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THE CITIES OF NEW YORK.

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Date of

Population Incorporation.

in 1880. New York.

1680.

has 24 wards, 1,206,557 Brooklyn.

1834.

26

566,689 Buffalo.

1832

13

155,137 Albany.

1686.

17

90,903 Rochester,

1834.

16

89,363 Troy.

.1816.

13

56,747 Syracuse.

1847.

11

51,791 Ucica.

.1832

12

33,913 Auburn.

1848

10

21,924 Oswego.

.1848.

8

21,117 Elmira. .1864.

20,541 Poughkeepsie. .1854.

20,207 Cohoes 1869

19,417 Yonkers. 1872

18,892 Kingston. .1872.

18,342 Newburg. 1865.

18,050 Binghamton.

1867

13

17,315 Long Island City 1870.

17.096 Schenectady. . 1798.

13,675 Lockport. 1865

13.522 Rome. 1870.

12,045 Hornellsville. .1888.

11,400 Watertown. .1869.

10,697 Ithaca... 1888.

10,500 Ogdensburg. 1868.

10,340 Amsterdam.

..1885

4

9,466 ladson.. 1785.

8,669 Jamestown. .1886.

8,528 Middletown. 1888.

8,494 Dunkirk .1880.

7,248 Corning 1890

*9,000 Gloversville.

. 1890..

6

7,205 NOTE–The constitution of Pennsylvania says that "cities may be chartered whenever a majority of the electors of any town or borough having a population of at least 10,000 inhabitants, shall vote at any general election in favor of the same.”

Pennsylvania has 25 cities, namely:
Allegheny,
Harrisburg,

Philadelphia,
Altoona,
Lock Haven,

Pittsburg,
Allentown,
Lancaster,

Reading,
Bradford,
Lebanon,

Scranton,
Chester,
Meadville,

Titusville,
Corry,

Monongahela City, Wilkes-barre.
Carbondale,
New Castle,

Williamsport.
Erie,

Oil City,
Franklin,

Parket * Estimated.

REGENTS OF THE CSIVEZI?

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OFFICERS OF DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC

INSTRUCTION.

Superintendent, Andrew S. Draper, Albany,....$5,000 Deputy, Charles R. Skinner, Albany...

4,000 Samuel H. Albro, Fredonia... 2,500 Board of Charles H. Barnes, Sauquoit.. 2,500

Institute Henry R. Sanford, Syracuse.. 2,500 Instructors, Isaac H. Stout, Geneva.. 2,500

A. S. Downing, Palmyra ..... 2,500 Inspector of Teachers' Classes, Chas. E. Hawkins, Albany .

2,500

OFFICERS OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS.

Salaries Chancellor, Geo. Wm. Curtis, W. New Brighton Vice Chancellor, Anson J. Upton, Glens Falls.. Secretary, and State Librarian, Melvil Dewey, Albany..

.$5,000 Ass't Secretary, Albert B. Watkins, Albany.... 3,000 Inspector of Academies, Francis J. Cheney, Albany..

2,500

(xvi)

CIVIL GOVERNMENT.

DEFINITIONS AND HISTORY OF OUR

GOVERNMENT.

What is Government ?

Government is the power which makes, construes, and executes the laws.

What is Civil Government ?

Civil Government is that whose powers are vested in officers chosen by the people or appointed by authority.

What is the Science of civil government ?

The science of civil government investigates the principles of a constitutional government, and illustrates its methods of operation.

What were the thirteen United States prior to the year 1776 ?
They were colonies subject to Great Britain.

FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS.

When did the Congress known as the First Continental Congress meet ?

The First Continental Congrees assembled in “ Carpenter's Hall,” Philadelphia, and commenced work Sept. 5, 1774; it consisted of fifty-three delegates, and adjourned Oct. 26, after having provided for another

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Congress to meet the following May. Georgia was not represented in this Congress.

NOTE.— It was in the First Congress that Patrick Henry used these memorable words:

"British oppression has effaced the boundaries of the several Colonies : the distinctions between Virginians, Pennsylvanians, New Yorkers, and New Englanders are no more. I AM NOT A VIRGINIAN BUT AN AMERICAN."

SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. When did the Second Continental Congress meet ?

The Second Continental Congress consisted of fiftysix delegates, and it met at “Independence Hall,” Philadelphia, May 10, 1775, and existed as a Congress until March 4, 1789. The members of this Congress adopted and signed the Declaration of Independence, in which for the first time the colonies received the name of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. What did Virginia ask Congress to do?

Virginia, May 15, 1776, instructed her delegates in Congress to propose a Declaration of the Independence of the colonies.

What did Congress then do!

Congress solemnly approached that great subject and resolved to appoint, and Din, on the 11th of June, 1776, appoint the following persons—Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benj. Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston, to draft a Declaration of Independence.

Who wrote the Declaration ?

Thomas Jefferson wrote it at the request of his associates. Two or three alterations, verbal only, were suggested by Franklin and Adams.

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