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uards, etc.

ous to fencing,

shall be elevated so as not to obstruct the travel and to be easily seen by travelers; and on each side of said board shall be painted, in letters of not less than twelve inches in height, the words “ railroad crossing;" but such boards need not be put up in cities or villages unless required by the proper officers thereof. This provision shall not apply to boards already erected.

SEC. 15. Every railroad company formed under this act, or Fences, cattleany former act, and every corporation owning or operating any such suurde railroad shall erect and maintain fences on the sides of their respective roads of the height and strength of a division fence required by law, with fences and cattle-guards at all highway and street crossings, sufficient to prevent cattle or other animals from getting on such railroad; also gates or bars convenient for farm crossings. Until such fences and cattle-guards, or ditches, shall be duly made, Liability previsuch company or corporation owning or operating such road shall eta be liable for all damages done to cattle or other animals thereon, which may result from the neglect of such company or corporation maintaining or operating such road to construct and maintain such fences, cattle-guards, or ditches, as aforesaid ; and after such fences, cattle-guards, or ditches shall be duly made and maintained, such company or corporation shall not be liable for any snch damages, unless negligently or willfully done. And every corporation owning or operating any such railroad shall, within six months from the time any section or portion of such road is finished and put in general use by running regular trains thereon, and in case of roads now in use within six months from the time this act shall take effect, shall erect and maintain such fences or obstructions as aforesaid. Any violation of the provisions of this Penalty for violasection by any railroad company or corporation owning or operat- ti ing such railway, shall be punished by a penalty of two hundred section. dollars per week for each and every week that they shall fail to comply with the provisions of this section: Provided, That if Proviso exceptsuch fences or obstructions are not built as aforesaid, along such portions of any such line of road as is or may be situate north of of Saginaw river. a line extending due west from the mouth of the Saginaw river, the corporation owning or operating such line of road shall not be liable to said penalty of two hundred dollars per weck, but shall be liable to all the other provisions of this section; and if any person Penalty for shall ride, lead, or drive, or intentionally permit any horse or other waiting animal upon such road and within such fences and cattle-guards cattle-guards, or or ditches, other than farm crossings, or shall injure or destroy, or in fences, etc. make openings or passages through or over such fences, cattleguards, or ditches, or neglect to close any gates or bars immediately after passing through the same, without the consent of such company or corporation, he shall, for every such offense, be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, and shall also pay all damages which shall be sustained thereby to the party aggrieved.

Approved April 22, 1875.

tion of provisions of

ing roads north of the mouth

having animals

making opeuings when person

[ No. 99. ] AN ACT relative to proceedings in criminal cases in circuit courts. Daty of judge SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, Tbat shall plead guilty whenever any person shall plead guilty to an information filed

against him in any circuit court, it shall be the duty of the judge of such court, before pronouncing judgment or sentence upon such plea, to become satisfied, after such investigation as he may deem necessary for that purpose, respecting the nature of the case, and the circumstances of such plea, that said plea was made freely, with full knowledge of the nature of the accusation, and without undue influence. And whenever said judge shall have reason to doubt the truth of such plea of guilty, it shall be his duty to vacate the same, direct a plea of not guilty to be entered, and order a trial of the issue thus formed.

Approved April 22, 1875.

[ No. 100. ] AN ACT to amend section seven thousand five hundred and eighty

of chapter two hundred and forty-five of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, relative to embezzlement by

officers of corporations, and others. Section amended SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That

section seven thousand five hundred and eighty of chapter two hundred and forty-five of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, relative to embezzlement by officers of corporations, and others, be and the same is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

(7580.) SEC. 29. If any officer, agent, clerk, or serrant of any deemed a lar

incorporated company, or of any city, township, incorporated town, or village, school district, or other public or municipal corporation, or if any clerk, agent, or servant of any private persons, or of a copartnership, except apprentices and other persons under the age of sixteen years, shall embezzle or fraudulently dispose of or convert to his own use, or shall take or secrete with intent to embezzle and convert to his own use, without consent of his employer or master, any money or other property of another, which shall have come to his possession, or shall be under his charge by virtue of such office or employment, he shall be deemed by so doing, to have committed the crime of larceny.

Approved April 22, 1875.

Embezzlement

ceny.

[ No. 101.) AN ACT relating to the formation of co-operative associations by mechanics, laboring men, and others, being a bill to amend sec

tion six (6), of chapter ninety (90), of the compiled laws. Section amended SECTION 1. The People of the Slate of Michigan enact, That

section six (6), of chapter ninety (90), of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and serenty.one, be amended so as to read as fo]lows:

SEC. 6. Stockholders and directors shall be severally and jointly Individaat liable for all debts for labor performed for said corporation ; and liability. for all goods, wares, and merchandise sold and delivered to any such association, each of the stockholders or directors thereof shall be held liable to the amount of his capital stock therein, and no more; but no execution shall issue against such director or stockholder individually, until a judgment be first obtained for such goods, wares, and merchandise against said association, and execution thereon be returned unsatisfied, in whole or in part.

Approved April 22, 1875.

[ No. 102. ] AN ACT making an appropriation for a copper roof for the new

State Capitol. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That Appropriation. the sum of ten thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary in the judgment of the board of the State building commissioners, is hereby appropriated out of the State building fund in the State treasury, to be used by the said board for the purpose of defraying the expense of putting upon the roof of the new State capitol a covering of copper: Provided, That the copper to be used Proviso for the purpose aforesaid, shall be produced within the State of Michigan: Provided further, That pure sheet copper be furnished Forther proviso. to the State at a cost not exceeding twenty-five and one-half cents per pound.

Sec. 2. The Auditor General and State Treasurer are hereby Transfer of som directed to transfer on the first day of January, eighteen hundred Slate banding and seventy-seven, the above mentioned sum of ten thousand dol- fund. lars from the general fund to the credit of the State building fund.

Approved April 22, 1875.

from General to

[ No. 103. ] AN ACT to amend section twenty-eight of an act entitled " An act

to revise and consolidate the several acts relative to the support and maintenance of poor persons," approved April five, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, being section one thousand eight hundred and forty-three of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one.

SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That Section amended. section twenty-eight of "An act to revise and consolidate the several acts relating to the support and maintenance of poor persons," approved April five, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine, being section one thousand eight hundred and forty-three of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, be and the same is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

report to Secre

What report shall contain,

Superintendents (1843.) SEC. 28. It shall be the duty of the superintendents of of poor shall the poor of each county, on the fifteenth day of October in each

re- year, to report to the Secretary of State, in such form as such Secretary of State.

tary shall direct, the condition of such poor-house during the preceding year; which report shall contain a statement of the number of paupers, insane, idiots, blind, mites, and the average number of each class maintained during the preceding year; also, the cost of supporting such persons in the poor-house, the salary of the keeper. thereof, the amount paid for medical attendance, the estimated amount earned by paupers, and their nationality, the amount paid for the transportation of paupers, the amount paid to supervisors for services, the amount paid to superintendents of the poor, the number of persons who have received temporary relief outside of the poor-house during the year, and the amount paid for such relief, the value of county farms, including buildings, the value of all personal property belonging or attached to such poor-house and farm, and the income received from the county farm. Such report shall also contain a statement of the general condition of the farmhouse and other buildings, the manner in which paupers are treated, how they are fed, clothed, and in what manner such persons are cared for; how the insane and idiots are kept, and what are their accommodation and treatment; how the pauper children are educated; what the facilities are for bathing, heating, and ventilation, and to include all other information necessary to give a complete account of the condition of such poor-house.

Approved April 22, 1875.

[ No. 104.] AN ACT to repeal section four thousand two hundred and four

teen of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one,

relative to alienation by deed. Section repealed. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That

section four thousand two hundred and fourteen of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, relative to alienation by

deed, be and the same is hereby repealed. Acknowledg... SEC. 2. Hereafter the acknowledgment of any married woman women to deed, to a deed of conveyance or other instrument affecting real property,

may be taken in the same manner as if she were sole.

Approved April 22, 1875.

how taken,

[ No. 105. ] AN ACT to amend section five thousand two hundred and twenty

five of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one,

relative to appeals from probate courts. Section amended. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That

section five thousand two hundred and twenty-five of the com

piled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, be and the same is hereby amended so as to read as follows: (5225.) SEC. 34. After an appeal is claimed and notice thereof Proceedings

stayed by appeal. given at the probate office, all further proceedings in pursuance of saye the sentence, order, decree, or denial appealed from shall cease until the appeal shall be determined: Provided, That when an Proviso-ap.

pointment of appeal is taken from a decree, admitting or denying probate of a specisl adminiswill, the probate court may appoint one or more special administra- trators, etc. tors to take charge of and protect the estate, with such powers, not exceeding those of a general administrator, as the said probate court may deem necessary, and by order may confer in the particular case; and no appeal shall be allowed from the appointment of such special administrator or administrators.

SEC. 2. This act shall take immediate effect.
Approved April 23, 1875.

[ No. 106. ) AN ACT to amend section one of an act entitled "An act to extend

certain rights and privileges to persons who are tax-payers, but not qualified voters in school districts," approved February eight, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, being compiler's section three thousand seven hundred and five of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one.

SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That Section amended. section one of an act entitled “An act to extend certain rights and privileges to persons who are tax-payers, but not qualified voters in school districts," approved February eight, eighteen hundred and fifty-five, being compiler's section three thousand seven hundred and five of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, be amended so as to read as follows:

SECTION 1. Every person of the age of twenty-one years, who Certain persons has property liable to assessment for school taxes in any school and hold office. district, and has been a resident therein three months preceding any district meeting, shall be a qualified voter in said meeting. And all persons who are entitled by the laws of this State to vote at township and county elections, and who have resided in said district three months as aforesaid, shall be entitled to vote on all questions arising in said district when the raising of money by tax is not in question, and all such persons shall be eligible to office in such school district.

Approved April 23, 1875.

entitled to voto

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