Proportional Representation: A Means for the Improvement of Municipal Government; with Reports on the Constitutionality in New York of a System Providing for Minority Representation, by Judge John F. Dillon and Hon. Simon Sterne
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Proportional Representation: A Means for the Improvement of Municipal ...
Matthias Nace Forney
Não há visualização disponível - 2018
adopted advocated Australian ballot ballot bers Board of Aldermen bosses choose classes Constitution count cumulative voting didates elect a representative election district elective quotients electors equally exponent favor full ticket gerrymander give minorities greater groups of voters ILLINOIS SYSTEM independent influence intelligence interests and opinions largest quotient magnitude majority male citizens ment method of election minority or proportional minority party minority representation minority voting municipal affairs Municipal Council MUNICIPAL LEGISLATIVE BODIES municipal legislatures needed to elect number of members number of representatives number of votes officers ordinal numbers party is entitled party votes persons political politicians proportional representation question quota of votes Republicans result right to vote rule second choice votes secure SIMON STERNE single member system of election system of minority third choice votes three candidates three members tically tion total number trict true votes cast Votes Quot waste of votes York City
Página 61 - All county officers, whose election or appointment is not provided for by this Constitution, shall be elected by the electors of the respective counties or appointed by the boards of supervisors, or other county authorities, as the Legislature shall direct.
Página 62 - All city, town and village officers, whose election or appointment is not provided for by this Constitution, shall be elected by the electors of such cities, towns and villages, or of some division thereof, or appointed by such authorities thereof, as the Legislature shall designate for that purpose.
Página 61 - Every male citizen of the age of twenty-one years, who shall have been a citizen for ninety days, and an inhabitant of this state one year next preceding an election, and for the last four months a resident . of the county and for the last thirty days a resident of the election district in which he may offer his vote, shall be entitled to vote at such election in the election district of which he shall at the time be a resident, and not elsewhere, for all officers that now are or hereafter may be...
Página 61 - No member of this state shall be disfranchised, or deprived of any of the rights or privileges secured to any citizen thereof, unless by the law of the land or the judgment of his peers.
Página 58 - At every such election every voter shall be entitled to a number of votes equal to the number of the members of the school board to be elected, and may give all such votes to one candidate, or may distribute them among the candidates, as he thinks fit.
Página 57 - In all elections of representatives aforesaid, each qualified voter may cast as many votes for one candidate as there are representatives to be elected, or may distribute the same, or equal parts 604 thereof, among the candidates, as he shall see fit; and the candidates highest in votes shall be declared elected.2 TIME OF MEETING AND GENERAL RULES.
Página 61 - I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be) that I will support the constitution of the United States, and the constitution of the state of New York ; and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of according to the best of my ability.
Página 57 - The house of representatives shall consist of three times the number of the members of the senate, and the term of office shall be two years. Three...
Página 10 - Looking at the pl$ce which representative institutions are apparently destined to fill in the government of mankind, it becomes of the highest importance to consider whether means cannot be found to eradicate the vice in their constitution which deprives the state of. the benefit of the judgment — it is to be feared of a large number — of the most calm and dispassionate as well as of the most instructed and thoughtful of its people. The problem is, how to render representation in'fact what it...