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3 lands of the United States ? Are they here locked up/States.” The power of disposition is plenary, unre

from the people, and, for the sake of their game or tim-strained, unqualified. It is not limited to a specified obber, excluded from sale? Are not they freely exposed ject or to a defined purpose, but left applicable to any in market, to all who want them, at moderate prices ? object or purpose which the wisdom of Congress shall The complaint is, that they are not sold fast enough, in deem fit, acting under its high responsibility.

other words, that people are not multiplied rapidly The deeds from the ceding States, far from opposing, Senough to buy them. Patience, gentlemen of the land fully warrant the distribution. That of Virginia ceded committee, patience! The new States are daily rising the land as "a common fund for the use and benefit of in power and importance. Some of them are already such of the United States as have become, or shall bes great and flourishing members of the confederacy. And, come members of the confederation or federal alliance 3 if you will only acquiesce in the certain and quiet ope- of the said States, Virginia inclusive." The cession Sration of the laws of God and man, the wilderness will was for the benefit of all the States. It may be argued

quickly teem with people, and be filled with the monu- that the fund must be retained in the common treasury, Sments of civilization. * * * * * * and thence paid out. But by the bill reported, it will

There are good men in different parts, but especially come into the common treasury, and then the questions in the Atlantic portion of the Union, who have been in-how it shall be subsequently applied for the use and duced to regard lightly this vast national property; who benefit of such of the United States as compose the conhave been persuaded that the people of the West are federacy, is one of modus only. Whether the money is dissatisfied with the administration of it; and who be- disbursed by the general government directly, or is paid lieve that it will, in the end, be lost to the nation, and out upon some equal and just principle to the States, to

that it is not worth present care and preservation. But be disbursed by them, cannot affect the right of distribuSthese are radical mistakes. The great body of the West tion. If the general government retained the power of are satisfied---perfectly satisfied with the general admin- ultimate disbursement, it could execute it only by suitistration of the public lands. They would indeed like. able agents; and what agency is more suitable than that and are entitled to a more liberal expenditure among of the States themselves? If the States expend the them of the proceeds of the sales. But the great body money, the expenditure will, in effect, be a disbursement S of the West havo not called for, and understand too weli for the benefit of the whole, although the several States their real interest to desire, any essential change in the are organs of the expenditure; for the whole and all the system of survey, sale, or price of the land. There may parts are identical. And whatever redounds to the bebe a few, stimulated by demagogues, who desire change; nefit of all the parts necessarily contributes in the same Sand what system is there, what government, what order measure to the benefit of the whole. The great questions S of human society, that a few do not desire to change ? should be, Is the distribution upon equal and just prin-3

It is one of the admirable properties of the existing ciples? * * * * * * * * * system, that it contains within itself and carries along! And now I have a few more words to say and shall be S principles of conservation and safety. In the progress done. We are admonished by all our reflections, and

of its operation, new States become identified with the by existing signs, of the duty of communicating strength Sold, in foeling, in thinking, and in interest. Now, Ohio and energy to the glorious Union which now encircles

is as sound as any old State in the Union, in all her our favored country. Among the ties which bind us to views relating to the public lands. She feels that her gether, the public domain merits high consideration. share in the exterior domain is much more important And if we appropriate, for a limited time, the proceeds than would be an exclusive right to the few millions of of that great resource, among the several States, for the acres left unsold, within her limits, accompanied by al important objects which have been enumerated, a new virtual surrender of her interests in all the other public and powerful bond of affection and of interest will be lands of the United States. And I have no doubt that added. The States will feel and recognize the operanow, the people of the other new States, left to their tion of the general government, not merely in power and Sown unbiased sense of equity and justice, would form burdens, but in benefactions and blessings. And the S the same judgement. They cannot believe that what general government in its turn will feel, from the expen-3 S they have not bought, what remains the property of diture of the money which it dispenses to the States, the

themselves and all their brethren of the United States. I benefits of moral and intellectual improvement of the in common, belongs to them exclusively. But if I am people. of greater facility in social and commercial inmistaken---if they have been deceived by erroneous im-Itercourse, and of the purification of the population of pressions on their mind, made by artful men, as the sales our country, themselves the best parental sources of naproceed, and the land is exhausted, and their population tional character, national union, and national greatincreased, like the State of Ohio, they will feel that ness. Whatever may be the fate of the particular pro-3 their true interest points to their remaining copartners in position now under consideration, I sincerely hope that the whole national domain, instead of bringing forward the attention of the nation may be attracted to this most an unfounded pretension to the inconsiderable remnant interesting subject; that it may justly appreciate the which will be then left in their own Hmits. * * *value of this immense national property; and that,

By the scond part of the third section of the fourth preserving the regulation of it by the will of the whole, article of the Constitution, Congress "have power to for the advantage of the whole, it may be transmitted, & dispose of, and make all needful rules and regulations as a sacred and inestimable succession, to posterity, for respecting the territory or other property of the United its benefit and blessing for ages to come.



§ Soon after Mr. Jefferson's Inauguration as to the foot of a hill, I saw there a load of hay President, the Federal party were beaten in upset, and a boy standing beside it crying.-New-Hampshire, where they had borne sway My lad!' said I, do n't blubber after that

for many years, and a • Democratic' Governor fashion! Just turn to, and I'll help, and Sand Legislature chosen. The new lords 'we'll have your hay all on the cart again in proceeded to turn out all the officers of the half an hour.'-Oh, it is n't the hay,' said defeated party, after the most decided fashion. the boy, crying louder than ever- I care no.

The Supreme Court was almost the only thing for the hay, but father is under the
{branch of the public service not within their load!'.
Sreach, its Judges being all Federalists, ap-
Spointed for life or during good behavior,''

-Mr. H ' said Chauncey Langdon, a {under an express provision of the Constitu-l, {tion, and men of the highest character. The

"Federal Member of Congress, in 1814-16, to Legislative majority paused but a moment to

Ja one-eyed, rough farmer neighbor, “it was study the “ways and means, and then pro- ..

always a puzzle to me how so sensible a man ceeded to abolish the Supreme Court and es-la

as you could be a Democrat-but now I perStablish a Superior Court, of similar duties

ceive-having only one eye, you can only see Sand powers--the substantial difference beingl.

one side, or half as much as other folks.'that the old Federal Judges were sent to the Good Book that when the eye is singles

43. Mr. Langdon,' replied the other, we read in grass with the old Court, and new Democratic Judges filled the bench of the new Court.

the whole body is full of light.' $ The announcement of this change created Sa prodigious excitement all over the State, -Mr. John C. Spencer, now of the Cabişbeing regarded by the Federalists as a clear net, was the Clintonian candidate for the Sevasion and virtual violation of one of the New York Senate in one of the severe strug. most important principles of the Constitution, gles which preceded each re-election of De and as a fatal stab to the independence of the Witt Clinton as Governor. In the heat of the Judiciary. Meetings were held, newspapers contest, a political runner from the East ratblazed, and bar-rooms teemed with indignanttled into Canandaigua, (where Mr. Spencer declamation against the overthrow of the resided,) and abruptly accosted the distinJudiciary.' Among others, young Mr. C- guished Gen. D. M- as to the prospects son of one of the discarded Judges, (who has of the rival candidates in that section. “I himself since risen to some distinction in the know nothing about it,” was the gruff answer Political world,) sat one day, as was not un- of

M t o his volunteer acquaintance. usual with him, in a barroom at A , de- Don't know ?? rejoined the astonished emis. Sploring and denouncing the overthrow of the sary—why Mr. Spencer of your place is our Judiciary. A rough-looking teamster from candidate for the Senate.'-"Spencer?-well, up-country, now on his return from Boston he 'll be beaten."-Oh, Gen. M_ , do n't Smarket, who had sat hearing him in silence say so: he's running against Byram Green.' half an hour, at length broke forth-"My “Against Byram Green, is he?-then he friend! your case reminds me of one I fell in may be electedI thought he was running Swith on my way up from Boston. Coming alone." wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww


was of course excited, and at the appointed Ś - In the winter of 1830-1, Gen. Thomas hour an immense assemblage had collected Armstrong was a Jackson Senator from the on the Court House green. Of Mr. Clay's

Seventh District of this Ştate, and for a time powerful and triumphant Speech on this oca Sa.boarder at the Columbian Hotel, Albany, casion it is lamentable that no full report was's which he left, and removed to the Eagle. A made or has ever appeared, but the following friend inquired the reason of this change.- passage from its close has reached us : "Oh, I could n't stand it down there," was “ It is now more than forty years," said

the reply, “ too much Anti-Masonry." Why Mr. Clay, "since I came here, a poor and Show do you mend that?' pursued the querist, friendless youth. I was taken by the hand

here are Granger, and Seward, and several by your fathers, and led to fame and fortune. others.'-" yes,” testily replied, the Gene. All that I am and have been I owe to their Sral, “but those fellows down there actually generous kindness and steady confidence. believe in it."

And now I have come to spend the evening

of my days among their children. I feel like John RANDOLPH.

the stag who has been long hunted, and who The world is full of anocdotes of Mr. Ran- returns at last to die on the spot whence he 3dolph's sarcastic humor, but the following started in vigor and hope. The curs of party Žhas not, to our knowledge, appeared in print : have been long barking at my heels, and the

During one of the last years of his life, Mr. bloodhounds of personal malignity are spring.. SR. was an attendant on the sessions of the ing at my throat, but (rising to his full highi,

Virginia Legislature, when a bashful, back-and looking round with Aashing eyes on hiss country planter met the eccentric orator in defamers who had mingled with the crowd of} the lobby and endeavored to introduce him-hearers]

luce him hearers) I SCORN AND DEFY THEM NOW, AS IS self. “Mr. Randolph," said he, fumbling EVER DID !” Z and scraping with especial awkwardness, “IL I wish." said the Kentucky eye-witness live only fifteen or twenty miles from you I whi

who related this passage to us from memory, pass your plantation quite often."— Sir,' said

o that you could have heard and seen our galşJohn, regarding him from head to foot with,

m lant Harry say this. He looked at least eleZinfinite scorn, “you are welcome to pass it as ven feet high

often as you please." I MR. CLAY ON THE STUMP IN 1843. Davy CROCKETT was once attending as

In the spring of 1843, Mr. Clay returned to menagerie exhibition in Washington, and di-3 ŠKentucky from a winter residence in New-lating to some friends on the similarity of ŞOrleans, and found that during his absence countenance between one of the monkeys and Spersonal as well as partisan malevolence had a brother Member of Congress. He looked's been busy with his fair fame. The wealthy up, and behold! the Member in question was and powerful family of the Wickliffes had en- a quiet listener to his discours !"I sup-3 3 listed under Tyler and come out violently pose, Mr. W ,” said Davy, “ that I ought Sagainst him, while the Hon. Tom. Marshall to apologize; but I can't tell whether to you had come home from Washington surcharged or the monkey!” with bitterness against every body, and espe- --The last year that Davy was in Congress Scially his eminent neighbor, and was travers- the Loco Members held a jollification, pro-s Sing the District making speeches filled with fessedly in honor of the Birth-Day of Jeffer

pointed inuendo against and ill-concealed ha- son. Davy met several of them going home stred of the pride of Kentucky. Soon a notice from the festival, and thus graphically de-3 3 appeared on the Court House door, setting scribed their condition: “They were sos Sforth that · Henry Clay would address his brunk that I'll be - if either of them could fellow citizens of Fayette County on the first hit the ground with his hat in three times day of the ensuing Court.' A lively interest|throwing !" winnenwiewemmmiimmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm



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IV... P. Dilsham, jr. (L.) 6317 (2025 1713

232 LEGISLATURE. 1843. PRES. 1840. Caledonia, .. | Chandler, (W.).484 a Counties. Whigs. Locos. No choice. Harr'n'y.BIEssex........ Putnam, (Ab.).. 87 Arcstook ......

..... 289

480 Lamoille, ... ( Peck, (L.) ...... 241 Cumberland .....

6438 Orleans, ..... Smilie, (L.)..... 80 Franklin.......


20 8 Washington, J Scattering....... 56 Hancock .....

.2434 2509

........6,131 6,317 6,734 5,633 Kennebec ..

Maj. for Dillingham over all, 286... Harrison, 1101.3 Lincoln ....

5188 The votes of Holland and Troy, for Congress, were Oxford ...,

.2932 4800 not returned. Penobscot ...

....4333 4145 Total, 1810, Harrison, 32,440; V. B., 18,018; Maj.14.422. Piscdtaquis.

...1275 1136 Somerset .....

.3084 2507 Waldo......

6009 Washington..



.......4785 5725
Totai...... 43

GOVERNOR, 1843. PRESIDENT, 1840. Majority-Loco-Foco, 42....for Harrison, pl. a

(W.) (L.) , Senate, 3 Whigs, 22 Loco-Focos. House, Whigs 43. Counties. Briggs. Morton. Scat. Harrison. Loco-Focos 85, no choice 23. Loco-Foco majority on Bamstable, ...1792 1506 241........ 2751 1554 joint ballot, 61.

Berkshire,....3379 3724 263.. . 2931 3780 Full returns of the vote for Governor cannot be pro- Bristol,......

512.. 4855 4904 cured until the Legislature meets. It is well settled that Dukes,......

267 45.

294 Anderson (L. F.) bas about 1000 maj. over all others. Essex,....

108.. 10056 6513 Franklin,.....2718

3461 2137 Hampden,....8009

35 17

3141 3812 Hampshire,...3494 1821 437

4083 1025 NEW HAMPSHIRE.

Middlesex, ....7969 9194 1433 9716
GOVERNOR, 1843. PRESIDENT, 1 0. Nantucket,... 493 220
(W.) (L.) (Con.)



5104 42:8 Counties: Colby. Hubbard. 'White. Harrison. V. B. Plymouth...

3959 616.. 5065 518 Belknap....... 118


7557 Carroll 521 1224 267...

Worcester,...8949 7966 1710........11537 6764 Cheshire.......1895


402.. 3638 2303 Total,....58,003 54,419 9,133 72,874 51,944 574


Maj. for Briggs. 3,594...... for Harrison, 20,900 Grafton......



4979 Hillsborough..1957

..4084 5072

1840, Scattering votes for President, 1,618. Merrimack.....1339 3026

50301 343, No choice of Governor by the people. Rockingham...1977 3051 1003.......


4984 Strafford....... 779 1514 303........5280 6755 Sullivan... ....1005 1690 215........2088 22991 Total.......12,551 23,050 5,497 26,158 32,761

RHODE ISLAND. 1843, Hoit, Abol. 3,402; scat. 83. Hubbard over all 1,417. 1840-Majority for Van Buren, 6,603.


(Law & Order.) (L. F.)
Counties. Fenner. Carpenter. Harrison. V. Buren. 3
Bristol....maj. 588

..... 476


635 Newport....... 1438


417 Dists. CONGRESS, 1843.

Providence.....4306 5002. ...2181
Solo. Foote, (W.).....6698 / Harr. V.B. W

1711 Bennington, Harringt'n, (L.) 4926

782........ 737 1796

Washington... 1348

14231 Rutland, ... Theall, Abol.).. 508 4114 1551 Total...... 8,856 7,110 5.278 Windham,. J Scattering, ...... 67 ( 3472 1715 Majority for Fenner, 1,746 ; for Harrison, 1977: _Maj. for Foote over all, 1,197... Harrison, 4,693.

Total,...................5,501 6,698 9,382 4,689 The votes of Dumerston, Townsend and Hubbardton $for Congress, were not returned.

CONNECTICUT. 2. II. J. Collamer, (W.)...5825 .

GOVERNOR, 1843. PRES'T, 1840. Orange, ..... Ransom, (L.)....4833 2 874 SWindsor.


SA. 1003, Sc. 260-1283


(L) (Ab)

1821 Cos Balduin. Clevel'd, Gilleth, Harrison. V.B.3 ...........6,906 5,825 8,691 4,037 Fairfield......4146 Mai. against Collamer. 271....for Harrison, 4,654. Hartford.

4037 124..


.4871 On the second trial Collamer was chosen by about Litchfield.....3800

5188 5239 290 .....6216

4800 293.... 4542 800 majority over all.


183......2276 UI.

New Haven. 4469 4307 206......5100 Addison,.... G. P. Marsh,(W.).. (2806 916 New London.2632 3313


31483 Chittenden, . (Smith, (L.)......4595 2286 1381 Tolland ......1641 1832 93......1991 1509 Franklin.... French, (Abol.), 718 2186 1191 Windham ....1698 2284 442......2790 Grand Isle, . j Scattering, ...... 133 ( 363 _162 Total. .25.591 27,416 1,872 31,601 25,296 Total......

.......5,446 6,254 7,641 3,6 552 Maj. for Cleaveland, 1,825. for Harrison, 6,305. Maj. for Marsh over all, 808.... Harrison, 3,889.) (No choice in 1842, there being 49 scattering votes.) wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww

126... 708.....

366.. 1066.....



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| VI. Walbridge. Burnham.

2922 SENATOR, November, 1843. MAYOR, April, 1843. Allegany ......3143

32 9....3693

Broome .......2171 2145 12....2010 Whig. A. Rep. L. F. Sub. Whig. L. F. Cattaraugus...2093 2209 457....2583 ds. Fr't'lin. O'boss. Jones. Walsh. Smith.Morris.Chemung.....1064

... $12
67 560 3......... 960
8151 Chenango.....3231

... 700
.... 593

473 Livingston.....2717 1928 5. ...3216

0....3236 747 Steuben .......2179

.1189 .... 657

11 Tioga .........15812089

80....1781 T....1042


1312 Tompkins .... .2432 3005 337....3395 .... 564


. 778 1583). Total..., 20,611 23,609 1,824 25,205 27,226

2052 Maj. for Burnham, 2,998.....for Bouck, 2,021.
t....1408 805 1207

....2155 2262 VI. Maynard. Lester. Bradley..

12 Cayuga .......3799 *3766 387....4369
.. 1170

Cortland ......1882 2126 477... .2249

Onondaga.....4422 5628 758....6024



48....3770 1851 Seneca

1689 .. 690

1974 Seneca ......

2054 141...,1976 ...... 963

1646 Wa

BO Wayne........2488 3282 590....3558 4010 361


A Yates..........1466 1756

1311 10........ 1673
828 948 37........1128

... Total....19,271 21,733 3,055 23,567 25,921 1,538 Total..14,291 8,549 14,325 444

Maj. for Lester, 2,462......for Bouck, 2,354.

19,517 25,398 Maj. for Jones (over Franklin) 34 ; for Morris, 5,881.

* Bowen Whiting (L.F.) received 67.

VIII. Backus. Murphy. Plumb.
NEW-YORK..; Chautauque...4354 2688

Erie ...........4601 3702 425....4855
SENATORS, 1843. GOVERNOR, 1840. Genesee .......2073 1545 369....2863
Whig. L. F. Abol. Whig. L.F. Abol. Monroe 5245 5086 603....5465 5220
Franklin.Jones. Fan. Brad'h.Bouck.Ste'

.2052 2074 444....2630
Kings .........3105
1. ...3324 3725 Orleans........ 1795 2004


136... New-York ...14291 14327 65...19975 22017 5 Wyoming .....2023 1829 497....2064 1889 Richmond ..... 656 817 0.... 814 989 0 Total....22,143 18,928 2,661 25,090 20,905 1,387

Total... .18.052 18.422 119 24.113 26,731 127) Maj. for Backus, 3,215....for Bradish, 4,185. Maj. for Jones, 370......for Bouck, 2,618. "'? Total, 1842–Bradish, 186,091 ; Bouck, 208,072; StewQuackenboss (Am. Rep.) 8,550 in N. Y.; 10

art, 7,263. Maj. for Bouck over Bradish, 21,981. II. · Wells. Smith. Dutchess ......4417 4748 ....3895


CONGRESS, 1842. PRESIDENT, 1840. 3 Orange........3329 3836 ... 3293 4148

19 Dist's.

Whig. L. F. Ab. Whig. L.F.S Putnam ....... 494 1152 0...617 1453 0 I.

King. Strong. W'mson. Harr'n. V.B. Queens........1592 2113 1....2077 2625 01 Queens......... 2056 2619 ........2522 2550 Rockland..

0.... 367

O Suffolk ........ 1238


1 4........2415 34825 Suffolk

0....1338 Sullivan .......1042


5,463 14 4,937

6,032 3 Ulster .........3595

2. ...3351 3887

14 Majority for Strong, 2,109..for Van Buren, 1,095. 3 Westchester ... 2708

39....31093786 5. II. Silliman. Murphy. Whiting. Total....17.4432

68 Kings ......... 3391 3578 61........3293 3 157 Maj. for Smith, 4,793......for Bouck, 6,765.

Richmond ..... 823 985 -........ 903 III. More. Jo

Total ....4,214

4.196 SAlbany........6032

153....6272 6076

Majority for Murphy, 349.... for Harrison, 178. 3 Columbia .....3652


4278 Delaware...... 1503 196....2087

III. Phenix. Nicoll. Kennedy Greene ........1923 41....2226

ard.. 946 678

.1202 587 SRensselaer.....5380 5255 178....5366

428", Schenectady...1610 20....1456 1699

Schobarie .....1508

.. 864

.. 1138

1143 Totul....21,608 24,479 710

.. 1249 23,948 27,450

......1452 3 Maj. for Johnson, 2,87 ....for Bouck, 4,502.



Majority for Phenix, 928 for Harrison
Iv. Simmons. Clark. Campbell.
Clinton ........ 847 1661 716....1571

IV. Williams. Maclay.Whiting.
Essex..........1752 1661 123....2049

- VI. Ward 65 1199

1223 Franklin... ....1129 1265 1....1354

1612 1554

1707 1728 Fulton.........1518 1615 ....1665


..1422 1743 Hamilton...... 80

1028 1381


1655 S Herkimer......1763 Montgomery ..2472

Total....4.777 5,5499 5,073 6.899 Saratoga ......3586


Majority for Maclay, 772. . for Van Buren, 1,2
St. Lawrence. .2841


V. Scoles. Leonard. Miles. 3 Warren ....... 948 ....1143 VIII. W'd 1876 1939

......1962 23 Washington...3409 2767 299....4088 3012

X. • 1552 2040

.......1515 Total....20,845 25,242 2.093 23,980 26.748

XIV. " 961.

.......1142 1 393 Maj. for Clark, 4,997.....for Bouck, 2,768.****


4.6195.51 Clark. Barlow. Delong.

Majority for Leonard, 893..for Van Buren, 893. s Jefferson ......4246 5 397 796....4774 5635 292 VI. - Fish. McKeon. Lewis .........1268 1678 175....1519 1716

1. W': 810 1523

16685 Madison. 3127 1751....3206 xii: 525

380 682 Oneida ...... 5769 1148....5558

11565 741

. 1686

7973 SOswego ..... 2797 3606 731....3365

......1063 1443 2 Otsego ........2681 4124 441....3600

XVII. " 1326 1506

......1267 1442 Total...17,405 23,701 5,042, 2,022, 27,152 2,025

5,110 Tota!....5,904 :5,69

6 032 3 Maj. for Barlow, 6,296....for Bouck, 5.130.

** Majority for Fish,'205.... for Van Buren, 922. 12

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