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their residences to where the sessions are held. Also to a percentage for paying out public school moneys.

II. Town clerks are paid by the day for services; also a fee for recording and filing papers.

III. Justices are paid mostly by fees; as officers of the town meeting they are paid by the day.

IV. Collectors receive a percentage for collecting the money.

V. Constables receive a fee, or a percentage, and for some services are paid by the day.

VI. Game constables receive a portion of the finemoney collected by reason of their prosecutions.

VII. All the remaining officers are paid for their services by the day.

What must all these officers do before entering upon their duties ?
They must qualify; that is, take the oath of office.
What is the Oath of Office ?
See State Constitution, art. XII, sec. I., page 183.
Who can Administer the oath of office ?

I. The county clerk administers the oath to the justices of the peace.

II. A justice of the peace administers the oath to all other town officers, except inspectors of election.

III. The chairman of the inspectors of election administers the oath to the other inspectors, and one of the others in turn administers it to the chairman.

BONDS.

What toron officers must give Bonds for the proper discharge of duties?

The supervisors, justices of the peace, highway com

missioners, overseers of the poor, collector, constables, and excise commissioners.

SUPERVISORS. Horo many Supervisors in the Towns of the State ? As many supervisors as there are towns in the State. Horo many Supervisors in the Cities of the State? As many as there are wards in the several cities.

NOTE.— New York City elects 15 Aldermen at large, and 1 in each As sembly district. The Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen constitute the “board of supervisors.” Kings County elects 1 Supervisor at Large; he is president of the board, but has no vote except in a case of a tie.

How many members in a "board of supervisors," in a county having 20 towns and a city with 11 wards ?

As many as there are towns in the county and wards in the city, or 31 members.

Who are entitled to Vote for toron, county, state, and national elective officers ? See Art. II. Cons., page 158.

TOWN MEETING. The time for holding town meetings in a county is fixed by its board of supervisors.

All the towns in one county hold their annual town meeting on the same day, as designated by the board.

VACANCIES IN TOWN OFFICES. Horo are vacancies in town offices filled ?

I. Any vacancy occurring in a town office may be filled by a special town meeting, upon the application of 25 legal voters of the town, if called by the Town Clerk within 8 days after said vacancy occurred.

II. After 15 days have passed without an election the Town Board may appoint.

NOTE.--The Town Board consists of the Supervisor, Town Clerk and Justices of the Peace.

COUNTY.

What is a County ?
By what authority organized!
Hoio many counties in this State!
When was the colony of New York first divided into counties?
In 1683.

How many counties were established in 1683, and what were their names ?

Ten: viz, Kings, Queens, Suffolk, New York, Richmond, Westchester, Dutchess, Albany, Ulster and Orange.

What are these counties called ?
Original counties.
When are the county officers elected!

They are elected at the annual election which is held on Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

What officers constitute the board for receiving, depositing, and counting the ballots at the annual election!

Three persons called Inspectors of Election, elected at the preceding town meeting for that purpose, for each and every election district. Each board appoints 2 clerks who register the names of all persons voting.

What are the Names of the county offices, the Number of officials in the same office, and their Term?

I. One Sheriff, for a term of 3 years.

II. One County Judge, for a term of 6 years.
NOTE.-In a few counties there are special judges; same length of term.

III. In counties containing more than 40,000 inhabitants a Surrogate may be elected; in counties containing less than 40,000 inhabitants, the county judge performs the duties of judge and surrogate. The term of the surrogates is 6 years.

NOTE. In a few counties there are special surrogates.
IV. One County Clerk, for a term of 3 years.
V. One Treasurer, for a term of 3 years.
VI. One District Attorney, for a term of 3 years.
VII. Four Coroners, for a term of 3 years.

VIII. One or three Superintendents of the Poor, for a term of three years.

IX. Two Justices of Sessions, for a term of 1 year.

X. One School Commissioner for each commissioner district, for a term of 3 years.

What about the Eligibility of these officers ?

I. The sheriff is prohibited from holding the same office for the next succeeding term, neither can he hold any other office at the same time. Const., Art. X., Sec. I., page 178.

II. No county judge can hold the office longer than the last day of December succeeding his 70th birthday. Art. VI, Sec. 13, page 163.

III. No person, except a counselor-at-law in the supreme court, can hold the office of district attorney, if there be such an one in the county; if there be none, then an attorney may be elected.

IV. Supervisors and county treasurers cannot hold the office of county superintendent of the poor.

V. No sheriff, under-sheriff, deputy, sheriff's clerk, or coroner can practise as counselor-at-law during his term of office.

VI. Justices of the sessions must be acting justices of the peace in their respective towns.

NOTE.—There are no other prohibitions in regard to age or re-election of county officers.

DUTIES.
What are some of their Duties?

I. SHERIFF.
I. He is the executive officer of the county.

II. By himself or by his deputies, executes civil and criminal processes throughout the county.

III. Has charge of the jail and prisoners.
IV. Attends courts, and keeps the peace.

V. Must be present by himself or under-sheriff, at the drawing of jurors, and cause them to be legally summoned.

II. JUDGE. I. He is the presiding officer in the County Court.

II. He may, with two justices of sessions, hold Courts of Sessions, with such criminal jurisdiction as the Legislature may prescribe.

III. The county judge of any county may preside at. Courts of Sessions, or hold County Courts, in any other county except New York and Kings, when requested by the judge of such other county. Art. VI, Sec. 15,

page 164,

III. SURROGATE. 1. Takes proof of wills of real or personal property. II. Grants letters testamentary or administrative.

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