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shown below, the state appropriations for school purposes amount to 2,219,628 marks, (or about $143,000, gold,) making 9.4 per cent. of all the ordinary state expenses, which in 1874 were 23,749,710 marks. Of these appropriations a small part comes back to the state in the shape of tuition fees, which in the schools wholly supported by state money do not go into the school treasury, but are paid back to the government. On the other hand, however, the amount given does not include the incidental expenses for school. houses, furniture, &c.

PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

Besides the private schools of primary grade, the number of which is not small, there are, as far as known, the following private schools, several of which receive small subsidies from the government, viz: 4 lyceums, 33 ladies' schools, 2 schools of commerce, 2 schools of art, 1 industrial and drawing evening school at Helsingfors, and 1 school of horticulture.

50

Statistics* gathered from official reports of the bureau of stalistics at Helsingfors, 1870 to 1875, inclusive.

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A.- PUBLIC SCHCOLS.
I. Popular schools

324 68 149 5 2 8, 257 6, 638 14, 895 189 198 387 166, 550 204, 486 65, 645 436, 681
II. Secondary schools :
Lyceums ....

.18 8

2, 637 Realschulen

2, 637 239

2 241 33 13

676, 187

7,000

0,181 20

1, 602
1, 602

692,368
120

3 123
Ladies' schools.
7

143, 578 38, 351 7

5, 753 187, 682 713 713 34 32 66 95, 982

571

96, 553 Total.. 58 30 28 5 2 4, 239 713 4,952 393

37

430 915, 747 45, 922 14, 934 976, 603 III. The university

1

1
642
642 60
60 569, 268

286,613 855, 881
IV. Special schools :
The polytechnic school.

1 1

105
105 15

15
Teachers' seminaries

66, 453
3 2 1

66, 453
98 174 272

17

8

25
The institute of agriculture.

168, 320
1

168, 320
1
68

68
Agricultural schools ...

43, 000
9

11,000
6

54, 000
1

130
37 167

19

1

20
Tbe forest institute
1

106, 000
1

9

9

3
Navigation schools ...

3
6 4

14, 700
1 1

189

189 25
Technical Realschulen.

25

40, 440 2

4, 800 2

125

125 15
Sunday or evening schools

15
34

27, 380
9 19 6

2,111
2,111 77

2

79 Schools for deaf mutes

14, 000 4 1 1 2

52

99

7
Schools for the blind

11
2

27, 720
1 1
167 16? 32

3
4

7 25, 050 Total..

63

11 2, 903 274 3, 177

189
19 208

533, 063
Total of public schools

446 121 206 17 2 16,041 7,625 23, 666 831 254 1,085 2, 184, 628
B.- PRIVATE SCHOOLS.
Lyceums

4 2 1

1 397

397 47

5 Ladies' schools

52
33

4,000
23 5 2 3 139 1, 464 1, 603 84 143 227

10, 800
very large.

* These statistics embrace neither the ambulatory village schools, of which there are several in each parish, nor the elementary private schools, the number of which is i The l'innish mark is the equivalent of the French franc, about twenty cents of United States currency.

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Statistics gathered from oficial reports of the bureau of statistics al Helsingfors, 1870 to 1875, inclusive--Contiuned.

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Names of schools.

Swedish.

Finnish.

Swedish and

Finnish.

Russian

German.

Total.

Female.

State appro

priations.

Town appro

priations.

other source 8. From

Male.

Female.

Total.

Male.

Total.

Total.

B.-PRIVATE SCHOOLS-Continued.

1

54

18

72

1 2

6,057

..

34

Schools of commerce.
Schools of art
Industrial drawing school
School of horticulture

78

5 3 10 1

5 3 12 1

7, 000 8,00) 1, 200 4,000

1

123

8

1 1

50

173

8

5, 000

1

43

29

6

4

771

1, 592

2, 331

150

150

300

35, 000

Number of schools and the

language of instruction.

Pupils.

Teachers.

Income in Finnish marks.

Total
Grand total of public and private

schools ...

489

150

212

21

6

16, 796

9, 201

25, 997

981

404

1, 385

2, 219, 628

EDUCATION IN THE NETHERLANDS:

ITS HISTORY AND PRESENT CONDITION.

BY

C. H. PLUGGÉ.

TRANSLATOR OF THE BUREAU OF EDCCATION.

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