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Y. H. D.
rian and Trinitarian might have mu. DERATION OF PARLIAMENTS, FRON TRE tually agreed to have been sheep of the FIRST OF HENRY VIII. (WAEN LONG same shepherd, humble adorers of an PARLIAMENTS WERE FIRST INTRODUinscrutable Providence, the Creator, CED) TO THE PRESENT TIME. Preserver, or Redeemer of them all. The rule of a Monarch, limited by
Dissolved, Existed, laws, assisted by responsible Ministers, REIGN OF HENRY VIII. chosen from among the hereditary ad. 21 Jan. 1510, 23 Feb. 1510 0 1. 2 Visers and elected Representatives of 4 Feb. 1511 4 Mar. 1513 2 1 0 the People; the Legislative Power, dis 5 Feb. 1514 29 Dec. 1515 1 10 17 tinct from, and independent of, tbe Ex
15 Apr. 1523 13 Aug. 1523 0 3 29 ecutive, and only perfect in their union
3 Nov. 1530 4 Apr. 1536 5 5 1 and common consent; the Judicial Power
8 June 1536 18 July 1536 0 1 10 and Magisterial Functions, free and
28 Apr. 1539 24 July 1540 I 2 26 high charactered, seem to form the
16 Jan. 1541 29 Mar. 1544 3 2 13 Constilution of a great State, best suited 23 Nov. 1545 31 Jan. 1547 i 2 8 to the rational liberty and general protection of all, in internal administration and economy, and to the most 4 Nov. 1547 15 Apr. 1552 4 5 11 prudent and politic in uences on the I Mar. 1553 31 Mar. 1553 0 1 0 external relations of Empire.
This is the Constitution, the admiration, aim or envy of the whole globe,
5 Oct. 1553 6 Dec. 1553 0 2 1 the possession and privilege, the advan 2 Apr. 1554 5 May 1554 0 1 3 tage and the pride of Britain ; whose
12 Nov. 1554 16 Jan. 1555 0 2 4 every care should be to preserve this 21 Oct. 1 555 9 Dec. 1555' 0 1 18 birth-right, acquired by 'our fathers, 20 Jan. 1557 17 Nov. 1557 0 9 28 from the premature decay of corrup. tion, or the perishing influence of par. tial interests and general apathy, or un
23 Jan. 1558 8 May 1558 0 3 16 concern. The Constitution, Laws, and
It Jan. 1562 2 Jan. 1567 4 11 22 Navy of Great Britain are three great
2 April 1571 29 May 1571 0 1 27. bulwarks of her islands and great colo
8 May 1572 18 Mar. 1580 ? 10 10
23 Nov. 1585 nies; and all require a vigilant and ho
14 Sept. 1556 0 9 21
29 Oct. 1586 23 Mar. 1587 0 4 23 nest caution to preserve them from “ dry-rot" in their timbers, or a wrong
4 Feb. 1588 29 Mar. 1598 0 1 25
19 Nov. 1592 course of steerage in their executive
10 April 15930) 4 22
24 Oct. 1597 9 Feb. 1598 2 3 16 conduct and legislative evactions, This short and weak enunciation of
7 Oct. 1601 29 Dec. 1601 0 2 22 these great principles should not preju
JAMES I. dice their application at this hour to
19 Mar. 1603 9 Feb. 1611 7 10 21 the free, honest, and discreet selection of the Representatives of the British
5 April 1614
7 June 1614 0 2 2
30 Jan. 1620 8 Feb. 1621 1 0 9 Empire, which must not fall behind its
19 Feb. 1623 24 Mar. 1625 2 1 5 rivals, or friendly allied compeers, in the race of politic improvement and of rational government.
17 May 1625 12 Aug. 1625 0 2 26 Parliaments shifting and re-elected
6 Feb. 1626 15 June 1626 0 4 9 annually, are ill suited for a steady and
17 Mar. 1629 10 Mar. 1628 0 11 23 connected attention to the interesis and
13 April 1640 8 May 16400 0 22 transactions of an Empire extended like
3 Nov. 1640 20 Apr. 1653 12 5 17 that of Britain. Let our brethren and fellow-subjects in Ireland, America, Africa, and Asia, put in their claim to 25 Apr. 1660 29 Dec. 1660 0 8 4 be heard and considered in this, and not
8 May 1661 24 Jan. 1678 16 8 16 the mob and rabble of Palace-yard, St. 6 Mar. 1679 12 July 1679 0 6 Giles's, and Spa-fields only. Let the 17 Oct. 1679 18 Jan. 10811 3 despatches expected from Hindostan be
21 Mar. 1681 28 Mar. 1681 0 0 7 read, and all the conditions of Empire be considered by those who are able to estimate them.
12 Mar. 1685 28 July 1687 2 4 16 June 8, 1818.
R. 22 Jan. 1688 26 Feb. 1689 1 1 4 Europ. Mag. Vol. LXXIII. June 1818.
what is better, paper, it is discharged 20 Mar. 1689 11 Oct. 1695 6
6 22 with a profusion proportional to the 27 Nov.*1695 7 July 1698 2 7 10
reluctance with wbich, in the same
kind of surface, it is imbibed. A variety 24 Aug. 1698 · 19 Dec. 1700 2 3 26 26 Feb. 1700 11 Nov. 1701 1 8 5
of improvements is, from this economy 30 Dec. 1701 7 July 1702 0 6 2
of nature, suggested in the practical management of heat. A vessel with a
bright metallic surface must be the best 20 Aug. 1702 5 Apr. 1705 2 7 16 fitted to preserve liquors warm,
and also 14 June 1705 15 Apr. 1708 2 10 1 the best conservatory to keep them
8 July 1708 21 Sept. 1710 2 2 13 cool. A silver tea-pot will emit scarcely 25 Nov. 1710 8 Aug. 1713 2 8 14 half as much heat as one of porcelain ; 12 Nov. 1713 15 Jan. 1715 1 2 3 and the slightest varnish of platina gold
or silver, as applied to earthenware, is
reckoned to render that kind of mapu17 Mar. 17158 10 Mar. 1721 5 11 21 facture about one third part more re10 May 1722 5 Aug. 1727 5 2 26 tentive of beat than it would be without
it. On the other hand, metallic tea.
kettles become more easily beated on 28 Nov, 1727 18 Apr. 1734 6 4 21 13 June 1734 28 Apr. 1741 6 10 15
the fire, when they have lost their polish,
and their bottoms have become tarnished 25 June 1741 18 June 1747 5 11 24
and smoked; and if any bright surface 13 Aug. 1747 8 Apr. 1754 6 7 26 31 May 1754 20 Mar. 1761 6 9 20 by fine futings, it will emit the beat
of metal be slightly furrowed, or divided
very sensibly faster. lo consequence 19 May 1761' 11 Mar. 1769 6 9 22 of this doctrine, Professor Leslie says, 10 May 1768 30 Sept. 1774 6
4 21 a plate of metal, however thin, if only 29 Nov. 1774
1 Sept. 1780 5 9 4 burnished on each side, will form a 31 Oct. 1780 25 Mar. 1784 3 4 26 most efficacious screen. A smooth 18 May 1784 11 June 1790 6 0 25 sheet of pasteboard, gilt over on both 10 Aug. 1790 20 May 1796 5 11 3 sides, would, he adds, answer the same 12 July 1796 31 Dec. 1800)
what be suggests as most United Kingdom, G. B. & I. $5 11 18 complete in efficacy and elegant io form, 22 Jan. 1801 29 June 1802
would be one composed of two parallel 31 Aug. 1802 24 Oct. 1806 4 2 25 sheets of China paper placed about an 15 Dec. 1806 29 Apr. 1807 0 4 15 inch asupder, and having their inuer 22 June 1807 29 Sept. 1812 5 3 7 surfaces, and their outsides sprinkled 24 Nov. 1812 10 June 1818 5 6 17 with flowers of gold and silver.
MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION. Mr. Thomas Yeates has constructed No. XLIII.
a variation chart of all the navigable oceans and seas between latitude 60 deg.
Dorth and south, from accurate docu. The difference that subsists in vari. Pacific Ocean; journals at the Hydro
ments obtained of Spanish surveys in the THE
ous bodies in conducting heat, has graphical Office, Admiralty; and at the been known for a considerable time; East India House; collated with tables the difference that takes place in various of the variation recently fornued from surfaces, in imbibing and discharging, the observations of different navigaas well as in reflecting it has been ascer
tors. This chart is delipeated on a new tained with accuracy but lately. From plan, all the magnetic meridians being a polished metallic surface, it is found drawn upon it throughout, for every that it is as feebly emitted as it is strong. ly rcfected ; while from a surface of and it will be elucidated with explana
change of one degree in the variation; another substance, such as glass, or,
tory notes, and a brief stalement of the
late discovery of an aberratiou in the * The Triennial Act passed 6 W. and M. c. 2.
variation, resulting from the deviation + The Union with Scotland took place
or change of a ship’s head from the magMay 1, 1707.
netic meridian, accompanied by the # The Septennial Act passed i Geo, I, rules invented by the late Captaio Flin81, 2, 4, 39.
ders for correcting the same.
FOR JUNE, 1818.
QUID SIT PULCARUM, QUID TURPE, QUID UTILE, QUID NON.
Memoirs of Mrs. Elizabeth Hamillon : dren were, from generation to genera
with a Seleclion from her Corres- tion, brought up in the bosom of their pondence, unil other unpublished Wri owu family, we may believe that they lings. By Miss Benger. 1818. must, in many instances, have succeed
ed to prejudices as to an inheritance. THE These interesting volumes are Of all these prejudices, the pride of
chiefly composed of biography birth was in Scotland the most preand correspondence. From a letter dominant. Its effects seem to have addressed to Mr. Mac Niell, it appears been injurious, or otherwise, accord. that Mrs. Hamilton loog entertained the ing as the leading members of the family idea of writing her own memoirs, and had distinguished themselves by their actually left a fragment in which she had abilities, or been contented with the commenced this undertaking.
consciousness of superiority which they In the present defect of her own derived from the number of their vasanimated descriptions (observes her sals, and the exteut of their estates. Biographer), all that remains to be in the latter case, I have ever observed attempted, is simply to collect from family pride to be the bane and ruin of ber correspondence, or some other the individuals who composed the infe. equally authentic source, such evidence rior branches. In them it gave rise to of her principles and habits, her feelings such absurd ideas of their own imporand actions, as may enable the reader lo tance, as precluded all active exertion, form an opinion from the suggestions of and seldom failed to engender a spirit of bis own unbiassed judgmeot.
malevolence against those who, withTo the rule which the biographer has out the same pretepsions, had risen to tbus prescribed herself, we believe she superior consequence in the eyes of the bas steadily and faithfully adhered. No- community. Where, on the contrary, thing is assumed but on substantial tes the chiefs of an ancient family have timony: assertions are supported by been distinguished by valour or talents, proofs: and so skilfully are the epis- the pride of birth baving been asso. tolary extracts interwoven with the nar ciated with an honourable exertion of rative, that we are scarcely sensible to the faculties, will be found to prothe occasional intervention of the au duce a superior degree of vigour tbor. The character of Mrs. Hamilton throughout all the younger branches. is gradually unfolded ; and the progress It is thus that the actions of a remote of ber mind distinctly marked in the ancestor may continue to operate in early correspondence. The following forming the character of those who passage, extracted from the biographic scarcely preserve the remembrance of cal fragment, introduces the reader to his name. her family and domestic connexions. “ As the Hamiltons of Woodhall not
“ I have laughed at the philosophers only boast of being one of the first for assigning to remote causes a mighty of the Saxon family established in Scotjofluence over human character ; but it land, but of being the stock whence all is only since doniestic education has the branches that have been enpobled in been in a great measure exploded, that these kingdoms, in France, and in Gerthe peculiar traits of family character many, bave sprung; it is probable, that ccasc lo bc distinguisbod. While chilo some such sentiment as that I have been
describing gave an impulse to the ener- joyed by married pair, that happiness gies of the race, which it never could was theirs." have received from the extent of its This felicity was soon suspended : possessions."
Mr. Hamilton died; and his widow was The splendor of the Hamiltons bad, left in circumstances which induced ber however it appears, been blasted by to surrender her youngest child, Blizatheir zeal for the Covenant.
beth, to the care of Mr. Hamilton's “ My great grandfather,” continues sister, wbo, with her husband, resided Mrs. Hamilton, “ unable to endure in Ayrshire. with patience the establishment of the “ By this worthy couple,” says Mrs. liturgy, left Scotland in discontent, and Hamilton, “ I was adopted and edu. going over to Ireland with his family cated with a care and tenderness that and a few chosen friends, took up his have been seldom equalled. No child residence in a remote part of Ulster, ever spent so happy a life ; nor, inwhere he boped to enjoy what was then deed, have I ever met with any thing called liberty of conscience.”
at all resembling the way in which we From this period, prosperity appears lived, except the description given by (to have deserted that branch of the Rousseau of Wolmar's farm and yin. family :—the son of this zealous Puri. tage." tan returoed to Scotland, where, owing It does not appear that Miss Hamilton to improvidence and misfortune, he participated in the advantages of early died of a broken heart: the father of cultivation, or that there existed in the Mrs. Hamilton found it necessary to circle of her connexions any source of offer violence to his inclinations, and literary improvement. Thus her chaplunge into business. The following racter was self-formed ; and to this cir. domestic anecdote is sjögularly attrac- cumstance she was, perhaps, indebted tive.
for her originality and independence. “ When in Dublin, on his way to In her bfteenth year, she was visited Belfast, he went to visit a lady whom he by her brother, and from that period had had the pleasure of seeing in Lon. continued to communicate with him don, and whom he had ever spoken of through the medium of correspondence. with enthusiasm, as the most sensible, The letters addressed to him during his and best informed of her sex. On going long absence in India are interesting, to ber bouse, and enquiring if Miss from their simplicity, and that genuine Mackay was at home, he was answered tone of feeling which touches every in the affirmative, and conducted to the heart. Mr. Hamilton was devoted to drawing-room; where he saw, not the literary pursuits. He at length reMiss Mackay he was in search of, but turned to Europe, to complete a transe a sister many years younger, who to lation of the Hedaya, or Code of Musall the understanding of the lady whose sulman Laws. He was not slow to disintellectual endowments had appeared cover the talents bis sister possessed, to bim so extraordinary, added all the and strongly urged her employing them attractions of beauty, and all the on an adequate object. It was not till charms of grace.
His heart was in- after his death, in 1792, that Miss stantly captivated ; and as he was re Hamilton adventured before the pubceived by this lovely woman with the lic as an author. In the Letters of a attention due to the friend of a sister, Hindoo Rajah, she cominemorated the he entered into conversation with the virtues of her ever-lamented brother. ease of an old acquaintance, and soon The following passage, extracted from discovered that the talents which nature her meditations, affords a pleasing and had so liberally bestowed, had been as touching memorial of the devoted tenliberally cultivated by education. It derness with which she continued to chemay be easily imagined, that mutual rish his memory. esteem and admiration soon warmed
Edinburgh, March 141h, 1803. into mutual love. The want of for. “ Eleven years have this day elapsed tune seemed, for some time, to pre- since, in the departure of my beloved sent an invincible obstacle to their brother, the bitterness of death passed union ; but love brought hope, and over me. In him, my affections were cop fidence of future affluence, to sup- from infancy wrapped up-all the love, port his cause, against the arguments the admiration, the esteem, which other of rigid prudence. They married ; characters have separately excited, were and if ever perfect happiness was en in him united-betwixt us there was a
sympathy of soul, a correspondence of That seats like our music stools upon must
be found them, sentiment and of feeling, of which few can form any conception-our minds To twirl, when the creatures may wish to
look round them! were cast in the same mould, operated
In short, dear, “ a Dandy” describes what upon by the same circumstances, ex. cited by the same objects-it was by And Bob's far the best of the genus I've viewing my own character in bim, that
seen; I acquired confidence in my own powers, An improving young man, fond of learning, respect for my own virtue and a con
ambituous, sciousness of my own infirmities-en And goes now to Paris to study French deared as he was by every tie of friend
dishes, ship, of confidence, and of affection, Whose names_think, how quick lhe I considered him as the animatiog soul
already knows pat, of my existence."
A la braise, petits pâtés, and what d'ye
call that It is with reluctance that we dig. miss this work, from the perusal of They inflict on potatoes 1--oh! mattre d'
hótel which we bare derived no ordinary de I assure you, dear Dolly, he knows them gree of pleasure. It would be no fa.
as well vourable indication of the state of mo As if nothing but these all his life he had ral feeling, if such a work failed to eat, interest the public but this, if we may Though a bit of them BOBBY has never venture to trust to our own impressions, But just knows the names of French dishes is impossible.
and cooks, As dear Pa knows the titles of authors and
books." The Fudge Family in Paris. Ediled by As a specimen of Mr. Bob's corres
Thomas Brown the Younger, Author pondence, we transcribe the following of the Twopenny.Post Bag. Pifth passage, in which he expatiates on the Edition. 1818.
luxury of a Parisian breakfast. Or all the tourists and travellers who,
“ There, Dick, what a breakfast!-oh, during the last five years, have pa. Of a breakfast in England, your curst tea
not like your ghost triotically made a trip, or excursion, and toast; to Paris, for the good of tbe public, But a side-board, you dog, where one's eye we have hitherto met with nothing - roves about, to enliven our fancy or exbilirate our Like a Turk's in the Haram, and thence spirits. From this remark, however, singles out the Editor of the Fudge Family must One's paté of larks, just to tune up the be excepted, since, in his piquant de
throat, tails and humorous descriptions, he has
One's small limbs of chickens, done en furnished a fund of entertainment such
One's erudite cutlets, drest all ways but as few of his cotemporary tourists have
plain, obtained, even amidst all the fantastic
Or one's kidnies-imagine, Dick-done wonders and exotic luxuries of Paris. with champagne ! The travelling party is happily trans. Then, some glasses of Beaune, to dilute-or, cribed by Miss Biddy Fudge, in a senti mayhap, mental epistle to her cousin Miss Doro Chambertin, which you know's the pet thy, of Clonskilty, in Ireland.
tipple of Nap,
And which Dad, by the by, that legitimate " Our party consists, in a neat Calais
Much scruples to taste, but I'm not so Of Papa and myself, Mr. Connor and Bob.
partic'lar.You remember how sheepish Bob look'd at Your coffee comes next, by prescription; Kilrandy,
and then, Dick,'s But, Lord! he's quite alter'd-ihey've The coffee's ne'er-failing and glorious made him a Dandy;
appendix, A thing, you know, whisker’d, great- (1f books had but such, my old Greciar, coated, and lac'd,
depend on't, Like an hour-glass, exceedingly small in I'd swallow ev'n W-TK-Ns', for sako the waist;
of the end on't); Quite a new sort of creatures, up known yet A neat glass of parfait-amour, which one
to scholars, With heads, go inmoveably stuck in shirt. Just as if bottled velvet tipp'd over one's collars,