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Law and Equity : being a Supplement to Viner's Abridgement.
We have more than once observed to our readers, that our opinion of the general merits of this work, both as to plan and execu. tion, should be delayed till it was completed. In conformity with that intention, we now only record the publication of the fourth von lume.
S.R. · Art. 28. Original Precedents of Settlements, drawn by the most dis
tinguished Conveyancers of the present Day, and now first pub-
We see nothing in these Precedents to which we can object, but the publication of them appears to us altogether unnecessary after the comprehensive collections of Bridgman, Lilly, and Horsman. These works, from which we have derived on many occasions great and valuable assistance, we cannot be induced to lay aside ; though we are informed by the editor of the present volume that they do not contain that vast store of thought, that polish of style, or that essential to every kind of writing, perspicuity, for which modern Precedents are so eminently distinguishe; and though they may be deficient in that elegance and ornament,' for which Mr. Bird is so strenuous an advocate as to wish them to be introduced into works which require only clearness and distinctness, and in which the qualities that he recommends would be misapplied and intolerable, som Art. 29. A Digest of the Stamp Laws, and complete Stamp Table;
shewing at one View, under distinct Heads, the various Stamp
In his address to the Public, Mr. Heraud observes (and we entirely coincide with him) that 'as the practical tendency of this work must be evident from the title-page, its peculiar nature scarcely requires farther explanation.'— The volume will be found useful, though it cannot be considered as a complete Digest; a deficiency that will be the more easily pardoned, when the voluminous, intricate, and complicated nature of the Stamp-Laws is recollected by the reader. S.R. Art. 30. Abstract of the Cause, just arbitrated between the Birming
ham and Fozeley Canal Navigations Company as Plaintiffs, and John Pinkerton as Defendant ; stating the Case and Evidence, &c. &c.
By John Pinkerton, Engineer and Canal Contractor. 8vo. pp. 600. 108. 6d. Boards. Johnson. 1801.
It is not uncommon for a man, who refers a matter to arbitration, to be dissatisfied with the award; but it is very unusual, and we trust that it will continne so, for a discontented complainant to levy the large contribution on the patience and indulgence of the Public, which has been imposed in the present instance by Mr. Pinkerton. After the termination of the dispute, the author miglit casily have dedicated his time and his thoughts to better purposes than to the formation of this volume; from which we can derive no remarks that would be interesting either to the general or the professional reader.-Re. garding the reflections which are here cast on several respectable persons, we shall say nothing, because Mr. Pinkerton's conduct on this point is now under discussion in a Court of Law.
S.R. Art. 31. The Trial of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Wall, for the Mur.
der of Benjamin Armstrong, toth July 1782, at Gorce in Africa : who was tried at Justice Hall in the Old Bailey, 20th Jan. 1803. Taken in short hand by Messrs. Ramscy and Blanchard. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Hatcharil, &c.
This curious and important trial is here rery fully detailed; and we apprehend that the experience and practice of the reporters will insure its accuracy.-In p. 65. l. 10. however, a material typographical error in the dates caught our attention ; 1802 is printed for 1782.
G.2. Art. 32. 1 few Obscrvations on the present State of the Poor;
and the Defects of the Poor Law: ; with some Remarks upon
Parochial Assessments and Expenditures. By the Rev. H. B. . Dudley, one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County
of Essex. 8vo. 15. 6d. Cadell jun. and Davics. 1802.
We have read this tract with attention, and we think that it is calculated to lessen the burthens of the Public, and to increase the comforts of the poorer classes of society. The abuses pointed out in the conduct of overseers, and in the shameful expenditure of enormous sums of money, collected under rates which are unequal in their operation, are such as would naturally suggest themselves to a person o resident in the country, and possessing such sources of knowledge as belong to the writer of this pamphlet. Art. 33. Remarks on the Poor Laws, and on the State of the Poor.
8vo. Pp. 170. 45. Payne and Mackinlay. 1802. This pamphlet has many recommendations to public notice : it discusses a subject of general interest with dispassionate impartiality and considerable ability; it gives a short but comprehensive and intelligible view of the laws which, in different periods of our history, have been inade for the relief and employment of the poor; and it points out, with temper, the many abuses in which the present system is involved by the introduction of the Law of Settlements in the reign of the second Charles, and by the departure from the principles and regulations of the statute passed in the forty-third year of Eli.zabeth. We have not often perused a work of similar nature and extent, from which we liave derived so much information.
Art. 34. An Abstract of Observations on the Poor. Laws; with a
Reply to the Remarks of the Rev. James Nasmith, D. D. by Ro. bert Saunders, Esq. 8vo. Is. 64. Sewell. 1802.
Of the former publication of this intelligent writer, we gave an ac. count in our 29th vol. N. S. p. 158: in the present work, he main. tains the same sntiments, and urges the necessity of separating the duties of overseer and collector. The result of Mr. Saunders's deliberations, and the substance of his opinion on this important topic, may be collected from the two following paragraplıs. He considers, first,
That the present system (by which is meant the law as blended with the practice is very defective in its execution, frequently in. creasing the evil it was meant to remedy, by supplying the wants of the importunate and profligate, thereby promoting habits of sloth and wretchedness ; by leaving the deserving and modest poor unprotected, or compelling them to submit to a disgraceful residence in a work. house, (improperly so called,) associated with vice and infamy; and lastly, by a profuse and increasing expenditure of public money, with a train of consequences fatal in the extreme.
He then proceeds to his second conclusion ;
. That parliament cannot possess the means of legislating with cf. fect in improving the poor-laws, or the public derive all that information and advantage which the collected practice of near thirteen thou. band parishes might afford, unless there is an establishment for the purpose of arranging materials, diffusing the knowlege of successful practice, and for furnishing parliament with facts drawn up in a con. cise form from the unerring source of such extensive information.'
Both these topics are discussed in an able and satisfactory manner. The remainder of the pamphlet is occupied in answering some objec.. tions made by Dr. Nasmith to Mr. Saunders's plan : but those objec'tions having been already noticed by us in our account of the Doctor's publication, (vide M. R. N. S. Vol. xxxii. p. 95.) we refer our readers to that article.
Too much praise cannot easily be bestowed on those persons who devote their leisure to the consideration of a subject, which involves in it the comforts of so many thousands; and the present age is to be commended for an attention to the wants and condition of the poor, which has not been equalled in any former period. S.R, Ar. 35. The Law respecting Titles ; comprising all the Cases and
Statutes on the Subject of Tithes, &c. &c. Together with all other Matters necessary for the Information of Clergymen, Farmers, and Country Solicitors. By the Author of the Laws of Landlord and Tenant, &c. &c. 8vo. Pp. 100. 35. sewed. Clarke and Sons. 1801.
The subject of tithes has of late years received considerable atten. tion; it has frequently been mentioned in parliament, and has been discussed at length in two extensive publications. The present volume, which is chiefly a compilation from the works of Mr. Wood and Mr. Gwillim, has little to recomiend it to the notice of the public; since the very nature of its plan renders it too brief and concise to furnish satisfactory assistance to any description of readers. S.R REY. APRIL, 1802.
Art. 36. The Laws respecting Highways and Turnpike Roads, com.
prising the Common Law relating to Highways, &c. the Sta. tute Law relative to Highways and Turnpike Roads, &c. The Office and Duty of the Surveyor of the Highways, familia ly laid down and explained ; a complete Abstract of 13 Geo. III. c. 84. reducing all preceding Statutes relating to the Turnpike Roads into one general Act; and an Appendix of such Forms and Precedents relative to Highways and Turnpike Roads as are of most general Use. By the Author of the Laws of Landlord and Tenant, &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 120. 35. Clarke and Sons. 1801.
How will such of our readers, as have not been cajoled into the purchase of this book, smile at being informed that it contains very, very little more than the statute 13 Geo. III. chapters 78 and 84, printed verbatim from the Statute Book, and inserted in all the edi. tions of Burn's Justice under the tịtle Highways !
S.R . Art. 37. The Laws respecting Commons and Commoners, in which the
whole Law relative to the Rights and Privileges of both Lords and Commoners is laid down, &c. &c. To which is likewise added, an Appendix containing the Mode and Expence of proceeding in the Houses of Lords and Commons for the purpose of obtaining Acts of Parliament for the inclosing of Commons and other Waste Lands. By the Author of the Laws of Landlord and Tenant, &c, 8vo. pp. 94. 38. sewed. Clarke and Sons. 1801.
This work will be found to contain more information, and to be better arranged, than either of the preceding ; though it is chargeable, like the other publications of this author, with the fault of introducing too much of the contents of the Statute-book. -A neat and accurate abridgment of the principal regulations enacted by those statutes might be of considerable service to those readers, who are satisfied with a general yiew of a subject.
S.R. Art. 38. The Laws respecting Travellers and Travelling, comprising
all the Cases and Statútes relative to that Subject. Including the using of Hired Horses : Robbery, Accidents, Obstructions, &c, upon the Road : and Land and Water Carriage in general. And also the Law relating to Inn-keepers, as far as respects the relation subsisting between them and their Guests, &c. &c. &c. The Whole collected from the best and latest Authorities. By the Author of the Laws of Landlord and Tenant, &c. 8vo. pp. go. 38. sewed. Clarke and Sons. 1801.
This treatise contains much information, which will be found useful by the general if not by the professional reader; for it discusses topics in which all ranks of society are interested. The seventh chapter, which treats of the duties of inn-keepers in respect to their guests, is amusing, and may be consulted with advantage, because the principal cases on the subject are introduced and neatly abstracted.As no improper supplement to his work, the author has inserted the Stat. 39 Geo. III. c. 58. which regulates the Porterage of Parcels; and with equal judgment, since it increases the usefulness of his publication, he has added the different Rates of Pastage. Though these lost have been increased by a late act, yet the information will be
found correct, if an addition of one penny be made to each rate ; thus, the postage from Bristol is here stated to be 7d. and if one penny be added, the present rate will be immediately discovered.
This tract, and the subjects of the three preceding articles, are intitled by the author, Law Selections, and form the second and last volume of that publication.
S.R. Art. 39. Precedents of Warrants, Convictions, and other Proceedings,
before Justices of the Peace, chiefly original; and containing none that are to be met with in Dr. Burn's Justice, to which this Pub. lication is offered as a Supplement of Practical Forms, interspersed with Notes, References to Cases, and Observations. By Edward Williams, of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. Barrister at Law. 8vo. pp. 670, os. Boards. Pheney. 1801. We liave frequently had occasion to express our regret at the useless multiplication of law-books, and the present performance furnishes us with an additional opportunity of repeating the complaint. The volume contains little that will be found useful by those gentlemen for whose particular convenience it is represented to have been compiled, and several pages are occupied with matters totally irrelevant to the duties of a Justice of the Peace.
S.R. Art. 40. A Compendium of the Law of Evidence. By Thomas Peake,
Esg. of Lincoln's Inn, Barrister at Law. 8vo. pp. 19o. 6s.
The subject of this treatise is particularly interesting to every practising Lawyer; and the manner in which it is executed reflects considerable credit on the talents and information of the author.-It is divided into three chapters ; in the first of which, the general rules of evidence are discussed ; in the second, written evidence is consi. dered, comprising the law respecting records, which is chiefly taken from Chief Baron Gilbert's work, public writings not of record, and private writings : the doctrine of parole evidence is treated in the third chapter, in which Mr. Peake points out the incompetency of persons to be witnesses, arising from the imbecility of their understandings, the infamy of their character, their interest in the cause, or their relation to the Parties. In the Appendix, are contained some of the leading cases on the subject of Evidence, and some MS. cases cited in the course of the work.
S.R. POETIC and DRAMATIC. Art. 41. Mutius Scavola ; or, the Roman Patriot. An Historical
Drama. By W. H. Ireland. 8vo. 29. 60. Badcock. 1801.
This young author, who is already too well known by his concern in the pretended Shakspeare. papers, has since ventured to appear at our bar in his own person. Perhaps he will scarcely take it as a come pliment, when we say that in the present instance he writes rather better than his own Shakspeare; for we could afford but little praise to king Vortigern and Henry II.-Mutius Scævola, if not a drama. tic gem of the first water, may at least be read without laughter; and it will draw np tears, from the excess either of that passion or of its opposite.