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A STATEMENT of the Quantities of the several Kinds of Grain and Meal, in quarters, imported from each country, in the year 1844.—Parl. Paper, 1845.

Peas & Wheat-meal) Countries from which imported. Wheat. Barley. Oats.

Beans.

or Flour. Russia.

104458 23253 69400 830 748 Cwts. 7 Sweden.

10661 30897 26360

43 2637 Norway

40

424 Denmark.

94289 476450 55593 6433 25684 Prussia... 551748 292470 73625 19266 46449

774 Germany..

107200 57400 30727

11 48721 6177 Ilolland.

11772 1658 40128

3 26621 Belgium...

1101 5688 1598

5388 France..

45044 8532 501

261 Spain and the Balearic Isles.

11

4 Gibraltar...

807 Italy and the Italian Isles.

80300

10781 Malta

6163 4228

14674 Turkey

18221 5751

124 Egypt

26564 6381

63379 Cape of Good Hope...

79 Mauritius.

106 East India Company's Territories, and Ceylon..

4
2
1

6

8047 Philippine Islands China..

1 Brit. Settlements in Australia. 4150

493 British North American Colonies.

36174 8229 4114

16371 676884 British West Indies..

1 Foreign West Indies.. United States of America...

2421

2

1 292012) Mexico Chili. Isles of Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney,. and Man (foreign produce)..

1078

101 Total

1100361 1022057 302110

26591 262758 985717 Total reëxported in 1844..

46109 1402 25304

3611 105621

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IMPORTS OF CHEESE

JOENSUS OF THE CITY OF N. YORK. Into Great Britain since 1833, in cuts. W ds. 1830, 1835. 1840. -1845.

Males, Females. Total. From

I. 11,331 10,380 10,629 6,549 5,681 12,2305 Year. Fron From

other Total. II. 8,203

7,549 6,394 3,947 3,015 6,9621 Ameri-Holland.

parts of

III. 9,599 10,884 11,581 6,449 5,451 11,900 ca.

Europe.

IV. 12,705 15,439 15,770 12,318 8,682 21,000

V. 17,722 18,495 19,159 9,501 19,861 20,562) 1833 None. 131355

1712 134073

VI. 13,570 16,827 17,198 9,716 9,627 19,313) 1834 1 145004

1584 146594

VII. 15,873 21,481 22,982 11,917 13,585 25,502) 1835 6 139694

1152 140852 VIII. 20,729 28,570 29,073 14.239 16,607 30,846) 1836 1 210024

1143 211169 IX. 22,810 20,618 24,795 14,295 16,612 30,907 1837 1 235973

1726 237732 X. 16,438 20,926 29,026 10,010 10,983 20,993 1838 2 2256951

2179 227877

XI. 14,915 26,845 17,052 13,339 13,920 27,259/ 1839 None. 209547

1389 210436

XII. 11,808 24,437 11,652 6,879 6,499 13,378 1840 41 224957

1464 226462

XIII. 12,598 17,130 18,517 10,750 11,661 22,411)

XIV. 14,288 17,306 20,235 10,065 11,038 21,108) 1841 15154 254995 270149

19,202 17,755 8,112 11,310 19,432) 1842 14098

165614
179748) XVI.

22,273 19,723 20,614 40,337 1843 42312

136998
179389 XVII.

18,619 12,556 14,591 27,147 1844 53115

160654

1213769 Total..202,589 270,089 312,710 180,365 190,737 371,102

European
Countries.
From

XV. ......

GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

(OCTOBER 1st, 1846.)

EXECUTIVE-PRESIDENT AND CABINET: JAMES K. POLK, of Tennessee, President

.Salary $25,000 GEORGE M. DALLAS, of Pennsylvania, Vice-President

6,000 JAMES BUCHANAN, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of State

6,000 ROBERT J. WALKER, of Mississippi, Secretary of the Treasury..

6,000 WILLIAM L. MARCY, of New York, Secretary of War....

6,000 JOHN Y. MASON, of Virginia, Secretary of the Navy.

6,000 Acting Attorney General....

4,000 CAVE JOHNSON, of Tennessee, Postmaster-General..

6,000

66

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JUDICIARY-SUPREME Court. ROGER B. TANEY, of Maryland, Chief Justice.... Salary $5,000. SAMUEL Nelson, of N. Y. Associate Justice.JAMES M. WAYNE, of Ga. Associate Justice. LEVI WOODBURY, of N. H.

John McKINLEY, of Ala. John MCLEAN, of Ohio,

WILLIAM CATRON, of Tenn. ROBERT C. GRIER, of Penn.

PETER V. DANIEL, of Va. (Salary of Associate Justices, $4,500

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Major-General of the Army-WINFIELD SCOTT, of New-Jersey,

XXI Xth CONGRESS.
Assembled December 1st, 1845; Expires March 3d, 1847.

SENATE. GEORGE M. DALLAS, of Pennsylvania, President. Members. Term expires. | Members. Term expires. Members. Term cxpircs. MAINE. DELAWARE.

TENNESSEE. George Evans ..1847 Thomas Clayton .1847 Spencer Jarnagin

1847 John Fairfield

...1851 John M. Clayton . .1851 Hopkins L. Turney.. ..1851 NEW HAMPSHIRE.

MARYLAND.

KENTUCKY. Joseph Cilley, 1847 James A. Pearce .1849 James T. Morehead

1847 Charles G. Atherton .....1849| Reverdy Johnson

..1851 John J. Crittenden

.18 19 VERMONT. VIRGINIA.

OHIO. William Upham... ..1849) William S. Archer

1847 William Allen

1849 Samuel S. Phelps ..1851 Isaac S. Pennybacker 1851 Thomas Coruin

.1851 MASSACHUSETTS. NORTH CAROLINA.

INDIANA. Daniel Webster .1847 Willie P. Mangum

.1847 Edward A. Hannegan. 1849 John Davis ....... .1851 (Vacancy.) .1849 Jesse D. Bright

1851 RHODE ISLAND. SOUTH CAROLINA.

ILLINOIS. James F. Simmons.. 1847 John C. Calhoun.. .1847 James Semple.

1847 Albert C. Grcene .1851 George McDuffie.. 1849 Sidney Breese.

1849 CONNECTICUT.

GEORGIA,

MISSOURI. John M. Niles .1849 John McP Berrien 1847|David R. Atchison

.1849 ) Jabez W. Huntington .1851 Walter T. Colquitt. ..1849 Thomas H. Benton.. ..1851 NEW-YORK. ALABAMA.

ARKANSAS. John A. Dix ... .1847 Dixon H. Lewis.. 1847|Chester Ashley..

.1847 Daniel S. Dickinson .1851 Arthur P. Bagby.

1849 Ambrose H. Sevier ..1849 NEW JERSEY. MISSISSIPPI.

MICHIGAN. Jacob W. Miller... .1847 Joseph W. Chalmers

William Woodbridge

.......1847 William L. Dayton .. .1851 Jesse Speight... 1851 Lewis Cass

1851 PENNSYLVANIA. LOUISIANA,

FLORIDA, Simon Cameron 1849 Alerander Barrow.

1847) James D. Westcott.. .1849 Daniel Sturgeon 1851 Henry Johnson .1849 David Yulee.

.1851

TEXAS. (Whigs, in Italics, 25; Locos, in Roman, 30.]

Samuel Houston.

.1849 Thomas J. Rusk.. ..1851

16

JOHN W. Davis, of Indiana, Speaker.
MAINE.
127..John De Mott,

NORTH CAROLINA. 119.* Daniel R. Tilden, 1..John F. Scammon. 28..Elias B. Holmes, 1..James Graham, |20.* Joshua R. Giddings, 2.* Robert P. Dunlap, 29.* Charles H. Carroll, 2.* Daniel M. Barringer, 21..Joseph M. Root. 3.* Luther Severance, 30..Martin Grover, 3..David S. Reid,

KENTUCKY. 4..John D. McCrate, 31..Abner Lewis,

4..Alfred Dockery,

1.*Linn Boyd, 5..Cullen Sawtelle, 32.* William A. Moseley, 5..James C. Dobbin, 2..John H. McHenry, 6.*Hannibal Hamlin, 33.* Albert Smith, 6.* James J. McKay, 3.* Henry Grider, 7..Hezekiah Williams. 34.* Washington Hunt. 7.* John R. J. Daniel, 4..Joshua F. Bell, NEW HAMPSHIRE.

NEW JERSEY. 8..Henry S. Clarke, 5..Bryan R. Young, *Moses Norris, Jr. 1..James G. Hampton,

9..Asa Biggs.

6..John P. Martin, Mace Moulton, 2..George Sykes.

SOUTH CAROLINA. 7.*Wm. P. Thomasson, James H. Johnson, 3..John Runk,

1. * James A. Black, 8.*Garrett Davis, (One vacancy.] 4..Joseph Edsall, 2.*Richard F.Simpson, 9. Andrew Trumbo,. VERMONT.

5.* William Wright. 3.*Jos. A. Woodward, 10.*John W. Tibbatts. 1.* Solomon Foot, PENNSYLVANIA. 4..A. D. Sims,

TENNESSEE. 2.*Jacob Collamer, 1.. LEWIS C. LEVIN, 5.* Armistead Burt, 1.*Andrew Johnson, 3.*George P. Marsh, 2. *Joseph R. Ingersoll, 6.*Isaac E. Holmes, 2.. William M. Cocke, 4.*Paul Dillingham, Jr. 3..JNO. H. CAMPBELL, 7.*R. Barnwell Rhett. 3..John Crozier, MASSACHUSETTS. 4.*Charles J. Ingersoll, GEORGIA.

4.* Alvan Cullom, 1.* Robert C. Winthrop, 5.*Jacob 8. Yost, 1.. Thomas Butler King, 5.*George W. Jones, 2.* Daniel P. King,

6..Jacob Erdman, 2..Seaborn Jones, 6.. Barclay Martin, 3.* Amos Abbott,

7.* Abra. R. Mcllvaine, 3..G. W. B. Towns, 7. * Meredith P. Gentry, 4..Benj. Thompson, 8..John Strohm, 4.*Hugh A. Haralson, 8. Edwin H. Ewing, 5.* Charles Hudson, 9.*John Ritter,

5.*John H. Lumpkin, 9..L. B. Chase, 6.. George Ashmun, 10.*Rich'à Brodhead,Jr. 6. Howell Cobb, 10..Frederick P.Stanton 7.*Julius Rockwell, 11. Owen D. Leib, 7.* Alex'r H. Stephens, 11.*Milton Brown, 8.* John Quincy Adams,12..David Wilmot, 8. Robert Toombs.

INDIANA. g..(Vacancy,) 13.* James Pollock,

ALABAMA.

1.*Robert Dale Owen, 10.* Joseph Grinnell. 14.* Alexander Ramsey,

1. Samuel D. Dargin, 2.*Thomas J. Henley, RHODE ISLAND. 15..Moses McClean, 2..Henry W. Hilliard, 3. *Thomas Smith, 1.* Henry Y. Cranston, 16..James Black, 3. (Vacancy.

4.* Caleb B. Smith, 2..Lemuel H. Arnold. 17..James Blanchard, 4.* Winter W. Payne, 5.. William W. Wick, CONNECTICUT.

18.* Andrew Stewart, 5.*George 8. Houston, 6.*John W. Davis, 1..James Dizon, 19. *Henry D. Foster, 6.*Reuben Chapman, 7.. Edw.W.McGaughey, 2..Samuel D. Hubbard, 20..John H. Ewing, 7. (Vacancy.]

8.. *John Petit, 3..John A. Rockwell, 21.* Cornelius Darragh, MISSISSIPPI.

9..Charles W.Cathcart, 4..Truman Smith. 22.. William S. Garvin, Jacob Thompson, 10.*Andrew Kennedy. NEWYORK. 23..James Thompson, Stephen Adams,

ILLINOIS. 1..John W. Lawrence, 24.* Joseph Buffington. Robert N. Roberts, 1. *Robert Smith, 2..HENRY I. SEAMAN,

DELAWARE.

Jefferson Davis. 2. * JohnA.McClernand, 3..WM. S. MILLER, 1.John W. Houston.

LOUISIANA.

3.*Orlando B. Ficklin, 4.*William B. Maclay,

MARYLAND,
1.*John Slidell,

4.*John Wentworth, 5..TH's.M.WOODRUFF,| 1..John G. Chapman, 2..Ban'n G.Thibodeaux, 5. *Step'n A. Douglass, 6..WM.W.CAMPBELL, 2.. Thomas Perry, 3..John H. Harmanson, 6. *Joseph P. Hoge, 7. *Joseph H. Anderson, 3... Thomas W. Ligon. 4.*Isaac E. Morse. 7.. Edward D. Baker. 8..Wm.W.Woodworth 4. William F. Giles,

OHIO.

MISSOURI. 9.. Archibald C. Niven, 5..Albert Constable, 1..James J. Faran, *James B. Bowlin, $10..Samuel Gordon, 6.. Edward Long. 2..F. A. Cunningham, *James H. Reife, 11..John F. Collin,

VIRGINIA.

3.* Robert C. Schenck, Sterling Price, $12.. (Vacancy 1.*Archibald Atkinson, 4.* Joseph Vance,

John S. Phelps, 13. Bradford R. Wood, 2.*Geo. C. Dromgoole, 5..William Sawyer, Leonard H. Sims. 14.. Erastus D. Culver, 3..Wm. M. Treadway, 6.*Henry St. John,

ARKANSAS. 15..Joseph Russell, 4.*Edm'd W. Hubard, 7.* Joseph J. McDowell. Archibald Yell. 16..Hugh White, 5..Shelton F. Leake, 8.. Allen G. Thurman,

MICHIGAN. 17. Charles S. Benton, 6..James A. Seddon, 9..Augustus L, Perrill, 1.*Robert McClelland, 18. *Preston King, 7.*Thomas H. Bayly, 10.. Columbus Delano, 2..John S. Chipman, 19.*Orville Hungerford, 8..Rob't M. T. Hunter, 11. *Jacob Brinkerhoff, 3.*James B. Hunt. 20.. Timothy Jenkins, 9..John S. Pendleton, 12.* Samuel F. Vinton,

FLORIDA. 21.. Charles Goodyear, 10..Henry Bedinger, 13. .Isaac Parrish, W. H. Brockenbrough. 22.. Stephen Strong, 11.*William Taylor, 14.* Alexander Harper,

IOWA, 23.. William J. Hough, 12.*Augus. A. Chapwan, 15. * Joseph Morris, *Augustus C. Dodge. 24.*Horace Wheaton, 13.*George W. Hopkins, 16..John D. Cummins, WISCONSIN. 25.*George Rathbun, 14..Joseph Johnson, 17..George Fries,

Morgan L.Martin. 226..Sam'I s. Ellsworth, 115.. William G. Brown.l18..D. A. Starkweather, TEXAS. * Members of the last Congress.

1..David Kaufman,

2..Timothy Pillsbury. (Whigs in Italics ; Locos in Roman; Natives in SMALL CAPS. Total Whigs, 75; Locos, 142; Na tives, 6. 3 Vacancies.

POLITICAL HISTORY-1846.

CONGRESS.

On the 1st of December, 1845, the Twenty-gress the Joint Resolutions consenting to the ninth Congress convened in Washington to Annexation of Texas. Texas on her parts commence its First Session. Mr. James K. had likewise assented to Annexation on the Polk had been inaugurated as President terms prescribed by our Congress and was nearly nine months before, but had enjoyed now formally knocking at the door of our no opportunity till now of influencing through Union, an entrance through which had alLegislative action, the Policy of the Country, ready been guarantied her. All beside re. save by his personal efforts before his Inau- mained as before Polk's election. guration (Feb. 1845) to push through Con.

· CONDITION OF THE COUNTRY. This was, by common consent, prosperous were minutely examined, it would be diffiand satisfactory. The National Industry, cult-we think impossible-to point out any protected by the wise and beneficent Tariff other period in which its advancement in Jof 1842, was better employed than and as Industry, Population, Arts, Wealth and GenSwell compensated as at almost any former eral Well-being was so striking as during {period. · The Farmer was receiving in the the two years 1844 and '45—that is, from the Saverage good prices for his products. Manu-time that the Tariff of 1842 had made itself facturing and Mechanical Industry were ad- thoroughly felt in all departments of Indus{vancing with giant strides, and rapidly dif- try down to the commencement of systemSfusing themselves over sections of the Country atic and formidable efforts for its overthrow. where they had previously been almost un- In no other two years had more of our Soil known.

Commerce and Navigation were been reclaimed from the primitive wilderactive and flourishing, being buoyed up by ness and covered with industrious and thrifty the general employment and efficiency of cultivators. Never had our aggregates of (Labor and the consequent ability to purchase Agricultural Products been higher, nor our on the part of the great mass of the People. general extension of or improvement in tillOur Exports and Imports were neither so age been more decided. Yet during these large nor so small as they had been in former two years the abstraction of Labor and Skill years, but they were over One Hundred Mil- from Agricultural to Manufacturing avocaYlions of Dollars' worth each, and the balance tions had been very great, as is evinced by was on the right side. Our Revenue was the general increase of population in Cities Sabundant, steady, and our small National and Villages, the activity which prevailed in Debt, contracted under the Revenue Tariff of Lumbering, Brick-making, Building, &c. &c. 1840 to 242, was steadily diminishing at the the multiplication of Mills, Factories, Railrate of several Millions per annum. Nobody roads, Machinery, &c. &c. And, while we spoke or thought of a necessity to borrow were thus adding millions on millions to the Sagain, and all were regretting that our little sum of our National Wealth at home, we debt did not fall due at an earlier day, so were steadily reducing the amount not only Sthat it might be promptly extinguished. of our Governmental but of our Commercial

If the history and progress of the Nation indebtedness abroad--indebtedness contract

Sed during the improvident era of buying petition, the reduction of prices on Protected]

much and selling little—1834 to 1839. All fabrics which would else have even thus this in the face of apprehensions that the promptly been realized.-Such was the state Tariff of 1842 might be overthrown by its of things in which Mr. Polk met his first Jadversaries, an apprehension which rendered Congress, composed, by nearly two-thirds in the advancement of 1843-5 much less rapid the House and by a large majority in the and constant than it would otherwise have Senate, of those who had aided to elect him) been, and postponed or prevented in some and assembled as partisans of his Adminisinstances, by checking investment and com-Itration.

OREGON.

The National Convention at Baltimore, fof the British Minister, and claimed the whole which nominated Mr. Polk for President, again, intimating that he would never again (May, 1844,) had gravely resolved that “our recede, and would on no account surrender right to the whole of Oregon is clear and un- the free navigation of the Columbia. Says questionable,” and that the “reoccupation "his Message: of that Territory is “a great American ques

“The right of any foreign power to the free na-) stion,” &c. [Then why make it a party ques-vigation of any of our rivers, through the heart of Stion, when nothing had been said concerning

our country, was one which I was unwilling to

concede." it on the other side ?] The simple truth is,

*Again he says: Sthat the nominators of Mr. Polk found this a

“ The extraordinary and wholly inadmissible National question and deliberately made it a demands of the British government, and the reSparty one, for their own use and benefit.jection of the proposition made in deference

alone

to what had been done by my predecessors, and They said, adroitly but plainly, to all who the implied obligation which their acts seemed {desired the assertion at all hazards and to all to impose, afford satisfactory evidence that no

compromise which the United States ought to acextremes of our claim to the whole of Oregon, cept can be effected. With this conviction, the and to all who for any cause desired a War proposition of compromise which had been made

and rejected was, by my direction, subsequently with Great Britain, “Help us elect Mr. Polk, withdrawn, and our title to the whole Oregon terand you shall have Oregon up to 54° 40' or ritory asserted, and, as is believed, maintained by

irrefragable facts and arguments." War for it.” They doubtless made party

"Peace or War," we were also told by capital out of this. Accordingly, Mr. Polk in the Secretary of State, on the 29th of January his Inaugural avowed his firm faith in our last, was involved in the issue of the surrenclaim to Oregon and his resolution to main. der by England of the whole of Oregon. In

the same letter Mr. Buchanan said :' tain it. ("The whole was implied but not

The President will never abandon the position Zexpressly stated.) In the Fall of that year, he has taken in his Message. Clearly convinced of ('45,) The Union, established by the will of the right of the United States TO THE WHOLE TER

RITORY IN DISPUTE, and relicved, by the refusal of Mr. Polk and sustained by official patronage, the British Government to accept this offer of declared for “54° 40, the whole or none." compromise, from the embarrassment in which Every where those who counseled modera- would not authorize the conclusion of a Treaty on

the acts of his predecessors had placed him, he tion, compromise, conciliation, were scouted that basis. (The basis of 490.)"' as enemies to the Country-British Whigs.' The leading members of the majority and Yet when the Executive budget was opened, the Press of their Party took their cue from at the assembling of Congress, it came out this. "54° 40'—the whole or none !" that Mr. Polk had offered to compromise with touchstone of patriotism, the toast and the Great Britain on the line of 49°, but without war-cry of Northern and Western Loco-Fo. conceding the portion of Vancouver's Island coism. To push Great Britain off the Conti south of 49°, or the free navigation of the Co-nent was the purpose avowed by many, but Slumbia. This offer being rejected, Mr. Polk to drive her forthwith out of all Oregon, was withdrew it, rejected the counter proposition the object of the more judicious. All sorts

was the

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