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The [History of Pennsylvania, by. Robert Proud

(an American publication). Historical Review of the Constitution and Govern

ment of Pennsylvania from its Origin (ditto). Inquiry into the Causes of the Alienation of the

Delaware and Shawanese Indians from the Bri

tish Interest (ditto). American Geography, by Jedadiah Morse (ditto). Picture of Philadelphia (ditto). American Musæum (ditto).

Et cætera, &c. &c. &c,

MEMOIRS

MEMOIRS

OF

THE LIFE

OF

WILLIAM PENN.

William

CHAPTER 1.
Penn-his origin or lineal descenta as col-

lected from published accounts. .

WILLIAM Penn was descended from an ancient family, respectable both in point of character and independence as early as the first public records notice it. The following is a concise account of his origin:

Among his early ancestors were those of the same name, who were living, between four and five centuries ago, at the village of Penn in Buckinghamshire. Further traces of this family are to be found in Penlands, Pen-street, Pen-house, Pen-wood, all of them the names of places in the same county. VOL. I.

From

From the Penns of Penn in Buckinghamshire came the Penns of Penn's Lodge, near Myntie on the edge of Bradon Forest, in the north-west part of the county of Wilts, or rather in Gloucestershire, a small part of the latter being inclosed within the former county. Here, that is, at Penn's Lodge, we know that two, if not more, of the wale branches so descended lived in succession. The latter, whose name was William, was buried in Myntie church. A flat gravestone, which perpetuates this event, is still remaining. It stands in the passage between two pews in the chancel. It states, however, only, that he died on the twelfth of March 1591.

From William just mentioned came Giles Penn. Giles, it is known, was a cap tain in the royal navy. He held also for some time the office of English consul in the Mediterranean. Having intermarried with the family of the Gilberts, who came originally from Yorkshire, but who then lived in the county of Somerset, he had issue a son, whom he called William.

The last mentioned William, following the profession of his father, became a distin

le

guished

guished naval officer. He was born in the year 1621, and commanded at a very early age the fleet which Oliver Cromwell sent against Hispaniola. This expedition, though it failed, brought no discredit upon him, for Colonel Venables was the cause of its mis. carriage. It was considered, on the other hand, as far as Admiral Penn was concerned, that he conducted it with equal wisdom and courage. After the restoration of Charles the Second he was commander under the Duke of York in that great and terrible sea-fight against the Dutch, under Admiral Opdam, in the year 1665, where he contributed so much to the victory, that he was knighted. He was ever afterwards received with all the marks of private friendship at court. Though he was thus engaged both under the Parliament and the King, he took no part in the civil war, but adhered to the duties of his profession, which, by keeping him at a distance from the scene of civil commotion, enabled him to serve his country without attaching himself to either of the interests of the day. Besides the reputation of a great and patriot officer, he acquired that of having improved the naval service

el

in several important departments. He was the author of several little tracts on this subject, some of which are preserved in the British Museum. From the monument erected to his memory by his wife, and which is to be seen in Radcliffe church in the city of Bristol, we inay learn something of his life, death, and character. “He was made captain (as this monument records) at the years of twenty-one, rear admiral of Ireland at twenty-three, vice admiral of Ireland at twenty-five, admiral to the Streights at twenty-nine, vice admiral of England at thirty-one, and general in the first Dutch war at thirty-two; whence returning, anno 1655, he was parliamentman for the town of Weymouth; 1660 made commissioner of the admiralty and navy, governor of the town and fort of Kingsale, vice admiral of Munster and a member of that provincial council, and anno 1664 was chosen great captain commander under his royal highness in that signal and most evidently successful fight against the Dutch fleet. Thus he took leave of the sea, his old element, but continued still his other employs till 1669: at that time, through bodily

infirmities

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