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fessor of hydrography, 2 assistant professors, 1 teacher of fencing and swimming, 1 lecturer on practical shipbuilding, and 1 teacher of artillery and infantry tactics.

THE POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL OF OPORTO. In this school mathematics, natural history, and political economy are taught by 13 professors, but the courses are less extended than in the Polytechnic School of Lisbon. The programme of studies is as follows: First chair, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, &c.; second chair, algebra as applied to geometry; third chair, descriptive geometry; fourth chair, drawing; fifth chair, spherical trigonometry, the principles of astronomy and geodesy ; seventh chair, natural history applied to art and to professions; eighth chair, physical and mechanical industries; ninth chair, chemistry and the working of mines; tenth chair, botany, agriculture, rural economy, ani veterinary surgery; eleventh chair, commercial and industrial economy; twelfth chair, political economy, commercial and administrative law; thirteenth chair, mechanics. The regular professors receive a salary of $700 each and the assistant professors receive $400 eacb.

The following table shows the number of students, &c., from 1870 to 1873, inclusive :

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THE MEDICO-SURGICAL SCHOOLS OF LISBON AND OPORTO. Each of these schools has 12 regular professors, at a salary of $700 each ; 4 assistant professors, at a salary of $400 each ; 1 lecturer in surgery, 1 professor and keeper of the museum of anatomy, and 1 professor of pharmacy, each receiving a salary of $300 a year.

The following is a statement of the number of students, &c., from 1870 to 1873:

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The following branches are taught in each of these schools: Anatomy physiology, hygiene, patural history of medicines, external pathology, surgical appliances, operations, midwifery, internal pathology, clinical treatment, clinical medicine, medical jurisprudence, public health, and pathological anatomy.


This school has 2 professors, receiving a salary of $400 each, one a professor of anatomy and physiology, the other a professor of pathology and materia medica, besides a professor of pharmacy, who receives a compensation of $60 a year.

The following table shows the attendance from 1870 to 1873:

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This course has five professorships, in which the following branches are taught: First chair, general history of the kingdom ; second chair, Latin and Greek literature; third chair, modern European literature, especially Portuguese; fourth chair, philosophy; fifth chair, philosophical history.

There are 5 professors, receiving a salary of $600 each. King Dom Pedro V founded this course and endowed it with a capital of $30,000.

Statistics of the course of adranced literature from 1870 to 1873.

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For public secondary instruction there are 18 lyceums, viz: 17 at the capitals of the administrative districts and 1 in Lamego. There is besides a lyceum in each of the district capitals of the adjacent islands.

Statistics of secondary schools for the school year. 1873–74.

Non-resident pupils.
Resident pupils.

Males. Females.

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The lyceums above named are divided into two classes, viz: first and
second. The first class lyceums are situated in the districts of Lisbon,
Oporto, Coimbra, Braga, Evora, Santarem, Vizen, and Funchal. The
lyceum of Lisbon has 10 professors, receiving a salary of $400 each,
and 3 assistant professors, receiving $266 each. The lyceum of Oporto
has 10 professors, receiving a salary of $400 each, and 3 assistant pro-
fessors, at a salary of $200 each. That of Coimbra has 12 professors and
3 assistants, receiving the same salary as the professors at Oporto.
Those of Braga, Evora, and Santarem have each 10 professors, receiving
a salary of $350 each, and 3 assistant professors, receiving $175 each.
The lyceum of Funchal has 7 professors, receiving a salary of $400 each.

The second class lyceums have 5 professors, at a salary of $350 each.
The total number of professors in the lyceums is 157.

The following table shows the attendance in secondary schools in
continental Portugal and in the adjacent islands from 1871 to 1874, in-
clusive :

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In the year 1803, a private college was founded for the education of
the sons of military officers stationed at the fortress of Feitoria. The
initiative of this foundation was due to Colonel Dom Antonio Teixeira
Rebello, who was afterward the first director of the Royal Military Col.
lege. Some time later this institution received a subsidy from the gov-
ernment at a rate of 24 cents per day for each pupil. From this pri-
vate institution arose the Royal Military College, which was regularly
chartered and organized in 1814.

The object of the college was to be twofold: first, to reward the
services of officers of the army and navy by giving gratuitous instruc.
tion to their sons; secondly, to furnish the latter with a military educil-

According to the original system, which was in force until 1850, a com-
plete course of instruction was provided for officers for the infantry,
cavalry, and artillery.

The professorships of fortification and topography having been dis-
continued, the pupils now complete the infantry course in the army
school, and are thereupon promoted to the rank of ensign. The present
number of students is 196. The sum of $18,000 is annually appropri-
ated for this college. The staff of teachers consists of 1 director, (who is
a general of brigade,) 1 subdirector, 1 adjutant, 1 secretary, 1 quarter-
master, 4 staff officers, 1 surgeon, 1 chaplain, and 7 professors.


There are 2 primary normal schools, one for boys and one for girls.
They were created by the decree of December 14, 1869, for the training
of teachers for primary schools. The first has 2 professors, ove re-
ceiving a salary of $100, the other $300 per annum. They direct the
primary school attached to tbe normal school. The second school has
1 head master at a salary of $250 and 3 female teachers at a salary
of $200 each. These normal schools accommodate 40 pupils, for each
of whom the government gives a subsidy of $6 a month.

In 1862 there were in Portugal 1,336 public schools for boys and 127
for girls. In 1874 there were already 1,987 of the former and 458 of
the latter. On the adjacent islands in 1862 there were 93 male and 26
female teachers, and in 1874 these numbers had increased to 127 and
47 respectively. Besides these there were 8 municipal schools for boys
and 4 for girls. The total number of public schools in 1874 was 2,631.

In 1874 the number of male and female teachers in the kingdom was
1,987 and 458, respectively, and on the islands it was 127 and 47, respect-
ively. Besides these there were 8 male and 4 female teachers in mu-
nicipal schools. The total number of teachers was thus 2,631, viz:
2,122 men an l 509 women.

The following table shows the number of schools and pupils on the
continent and in the adjacent islands from 1869 to 1872:

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The following table presents the statistics of examinations of pupils
for advancement from the primary schools to the lyceums; also of ex-
aminations of candidates for primary teacherships, from 1870 to 1872,
both on the continent of Portugal and on the adjacent islands:

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Statistics of public primary schools, according to districts, for the year 1871–72.

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Ponta Delgada..

Total for the islands
Grand total.....



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20, 263

92, 831

5, 919

1, 108

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