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Helps in Teaching History.

1. A Thousand questions in American History. 16mo, cloth, pp. 247. Price $1.00.

This work has been prepared by an eminent teacher for use in his own school-one of the largest in the State. It shows rare breadth of view and discrimination, dealing not merely with events but with causes, and with the side-issues that have so much to do with determining the destiny of a nation.

2. Helps in Fixing the Facts of American History. By HENRY C. NORTHAM, 16mo, cloth, pp. 298. Price $1.00.

Here all facts are presented in groups. The Lexington. key-word to the Revolution, for instance, is I-ndependence. LIBERTY, as shown in the accompanying table B-urgoyne's Surrender.! of Key-Words; and in like manner the events of E-vacuation. the late civil war are kept chronologically dis R-etribution. tinct by the key-words SLAVES FREED. Chart T-reason. 7 No. 1 indicates by stars the years in each decade Y-orktown. from 1492 to 1789, in which the most remarkable events occured, while the colored chart No. 2 arranges the events in twelve groups.

3.. Topics and References in American History, with numerous Search Questions. By Geo. A. WILLIAMS. 16mo, leatherette, pp. 50. 50 cts.

This is a book of immediate practical value to every teacher. The references are largely to the lighter and more interesting illustrations of history, of a kind to arouse the thought of pupils by giving vivid conceptions of the events narrated. By dividing these references among the members of a class, the history recitation may be made the most delightful of the day.

4. Dime Question Books, No. 5, General History, and No. 6, United States History and Civil Government. By ALBERT P. SOUTHWICK, 16mo, paper, pp. 37, 32. 10 cts. each.

5. Oullines and Questions in United States History. By C. B. Van WIE. 16mo, paper. pp. 40, and folding Map. 15 cts.

The outgrowth of four years' practical work in the school-room with map prepared by a pupil as a suggestive model.

6. Tablet of American History, with Map of the United States on the back. By RufuS BLANCHARD. Heavy paper, mounted on rollers, 342 by 5 feet. Price, express paid, $3.00.

The demand for a colored chart to hang upon the wall and thus catch the often-lifted eye of the pupil, has led to the preparation of this chart by an experienced author. The events of the four centuries are grouped in parallel belts of different colors, and upon the corners and sides are names of the States and Territories, with their etymology, etc., history of political parties, portraits of all the Presidents, Coats of Arms of all the States, etc. The map is engraved expressly for this chart by Rand & McNally, is colored both by States and by counties, and gives all the latest railroads, the new arrangement of time-lines, showing where the hour changes, etc.

C, W, BARDEEN, Publisher, Syracuse, N. Y.

Arithmetic by the Grubé Method.

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1. First Steps among Figures. A drill book in the Fundamental Rules of Arithmetic. By LEVI N. BEEBE. Cloth, 16mo, 3 editions. Pupils' Edition, pp. 140, 45 cts. Oral Edition, pp. 139, 50 cts. Teachers' Edition, including all in both the others, with additional parallel matter, Index, and Key, pp. 326, $1.00.

These books give the only practical exposition of the Grubé Method, now generally admitted to produce the best results with beginners. It has been used ten years in the primary schools of such cities as Norwich, Conn., and Auburn, N. Y., and for many years every student in the Albany State Normal School has been directed to purchase a copy to take with him for his subsequent use in teaching.

From a multitude of testimonials we copy the following:

“We are still successfully using Beebe's First Steps. It has many admi. rable qualities."-Sup't N. L. Bishop, Norwich, Conn.

“I think it especially excellent for a system of graded schools, where uniformity of teaching is essential. It develops in practical shape an idea that I have long sustained as to the proper method of teaching arithmetic." Sup't B. B. Snow, Auburn, N. Y.

“I have recommended Beebe's First Steps as the best work in primary arithmetic. ... The book is received with much favor, and is very helpful to me in my work.”—Prof. A. N. Husted, State Normal School, Albany, N. Y.

"I am much pleased with the book, and wish every primary teacher to have a copy."-Sup't J. M. Frost, Hudson, N. Y.

“By vote of the Board of Education a copy of the Teachers' Edition was placed on the desk of every primary teacher in the city.-Sup't Edward Smith, Syracuse, N, Y.

“I consider Beebe's First Steps the best work of the kind that I have ever seen, and I take every opportunity to recommend it."-Mary L. Sutlif, Haiku, Maui, Hawaian Islands, Feb. 9, 1888.

2 The Pestalozzian Series of Arithmetics. Teachers' Manual and FirstYear Text-Book for pupils in the first grade. Based upon Pestalozzi's method of teaching Elementary Number. By JAMES H. HOOSE. Boards, 16mo, 2 editions. Pupils' Edition, pp. 156, 35 cts. Teacher's Edition, containing the former, with additional matter, pp. 217, 50 cts.

This is a practical exposition of the Pestalozzian Method, and has met with great success not only in the Cortland Normal School, where it was first developed, but in many other leading schools, as at Gloversville, Babylon, etc. It is diametrically opposed to the Grubé Method, and good teachers should be familiar with both, that they may choose intelligently between them.

3. Lessons in Number, as given in a Pestalozzian School, Cheam Surrey. The Master's Manual By C. REINER. 16mo, pp. 224. $1.50.

This work was prepared in 1835 under the supervision of Dr. C Mayo in the first English Pestalozzian school, and has particular value as representing directly the educational methods of the great reformer.

C. W. BARDEEN, Publisher, Syracuse, N. Y.

Useful Appliances in Arithmetic.

1. The Word Method in Number. A series of 45 Cards, on which are printed all the possible Combinations of Two Figures. In box. By H. R. SANFORD, Institute Canductor. Size 3/4 x 6 inches. Price 50 cts.

These cards need only to be seen, as the principle is familiar and accepted. The type, in written figures, is large enough to be seen across the room, and the combination on one side is given in reversed order on the other, so that as the teacher holds the card before him he knows the figures. presented to the class. The pupil is taught to look upon the combination 4+9 as itself 13, not as “4 and 9 are 13," just as he looks upon DOG as an entire word, not as D-O-G. Success is certain if new combinations are in. troduced only after those already given are thoroughly learned. Reviews should be constant.

2. A Fractional Apparatus. By W. W. DAVIS. A box of eight wooden balls, three and one-half inches in diameter, seven of which are sawn into2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, and 12 parts respectively, while the eighth is left a sphere Price $4.00.

With this apparatus every principle and rule can be developed, and the pupils can be led to deduce rules for themselves.

Many other expedients are resorted to, but they are all objectionable. Suppose a teacher takes a stick and breaks it in the middle, will the pupii. perceive two halves of a stick or two sticks? In teaching fractions objectively, that should be taken for unity from which if a part is taken unity is destroyed. This is not the case with a stick or cube. Apples are objectionable for three reasons ; first because they cannot always be obtained ; sec. ond because they are perishable ; and third, because the attention of the pupils is diverted by a desire to know whether they are sweet or sour, etc. Nor can the teacher readily saw wooden balls into divisions even enough for the purpose designed, the charm of this method being the exact presentation to the pupil's eye of the fact illustrated.

3. A Manual of Suggestions for Teaching Fractions especially designed for accompanying the above apparatus. By W. W. Davis. Paper, 12mo, pp. 43. 25 cts.

This accompanying manual gives probably the best arrangement of the subject into sixty lessons ever made, with practical suggestions which all teachers will find valuable.

4. Cube Root Blocks, carried to Three Places. In box. $1.00.

Our blocks are unusually large, the inner cube being two inches, and the additions eacl: one-half inch wide.

5. Numeral Frame, with 100 balls, $1.25 ; with 144 balls, $1.50.

“Initiate children to arithmetic by means of the ball frime alone, there by making their elementary instruction a simple and natui al extension of their own daily observation,” says Laurie, in his standard bock on Primary Instruction (p. 112), and as he leaves the subject of arithmetic, he adds this. note (p. 117), as if in fear he had not been sufficiently emphatic:

“ The teaching of arithmetic should be begun earlier than is customary.. and always with the ball-frame."

C. W. BERDEEN, Publisher, Syracuse, N. Y,

Specialties in Arithmetic.

1. Intermediate Problems in Arithmetic for Junior Classes ; containing more than 4000 problems in Fractions, Reduction, and Decimals. By EMMA A. WELCH. Cloth, 16mo, pp. 172. Price 75 cts. Key to Part II, pp. 30, 50 cts.

In Syracuse and many other large schools, this takes the place of the small arithmetics in common use, forming with any larger or practical" arithmetic a complete two-book series. The results obtained are in every instance far above those reached by the ordinary text-book. For city and graded schools no other collection of problems will compare with these in practical value and satisfactory results.

2. A Work in Number for Junior Classes in Graded Schools. By MARTHA ROE. Cloth, 16mo, pp. 116. Price 50 cts.

This is similar to the above, and was prepared expressly for the Cortland State Normal School.

3. The I Possible Problems in Percentage, embracing a full and exhaustive discussion of the Theory of General Percentage, with 100 illustrative examples. By V. II. BRADFORD. Manilla, 16mo, pp. 34. Price 25 cts.

1. Latitude and Longitude, and Longitude and Time. Embracing a com.. prehensive discussion, with over 100 illustrative questions and examples. By J. A. BASSETT. Manilla, 16mo, pp. 42. Price 25 cts.

5. Metric Tables and Problems : a comprehensive drill in the Metric System, with 175 Problems and Answers. By OSCAR GRANGER, Manilla, 16 mo, pp. 23. 25 cts.

6. The International Date-Line, or_Where does the Day Begin? By HENRY COLLINS. Paper, 16mo, pp. 15. Price 15 cts.

7. A Manual of Mensuration, for use in Common Schools and Academies. By H. H. HUTTON. Boards, 16mo, pp. 150. Price 50 cts.

These five books treat exhaustively and with abundant illustration those features of arithmetic that are so often the occasion of difficulty. It is characteristic of good teaching to make the weak places strong, and these books will make pupils surest just where the average pupil is most uncertain.

8. Algebra for Beginners. By 0. S. MICHAEL. Cloth, 16mo, pp. 120. Price, 75 cts.

A remarkably simple presentation of the subject, that may be used with profit in every beginning class.

9. Number Lessons, somewhat after the Grubé Method, giving on one side the combinations of the digits, and on the other an unlimited series of drill-exercises. Heavy card-board, 10x11 inches. Price 10 cts.

10. Age-Cards, containing 9 columns of figures, to determine a person's age by adding the top numbers of those columns in which the number representing the person's age is found. Heavy card-board, 4x6. Price 10 cts.

11. The Regents' Questions in Arithmetic, containing the 1293 questions given from 1866 to 1882. Manilla, 16mo, pp. 13, 25 cts. Key, pp. 20, 25 cts.

er The Arithmetic Questions on Slips aro no longer published.

19. Dime Question Book, No. 18, Arithmetic. By ALBERT P. SOUTHWICK. Paper, 16mo, pp. 39. Price io cts.

C. W. BARDEEN, Publisher, Syracuse, N. Y.

Helps toward Correct Speech.

1. Verbal Pitfalls : a manual of 1500 words commonly misused, including all those the use of which in any sense has been questioned by Dean Alvord, G. W. Moon, Fitzedward Hall, Archbishop Trench, Wm. c. Hodg. son, W. L. Blackley, G. F. Graham, Richard Grant White, M. Schele de Vere, Wm. Mathews, “Alfred Ayres," and many others. Arranged alphabetically, with 3000 references and quotations, and the ruling of the 'dictionaries. By C. W. BARDEEN. 16mo, cloth, pp. 223. 75 cts.

Perhaps the happiest feature of the book is its interesting form. Some hundreds of anecdotes have been gathered to illustrate the various points made. These have the advantage not only of making the work entertaining, but of fixing the point in the mind as a mere precept could not do. The type indicates at a glance whether the use of a word ís (1) indefensible, (2) defensible but objectionable, or (3) thoroughly authorized.

%. A System of Rhetoric. By C. W. BARDEEN. 12mo, half leather, pp. 813. $1.75.

A Shorter Course in Rhetoric. By C. W. BARDEEN. 12mo, half leather, pp. 311. $1.00.

4. Outlines of Sentence Making. By C. W. BARDEEN. 12mo, cloth, pp. 187. 75 cts.

5. Practical Phonics. A comprehensive study of Pronunciation, form. ing a complete guide to the study of elementary sounds of the English Lan. guage, and containing 3,000 words of difficult pronunciation, with diacritical marks according to Webster's Dictionary. By E. V. DE GRAFF. 16mo, cloth, pp. 108. 75 cts.

The book before us is the latest, and in many respects the best, of the manuals prepared for this purpose. The directions for teaching elementary sounds are remarkably explicit and simple, and the diacritical marks are fuller than in any other book we know of, thé obscure vowels being marked, as well as the accented ones. This manual is not like others of the kind. à simple reference book. It is meant for careful study and drill, and is es. pecially adapted to class use.- New England Journal of Education.

6. Pocket Pronunciation Book, containing the 3,000 words of difficult pronunciation, with diacritical marks according to Webster's Dictionary. By E. V. DE GRAFF. 16mo, manilla, pp. 47. 15 cts.

Every vowel that can possibly be mispronounced is guarded by danger signals which send one back to the phonic chart for instructions. We are glad to notice that the Professor is leading a campaign against the despoil. ers of the vowel u ; he cannot hold communion with an educated man whose third day in the week is “Toosday."—Northern Christian Advocate,

7. Studies in Articulation : a study and drill-book in the Alphabetic Ele. ments of the English language. Fifth thousand. By J. H. HOOSE. 16mo, cloth, pp. 70. 50 cts.

This work not only analyzes each sound in the language, but gives as illustrations hundreds of words commonly mispronounced.

Dr. Hoose's “Studies in Articulation" is the most useful manual of the kind that I know of. It should be a text-book in every Teachers' Institute. -A. J. Rickoff, formerly Sup't of Schools at Cleveland and at Yonkers.

8. Hints on Teaching Orthoëpy. By Cuas. T. POOLER. 16mo, paper, pp. 15. 10 cts.

9. Question Book of Orthography, Orthoëpy, and Etymology, with Notes, Queries, etc. By ALBERT P. SOUTHWICK. 16mo, paper, pp. 40,10 cts.

10. Question Book of Reading and Punctuation, with Notes, Quertes, etc. By ALBERT P. SOUTHWICK. 16mo, paper, pp. 38. 10 cts.

C. W. BARDEEN, Publisher, Syracuse, N. Y.

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