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ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS ALMANAC.
Western do., W. Pa.
Postmaster, P. M.
Post-office, P. O.
Massachusetts, Ms. or Mass. Prussia, Pr.
Rhode Island, R I.
and N. Miss. for Northern and Secretary of Treasury, Sec. Treas. Canada, Ca.
South Carolina, S. C.
Tennessee, Te. or Ten.: also
E. Ten., W. Ten., and M. Ten., District of Columbia, D. C. New Mexico, N. M.
for East, West and Middle East Indies, E. I. New-York, N. Y.
Texas, Tex, or Tr.
United States, U. 8. Illinois, Ils. Indiana, Ia. North America, N. A.
Vermont, Vt. Virginia, Va.
Eastern do., E. VU
West Indies, W. I.
EXPLANATIONS.- Where practicable, the native State, or country, of public officers named, is annexed, usually in an abbreviated forın.
Many persons labor under the unfounded impression that citizens from other countries fill an undue proportion of the places of profit, power, honor and trust, in the U.S. Facts, however, are the best arguments Our political opponents are blamed for many things, but when the numbers of the adopted citizens are considered, no one will accuse Messrs. Polk, Dallas, Bancroft, Allen, Buchanan, Marcy, Walker, Cass, Jackson, Woodbury, and their associates, with tempting them with too mauy offices. The detailed expenditure for consuls, custom-houses, lights, envoys, the navy. seamen's protection, &c, will enable the reader to compare the cost of protecting foreign ccmmerce, with the charges on inland trade.
POPULATION, VALUE OF PROPERTY, STATE DEBTS, ELECTIONS, SALARIES, &c.
The old thirteen' States, with Vermont, contained 371,124 square miles; the thirty now incorporated contain 1,450,000, which, with the Great West, gives 3,311,110 square miles as the area of the territory of the Republic. The value of real and personal property is nearly 8,500 millions of dollars. In 1775, the population was about 2,500,000; it is now (Nov. 30) estimated at 21,300,000.
1.. Alabuma..... 2..Arkansa4..... 3..Couerticut*. 4. Delaware*. 5.. Florida.... 6. Georgia .. 7.. Illinois... 8. Indiana... 9. Iowa...... 10.. Kentucky... 11.. Louisiana..... 12..Maine........ 13..Maryland. 14..Massachusetts*. 15.. Michigan ....... 16.. Mississippi.... 17..Missouri... 18..N. Hampshire 19.. New Jersey*. 201.. New York *..... 21.. North Carolina* 22..Ohio........ 23.. Pennsylvania* .. 24.. Rhode Island*.. 25., South Carolina* 26.. Tennessee..... 27..Texas....... 28.. Vermont...... 29.. Virginia*....... 30.. Wisconsin...... 31..Terr. Oregon... 32... Ter. California.. 33.. “ New Mexico.
640,000 276 August 6. Reuben Chapman, $3,500 Montgomery,
13.03 152.4001 61 6 August 6. Thomas S. Drew...2,000 Little Rock,
3,11827 330.000 132 April 2. Clark Bissell...... 1,100 Hartford & N. Haven 32.212 80.000 32 Nov. 13. William Tharp.....1,333 | Dover,
None 75,000 301 October 1. Tho. S. Brown..2,500 Tallahassee,
Un ertain 00.000 3208 October 1. Geo. W. B. Towns..3,500Milledgeville,
1774.875 715,00 2:14 August. 6. August. C. French.. 1,000 Springfield,
14.043,718 90.0001 38416 August 6. Paris C. Dunning ..1,500 Indianapolis,
6,221.778 130.00 527 August 6. Ansel Briggs.......1,000 Towa City,
5:1. 855,0001 342 August 6. John J. Crittenden 2,500 Frankfort, 470.0110 1885  Nov. 5. Isaac Johnson.....6,000 Baton Rouge,
Sept. 10. John W. Dana .... 1,500 Augusta,
Nov. 6. Daniel Haines.....2,000 Trenton,
130,000 526 April 4. Elisha Harris..... 400 Providence & Newp't
11.031) 302,000 1216 Sept. 4. Carlos Coolidge.... 750 Montpelier, 1,270,000 508 April 26. John B. Floyd......3,333 Richmond,
9,33.173 215,000 867 Nov. 6 Nelson Dewey.....1,250 Madison,
None 25,000 Joseph Lane, ...3,000 Oregon City,
 35,000 Persifor F. Smith. San Francisco,
None Santa Fé,
The thirteen original States.  By contract, as high as 10.
21 Bank Interest 6; conventional as high as 10. 13] And on tobacco contracts, 8.
 On debts and judgments in favor of the United States 6.
The year hastening to a close as this the whole atmosphere, not of France only, Almanac is prepared for the press has but of Italy, Germany, Hungary and the been signalized by memorable revolu- Principalities of the Lower Danube, and tions in Europe and America. Dissimilar their skies were lurid with the glare of in some of their aspects, they are yet one general conflagration. That conflagraidentical in their most vital principles. tion may be checked at this point and In either case, the essential end was the driven back on that; it may even seem to replacement of dynasties which had be overpowered and expiring ; but it can ceased to regard BENEFICENCE and the not be extinguished until it has burnt out widest diffusion of blessings as the chief of civilized Europe the last vestige of desend of government by others which should potic and aristocratic power. The burning prove more enlightened and faithful. In of the French Throne after the taking of monarchical Europe, the security or ag- the Tuileries typified the approaching degrandizement of the reigning family, the struction of all the thrones in Christendom. maintenance of Aristocratic caste, or The American Revolution of 1848 differpower, or affluence, had come to be practi-ed from that simultaneously proceeding in cally regarded by most Governments as Europe only as dictated on either side by their being's end and aim,' to which the the circumstances and genius of the Peo happiness, enlightenment and content-ple. Here, as across the Atlantic, a caste ment of the unprivileged millions were or clique had seized upon the reins of made of small account. Hence Ministerial Government and perverted the power of and Court intrigues, rigid Censorships of the State in subserviency to their own the Press, the increase of Armies, the sordid ends. What Legitimacy and Diinultiplication of Police, the exhaustion of vine Right were to the governing class in Treasuries and the increase of National the Old World, that Democracy and the Debts, until Public Credit was with diffi- related catch-words were to the governing culty sustained, while Employment for the class here. Instead of being a spirit of freePoor became scanty and precarious, dom and investigation, Democracy had beWages depressed and inadequate, and come a mask for self-seeking, a clouk for anıthe condition of immense masses insup-bition and grasping intrigue. "Weigh what portable. Yet while Bread grew scarce is offered on either hand, and judge imKnowledge was day by day more widely partially between them,' says ever True disseminated; the Steam-Press, the Pri- ' Democracy. “Ask no questions, but supmary School, even the Railroad, were, in port the regular nominations,' says Sham spite of every obstacle, rapidly though Democracy-the Democracy of caucuses silently educating the People into a and office-seeking combinations : You may clearer understanding of their rights and indeed weigh testimony and judge; but wrongs, their misery and its authors : and if you decide that we have not governed when the train was at length fired, partly faithfullythat our measures are not through accident, partly through kingly 'wise and beneficent, you prove yourself infatuation, and the despotism of Louis ' an enemy of Popular Sovereignty, and thus Philippe had provoked the Resistance of unfit to judge of the matter at all.” — February, all Europe (Russia excepted,) That none shall suspect us of mistake or was found ripe for Revolution. The torch exaggeration in the premises, we quote flung up by the workmen of Paris ignited the following passage from the letter of