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following sources, and will not be changed much unless the Legislature should increase the State tax. For a full account of the sources and the distribution of these funds, see article in the SCHOOL BULLETIN for June, 1886.

From the United States Deposit Fund. $ 75,000
From the Common School Fund.....

From the State School Tax.....


$3,084,600 III. Every school district in this State, in 1886, in which a school had been taught for 28 weeks the year previous by a qualified teacher,

Received as district quota for each teacher.. $66.12.
For each pupil on average attendance........ 1.2565.
For each child of school age in the district.... 0.4461.
Library money for each child of school age... 0.0309.


By common consent and practice some important days have been recog. nized by the people of this State and other States of the Union as holidays. The following dates show when holidays were recognized by statute law in the State of New York.

January 1 (New Year's day).
July 4 (Independence day).

December 25 (Christmas day).

And any other day designated by the Governor of the
State or the President of the United States for fasting or

1865. February 22 (Washington's birth day).
1872. Any general State election day.
1873. May 30 (Decoration day).

The first Monday in September (Labor day).

Every Saturday from 12 o'clock noon till 12 o'clock midnight.


What is a Town
How many towns in your county ? See page — xiii.
Horo many torons in New York State? See page — xiii.
When is the annual Toron Meeting held ? See pages 39, 71.,

What Officers preside at a town meeting, to take and deposit the ballots offered?

A majority of the justices of the peace of the town and town clerk constitute the board for receiving and canvassing the votes at a town meeting.

What are the Names of the officers in a toron, the Number of officials in each, and their Terms of office ?

I. One Supervisor, elected for one year.
II. One Town Clerk, elected for one year.
III. Four Justices of the Peace, elected for four years.
IV. Three Assessors, elected for three years.

V. One or three Highway Commissioners, as the electors may determine; if one be elected, the term is one year; if three, the term is three years.

VI. One or two Overseers of the Poor, as the electors may determine; term one year.

VII. One Collector, elected for one year.
VIII. Constables, not to exceed five; term one year.
IX. One Game Constable; term one year.
X. Three Excise Commissioners; term three years.
XI. Three Inspectors of Election; term one year.

XII. In some villages and cities a Sealer of Weights and Measures.


What are some of their Duties?

I. SUPERVISORS. I. To receive the school money belonging to the town, and

рау it out by order of thc trustees. II. To receive other money belonging to the town, and disburse the same according to law.

III. To meet with the other supervisors of the county as a “Board of County Canvassers."

IV. To meet with the other supervisors of the county as a “Board of Supervisors”; to audit all lawful accounts against the county, make out the tax lists and cause them to be collected; and perform such other acts of legislation as the constitution and statute laws have conferred upon them.


I. To keep the records of the town.

II. To keep in his custody such books and papers as belong to the town.

III. To act as clerk of the town meetings.

IV. To file such papers as properly belong to his office; and to perform the general clerical duties for the town.


I. To be the judicial officers for the town.

II. To issue warrants for the arrest of persons accused of committing crimes, and also summonses for the purpose of bringing before them persons for trial in civil actions.

III. To take acknowledgment of conveyances, administer oaths, act as inspectors at the town meeting, etc.

IV. ASSESSORS. I. To make an inventory of the real estate in the town, naming the number of acres owned by each person, and fixing upon the same a valuation in proportion to its worth.

II. To make an inventory of the personal property held by the several persons in the town, such as notes, mortgages, etc., which with the real estate forms the basis for taxes.

V. HIGHWAY COMMISSIONERS. I. To have the care and general supervision of the highways and bridges

II. To lay out new roads, when directed by a jury legally called for that purpose, and discontinue others when directed by the same authority.

III. To divide the town into districts, and appoint overseers for the same.

VI. OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. To look after and provide for, either at home or in the county house, such as are in indigent circumstances.

VII. COLLECTOR. I. To give a bond to the supervisor for double the amount to be collected, with one or more sureties for the faithful performance of his duties.

II. To receive the tax list and warrant, and collect the tax and pay it over as directed.

III. To serve summonses issued by the justices.

II. To arrest and bring prisoners before a justice, and to have the custody of them.

II. To collect moneys upon executions, and if necessary to sell property to satisfy the same.

IV. To see that order is preserved in the community.

V. To attend the higher courts in their official capacity when directed by the sheriff.

IX. GAME CONSTABLE. To look after and prosecute for the violation of the

game laws.


To meet and act upon petitions asking for the privilege of selling spirituous liquors.

XI. INSPECTORS OF ELECTION. I. To preside at the annual election, receive the votes legally presented, and deposit them in boxes prepared for that purpose.

II. To count the ballots at the close of the election, make a true statement thereof, and transmit it to the board of canvassers.


How are these officers Paid?

I. Supervisors receive $3.00 per day for county services, and $2.00 per day for town services. They are also entitled to extras for copying assessment roll at the rate of 3 cents a line for the first one hundred written lines; 2 cents a line for the second hundred lines; and 1 cent a line for all written lines in excess of that number. Also to 8 cents a mile for once going and returning from

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