85 24 2 156 35 29 2 23 4 321

Sa 7 551|6 12 5 20 3 15 9 361|6 10 5 21 3 17 7 016 9 5 23 3 1916 45 28 3 25 5 36
G 8 17 6 13 5 18 4 21 10 24 6 12 ó 20 4 22 7 486 10 5 21 4 236 5 6 27 4 25

8 396 145 17 sets 11 76 13 5 18 sets 8 3116 11 5 20 sets 16 5 5 26 sets
16 Tu 9 216 16 5 15 5 52 11 44 16 14 5 17 5 54 9 8 16 12 5 18 5 566 65 25 6 2

W 9 246 175 13 6 24 morn 1515 16 6 27 9 446 13 5 17 6 306 75 23 6 38 820 118 TL 94616 18 12 6 58 0 20 16 5 14 7 2 10 19116 14 5 15 7 516 8 5 22 7 16 8 56 19 Fr 10 7 0 195 10 7 35 0 55 16 17 5 12 7 40 10 5216 15 5 14 7 436 9 5 21 7 57 20 Sa 10 29 16 20 5 9 8 16 1 2816 18 5 11 8 21 11 236 17 5 13 8 256 95 20 8 40 9 59 21 G 10 5016 22 5 7 9 1 1 5916 195 9 9 6 11 576 18 5 11 9 106 105 19 9 25 10 33 M 11 12116 23 5 6

9 49 2 33116 20 6 8 9 55 morn 16 19 5 10 9 596 11 5 18 10 14 11 11 23 Tu 11 336 24 6 410 42 3 111|6 22 5 7 10 47 0 35116 20 5 8 10 51|6 125 17 11 5 il 54 14 W 11 5416 25 6 311 38 3 545 23 5 5 11 42 1 1816 215 711 466 13 5 16 11 58 mors 25T 12 14 16 275 morn 4 476 24 5 4 morn 2 116 22 5 6 morn6 135 15 morn 0 47 20 Fr 12 351|6 285 0 0 37 6 615 25 5 2 0 40 3 30 16 23 5 5 0 436 145 14 0 54 96 27 Sa 12 55116 29 4 58 1 38 7 28116 26 5 1 141 4 52|16 245 3 1 436 15 5 13 1 51 3 981 28 G 13 15 10 30 4 57 2 42 8 376 275 0 2 14 6 116 25 5 2 456 16 5 2 9 50

4 37 -20 M 13 356 31 4 56 3 48 9 32116 294 59 3 49 6 5616 26 6 I 3 50|6 175 11 3 51 5 321 Tu 13 556 33 4 54 4 57 10 1716 304 57

4 56 74116 275 0 4 6616 18 5 10 4 54 617 W 14 15 16 344 53 rises 10 55116 3114 56' rises

8 20116 2914 58) rises 116 185 9 rises 6 56

New Marier

.. 4 4 29 even

.

Day of Month.

Sun's declination S.

D. H. M. S. 111 13 411

9 11 44 2 Baltimore. Charleston, Sun on Mer.

9 4 even. 17 11 45 15
3 3 morn.
3 53 even.

H. M
3 10 mon
+ 6 even.
917 even.

H. M.
New-York.
4 17 even.

9 28 even. Full Moon ...... 2910 41 even. 10 29 even. 110 18 even. 10 5 even. | 25 | 11 47 19

H. M.

3 37 Battiin.

D. H. M.
MOON'S PHASES.
First Quarter ...22 9 40 eve!).

When

Calendar for

Calendar for
Calendar for

Calendar for
BOSTON;

NEW YORK CITY; BALTIMORE ; CHARLESTON; New England,

Connecticut,

Delaware, N. and S. Carolina, New York State, New Jersey,

Maryland,

Tennessee,
Canada West,
Pennsylvania, Virginia,

Georgia, Alabama,
Wisconsin,

Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky, and Mississippi,
Michigan, and lowa.

Illinois.

Missouri.

Louisiana, and Ark. Sun Sun Moon H.w.Sun Sun Moon H.w.Sun (Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon H. 1.

ris's sets rises Bost.lris's sets riaes N. Y. ris's sets rices ris's sets rises ch'n.

1b.m. h.m. 1. m. 1. m. lh.m. h.m. h. m. h. m.h.m.h.m. h. m.h.m.b.m. h. m. h. m. Th 14 346 35 4 526 5 11 346 32 4 55 6 9 8 586 30 4 57 6 121|6 19 5 8 6 23 7 34 Fr 14 536 37 4 50 6 52 ev. 15/16 33 4 64 6 56 9 396 31 4 56 7 016 20 5 7 7 14 8 15 Sa 15 120 38 4 49 7 45 0 57116 354 52 7 50 10 2116 324 55 7 546 21 5 6 8 9 8 57

G 15 306 39 + 48 8 44 1 4011 36 4 51 8 50 11 46 33 4 54 8 546 22 5 5 9 9 9 40 5 M 15 491|6 404 47 943 2 26 14 374 50 9 53 11 50 16 344 53 9 57 16 23 5 4 10 11 10 26

Tu 16 7116 424 45 10 64 3 16 38 4 49 10 59 cv. 4016 354 5211 2116 24 5 3 11 15 11 16 7 W 16 246 434 44 morn 4 1316 394 48 morn 1 376 374 51 morn 16 25 5 3 morn ev. 13 8 Th 16 426 44 4 43 0 1 5 266 414 47 05 2 506 384 50 0 716 26 5 2 0 17 1.26 9 Fr 16 59116 454 42 17 65016 424 46 1 10 41416 394 49 1 1216 275 1 1 18 2 50 10 Sa 17 1616 474 41 2 12 8 8116 434 45 2 13 5 321|6 404 48 2 1516 275 0

2 18 4 8 11 G 17 33 16 48 4 40 3 16 9 14116 444 44 3 16 6 38|16 414 47 3 16116 28 5 0 3 16 5 14 112 M 17 49116 49 4 39 4 18 10 2116 454 43 4 17 7 2616 424 46 4 1716 29 4 59 4 14 62 13 Tu 18 516 514 38 5 1910 44116 474 42 5 17 8 816 444 45 5 1616 304 59 5 10 6 44 14W 18 21 16 52 4 37

11 2.216 48 14 41 sets 846116 454 44 sets 6 314 58 sets 7 22 15 Th 18 36 53 4 36 5 33 11 5916 494 40 5 37 9 23 16 464 43 5 40116 324 57 5 53

7 59 16 Fr 18 516 544 35 6 12 morn 16 504 39 6 17 9 556 474 43 6 2016 334 57 6 35

8 31 17 Sa

19 6 6 56 4 34 6 55 0 311|6 51 4 39 7 0 10 286 48 4 42 7 416 344 56 7 19 94 18 G 19 20/16 574 34 7 42 1 4116 534 38 7 47 11 16 494 41 7 516 35 4 56 8 7

9 37 119 M 19 346 58 4 33 8 33 1 376 544 37 8 38 11 336 504 41 8 4216 364 55 8 57 10 9 20 Tu 19 48116 594 32 9 27 2 96 55 4 37 9 32 morni6 51 4 40 9 3516 374 55 9 4910 45

W 2017 14 31 10 24 2 456 56 4 36 10 28 0916 534 3910 3116 38 4 5410 42 11 27 22 Th 20 14/7 24 31 11 23 3 2716 574 35 11 26 0 51 16 544 3911 29116 384 5411 38 morn 23 Fr 20 277 3 4 30 morn 4 1516 58 4 35 morn 1 39116 554 38 morn 16 394 54 morn 015 124 Sa 20 39 17 4 4 29 0 24 5 156 59 4 34 0 26 2 3916 66 4 38 0 2816 404 53 0 34 1 15 125 G 20 517 5 4 29 1 27 6 317 14 34 1 29 3 556 57 4 37 1 30116 41 | 4 63 1 33 2 31 26 M 21 2117 7 4 28 2 33 7 40 2 4 33 2 34 5 416 58 4 37 2 34 6 42 4 53 2 34 3 40 27 Tu 21 1317 8 4 28 3 42 8 447 3 4 33 3 41 6 8 16 594 36 3 4016 434 53 3 37

4 44 W 21 347 94 27

9 38 17 4 4 32

4 51

7 3117 014 36 4 50116 444 52 4 43 5 38 Th 21 31 7 10 4 27 rises 10 247 5 4 32 rises 7 48 7 1 4 36 rises 16 45 4 52 rises 6 24 Fr 21 44|7 11 4 27 6 3011 1017 614 32

5 35 8 34 7 24 35 5 396 46 52 6 63 7 10

27 morn.

4 53

For the Moon's Place for November and December, see page 1.

DE CE M B ER, 1849.

31 Days.

Sun's declination S.

8 41

D. H. M. S. 111 49 24

911 52 45 Charleston. 11 Sun on Mer. 2 20 even. l 17 11 56 34 1 33 even.

10 18 morn. 8 53 morn. 8 40 morn. | 25 ev. 0 33

11. M. 1 46 even.

2 33 even. New-York. | Baltimore.

H. M.
2 4 even.
9 4 toorn.

H. M.
6 2 9 even.7 57 even.
3839328565775 UTEBODY CRAWN Day of Menth.
New Moon......14 10 54 morn. 10 42 morn. 10 31 morn.

Boston.

D. H. M.
MOON'S PHASES.
Third Quarter...
First Quarter ...22! 2 5ti even.
Full Moon ...... 29 9 16 morn.

12th Month,

Calendar for

Calendar for
Calendar for

Calendar for
BOSTON;

NEW YORK CITY; BALTIMORE; CHARLESTON; New England,

Connecticut,

Delaware,

N. and S. Carolina,
New York State, New Jersey, Maryland, Tennessee,
Canada West,

Pennsylvania,

Virginia,

Georgia, Alabama,
Wisconsin,

Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky, and Mississippi,
Michigan and Iowa.

Illinois.

Missouri.

Louisiana, and Ark. Sun Sun Moon H.w.Sun Sun Moon H.10.Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun Moon H.w. ris's sets rises Bost. ris's sets rises N. Y. ris's sets rises ris's sets rises Ch'n.

h.mn.l.m. h. m. h, m.h.m.h.m. h. in. h. m.h.m.h.m. h. m.h.m. h.m. h. m. h. m. 21 53 17 12 4 26 6 28 11 5517 74 31 6 33 9 197 34 35 6 38 16 474 52 6 53 7 55 G 22 217 13 4 26 7 33 ev. 417 8 4 31 7 38 10 5/7 + 4 35 7 4216 474 52 7 57 8 41 M 22 11 7 14 4 26

1 287 94 31 8 4510 52117 54 35 8 496 484 52 9 3 9 28 Tu 22 19 7 15 4 26 9 50 2 1617 10+ 31 9 54 11 40 17 6 + 35 9 576 494 62 10 8 10 16

2617 161 4 25 10 58 3 917 11 4 3111 1 v.33 7 7 4 35 11 316 504 52 11 11 11 9 Th 3317 17 4 95 morn 4 5117 124 31 morn 1 29117 8 4 35 morn 16 514 52 morn ev. 5

4017 18/4 25 0 4 5 4 17 13 4 30 06 2 2817 94 34 08116 514 52 0 12 Sa 22 47 17 19 4 25 1 9 6 16 17 14 4 30 19 3 407 10 4 35 1 10116 524 52 11 2 16

G 22 53|7 204 25 2 11 7 28 17 16 4 30 2 11 4 52117 11 4 35 2 116 534 52 2 9 3 28 110 M 5817 21+ 25 3 12 8 357 164 31 3 11 5 59 7 12 4 35 3 106 544 52 3 6 4 35

Tu 23 317 224 25 4 12 9 33 17 17 4 31 4 10 6 577 12 4 35 4 Slin 54 + 53 4 1 5 33 12W 23 87 23 4 25 5 11 10 19 17 17 4 31 5 8 7 43 17 13 4 35 5 61|6 554 53 4 55 6 19 13 Th 23 1217 24 4 26 6 8 11 17 18 4 31 6 4 8 267 14 4 35 6 116 564 53 5 49 14 Fr 1517 24 4 20 sets Il 38 7 19 31 sets 9 27 15 4 35 sets 16 574 53 sets 7 38 15 Sa 23 18117 25 + 20 5 37 morn 7 204 31 5 43 9 397 15 4 36 5 476 574 54

6 2

8 15 16 G 23 21 17 26 4 20 6 27 0 1517 20 4 32 6 32 10 126 164 36 6 366 584 54 6 51 8 48 17 M 23 23||7 26 4 27 7 20 0 4817 21 4 32 7 25 10 4517 17 4 36 7 296 59 + 54 7 43 9 21 Tu 23 25 274 27 816 1 217 22 4 32 8 2011 1917 17 4 37 8 2316 594 55 8 36

9 517 W 23 267 24 27 9 13 1 5517 22 4 33 9 17 11 5217 18 4 37 9 2017 0 + 55 9 30 10 28 Th 23 27117 234 23 10 12 2 2817 23 4 33 10 15 mornl7 19 4 38 10 177 0 4 56 10 25 11 7

294 29 11 13 3 717 23 4 34 11 16 317 19 4 38 11 1617 1 4 56 11 21 11 48 22 Sa

29 + 29 morn 2 4817 24 4 34 morn 1 127 20 4 39 morn 17 1 4 57 morn morn 23 2717 30 + 29 0 16

4 3617 244 35 0 17 1 5917 20 4 39 0 177 2 4 57 0 19 0 35 24 M 23 20117 304 30 1 21 5 34 7 264 35 1 21 2 587 214 40 1 2017 24 58 1 18 1 34 25 Tu 23 247 314 31 2 28 64517 25+ 36 2 27 4 917 21 4 40 2 267 3 4 58 2 21

2 45 26 W 23 22 7 31 4 31 3 38 7 64117 25+ 37 3 36 5 187 214 41 3 34 17 3 4 59 3 26 3 54 27 Th 23 19 17 31 4 32 4 50 9 0 17 26 4 37

4 47 6 247 22 4 41 4 447 35 0 4 33 6 0 28 Fr 23 167 32 4 33 6 1 9 5617 26 4 38 5 58 7 2017 224 42 5 5517 45 0 5 41 5 56 Sa 23 137 32 4 33 rises 10 477 26 4 39 rises 81117 224 43 rises 17 4 5 1 rises

23 97 324 34 6 17 11 39 17 26 4 40 6 22 9 317 22 4 44 6 26117 4 5 2 6 41 M 23 517 32 4 35 7 29 ev. 31117 27 4 40 7 33 9 55117 234 44 7 35117 5 5 2 7 49 8 31

When

6 47 7 39

ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS ALMANAC.
Alabama, Ala.
Louisiana, La.

Western do., W. Pa.
Southern do., S. Ala.
Maine, Me.

Postmaster, P. M.
Northern do., N. Ala.
Maryland, Md.

Post-office, P. O.
Arkansas, Ark.

Massachusetts, Ms. or Mass. Prussia, Pr.
Brevet, brut, or but.
Michigan, Mich, or Mn

Rhode Island, RI,
Brigadier-General, Brig. Gen. Mississippi, Miss.; also S. Miss Scotland, Scot.
California, Cal.

and N. Miss. for Northern and Secretary of Treasury,Sec. Treas. Canada, Ca.

Southern do.

South Carolina, S. C.
Colonel, Col.
Missouri, Mo.

Steamer, Str.
Connecticut, Con.
New Hampshire, N. H.

Tennessee, Te. or Ten.: also
Delaware, Del.
New-Jersey, N.J.

E. Ten., W. Ten., and M. Ten., District of Columbia, D. C. New-Mexico, N. M.

for East, West and Middle East Indies, E.I. New-York, N. Y.

Tennessee.
England, Eng.
Northern do., N. N.Y.

Texas, Tex, or Tr.
Germany, Ger. Georgia, Ga. Southern do., S. N. Y.

United States, U.! Illinois, Ils. Indiana, la. North America, N. A.

Vermont, Vt. Virginia, Va.
Ireland, Ire. Iowa, la
North Carolina, N. C.

Eastern do., E. Vu
Floridu, Fl. France, Fr. Ohio, o Oregon, Or. Western do., W. Va.
Kentucky, Ky.
Pennsylvania, Pa.

West Indies, W. I.
Lieutenant-Colonel, Lieut.-Col. Eastern Pennsylvania, E. Pa. Wisconsin, Wis.

EXPLANATIONS.—Where practicable, the native State, or country, of public officers named, is annexed, usually in un abbreviated form.

Many persons labor under the unfounded impression that citizens from other countries fill an undue proportion of the places of profit, power, honor and trust, in the U. S. Facts, however, are the best arguments Our political opponents are blamed for many things, but when the numbers of the adopted citizens are considered, no one will accuse Messrs. Polk, Dallas, Bancroft. Allen, Buchanan, Marcy, Walker, Cass, Jackson, Woodbury, and their associates, with tempting them with too many offices. The detailed expenditure for consuls, custom-houses, lights, envoys, the navy. seamen's protection, &c, will enable the reader to compare the cost of protecting foreign commerce, with the charges on inland trade.

POPULATION, VALUE OF PROPERTY, STATE DEBTS, ELECTIONS, SALARIES, &c.

The old thirteen' States, with Vermont, contained 371,124 square miles; the thirty now incorporated contain 1,450,000, which, with the Great West, gives 3,311,110 square miles as the area of the territory of the Republic. The value of real and personal property is nearly 8,500 millions of dollars. In 1775, the population was about 2,500,000; it is now (Nov. 30) estimated at 21,300,000.

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32.212 None Um ertain

1774.875 14.042,719 6,21.778

57,000

16,39,131

7.71.707

1. Alabama...

7 640,000 2768 August 6. Reuben Chapman, $3,500 Montgomery, 2.. Arkansas..

1 152.100 61 6[1] | August 6. Thomas S. Drew...2,000 Little Rock, 3..Connecticut

4 330,000 1326 April 2. Clark Bissell......1,100 Hartford & N. Haven 4.. Delaware*.

1 80.000

326 Nov. 13. William Tharp.....1,333 | Dover, 5.. Florida.

1 75,000 3018 October 1. Tho. S. Brown.[5].2,500 Tallahassee, 6. Georgia*

8
200,000 3208

October 1. Geo. W. B. Towns..3,500Milledgeville, 7. Illinois

7
7 15.100 2:46

Augus. 6. August. C. French.. 1,000 Springfield, 8. Indiana

10
90.000 3846

August 6. Paris C. Dunning ..1,500 Indianapolis, 9.. Iowa...

2 130,00 527 August 6. Ansel Briggs.......1,000 Iowa City, 10.. Kentucky. 10 855,000 34216

August 6. John J. Crittenden.2,500 Franktort, 11.. Louisiana.

470,000 1885[2] Nov. 6. Isaac Johnson.....6,000 Baton Rouge, 12..Maine..

7
600,100 24016

Sept. 10.

John W. Dana .... 1,500 Augusta, 13., Maryland

6 495.000 1986 (3) October 3. Pbilip F. Thoma...2,000 A napo is, 14..Massachusetts*. 10

850.000 34016

Nov. 12. George N Brigas..2,500 Boston, 15.. Michigan ... 3 370,000 148 7 Nov. 5. Epaph. Ransom...1,500 Lansing. 16.. Mississippi..

4 640,000 2568[1] Nov, 4 Jos. W. Matthews 3,000 Jackson, 17..Missouri

5 610,000 240 6(1August 6. Austin A. Kiny.....1,500 Jefferson City, 18..N.Hampshire

4
:300,00 1206

March 13. Jared W. Williams.1,000 Concord,
19.. New Jersey*.
5 416,000 16.66

Nov. 6. Daniel Haines.....2,000 Trenton, 20... New York * 34

2,780,100 1112 7 Nuv, 6. Hamilton Fish ....4,000 Alhany, 21.. North Carolina* 9

765,000 3066

August 9. Charles Manly....2,000 Raleigh, 22..Ohio..

21
1,850,000 74016

October 9. Seabury Ford.....1,500 Columbus, 23.. Pennsylvania* .. 24 2,125,000 850 October 9. Wm. F. Johnston..3,000 Harrisburg, 24.. Rhode Island*.. 2

130,000 526 April 4. Elisha Harris..... 400 Providence &Newp't 25.. South Carolina* 7

605.000 2427

October 8 W. B. Seabrook ....3,5001 Columbia, 26.. Tennessee.

11
950,000 380 6

August 2. Neil S. Brown.....2,000 Nashville, 27..Texas...

2 140,000 561 Nov. 5. George T. Wood...2,000 Austin, 28.. Vermont.

4 302,000, 1216 Sept. 4. Carlos Coolidge.... 750 Montpelier, 29.. Virginia*

15
1,270,000 50816

April 26. John B. Floyd......3,333 Richmond, 30.. Wisconsin.. 3 215,000 867 (4) Nov. 6 Nelson Dewey.....1,250[Madison, 31.. Terr. Oregon....1 25,000 8

Joseph Lane,[6]...3,000 Oregon City, 32... Ter. California.. 35,000

Persifor F. Smith. San Francisco, 33.. " New Mexico. 40.000

Santa Fé,

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* The thirteen original States.
(1) By contract, as high as 10.
(2) Bank Interest 6; conventional as high as 10
[3] And on tobacco contracts, 8.

[4] On debts and judgments in favor of the United States o.
(6) William D. Moseley, Governor till July.
(6) Including $1,500 as Superintendent of Indian Affairs.
17] Amount of State Debts, in 25 States, $205,637,338.

THE ELECTION OF 1848.

The year hastening to a close as this the whole atmosphere, not of France only, Almanac is prepared for the press has but of Italy, Germany, Hungary and the been signalized by memorable revolu- Principalities of the Lower Danube, and tions in Europe and America. Dissimilar their skies were lurid with the glare of in some of their aspects, they are yet one general conflagration. That conflagraidentical in their most vital principles. tion may be checked at this point and In either case, the essential end was the driven back on that; it may even seem to replacement of dynasties which had be overpowered and expiring ; but it canceased to regard BENEFICENCE and the not be extinguished until it has burnt out widest diffusion of blessings as the chief of civilized Europe the last vestige of desend of government by others which should potic and aristocratic power. The burning prove more enlightened and faithful. In of the French Throne after the taking of monarchical Europe, the security or ag- the Tuileries typified the approaching degrandizement of the reigning family, the struction of all the thrones in Christendom. maintenance of Aristocratic caste, or The American Revolution of 1848 differpower, or affluence, had con to be practi-led from that simultaneously proceeding in cally regarded by most Governments as Europe only as dictated on either side by their being's end and aim,' to which the the circumstances and genius of the Peohappiness, enlightenment and content-ple. Here, as across the Atlantic, a caste ment of the unprivileged millions were or clique had seized upon the reins of made of small account. Hence Ministerial Government and perverted the power of and Court intrigues, rigid Censorships of the State in subserviency to their own the Press, the increase of Armies, the sordid ends. What Legitimacy and Diin ultiplication of Police, the exhaustion of vine Right were to the governing class in Treasuries and the increase of National the Old World, that Democracy and the Debts, until Public Credit was with diffi- related catch-words were to the governing culty sustained, while Employment for the class here. Instead of being a spirit of freePoor became scanty and precarious, dom and investigation, Democracy had beWages depressed and inadequate, and come a mask for self-seeking, a cloak for anthe condition of immense masses insup-bition and grasping intrigue. "Weigh what portable. Yet while Bread grew scarce is offered on either hand, and judge imKnowledge was day by day more widely partially between them,' says ever True disseminated; the Steam-Press, the Pri- Democracy. “Ask no questions, but supmary School, even the Railroad, were, in port the regular nominations,' says Sham spite of every obstacle, rapidly though Democracy-the Democracy of caucuses silently educating the People into a and office-seeking combinations : · You may clearer understanding of their rights and indeed weigh testimony and judge; but wrongs, their misery and its authors : and if you decide that we have not governed when the train was at length fired, partly faithfully-that our measures through accident, partly through kingly wise and beneficent, you prove yourself infatuation, and the despotism of Louis an enemy of Popular Sovereignty, and thus Philippe had provoked the Resistance of unfit to judge of the matter at all.'— February, all Europe (Russia excepted,) That none shall suspect us of mistake or was found ripe for Revolution. The torch exaggeration in the premises, we quote flung up by the workmen of Paris ignited the following passage from the letter of

are

not

into it."

Gen. Lewis Cass, accepting the nomina-| liberal appropriations for the improvetion for the Presidency of the Baltimore ment of our internal communications, this Convention :

Half Million of Votes told on that side; “From the days of Gen. Hamilton to our days, since it has, in the course of the incessant the party opposed to us—of whose principles he was the great exponent, if not the founder mutations of party interest, become Demowhile it has changed its name, has preserved es: cratic to oppose those principles or measentially its identity of character; and the doubt he entertained and taught of the capacity of man sures, these votes are cast as unhesitatingAuence upon its actions and opinions. Here is ly on the other side. So in regard to other the very starting-point of the difference between questions. It is within the truth to asAll other differences are but subordinate and sume that the party which, in our political auxiliary to this, and may, in fact, be resolved struggles, has possessed itself of the De

Here you perceive the assertion, the mocratic name, has thereby secured an implicatiou, and may discern the practical advantage over its antagonist fully equivimprovement. The assertion is that a alent to One Million Votes. party has existed and does exist in the And yet it became evident to keen obcountry which distrusts the capacity of servers, at the very outset of the late the People for self-government and is Presidential struggle, that the party wrapsecretly if not openly hostile to our entire ped in the • mantle of Democracy was Republican system. But how shall an doomed to defeat unless saved by some alarmed people distinguish these traitors palpable blunder on the other side. The to Liberty from their fellow-citizens ?- reasons for this may be briefly summed up Very easily : If you find a man opposing as follows : the self-styled Democracy and the election 1. The expiring Administration came of Gen. Cass to the Presidency, you may into power tainted with fraud. Mr. Polk know there is one of the recreants. Sup- was elected President by the aid of voters port to Gen. Cass and his coadjutors is the attracted to his standard by the resolution touchstone of fidelity to Human Freedom. of the Convention which nominated him The practical improvement follows in-affirming that the right of this country to evitably : If you wish to be regarded as the whole of Oregon is clear and indispata friend of Liberty, of America and of able, and the clearly implied pledge that Man, you must vote to make Gen. Cass he, if elected, would enforce said right at President and keep his party in power, the cannon's mouth if necessary; by the though you may honestly believe their aid of voters who hold to the Protection line of policy pernicious and the measures of Home Labor by discriminating duties, they advocate most adverse to the public who were deluded by the Kane letter; interests and general welfare.

by the votes of men conscientiously opPreposterous as this course of argument posed to the acquisition of Texas unless is, it has by skillful iteration acquired and with the free consent of Mexico, and on exerted an immense influence over the terms which should relieve our country popular mind. It is not too much to say from the dishonoring imputation of having that more than Half a Million Votes are loaned her flag and her arms to the cause thrown every year for the candidates of Slavery Extension. When the just extermed Democratic because they are so pectations of each of these classes were designated, and without one thought as blasted by the Oregon Treaty, the Tariff to how far their professions of superior of 1846, and the pushing forward of our Democracy are justified by their acts or troops to the Rio Grande, in the heart of their opinions. When it was Democratic, a Mexican Department, and directly opin the vocabulary of party strife, to sus- posite its chief city, leading inevitably to tain Protection to Home Industry and a bloody, protracted, expensive and deso

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