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Turner, with one of his friends, sat at the door, asking them to drink ; but Carlile and Irving, turning about to cock the pistol, came back immediately, and Carlile, drawing it from under his coat, discharged it upon Turner, and gave him a mortal wound near the left pap; so that Turner, after having said these words, • Lord have mercy upon me! I am killed,” immediately fell down. Whereupon Carlile and Irving fled, Carlile to the town, and Irving toward the river ; but the latter, mistaking his way, and entering into a court where they sold wood, which was no thoroughfare, he was taken. The Baron of Sanquhar likewise fled. The ordinary officers of justice did their utmost, but could not take them ; for, in fact, as appeared afterward, Carlile Aed into Scotland, and toward the sea, thinking to go to Sweden, and Sanquhar hid himself in England.

They did not long, however, elude the vigilance of justice. Having been severally tried and found guilty, Lord Sanquhar was hanged in New Palace Yard, opposite to the entrance to Westminster Hall, and Irving and Carlile in Fleet Street, opposite to the entrance to Whitefriars. Lord Sanquhar's body was allowed to remain suspended a much longer time than usual, in order that “people might take notice of the king's greater justice,” in putting the laws in force against a powerful nobleman and one of his own countrymen. Peyton, however, in his “Divine Catastrophe," relates a curious

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anecdote, which, if true, places the conduct of James in a very different light. Lord Sanquhar, he says, was on one occasion present at the court of Henry the Fourth of France, when some one happened to speak of his royal master as the “ English Solomon.” King Henry — alluding to the supposed attachment of James's mother to David Rizzio – observed sarcastically, “I hope the name is not given him because he is David the fiddler's son." This conversation was repeated to James, and, accordingly, when, some

some time afterward, the friends of Lord Sanquhar implored him to save his life, he is said to have refused the application on the ground that Lord Sanquhar had neglected to resent the insult offered to his sovereign.

Whitefriars continued to enjoy the privilege of a sanctuary till 1697, when, in consequence of the riotous proceedings which constantly took place within its precincts, and the encouragement which it held out to vice and crime, it was abolished by act of Parliament. The other sanctuaries, whose privileges were swept away at the same time, were those of Mitre Court, Ram Alley, and Salisbury Court, Fleet Street; the Savoy, in the Strand ; Fulwood's Rents, Holborn ; Baldwin's Gardens, in Gray's Inn Lane; the Minories, and Deadman Place, Montague Close ; and the Clink, and the Mint, in Southwark. In the Tatler of the roth of September, 1709, Alsatia is spoken of as being in ruins.

The great lawyer, John Shelden, James Shirley, the dramatic poet, John Ogilvy, the poet, and Sir Balthazar Gerbier, the painter, were at different periods residents in Whitefriars. Selden died here, in 1654, in the Friary House, the residence of the Countess of Kent, to whom there is reason to believe that he was privately married.

CHAPTER IV.

LONDON BRIDGE.

Antiquity of Old London Bridge — Legend of the Erection of

the First Bridge — Canute's Expedition - The Stone Bridge — Its Appearance — Traitors' Heads Affixed Thereon

- Tenants and Accidents on It — Suicides under It - Pageants across, and Fights on It - Edward the Black Prince Wat Tyler — Lords Welles and Lindsay - Richard II. Henry V. — Sigismund — Henry VI. — Jack Cade Bastard of Falconbridge

Osborne - Wyatt — Charles II. – Decapitated Persons.

Wolsey

OF the ancient structures which have been swept away within the memory of living persons, there is not one which was more replete with historical and romantic associations than old London Bridge. At the time of its demolition in 1832, it had existed upward of six centuries. From the days of the Normans till the reign of George the Second it had been the only thoroughfare which had united not only the southern counties of England, but the whole of Europe, with the great metropolis of the West. Apart from its connection with ancient manners and customs, we must remember that, for a long lapse of years, it was over this famous causeway that the wise, the

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