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is neither more nor less than catching small fry with stale bait :---but a penny is a penny. We should not otherwise have taken notice of this sorry angler, but as sportsmen of success shoot a jay or a woodpigeon to colour the bag.

Grcen. Art. 41. Practical Observations on Angling in the River Trent. By

a Gentleman resident in the Neighbourhood, who has made the . Amusenient his Study for upwards of twenty Years. 12mo.

Boards. Robinsons...

The Author of these Observations is a Gentleman who tells us what he has practised in the art of angling, in that very difficult lauguage, the language of information ; and the Trent anglers are highly obliged to him. We may add, indeed, every other angler ; for he not only teaches us to catch with success the most subtle and difficult fish, but to guard our bodies from the pains and penalties which they may suffer from the ardent and indiscreet pursuit of the game. His easy pleasantry on the receipts of the old cooks in angling diverted us much ; and we think that they will now for ever sleep with their original authors.

DO Art. 42. Hints for increasing the Splendour of liluminations ; securing

the pleasure of the Spectator, and the Convenience of the Householder ; with some Remarks on the Prevention of Tumult and Disorder. Particularly adapted to the Illuminations expected to , take place on the Proclamation for Peace with the French Re. public. Ry Photophilos. 8vo. 15. Jordan.

While professing to direct the ariangement and the explosion of squibs, rockets, &c. this writer gives us a political flash in the pan, that the illumination may extend to the mind also. Before he condescends to instruct the metropolis in the best mode of expressing their joy at the signature of the definitive treaty, he acquaints us with his sentiments respecting the war, and his abhorrence of the principles on which it was conducted. Being confident that the great bulk of the people never allowed its justice and necessity, and never entered heartily into it, he coucludes that the demonstrations of joy on account of its termination will be excessive. On the day appointed for the official notification of peace, he wishes to make the metropolis a very gay and brilliant spectacle. He would illuminate the cupola of St. Paul's, have a vast bonfire in the centre of Lincoln's Inn Fields, a band of music at Charing Cross, and the city barges illuminated on the river, &c. &c. &c. He recommends transparencies without number; and for the ease and security of the spectator, he . reminds him of the common law for walking London streets, viz. “ that the person whose right hand is next to the wall, takes the wall of whomsoever he meets ; the person whose left hand is next to the wall, gives the wall to whomsoever he meets.” Our country readers, who visit the metropolis, may be thankful for the renewal of this hint.

Mo-y. Art. 43. Hierogamy; or, An Apology for the Marriage of Roman

Catholic Priests, without a Dispensation. In a Letter to the
Rev. J. A. from the Rev. John Anthony Gregg. 8vo. '18. 6.
Hatchard, &c.

While our clergy are denied the privilege of becoming laies, some of the catholic clergy are asserting their right to be considered as men; contending that they ought not to be bound by an unnatural oath, and that, as celibacy " is a privation, keeping those essential moieties of humanity, men and women, aloof from each other, superstitiously to repine at their natural and due perfections,' this vexatious restraint ought no longer to be tolerated : especially as it has a dangerous tendency, and is also incompetent to its end. We Protestants are positive that this pleasant and manly writer, once a catholic priest, is justified in taking a wife, because our Bible enumerates “ forbidding to marry" among as the doctrines of devils.” Should the catholic priests them. selves open their eyes to the folly of this part of their discipline, we may venture to predict that celibacy will be soon kicked out of doors, as a situation to which the nature of man is not adapted.'


Art. 44. A Serious Persuasive to the due Observance of the Fast-Day :

Preached in the Parish Church of Richmond in Yorkshire, on the
Sunday before the late General Fast. By James Tate, M. A.
Master of the Free Grammar School of Richmond. 4to.

“ As our dreadful marches” are changed to “ delightful measures," as we are looking forwards to a day of general thanksgiving, and not to a fast-day, this persuasive might now be thought to be out of sea. son : but it is nut, and indeed never can be; because Mr. Tate's serious exhortations respect the state of mind which we ought always to cherish, in order to render our prayers and services of external worship acceptable to God. We are glad to learn that the admonitions of this able preacher obtained the attention of the audience,' and were received with much satisfaction :-may they have equal success in their present form.

DO Art. 45. Preached at the Parish Church of St. Andrew by the

Wardrobe and St. Ann, Blackfriars, on Tuesday in Whitsun Week, May 26, 1801, before the Society for Missions to Africa and the East, instituted by Members of the Established Church ; being their first Anniversary. By the Rev. Thomas Scott, Chaplain of the Lock Hospital. Also the Report of the Committee to the Annual Meeting, held on the same Day; and a List of Subscribers and Benefactors. To which is prefixed an Account of the Society. 8vo. 25. Secley, &c. 1801.

This clergy man is extremely zealous in the cause for which he here pleads; and he employs, throughout a long sermon, every argue ment that may contribute to excite a missionary spirit in the land. He draws a picture of the state of unconverted heathens, con. siders the duties which we owe to them, suggests some hints respect. ing the performance of these duties, and concludes with replying to objections, and recommending the plan of the Missionary Society, He computes the whole population of the globe at one thousand milkons; and he apprehends that all professed Christians, of every name, do not amount to one sixth of this number. As yet, then, Christi.

anity has accomplished but a small part of its great object; and it
becomes reflecting believers to consider by what means its triumphant
progress may be accelerated. Mr. Scott thinks that, as the revival
of pure Christianity would promote the cause of Missions, so a wise
and holy zeal for Missions would reciprocally promote the revival
of pure Christianity.' If this were to be the sure consequence of
the plan, nothing ought to be urged against it: but Mr. S. does
not seem to be aware that we may be throwing pearls before swine ;
and that the refined and intellectual system of the gospel is not likely
to be preached with any degree of success, to men in the almost
brutal state of savage life. - There is much good sense in Mr. Mosc-
ley's note to his Memoir, (see this Review, p.95.) which applies
immediately to this subject. He justly remarks, with an appeal
"To Divine precedents, that “ Revelation is a system of truths suited
to a civil and not to a barbarvus state of society.”—The history of
Missions tends almost to throw a ridicule on the project. Though,
therefore, we may wish to carry the knowlege of true religion, along
with the goods of worldly commerce, to all the regions of the earth,
we should calculate the probability of success in such an effort. By
attempting too much, we generally fail to accomplish any thing.
Would it not be wiser for this Society to direct their efforts to the
Negroes in our own islands, than to grasp the immense project of
evangelizing the vast population of barbarous Africa ?
Art. 46. On preaching the Word, delivered at the Visitation of the

Right Worshipful Robert Markham, M. A. Archdeacon of York,
at Doncaster, June 5, 1801. By John Lowc, M. A. 8vo. 18

In this address to his brethren, Mr. Lowe exhorts them to preach the word with faithfulness, earnestness, plainness, and simplicity; with an humble dependence on the Divine blessing, and with a solicitude to enforce precept by example. If this advice were seriously followed, the general complaint of the inefficacy of preaching would in a great measure be removed :—but let not the people suppose that the whole blame rests with the clergy.

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CORRESPONDENC e. The limits of our work will not allow us to insert the long letter which we have received from Mr. Pearson, relative to an objection to his distinction between motive and principle, which occurred in our account of his Theory of Morals, in the Review for January 1801: but we trust that we shall not be guilty of any injustice to wards him, if we briefly state what we conceive to be the substance : and essence of his explanation. Our objection was this : « we cannot but think that there is too much verbal refinement in this distinction. Are not the motives by which a man is excited to the performance of an act, and the principle on which be performs it, convertible terms, each of them meaning nothing more than the cause of his performing it?"_Mr. Pearson candidly admits that this objection is justified by the etymology of the words : but he contends that mo.


ralists liave generally used the word motive as referring to the expected
consequences of an action, to the rewards or the punishments, to the
good or the evil, which are likely to arise from it, and in this sense
he wishes the word to be taken in his chapter on the motive to virtue.
It would perhaps be a species of hypercriticism, which the consi-
deration of the imperfection of language would justly condemn, not
to allow an author to occasionally Jiinit the extent of a general term
to a particular meaning, when such meaning cannot be otheru ise ex.
pressed than by a circumlocutory phraseology. In this point of
view, we can have no objection to admit Mr. Pearson's construction
of the words principle and motive; considering the former as referring
to the will of God alone as a cause of action, and the latter as appli-
cable to the “ expectation of its consequences to the agent,” as a
cause of action.

Corvinus seems inclined to defend the word beastial, censured as
applied to domestic animals in our account of Mr. Maunde's Transla-
tion of the Abbé de Lille's Poem, (Rev. Nov. last), and refers us
to Milton, Shakspeare, Dryden, and Gay, as authorities for it.
Milton, however, applies it to Idols and false Gods "beastial Gods,"
and “ Sin's beastial train;" which usage of it strengthens our objec.
tion; --as also that of Dryden, who is speaking of “beastial citizens.”
In Shakspeare, locis citatis, we do not find it, nor is it in Ayscough's
Index. Scenc 14. Act. II. of Othello, to which Corvinus refers,
is a non-entily.-Gay, indeed, uses the word, playfully, in bis fable of
she Hare and many Friends : but neither he, nor any one else that we
recollect, applics it in a good sense, in serious composition, either poe-
tical or prosaic. On this account we objected to it in Mr. Maunde's
translation, in which it thus occurs several times, bestowed on
harmless sheep and oxen; and thus it always disgusted us, and al.
ways will. If it please Corvinus, “ why, let him keep his taste, and
we'll keep ours."

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We cannot give the information which our Correspondent from the Iron Works requests, because the experiments in question have not been made public.

To an inquirer from Liverpool, we have to observe that Mr. Brown's publication never came into our hands; and it is now too late to take notice of it.

Mr. Cooke's packet was received..

The letter from Dublin is arrived, but we have not yet recovered our alarm at the appearance of its uncomnioa length, sufficiently to · undertake a perusal of it.

• The APPENDIX to Vol. xxxvi. of the Monthly Review is
· published with this Number, as usual.

Errors, p.9.10736.59.86,87.

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For FEBRUARY, 1802.

ART. I. An Historical Tour in Monmouthshire ; illustrated with

Views by Sir R. C. Hoare, Bart. a New Map of the County, and other Engravings. By William Coxe, A.M. F.R.S. F.A.S. Rector of Bemerton and Stourton. In Two Parts, making two separate Volumes. 4to. pp. 4;0; and go Plates. 41. 45.

Boards. Cadell jun. and Davies. 1801. COUNTY Tours, in order to gratify the expectations of those

who are likely to be most interested by them, must' include a considerable portion of the materials which usually constitute the ponderous bulk of county Histories. The traveller must not only describe the actual state of things, but advert “ to the dark backward and abime of time ;" the remains of the Romans must be diligently traced ; accounts of ruined castles and religious houses must be accompanied by a history of their origin, structure, and various fate; the delineation of the picturesque mansion must be followed by the pedigree and armorial bearings of the proprietor ; due respect must be paid to churches and monuments ; views of the residences or portraits of eminent and singular persons must be illustrated by anecdotes; the privileges of towns and boroughs corporate must be suitably detailed ;-in short, many of the dead must be honoured, numbers of the living must be lattered, and the public in general must be pleased. In executing a work of this kind, the author must make the tour of his library as well as of the county; and a happy combination of general learning, local information, and good taste, will be requisite to excite general satisfaction.

Perhaps few men are better qualified for such an uodertaking as we have described, than Mr. Coxe. On former occasions, he has proved that he is no idle and superficial traveller. He does not content himself with meagre descriptions of “hill or valley, fountain or fresh shade," but unites instruction' with amusement, and makes us acquainted with VoL, XXXyII.


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