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an exact list is interchanged, shall be dis- just and satisfactory arrangement may be mantled. It is also agreed, that the force expected. It is proper, however, to reretained shall be restricted, in its duty, to mark, that no proposition has yet been the internal purposes of each party; and made, from which such a result can be that the arrangement shall remain in force presumed. uptil six months shall have expired, after " It was anticipated at an early stage, notice given by one of the parties to the that the contest between Spain and her Coother of its desire that it should terminate, Jonies would become highly inter
sting to By this arrangement useless expense, on the United States. It was natural that our both sides, and what is of still greater im• Citizens should sympathize in events which portance, the danger of collision between affected their neighbours. It seemed pro• armed vessels, in those inland. waters, which bable also, that the prosecution of the conwas great, is preveuled.
flict aloug our cuast, and in contiguous " I have the satisfaction also to state, countries, would occasionally interrupt that the Commissioners, under the fourth our commerce, and otherwise affect the article of the Treaty of Ghent, to whom it persons and properties of our Citizens. was referred to decide to wbich party the These anticipations have been realized, several islands in the Bay of Passamaqnoddy Such injuries have been received from perbelonged, under the Treaty of 1783, have sons acting nder the authority of both the agreed in a report, by which all the islands parties, and for which redrršs bas io most in the possession of ach party before the instances been withheld. Through every late war, have been decreed to it. The stage of the conflict, the United States have Commissioners, acting under the other are maintained an impartial neutrality, giving ticles of the Treaty of Ghent, for the set aid to peither of the parties in men, money, tlement 'of the boundaries, have also been ships, or munitions of war. They bave reengaged in ibe discharge of their respective garded the contest, not in the light of an duties, but have not yet completed them. ordinary insurrection, or rebellion, but as The difference which arose between the a civil war between parties nearly equal, two Goveronents under that Treaty, re having, as to neutral powers, equal rights. specting the right of the United States to Our ports have been open to both; and take and cure fish on the coast of the British every article, the fruit of our soil, or of provinces north of our limits, which had the industry of our citizens, which either been secured by the Trealy of 1783, is still was permitted to take, has been equally in negociation. The proposition made by free to the other. Should the Colonies ese this Government, to extend to the Colonies tablish their independence, it is proper Bow of Great Brilain the principles of the Con to state, that this Government neilber seeks, vention of London, by which the commerce por would accept from them, any advan. between the ports of the United States and tage, in cominerce or otherwise, which Britisli ports in Europe had been placed on would not be equally open to all other na. a footing of equality, has been declined by tions. The Colonies will, in that event, bethe British Goveroment. This subject hav come independent States, free from any ing been thus amicably discussed between obligation to, or connection withi, us, the two Governments, and it appearing that which it may not then be their interest to the British Government is unwilling to de. form on the basis of a fair reciprocity. part from its present regulations, it remains " In the summer of the present year an for Congress 10 decide whether they will expedition was set on foot against East make any other regulations, in consequence Florida, by persons claiming to act ander thereof, for the protection and improve the authority of some of the Colonies, who b.ent of our navigation.
took possession of Amelia Island, at the " The negociation with Spain, for spolia mouth of St. Mary's River, near the bountions on our commerce, and the setitesnent dary of the state of Georgia. As this proof boundaries, remains, rasentially, in the vince lies east of the Mississippi, and is state it beld, by lie communications that bounded by the United States and the Ocean were made to Congress hy iny predecessor, on every side, and has been a subject of neIt has been evidently the policy of the Spa- gociatiou with the Government of Spain, as nish Government to keep the negociation ao indemnity for losses by spoliation, or suspended ; and in this tlie United States
in exchange for truritory of equal value have acquiesced, from an amicable disposi westward of the Mississippi. a fact well tion towards Spain, and in the expectation known to the world, il excited surprise that that her Governineni would, froin a sense any countenance should be given to this of justice, finally accede (o such arrange. measure by any of the Colonies. As it ment as would be equal between the parties. would be difficult to reconcile it with the A disposition has been lately shewn by the friendly relations existing between the Spanish Government to move in the nego United States and the Colonies, a doubt was ciation, which has been met by this Govern.. entertained whether it had been authorised ment; and, should the conciliatory and by them, or any of them. This doubt has friendly policy, wbich has invariably gaiped strength, by the circumstances which gaided our Councils, be reciprocada have unfolded themselves in the prosecution
of the enterprize, which have marked it as conditions advantageous and honourable to a mere private unauthorised adventure. our couotry. Projected and commenced with an incom " With the Barbary States and the Indian petent force, reliance seems to have been Tribes our pacific relations have been preplaced on what might be drawn, in defiance served. of our laws, from within our limits; and “Io calling your attention to the internal of late, as their resources have failed, it has concerns of our country, the view which assumed a more marked character of un they exhibit is peculiarly gratifying.The friendliness to us, the island being made a payments which bave been made into the channel for the illicit introduction of slaves Treasury, shew the very productive state of from Africa into the United States, an asy- the public revenue. After satisfying the aplum for fugitive slaves from the neighbour- propriations made by law for the support ing States, and a port for smuggling of every of the Civil Government, and of the Military kind.
and Naval Establishments, embracing suit* A similar establishment was made, at able provision for fortifications and for the an earlier period, by persons of the same gradual increase of the Navy, paying the description, in the Gulph of Mexico, at a interest of the public debt, and extinguish-. place called Galvestown, within the limits ing more than 18 millions of the principal, of the United States, as we contend, under within the present year, it is estimated that the cession of Louisiana. This enterprize a balance of more than six millions of dolhas been marked, in a more signal manner, lars will remain in the Treasury on the 1st by all the objectionable circumstances day of January, applicable to the current which characterised the other, and more service of the ensuing year. particularly by the equipment of privateers, “ The payments into the Treasury during which have annoyed our commerce, and by the year 1818, on account of imposts and smuggling. These establishments, if ever tonnage, resulting principally from duties sanctioned by any authority' whatever, which have accrued in the present year, which is not believed, have abused the trust, may be fairly estimated at 20 millions of and forfeited all claim to consideration. dollars ; internal revenues at 2,500,000 ; A just regard for the rights and interests public lands at 1,500,000 ; bank dividends of the United States required that they should and incidental receipts, at 500,000; makbe suppressed ; and orders have accord- ing in the whole, 24,5000,000 dollars. iogly issued to that effect. The imperious • The annual permanent expenditore for considerations which produced this measure the support of the Civil Governmeot, and of will be explained to the parties whom it the Army and Navy, as now established by may, in any degree, concern.
law, amounts to 11,800,000 dollars; and " To obtain correct information for the Sinking Fund to 10 millions; makevery subject in which the United States are ing, in the whole, 21,800,000 dollars ; interested ; to inspire just sentiments, in all leaving an annual excess of revenue beyond persons in authority, on either side, of our the expenditure of 2,700,000 dollars, ex. friendly disposition, so far as it may com clusive of the balance estimated to be in port with an impartial neutrality; and to the Treasury on the 1st day of January, secure proper respect to our commerce in 1818. every port, and from every dag, it has “ In the present state of the Treasury, been thought proper to send a ship of war, the whole of the Louisiana debt may be with three distinguished citizens, along the redeemed in the year 1819; after which, southern coast, with instructions to touch if the public debi continues as it now is, at such ports as they may find most expe• above par, there will be annually above dient for these purposes.
With the existing five millions of the Sinking Fund unexauthorities, wiih those in possession of, and pended. until the year 1895, when the loan exercising the sovereignty, innist the com of 1812, and stock created by fuodiog municatioo be held ; from them alone can Treasury Notes, will be redeemable. redress for past injuries, committed by per " It is also estimated that the Mississippi sons acting under them, be obtained; hy Stock will be discharged, during the year thein alone can the commission of the like 1819, from the proceeds of the public lands in future be prevented.
assigned to that object ; after which the “ Our relations with the other Powers of receipts from those lands will annually add Europe have experienced no material to the public revenue the sum of 1,500,000, change since the last Session. In oor in dollars; making the permanent annual retercourse with each, doe allention continues venue amount to 26 millions of dollars, aod to be paid to the protection of our com. leaving an annual excess of revenge, after merce, and to every other object in which the year 1819, beyond the permanent authe United States are interested. A strong thorized expenditure, of more than four hope is entertained, that, by adhering to millions of dollars. the maxims of a just, a caodid, and friendly "By the last returns from the Departpolicy, we may long preserve amicable re ment of War, the militia force of the setelations with all the Powers of Europe, on ral States may be estimated at, 80,000 men,
infantry, artillery, and cavalry. Great Congress, whether other provision, not stipart of this force is arıped, and measures pulated by the Treaty, ought to be made are taken to arm the whole. An improve for these tribes, and for the advancement ment in the organization and discipline of of the liberal and humane policy of the the militia, is one of the great objects which United States towards all the tribes within claims the unremitted attention of Congress. our limits, and more particularly for their
" The regular force amounts nearly to improvement in the art of civilized life. the number required by law, and is sta Among the advantages incident to these tioned along the Atlantic and inland fron purchases, and to those which bave pretiers.
ceded, the security which may thereby be “ of the naval force, it has been neces afforded to our inland frontiers, is pecu. sary to maintain strong squadrons in the liarly important. With a strong barrier, Mediterranean, and in the Gulf of Mexico. consisting of our own people, thus planted
“ From several of the Indian tribes in on the Lakes, the Mississippi, and the Mo. habiting the country bordering on Lake bile, with the protection to be derived from Erie, purchases have been made of lands, the regular force, Indian hostilities, if on conditions very favourable to the Uuited they do not altogether cease, will hence. States ; and, as it is presumed, not less so forth lose their terror, Fortifications in to the tribes themselves. By these por those quarters, to any extent, will not be chases, the Indian title, with moderate re necessary, and the expense attending them servation, has bern extinguished in the whole may be saved. A people accustoined to of the land within the liinils of the State of the rise of fire-arms only, as the Indian Ohio, and to a great part of that in the tribes are, will shon even moderate works, Michigan territory, and of the State of In- which are defended by cannon. Great for diana. From the Cherokee tribe a tract lifications will, therefore, be requisite voly, has been purchased in the State of Georgia, in future along the coast, and at some points and an arrangement made, by whicli, in in the interior, connected with it. On these exchange for lands beyond the Mississippi, will the safety of our towns, and the coma great part, if not the whole of the land merce of our great rivers, from the Bay of belonging to that trihe, eastwarıl of that Fundy to the Mississippi, depeud. On river, in the States of North Carolina, these, therefore, should the utmost attention, Georgia, and Tennessee, and in the Alabama skill, and labour, be bestowed. territory, will soon be acquired. By these " A considerable and rapid augmenta. acquisitions, and others, that may reason tion in the value of all the public lands, ably he expected soon to follow, we shall proceeding from these and other obvious be enabled to extend our settlements from catrees, inay benceforward be expected. The the inhabited parts of the State of Ohio, difficulties attending early emigrations along Lake Erie, into the Michigan terri will be dissipated even in the most remote tory, and to connect our settlements by parts. Several new States have been ad. degrees, through the State of Indiana and mitted into ogr Union, the west and south, the Ulinois to that of Missouri. A similar and terrienrial Governments, happily orand equally advantageous effect will s000 ganized, established over every other porhe produced to the South, through the whole tion in which there is vacant land for sale. extent of the States and territory which In terminating Indian hostilities, as must border on the waters emplying into the Mis soon be done, in a formidable shape at least, sissippi and the Mohile. In this progress, the emigration, which has heretofore been which the rights of nalure demand, and great, will probably increase; and the de. nothing can prevent, marking n growth rapid mand for land, and the auginentation in its and gigantic, it is our duty to make new valve, be in like proportion. The great efforts, for the preservation, improvement, increase of our popolation throughout the and civilization of the native inhabitants. Uninn, will alone produce an important The hunter stale can exist only in the vast effect, and in no quarter will it be so senuncultivated desert. It yields to the more sibly l'elt as in those in contemplation. The dense and coinpact form, the greater force public lands are a public stock, which ought of civilized population: and of right it to be disposed of to the best advantage for ought to yield, for the earth was given in the nation. The nation should therefore de. mankind to support the greatest niinber of rive the profit proceeding froin the contiwhich it is capable, and no tribe or people nual rice in their value. Every encouragehave a right to withhold from the wants of ment shonld be given to the emigrants conothers more than is necessary for their own sistent with a fair competition between support and comfort. It is gratifying to them, but that competition should operate, know, that the reservations of land made in the first sale, to the advantage of the na. by the Treaties with the tribes on Lake Erie tion rather than individuals. Great capitalwere made with a view to individual owner. isis will derive all the benefit incident in ship among them, and to the cultivation of their superior wealth, under any mode of the soil by all, and that an annual stipend sale which may be adopted. But if, look. bas been pledged to supply their other ing forward to the rise in the value of the wants. li will merit the consideration of public lands, they should have the oppor.
tonity of amassing, at a low price, vast rely, that if it appears to their satisfaction bodies in their hands, the profit will accrue that the power is necessary, it will alwaye to them and not to the public. They would be granted. In this case I am happy to also bave the power, in that degree, to con observe that experience has afforded the trool the emigration and settlement in such most' ample proofs of its utility, and that madder as their opinion of their respective the benigo spirit of conciliation and bar. interests migbt dictate, I submit this sub mony wbicb now manifests itself throughout ject to the consideration of Congress, that our Union, promises to such a recoinmendasacb further provision may be made in the tion the most prompt and favourable result. sale of the public lands, with a view to the I think proper to suggest, also, in case this public interest, should any be deemed ex measure is adopted, that it be recommended pedieot, as in their judgment may be best to the States to include in the amendment adapted to the object,
sought, a sight of Congress to institute, " When we consider the vast extent of likewise, seminaries of learning, for the territory within the United States, the great all-important purpose of difl'using knowamouot and value of its productions, the ledge among our fellow citizens throughconnection of ils parts, and other circum out the United States. stances, on which their prosperity and hap • Our manufactories will require the piness depend, we cannot fail to enterlain continued attention of Congress,
The ca. a bigh sense of the advantages to be derived pital employed in them is considerable, from the facility wbich may be afforded in and the knowledge acquired in the machiibe iotercourse between them, by means of Dery and fabric of all the most useful inagood roads and canals. Never did a country nufactures is of great value. Their preof such vast extent offer equal iuducemenis servation, which depends on due encourage. to improvements of this kiod, nor ever were ment, is connected with the bigb interests consequences of such magnitude involved in of the nation. them. As this subject was acted on by Con “Although the progress of the public gree at the last session, and there may be buildings, has been as favourable as circuna disposition to revive it at tbe present, I stances have permitted, it is to be regretted bave brought it into view, for the purpose that the capitol is pot yet in a state to reof communicating my sentiments on a very ceive you. There is good cause to presume important circuinstance connected with it, that the two wings, the only parts as yet with that freedom and candoor which a commenced, will be prepared for ibat purregard for the public interest, and a pro pose at the next Session. The time seems per respect for Congress, require. A dif. Dow to have arrived when tbis subject ference of opioiou bas exisied, from the may be deemed worthy the attention of first formation of our Constitution to the Congress, on a scale adequate to national present time, among our most enlightened purposes. The completion of the middle aod sirtuous citizens, respecting the right building will be necessary to the convenient of Congress to establish such a system of accommodation of Congress, of the Comimprovement. Taking into view the trust mittees, and various offices belonging to il. with which I a:n now hoooured, it would be It is evident that the other public buildings improper, after what has passed, that this are altogether insufficient for the accominodiscussion should be revived, with an un dation of the several Executive Deparl. certainty of my opinion respecting the right. ments, soine of whom are much crowded, Disregarding early impressions, I have and even subjected to the necessity of obbestowed on the subject all the deliberation taining it in private buildings, al some which its great importance, and a just sense distance from the head of the Department, of my duty, required ; and the result is a and with inconvenience to the management seuled cooviction in iny mind, that Congress of the public business. Most nations have do not possess the right. It is not contained taken an interest and a pride in the imin any of tbe specified puwers granted to provement and ornament of their metropoCongress ; oor can I consider it incidental lis; and none were more conspicuous in to, or a necessary mean, viewed on the
that respect than the ancient Republics. most liberal scale, for carrying into effect The policy which dictated the establishany of the powers which are specifically pient of a perinanent residence for the Nagranted, lo cominuaicating this result, i tional Government, and the spirit in which cannot resist the obligation which I recl to it was commenced, and has been prosesuggest to Congress the propriety of recom cuted, show that such improvement was mending to the States the adoption of an thought worthy the attention of this nation. amendment to the Constitution, which shall Iis central position, between the northern give to Congress the right in question. In and southern extremes of our Union, and cases of doubtful construction, especially its approach to the west, at the head of a of such vital interest, it comports with the navigable river, which interlocks with the nature and origin of our institutions, and
western waters, prove the wisdom of the will contribute much to preserve them, 10 Councils which eliblished it. Nothing apply to our constituents for an explicit appears to be more reasonable and proper, grant of the power. We may confidently than that convenient accuminodations should
" J. Willis,
be provided, on a well digested plan, for state of bodily health, but his Majesty's the heads of the several Departments, and disorder remains unchanged. for the Attorney-General; and it is believed
“H, Halford, that the public ground in the city, applied
“ M, Baillie, to those objects, will be found amply suffi
Heberden, cient. I submit this subject to the consideration of Coogress, that such further
“ R. Willis.” provision may be made io it as to them may On Sunday, January 4, the remains of seem proper.
Mr. Robert Palmer, of Drury. Jane Theatre, “ In contemplating the happy situation was conveyed to the church yard of St. of the United States, our attention is drawn, Martin-in-the-Fields, where they were with peculiarioterest, to the surviving offi- deposited in a vault under the church. cers and soldiers of our revolutionary army, His body was inclosed in a leaden coffin. who so eminently contributed, by their The outer case was, by his own desire, services, to lay its foundation. Most of made of heart of English oak, dove-tailed, those very meritorious citizens have paid without a single nail in it, and was very the debt of nature, and gone to repose. It highly polished.- On the breast-plate, of is believed that among the survivors there brass lackered, but without a single orna. are some not provided for by existing laws, ment, was engraved, and picked out in who are reduced to indigence, and eveo to black, the following simple inscription real distress. These men have a claim on
• Robert PALMER, The gratitude of their country, and it will
Died December 25, 1817, do honour to their country to provide for
Aged 61 Years." them. The lapse of a few years more, and The lid of the oaken coffin was screwed the opportunity will be for ever lost: in down with eight uncommonly long screws, deed, so long, already has been the ioterval with gilt ornamental heads rising about that the number to be benefitted by any half an inch above the top. The handles provision which may be made, will not be were of brass gilt, and a little ornamented. great.
The mourning coaches attending con“ Il appearing in a satisfactory manner tained the following persons :that the revenue arising from imports and In the first two coaches were the rela. tonnage, and from the sale of the public tives and friends of the deceased—the prin. lands, will be fully adequate to the support cipal mournessof the Civil Government, of the present Mr. Walter Lewer, Mr. S. Willat, Mr. Military and Naval Establishment, includ. Asperne, Mr. H. Lewer, Mr. Lambert, ing the anonal augmentation of the latter, Mr. Frowns, and Mr. H. Lambert. to the extent provided for ; to the payment The first coach after the immediate of the interests on the public debt, and to mourness contained the extinguishment of it at the times autho Mr. Kean, Mr. Powell, Mr, S. Penley, rised, without the aid of the Internal and Mr. Hughes. Taxes ; I consider it my duty to recommend Second coachto Congress their repeal. To impose Taxes Mr. H. Johnston, Mr. Holland, Mr. when the public exigencies require them, Rae, and Mr. Harley. is an obligation of the most sacred charac. Third coachter, especially with a free people : the faith Mr. Wallack, Mr. Barnard, Mr. Wewit. ful fulfilment of it is among the highest zer, and Mr. Maddocks. proofs of their virtue, and capacity for self Fourth coachgovernment. To dispense with Taxes, when Mr, T. P. Cooke, Mr. Geo. Smith, Mr. it may be done with perfect safety, is equally Kent, and Mr. Keep. The duty of their Representativi's. In this Fifth coachinstance, we have the satisfaction to know, Mr. Chatterley, Mr. Carr, Mr. Gattie, that they were imposed when the demand Mr. Fisher, Mr. West, and Mr. Ridge was imperious, and bave been sustained
way. with exemplary fijelity. I have to add, The whole of the funeral arrangements that however gratifying it may be to me, were ably conducted by Mr. Joseph Stutely, regarding the prosperous and happy con of Northumberland Street, Strand. dition of our country, to recoipmend the A son was born to the Grand Seignior at repeal of these Taxes at this time, I shall Constantinople on the 24th October, and resertheless be attentive to events, and, named Soliman. should any future emergency occur, be not The Dey of Algiers has qnelled a conless prompt to suggest such measures and spiracy against his life, and executed a burdens as may then be requisite and proper. dozen of the ring leaders, Turkish solWashington, Dec. 2, 1817.
diers. James Monroe." We lament to say that the intelligence THE KING'S HEALTH.
from the West Indies rather tends to corIl'indsor Castle, Jan. 3. roborate the aflicting news via America, His Majesty has passed the last month in our last in a very tranquil manner, and in a good