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DEFINITION OF DISTRICTS.

I. The United States.

II. Each State. Officers are elected to ad

III. Counties. minister the government

IV. Cities. for

- V. Towns.
VI. Districts.
I. Road, School and

Election Districts. The following are names II. School Commissioner given to some of the dif

Districts. ferent kinds of districts in III. Assembly Districts. . the State of New York. IV. Senatorial

V. Congressional

VI. Judicial
Which are the smallest districts named ?
Road, School and Election districts.
What is a Road District ?

A portion of a town placed under the charge of an officer, whose duty it is to see that the roads are kept in good condition.

What is a School District ?

A portion of a town or city, placed under the care of officers, whose duties are to maintain a public school in and for the district.

What is an Election District ?

A whole or part of a town, in which all the voting is done at one poll.

What is a School Commissioner District ?

A whole or a portion of a county, under the jurisdiction of a school commissioner.

What is an Assembly District ?

A whole or a portion of a county set off for the purpose of electing a “Member of the Assembly. ”

NOTE.-Fulton and Hamilton together form one district, and elect one member.

What is a Senatorial District ?

A portion of a county, a whole county, or several counties combined for the purpose of electing a Senator; the amount of territory depending upon population.

What is a Congressional District ?

A portion of a county, a whole county, or several counties combined for the purpose of electing a "Representative in Congress"; the amount of territory depending upon population.

What is a Judicial District ?

One county (as in the case of New York), or several counties united for the purpose of electing Supreme Court Judges.

Name the Civil Divisions in regular order, and tell what a combination of each forms.

Road and school districts form towns; towns when united form counties; counties when united form a State, and also, in many instances, Senatorial, Congressional, and Judicial districts. States when united form a Union.

How many States are there?
There are 42.

What is a County?

One of the divisions of a State, separated from other divisions, empowered to elect certain officers for the administration of its own local affairs.

How many Counties in Nero York State ?
There are 60.
What is a Toron!

One of the divisions of a county, electing certain officers prescribed by law, and managing its own local affairs. Horo

many Torons in New York State! In 1886 there were 942. See page xiii. The exact number can be found by consulting the almanacs that give the election returns.

What is a City ?

An incorporated town, or a section containing a collective body of inhabitants, incorporated by the State legislature, which grants a charter prescribing its manner of government, and is controlled by a Mayor and Aldermen.

Horo many Cities in the State of New York?
In 1890 there are 30. See Table, page xiv.
Horo many School Commissioner districts in Nero York State !
There are 113.
Horo many Assembly districts ?
There are 128. See page 53.
How many Senatorial districts ?
There are 32. See page 52.
Horo many Judicial cts
There are 8. See

page

xi.

Horo many Congressional districts ?
There are 34. See

page 101.
Horo many School districts ?
There are about 12,000.
How are counties Organized ?
By an act of the State Legislature.
How are torons Formed?
By an act of the board of supervisors.
By Whom are school districts formed !

Generally by the school commissioners; sometimes by special legislation.

What Power defines the number of Assembly, Senatorial, and Judicial districts ?

The State Constitution.
What Power decides upon the number of Congressional districts ?
The Congress of the United States.

SCHOOL DISTRICT.

What is a School District ?
How many school districts in your town!
Horo many school districts in your county?
How many school districts in Nero York State?
What are the names of the officers in a school district ?
I. Trustee or trustees; or a board of education.
II. Clerk.
III. Collecter.
IV. Librarian.

What is the number of officials holding the same office at the same time?

I. One or three Trustees, as a district decides. If & Board of Education, it may not be less than three nor more than nine.

II. One Clerk.
III. One Collector.
IV. One Librarian.

What are the names of those districts in which there is a board of education ?

Union Free School Districts. These are allowed to have an additional officer, called a Treasurer.

What is the term of office of each ?
I. If there be only one trustee, his term is one year.

II. If there be three trustees, the term is 3 years, one being elected each year; if the board of education con

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