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Saving certain rights.
ber," approved March twenty-five, eighteen hundred and seventy-
SEC. 2. This act shall take immediate effect.
Roscommon county organ. zed.
Election of county officei s.
[ No. 41. ] AN ACT to organize the county of Roscommon. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That the county of Roscommon, consisting of the territory embraced by the present unorganized county of Roscommon, be and the same is hereby organized into a separate county by the name of Rosconimon, and the inhabitants thereof shall be entitled to all the privileges, powers, and immunities to which by the law the inhabitants of other organized counties in this State are entitled.
SEC. 2. At the township meeting of the several townships in said county, to be held on the first Monday of April next, there shall be an election of all the county officers to which by law the said county is entitled, who shall hold their several offices until the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-seven, and until their successors shall have been elected and qualified; said election shall be conducted in the same way, by the same officers, and the returns thereof made in the same manner, as near as may be, as is now required by law
in the election of county officers in this State. Location of Sec. 3. The location of the county seat of said county shall be county seat de
by a determined by the vote of the electors of said county by ballot, at voto of electors. a special election to be held for that purpose on the first Monday
of July, eighteen hundred and seventy-seven. The ballots may be written or printed, or part written and part printed, and shall each designate one place for the location of the county seat, and the vote shall be canvassed and returns thereof made in the same manner as near as may be as provided in section two of this act, and the place which shall receive the highest number of votes cast at such election shall be the county seat of Roscommon county;
and the county canvass shall be had within the same time, and in bude the same manner, as near as may be, as is now required by law
in general elections in this State. Canvass of votes SEC. 4. The county canvass of the votes cast for county officers
i. shall be held on the second Tuesday succeeding the election, at
Roscommon station, in the county aforesaid; and said canvass shall be conducted in the same way as the requirements of law now provide in organized counties, as nearly as may be. The board of county canvassers shall have power to appoint one of their own number secretary of said board, and it shall be the duty of the secretary of said board to file a copy of the determination of said
for county offi. cers,
board as to the location of the county seat, signed and certified by him, and countersigned by the chairman, with the clerk of said county within ten days after he shall have qualified.
Sec. 5. The county treasurer, sheriff, and county clerk of said Location of temcounty, are hereby authorized and required to locate the county seat. seat temporarily, until located as provided by section three of this act, and shall file with the Secretary of State, and the county clerk, each a certificate, signed by a majority of them, describing the place where they have located the same.
SEC. 6. All suits, proceedings, and other matters now pending, Suits, etc., now or that may be pending on the second Tuesday succeeding the first pending. Monday of April next, before any court or justice of the peace of the county of Midland shall be prosecuted to final judgment and execution, and all taxes heretofore levied shall be collected in the Taxes heretofore same manner as though this act had not passed.
Sec. 7. The register of deeds of suid county shall make or cause Register of deeds to be made, a transcript of all records made in other counties, which are necessary to appear upon the records of said county of etc. Roscommon; and the board of supervisors of said county sball, Payment of exwithin one year after the first Monday of April next, make provision for defraying the expense of the same.
SEC. 8. The said county of Roscommon shall be a part of the Judicial circuit. twenty-first judicial circuit.
SEC. 9. The Secretary of State is hereby directed to furnish the Secretary of clerk of the township of Higgins a certified copy of this act; and copy of this act it shall be the duty of said clerk to give the same notice of the Clerk to give noelection to be held under the provisions of this act that is required tice of by law to be given by the sheriff of organized counties.
SEC. 10. This act shall take immediate effect.
to make transcript of records,
ce of election,
[ No. 42. ] AN ACT to amend sections eight and fourteen, and to repeal section
thirteen of chapter twelve of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, being consecutive sections six hundred and forty-three, six hundred and forty-eight and six hundred and forty-nine, relating to the powers and duties of townships, and election and duties of township officers, and to add eight new sections thereto, to stand as sections one hundred and four, one hundred and five, one hundred and six, one hundred and seven, one hundred and eight, one hundred and nine, one hundred and ten and one hundred and eleven, repealing chapter one hundred thirty-nine of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seyenty-one, relating to county superintendents of schools.
SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That Section amonded sections eight and fourteen of chapter twelve of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, being consecutive sections six hundred and forty-three and six hundred and forty-nine, relating to the powers and duties of townships, and election and duties
ship meetings, when held.
Officers to be
of township officers, be and the same are hereby amended so as to
read respectively as follows, and that section thirteen of said chapSection repealed. ter twelve, being compiler's section number six hundred and forty
eight be hereby repealed, and that eight new sections be added Sections added. thereto to stand as sections one hundred and four, one hundred
and five, one hundred and six, one hundred and seven, one hundred and eight, one hundred and nine, one hundred and ten, and one
hundred and eleven, and to read respectively as follows: Annual town. Sec. 8. The annual meeting of each township shall be held on
the first Monday of April in each year, and at such meeting there shall be an election for the following officers: one supervisor, one
township clerk, one treasurer, one school inspector, one superinelected.
tendent of schools, one commissioner of high ways, so many justices of the peace as there are by law to be elected in the township, and so many constables as shall be ordered by the meeting, not exceed
ipg four in pumber. Terms of office. SEC. 14. Each of the officers elected at such meetings, except
justices of the peace, shall hold his office for the term of one year,
and until his successor shall be elected and duly qualified. Township sa Sec. 104. The township superintendent of schools elected in each perintendents of Schools to exam. of the townships of this State shall have power, and it is hereby ine teachers. made his duty, to examine all persons offering themselves as teach
ers for the primary schools in his township, and sball hold meetings Shall hold meet- for that purpose at least twice in each year, and it shall be his
uf duty to give two weeks' public notice of the time and place of said
meetings by posting written or printed notices thereof in four of year.
the principal places in his township. Such examination may be Examinations, conducted by either oral or written questions or by both, at the how conducted.
option of said superintendent, and all examinations shall be in
public. Certificates, to SEC. 105. He shall grant certificates in such form as shall be wbom granted.
prescribed by the superintendent of public instruction, licensing as teachers all persons whom, on a thorough and full examination, he shall deem qualified in respect to moral character, learning, and
ability to instruct and govern a school. No person shall be acQualified teach counted a qualified teacher within the meaning of the primary
sco school law, nor shall any school officer employ or contract with
any person to teach in any of the primary schools in this State,
who has not a certificate in force from such township superintenProviso-certin- dent, or from other lawful authority: Provided, however, That the cates of county superintendents certificates heretofore granted by the county superintendent of to hold good. schools shall be valid for the time for which they were given, un
less sooner revoked by the township superintendent of schools. Township super. Provided further, That should any superintendent of schools enintendente quali.
gage in teaching any primary school in his township his election or appointment to such office shall be deemed as qualifying him
under the law. Three grades of Sec. 106. There shall be three grades of certificates granted by
the township superintendent of schools, in his discretion, as follows: the certificate of the first grade shall be granted only to those who shall have taught at least one year with ability and success, and
ings for that purpose at least twice in each
ers; no others to be employed.
it shall be valid throughout the township in and for which it was granted for two years. The certificate of the second grade shall Second. be granted to those who pass a good examination, and shall be valid tbronghout the township for one year. The certificate of the Third. third grade shall license the holder thereof to teach in a specified district six months; but no certificate shall be granted to any person who shall not pass a satisfactory examination in orthography, reading, writing, geography, grammar, and arithmetic. The township superintendent may revoke any teacher's certificate Revocation of for any reason which would have justified him in withholding the certi same when given, for neglect of duty, for incompetency to instruct and govern a school, or for immorality, or they may suspend within their jurisdiction the effect of any teacher's certificate for immorality or incompetency to instruct and govern a school; but no certificate shall be revoked or suspended without a personal visit or hearing, unless the holder thereof sball, after reasonable notice, neglect or refuse to appear before the superintendent for such purpose. The superintendent shall keep a record of all certificates Record of certif. granted or annulled by him, showing to whom issued, together cale with the date, grade, and duration of each certificate, and the reason for apnulling, when requested by the teacher, and shall deliver such record with all other books and papers belonging to his office to his successor.
Sec. 107. It shall be the duty of the township superintendent Superintendent to visit each of the schools in bis township at least twice in each examine schools. year, to examine carefully the discipline, the mode of instruction, and into the progress and proficiency of the pupils, and to make a record of the same; to counsel with the teachers and district boards as to the courses of study to be pursued, and as to any improvement in discipline and instruction in the schools; to note tbe To ante con
onadition of school condition of the school-houses, and the appartenances thereto, and houses to suggest plans for new school-houses to be erected, and for Warming aud ventilating the same, and for the general improvement of school-houses and grounds; to inquire into the condition of dis- To Inquire into trict and township libraries, and to advise, if necessary, for the beti ter management thereof; to promote by such means as he may devise the improvement of the schools in his township, and the elevation of the character and qualifications of the teachers thereof; to consult with the teachers and school boards as to the best method to secure the more general and regular attendance of the children at school. It shall be the duty of the township superin- To receive and tendent to receive all blanks and communications that may be disposer directed to bim by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, and superintendent to dispose of the gume in the manner directed by the said superin-struction." tendent. He shall be subject to sich rules and instructions as the To he subject to
rules, etc., of Superintendent of Public Costruction may from time to time pre- sad superintend. scribe, and he shall make reports to the Superintendent of Public ent, and report Instructiou, at such times, in such manner, and upon such subjects as he mity direct. SEC. 108. No superintendent or teacher of schools shall act as Superintendente
or teachers not agent for any author, publisher, or bookseller, or shall directly or i
condition of libraries.
of public in
to act By agents
to superintend. ents of public
for booksellers, indirectly receive any gift or reward for his influence in recommendetc.
ing the purchase or use of any library or school book or school apparatus, or furniture whatever. Any act herein prohibited done by said superintendent shall be deemed a violation of his oath of office, and any employment of said superintendent by any author,
publisher, or bookseller for that purpose shall be deemed a misdeTownship clerk meanor. It shall be the duty of the township clerk annually, clerk of election immediately after the election and qualification of the township of superintend
ad- superintendent of schools, to transmit a written statement of the
name and postoffice address of the person so elected and qualified, to County clerk to the county clerk, whose duty it shall be to make up a list of the superintendents names and postoffice address of the persons so reported to him by the
d. township clerks of such county, to file such list in his office, and Instruction. forward a copy thereof to the Superintendent of Public Instruction. Compensation of SEC. 109. The compensation for the services required of the townsuperintendent.
ship superintendent of schools, shall be two dollars a day for each day necessarily devoted to the discharge of the duties of his office, together with such stationery, postage, and printing as may be necessary for the discharge of his duties, the same to be audited by
the township board, and paid as other expenses of the township. Bcboɔls exempt Sec. 110. All schools which by a special enactment may have a from provisions of this act.
board authorized to inspect and grant certificates to the teachers
employed by the same, shall be exempt from the provisions of this School officers in act as to inspection of teachers. The officers of every school dismay examine trict which is or shall bereafter be organized in whole or part
in any city in this State, where no special enactments shall exist in régard to the inspection of teachers therein, shall have power to inspect and license, or cause to be inspected, teachers for such dis
trict; and such license shall be valid not to exceed two years. Chapter repealed Sec. 111. That chapter one bundred and thirty-nine of the com
piled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, entitled “An act
SEC. 2. This act shall take immediate effect.
[No. 43. ] AN ACT to repeal chapter eighty-four of the compiled laws of
eighteen hundred and seventy-one, being “An act to provide for the formation of companies to construct canals or harbors and improve the same."
SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That chapter eighty-four of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, being “An act to provide for the formation of com