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infirmities contracted by the care and fatigue of public affairs, he withdrew, prepared, and made for his end ; and with a gentle and even gale, in much peace arrived and anchored in his last and best port, at Wanstead in the county of Essex, the 16th of September 1670, being then but fortynine years and four months old.” These are the words of the monument.
It will be proper now to observe, that Admiral Sir William Penn, descended in the manner I have related, married Margaret, the daughter of John Jasper, a merchant of Rotterdam in Holland, and that he had a son, William, the person whose life is the subject of the present work.
Is born in 1644-goes to Chigwell school-religious in.
pressions there-goes to Oxford--his verses on the death of the Duke of Gloucester—is further impressed by the preaching of Thomas Loe--fined for nonconformity and at length expelled-turned out of doors by his fatheris sent to France rencontre at Paris--studies at Saumur-visits Turin-is sent for home--becomes a student at Lincoln's Inn,
WILLIAM last mentioned, and now to be distinguished from Admiral Sir William Penn, was born in London in the parish of St. Catherine on Tower-Hill on the fourteenth day of October 1644.
He received the first rudiments of his education at Chigwell in Essex, where there was an excellent free grammar school found. ed only fifteen years before by Samuel Hars, nett, archbishop of York. Chigwell was particularly convenient for this purpose, being but at a short distance from Wanştead, which was then the country-residence of his father. As something remarkable is usually said of all great men in the early part of their lives, so it was said of William Penn that, while here and alone in his cham
ber, being then eleven years old, he was suddenly surprised with an inward comfort and as he thought an external glory in the room, which gave rise to religious emotions, during which he had the strongest conviction of the being of a God, and that the soul of man was capable of enjoying communication with him. He believed also, that the seal of Divinity had been put upon him at this moment, or that he had been awakened or called upon to a holy life. But whatever was the external occasion, or whether any or none, or whatever were the particularnotions which he is said to have imbibed at this period, certain it is, that while he was at Chigwell school his mind was seriously impressed on the subject of religion.
Having left Chigwell at twelve years of age, he went to a private school on TowerHill, which was near his father's London residence. Here he had greater advantages than before ; for his father, to promote his scholarship, kept for him a private tutor in his own house.
At the age of fifteen he had made such progress in his studies, that it was thought fit to send him to college. He was accord
ingly entered a gentleman commoner at Christ's Church, Oxford. He is said to have paid great attention to his college exercises, and yet to have allowed himself all reasonable recreation. The latter consisted partly of manly sports, in which he took great delight, and partly of the society of those young men in the university, who were distinguished either by their talents or their worth. Among those of promising genius he was intimate with Robert Spencer, afterwards the well known Earl of Sunder
land, and the venerable John Locke. It happened, while here, that the Duke of Gloucester, the second brother of Charles the Second, died. He was taken off suddenly by the small-pox in the twenty-first year of his age. The King, who loved him tenderly, appeared to be more concerned for his loss than for any misfortune which had ever befallen him. Indeed all historians agree in giving this young prince an amiable character, so that there was great sorrow in the nation on account of his death. Many belonging to the university of Oxford, partaking of it, both students and others, gave to the world the poetic effusions of their condolence on this occasion; and among
these William Penn was not behind hand, if
we may judge from the following specimen, taken from the Epicedia Academiae Oxonientis in Obitum celrissimi Principis Henrici, Ducts Glocestrientis. 4to, 1660.
“Publicate, Dux magne, dabant jejunia genti,
The foregoing elegy I cannot translate, particularly into metre, so as either to comprehend the full sense of it, or to do justice to its merits; and, unless it appear in a poetic dress, the force of it would be lost. I shall however make an attempt for the benefit of those who are English readers only. Though 'twas a fast-day when thou cam'st, thy birth Turn’d it at once to one of festive mirth. Though England, at thy death, still made her show Of public joy", she pass'd to public woe. Thou dost, alone, the public breast control, Alone, delight and sorrow to the soul.
But though William Penn was a youth of
* On account of the Restoration.