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Page xxix. line 6, for 'hydropsy' read 'his.

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AL 132.3.145

APR 21064
HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

Chapleighs Luurd.

(I. sz.

Printed by R. & R. CLARK, Edinburgh,

221-2

CONTENTS.

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PAOB INTRODUCTORY

vii
NATURE
THE AMERICAN SCHOLAR. AN ORATION BEFORE

THE Pui BETA KAPPA SOCIETY, AT CAMBRIDGE,
AUGUST 31, 1837 . . . .

63 AN ADDRESS TO THE SENIOR CLASS IN DIVINITY

COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE, JULY 16, 1838 . . 95 LITERARY ETHICS. AN ADDRESS TO THE LITERARY

SOCIETIES IN DARTMOUTI COLLEGE, JULY 24, 1838. 125 THE METHOD OF NATURE. AN ADDRESS TO THE

SOCIETY OF THE ADELPUI, IX WATERVILLE COL

LEGE, MAINE, AUGUST 11, 1841 . . .
MAN THE REFORMER. A LECTURE READ BEFORE :

THE MECHANICS' APPRENTICES' LIBRARY Assoora:
Tion, Boston, JANUARY 25, 1841 . .

183 INTRODUCTORY LECTURE ON THE TIMES.

READ IN THE MASONIO TEMPLE, Boston, DECEM.

BER 2, 1841. . . .
THE CONSERVATIVE A LECTURE READ IN THE

MASONIO TEMPLE, Boston, DECEMBER 9, 1841 ..
THE TRANSCENDENTALIST. A LEOTURE READ

IN THE MASONIO TEMPLE, BOSTON, JANUARY, 1842. 266
THE YOUNG AMERICAN. A LECTURE READ TO

THE MERCANTILE LIBRARY ASSOCIATION IN Boston,
FEBRUARY 7, 1814 . . . . . 203

209

INTRODUCTORY.

A GREAT interpreter of life ought not himself to need interpretation, least of all can ho neod it for contemporaries. When time has wrought changes of fashion, mental and social, the critic servos a usoful turn in giving to a poot or a teacher his true place, and in recovering ideas and points of view that are worth preserving. Interpretation of this kind Emorson cannot require. His books are no palimpsest,

the prophet's holograph, defiled, erased, and covered by a monk's.' What he has written is fresh, legible, and in full conformity with the manners and the diction of the day, and those who are unable to understand him without gloss and comment are in fact not prepared to understand what it is that the original has to say. Scarcely any literature is 60 entirely unprofitable as the so-called criticism that overlays a pithy text with a windy sermon. For our time at least Emerson may best be left to be his own expositor.

Nor is Emerson, either, in the case of those whom the world has failed to recognise, and whom thorofore it is the business of the critic to make known and to define. It is too soon to say in what particular niche

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